The way svetodinamichesky materials processing
The invention relates to the field of metal forming and can be used in the manufacture of precision parts with a regulated level of performance. The workpiece is placed, with the possibility of spontaneous rotational-vibrational motion on the supporting element, which is annular gap relative to the matrix. To the end face of the workpiece alternately make efforts precipitation and running a direct extrusion of the metal of the workpiece in the annular gap between the sensor and the reference element. At the same time on circular plots extruding metal act pulsating force from the support element. This provides the translation of the workpiece material on said ring sections in the mode of forced oscillations, resonance with the oscillations of the support element. The result is the formation in the workpiece material structural-informational field, long-keeping information entered in the material during its deformation. 1 Il. The invention relates to the field of metal forming, in particular to methods for the manufacture of precision parts from reglamentirovannyj management and control of the aircraft; ophthalmic needles next-generation - tool holders for cutting and polishing precious stones; gravity filters for drinking water; - new generation of the basic elements of bioproof-readers-neutralizers energy field of the person; - new generation of security modules from electromagnetic field hearing AIDS, cell phones; - new generation of engines-generators vortex torsion field paintings category "teroperability".The known method torsion fertilityscore forming materials, which consists in placing the workpiece in a matrix on the support with the possibility of spontaneous rotational-vibrational motion and the sequential application to the ends of the workpiece efforts precipitation, spinning and shock ripple through direct extrusion of a metal billet in the annular gap between the sensor and the reference element with the simultaneous effect of pulsed effort to press out the metal .The disadvantage of this method is the following: - the inability in the process of plastic deformation mechanisms of plastic deformation to penetrate to the micro-level.Technical problem which the claimed invention is directed, is the formation in the material normirovanie.To solve the problem in the way svetodinamichesky processing of materials including the placement of the workpiece on the supporting element, located annular gap relative to the matrix, with the possibility of spontaneous rotational-vibrational motions and alternate the application to the end face of the workpiece efforts precipitation and running a direct extrusion of the metal of the workpiece in the above-mentioned annular gap with a simultaneous impact on the extruding metal pulsating force from the support element, which reported fluctuations, according to the invention a pulsed force act on the ring sections of extruding a metal billet of conditions for their transfer in the mode of forced oscillations, resonance with the oscillations of the support element.The way svetodinamichesky processing of materials represented by graphic material, where the drawing shows the formation process details at the stage of resonant vibrations.The method is as follows.The workpiece 6 is set on the supporting element in the form of lodgement 4 deforming module 3 in the cavity of the matrix 2, and then to the workpiece 7 fail obkatkoj the plunger 7, which secures the workpiece in the cavity of the matrix 2. P is 7 (drawing), while the direct extrusion of a metal workpiece 6 in the annular gap between the bed 4 and the die 2, while deforming module 3, to enter the state of deformation of the resonance, spontaneously translates to the cradle 4 in the state of resonance pulsations that provides its impact on the ring sections of the extruding metal workpiece 6, putting them in a resonant state, which causes the penetration of advanced plastic deformation at the atomic level, the subsequent restructuring of the original crystallographic lattice of the metal billet.Thus, translation of part of the metal being machined in the state of deformation of the resonance leads to the implementation of nanoeffects in the process svetodinamichesky materials processing.Information source 1. RF patent 2130353, class B 21 J 5/06, B 21 D 37/12, 1998 - (the prototype).
The way svetodinamichesky processing of materials including the placement of the workpiece on the supporting element, located annular gap relative to the matrix, with the possibility of spontaneous rotational-vibrational motions and alternate the application to the end face of the workpiece efforts precipitation and running-with-ware is pour the metal pulsating force from the support element, which reported fluctuations, characterized in that the pulsating force act on the ring sections of extruding a metal billet of conditions for their transfer in the mode of forced oscillations, resonance with the oscillations of the support element.
- new generation of ophthalmic needles with the increased strength of attachment of the suture at the end of a needle and a low degree of disturbance of the tissues of the eyeball when introducing needles;
- new generation of gravitational filters drinking water with increased volumetric magnetic potential for the formation of the space charge on ultra-fine insoluble impurities;
- new generation of relaxation modules holders for grinding and polishing precious stones, eliminating dangerous voltage chipped stone, arise when it is processed;
- new generation of rapid indicators identify the type of abnormal growths of muscle tissue;
- a new generation of bioinformatics systems;
- a new generation of sensors for measuring physical parameters in chemically active environments, ultra-small and ultra-high pressures and at high and cryogenic temperatures;
- new posdate on the basis of one element mutually exclusive physical characteristics: "high elasticity - corrosion resistance - high magnetic induction B5- stable maximum magnetic permeabilitymax;
- new generation of environmentally friendly modules in food containers for catalyzing the formation of amino acids during fermentation of protein masses;
- a new generation of long-term samovosstanavlivaemy analyzers blood on AIDS, allowing fast enough to visually assess a violation immune biological code component of blood; preservation of large volumes without the constant stirring with the aim of preserving a homogeneous composition;
- new generation of the basic elements of bioproof-readers - neutralizers energy field of the person;
- new generation of security modules from electromagnetic fields tubes cell phones;
- a new generation of generator units of the vortex eld paintings category "teroperability";
- new generation of rapid indicators of abnormal growths of muscle tissue;
- new generation of instruments of influence on man;
- new generation of spark ignition internal combustion engines (svetodinamichesky torch)
FIELD: plastic working of metals in different branches of industry.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes supporting plate and housing with openings and duct. Punch, upper and lower stops are mounted in housing. Said stops may be in contact with blank by their flat notched surface. Movable lower stop is arranged in openings of housing and on supporting plate; it engages with said plate by its smooth surface. Hydraulic cylinder joined by its rod with lower stop is mounted on supporting plate. Upper stop is in the form of cylinder mounted in housing in such a way that it restricts together with punch inner cylindrical cavity of hydraulic system providing motion of lower stop. Said hydraulic system also includes duct of housing and hydraulic cylinder.
EFFECT: enlarged manufacturing possibilities of apparatus due to increased range of changing relation of shear deformation to compression deformation of blank.
FIELD: plastic metal working, possibly forging variable cross section parts by extrusion in hydraulic presses with movable container.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of feeding heated blank to container; pressing out blank in container by means of pressure pad and extruding part of blank to die of die set; forming forging having constant cross section part and thickened part that is formed after upsetting remaining portion of blank; placing part of die set in container according to condition of joining their planes. Upsetting of remaining portion of blank for forming thickened part of forging is realized in cavity between joined planes of die set unit and container. Said cavity is formed due to moving die set unit relative to container before forming thickened part of forging. Upsetting operation is realized due to simultaneous motion of pressure pad and container.
EFFECT: possibility for making forging with complex outer and inner configurations, simplified assortment of technological tools, enhanced quality of forging.
2 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: plastic metal working.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used at plastic shaping of parts by orbital deformation method. Blank is made previously profiled in form of cylinder with ring flange. Dimensions of blank are defined by mathematical expression given in invention. Blank is placed between die and spherodynamic fluctuating deforming module and then is spinned. Ring flange of blank is made for providing its arrangement between die and said deforming module with clearance. Size of clearance between ring flange and die exceeds clearance between ring flange and deforming module by a factor of 10.
EFFECT: provision of deformation resonance in material in process of machining for realizing wave plasticity character in form of rotary modes of plasticity.
FIELD: plastic working of materials, possibly cold plastic deforming of parts with predetermined level of operational characteristics.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of placing blank onto support; end upsetting of blank and then deforming it with punch; subjecting punch to complex motion in the form of circular rolling out at simultaneous cyclic axial rocking; subjecting blank at side of its support to cyclic striking pulses acting along helical path. Due to such complex motion of punch blank is deformed by value consisting of 5 - 7 % of predetermined deformation degree. Then motion of cyclic axial rocking of punch is interrupted and pulse effort is applied to punch at frequency equal to that of forced oscillations of support. Blank is subjected to finish shaping by rolling it out with use of punch without pulse efforts. Invention provides wave nature of plastic deformation, penetration of rotor to nano-level of blank material for forming in it massifs of material of "artificial intellect".
EFFECT: possibility for forming desired operational properties in material of blank.
FIELD: plastic working of materials, possibly cold plastic deforming of parts with predetermined level of operational characteristics.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of placing cylindrical blank in cavity of lower die on sphere-dynamic fluctuation module and resting part by means of pusher; deforming part by rolling-around punch; imparting to said punch and to pusher motion along curves in the form of logarithmic helixes rising in the same direction. It provides realization of wave structure of plastic deformation and obtaining in blank of material zones of "artificial intellect".
EFFECT: possibility for producing parts with desired level of operational characteristics.
FIELD: metallurgy; production of semi-finished products from high-temperature high-alloy wrought nickel-based alloys for manufacture of disks for gas-turbine engines working at temperatures higher than 600°C.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes preliminary deformation of blank by upsetting by two or more times, final deformation and heat treatment; first upsetting is performed in closed container; during next upsetting, technological metal ring at temperature of (0.02-0.5)Tdef. is placed on blank heated to deformation temperature Tdef. and free upsetting is performed in stamp tool heated to deformation temperature. Geometric parameters of ring are selected from given relationships. Preliminary deformation of blank is performed at intermediate annealing. Height-to-diameter ratio of starting blanks is no less than 3:1. Proposed method ensures forming of homogeneous fine-grain structure over entire volume of blank due to work in end zones.
EFFECT: simplified procedure; reduced labor consumption.
4 cl, 1 tbl, 5 ex
FIELD: metal working by ultrasonic forging; manufacture of blades at enhanced technical and service characteristics.
SUBSTANCE: edge of plate is placed between taper surfaces of strikers located opposite each other for forming wedge-shaped blade and is subjected to deformation by ultrasonic forging. Plate is moved relative to longitudinal axes of strikers in transversal direction. Strikers connected with ultrasonic oscillation source are rotated about their longitudinal axes with the aid of drive. Taper working surface of each striker has recess whose generatrix corresponds to shape of surface of wedge-shaped blade.
EFFECT: improved quality of tool cutting edge; increased productivity; enhanced wear resistance of fittings.
19 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: pressure treatment of materials, particularly to obtain parts with predetermined service performance level by cold plastic deforming thereof.
SUBSTANCE: method involves arranging cylindrical billet in matrix interior on shpero-dynamic fluctuation module so that the billet is supported by pusher, wherein the module comprises cavity with main resonator located in the cavity; performing double-sided billet deformation from the opposite directions thereof, wherein from upper billet end the billet is deformed by applying rolling force thereto by means of die, from lower billet end the billet is deformed by applying summary pulsed force of shpero-dynamic fluctuation module and main resonator. Additional resonator is freely installed in module interior to apply additional percussion force to lower billet end during billet deformation.
EFFECT: provision of wavy plastic deformation and creation of "artificial intelligence" zones in billet.
FIELD: plastic working of metals, possibly realization of blank working operations designed for developing high technology of thermo-mechanical working.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes housing where lower stop and both movable relative to housing punch and upper stop are arranged. Said stops have notched surfaces for engaging with blank and their ends are in contact respectively with punch and supporting plate. Stops may move relative to punch and supporting plate in mutually opposite directions normal relative to axis of housing. Apparatus is also provided with two wedges. Housing may move relative to supporting plate and it includes two annular grooves arranged in upper and lower parts of housing and designed for placing said wedges. Upper and lower stops form with wedges wedge pairs.
EFFECT: simplified design of apparatus, increased efforts applied to blank.
FIELD: plastic working of metals, possibly production of forged pieces.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus for making forged pieces having length to diameter relation more than 3 includes power hydraulic cylinder on plunger of which upper striker is mounted. Lower striker is mounted in rotary mechanism. The last is in the form of kinematics pair having gear wheel and racks rigidly secured to plungers of hydraulic cylinders. Apparatus also includes second power hydraulic cylinder whose plunger is mounted in gear wheel with possibility of axial motion and rigidly joined with lower striker. Both power hydraulic cylinders separately through pipelines and throttles are communicated with respective hydraulic cylinders of rotary mechanism.
EFFECT: improved design of apparatus, increased degree of plastic deformation of blank at its single mounting operation in apparatus.