The invention relates to a studded plate for laying pipes embedded in the floor or wall heating or cooling devices. The stove contains many of the speakers relative to the essentially plate-like bases of the spines, between which is placed a pipe. The spikes are arranged in groups spaced from each other to form due to this open space, the dimensions of which are between the groups meet at least the outer sizes of the groups. The technical result is to increase the degree of freedom of laying pipes between spikes, improving the possibilities of stacking plates. 25 C.p. f-crystals, 17 ill. The invention relates to a studded plate for laying pipes embedded in the floor or wall heating or cooling devices, containing many spikes protruding relative to the essentially plate-like basis, between which is placed a pipe.Similar to the studded plate is known, for example, from DE 3024208. Spikes are evenly distributed on slab-on-grade basis. When viewed from above the spikes approximate the shape of an isosceles triangle, with the base of these triangles two adjacent studs facing each other. Due to this arrangement of studs IU the s pass, basically, the parallel sides of the rectangular base or are at an angle of 45oto them. The tube can then be placed in the aisles, and due to the form of spikes, pipes can be laid in an arc to education, for example, spiral or meander loops. This tube is made in the form of a flexible hose.For mounting, for example, heating systems floor-studded plates stack on the floor, and then a flexible pipe of a heating system is placed in the aisles on the studded plate. After that, the studded plate and laid it pipe heating system is applied seamless coating for sex education.Due to the location of the studs on the plate-like bodies studded plate can, however, be laid pipe of a heating system or a spiral or in the form of a meander, but, on the other hand, the location of studs specifies the pipes of the heating system defined bending radii. Because of this limited freedom of design when laying pipes of the heating system. This can result in areas of unusual forms laying pipe heating system with these studded plates will not or only partially possible.Another problem with such studded plates occurs due to the high demand for space on the Cove, for example Styrofoam, but they are bulky and require correspondingly large transport and storage volume.Object of the invention is therefore the improvement of the studded plate of the above described kind so that it can be used flexibly and that it also provided advantages in terms of transport and storage.This problem is solved according to the invention due to the studded plate described above kind, in which the spikes are arranged in groups spaced from each other to form due to this open space, the dimensions of which are between the groups meet at least the outer sizes of the groups.This solution is simple and has the advantage that due to the formed open space can lay pipe heating system with almost arbitrary radii of curvature. Can be also implemented an unusual form of pipes in the passages between the spikes, which differs from the usual pattern of the pipes in the heating system. So, the pipes of the heating system kept the thorns not at all studded plate, but only within groups of thorns. Between groups of thorns pipe heating systems are in a randomly chosen location. At the same time Swoboda be stacked on each other two studded plate, moreover, the spikes of the two adjacent plates facing each other. Group one studded plate is placed between the other groups studded plate in free space. This significantly decreases the height of the stack.In one preferred embodiment, the invention is based can be provided mainly ribbed protrusions that protrude relative basis is less than the spikes, and which laid pipes. These tabs are placed between the studs pipe heating system adjacent to the base not completely, but only to the lugs. Due to this applied seamless coating may be easier to get under the pipe of a heating system, in order for this to completely cover them. This full seal to improve heat transfer from the pipes of the heating system for seamless coverage and, thereby, the effectiveness of the system of floor heating.Preferred may also be that if a group of studs distributed over the basis with equal intervals. Due to this, even the location studded stove can find a more universal application. Preferred may also be that if the available space is distributed over the entire surface of the core the plates. In principle, groups, and available space may also have different sizes and be distributed on the basis unevenly. Then it is necessary, however, to ensure that the group and the available space was the size and were located with the possibility of laying studded plates to each other while facing each other thorns.Favorable may be, if the spikes within the same group are located with the option of establishing among themselves with respect to the main directions of the rectangular framework of longitudinal and transverse passages, which laid pipes. This simplifies the installation.It may also be preferable if the spikes adjacent groups form between them passages extending respectively in one of the main directions of the plate. Also, this simplifies the installation, in particular, direct pipe heating system.It can also be favorable, if the spikes adjacent groups form between them passages, which runs at an angle mostly tilted at 45othe main directions of the Foundation. It also facilitates the direct laying of the pipes of the heating system.Preferred may be, if each group has an even number of studs. Then the spikes can always respository can be made in the form of ribs. Such ribs provide, first, a more favorable manufacturing tools, and, secondly, it simplifies the random laying of the pipes of the heating system along the ribs.Preferred may be, if the ribs extend between adjacent groups. Then you can separate the functions of the ribs and studs. Due to this pipe heating system can be laid inside the studs on the distance from the basics and they are attached to the edges or only outside groups thorns.Preferred may also be that if the ribs are formed with a lateral edge of the rectangular base angle of about 60o. This can be guaranteed even when laid diagonally across the rectangular base of the pipes of the heating system of their fit to the base or edges.Further, it may be favorable, if the edges are crossing with the formation of the lattice pattern. Also it is possible to maintain the edges of the pipes of the heating system.This may be preferable if the ribs are lined by a group of studs. Also due to this can be separated from other functions of studs and ribs.Preferred may be, if formed by the edges of a lattice pattern, mainly diamond. Due to the to their reliable fit to the ribs.Preferred may be that if the edges overlap in free space. Also due to this, it is possible to improve a reliable fit of the pipes of the heating system to the ribs.In one preferred refinement of the invention, the base may have a frame region, which acts concerning the basis, mainly, to the same height as the ribs. Thus, it is possible to guarantee the fit of the pipes of the heating system are also transitions to neighboring studded plates.In one preferred refinement of the invention, the spikes can be made each prismatic with five faces, and provided with front face, to which both sides adjacent one connecting face, and the two connecting faces, mostly parallel to each other, and there are two rear face attached to the connecting faces and interconnected. Such pentahedral execution of a thorn provides individual laying pipes of the heating system.Preferred may also be that if the front and/or connection and/or rear sides of two adjacent spikes are separated from each other on facing the foundations of the end studs at a greater distance than between this end and oruga concave edges it is possible to form a socket for pipe heating system. These nests can be chosen so that the greatest distance between the faces is mainly to match the diameter of the tubular pipe of a heating system, and the distance at the upper end is selected so that the flexibility of the material spikes or studded plate is enough for jacking pipes of the heating system without damaging spikes, which prevents the spontaneous loss of a pipe formed from the thorns of the nest.We performed similarly studs may be preferred if either the rear or front surfaces arranged in pairs of studs facing each other. Due to this simple way you can implement passages.Flexibility when laying pipes of the heating system can also be improved if the rear faces make an angle of approximately 90o.Further flexibility when laying, in particular, direct pipes can be increased, if the rear and/or connection and/or front faces of adjacent pairs of studs lie on one line.Laying, in particular, direct pipes can also be simplified if the rear and/or connection and/or the front face of studs adjacent groups lie on the same line.In one preferred improvement of the invention can be provided dup, protruding relative to the front face, and the spikes of the second type corresponding ribbed ribbed ledge recess, protruding backward relative to the front face. When you studs you can use the edges to improve the clamping of the pipes of the heating system between two adjacent spikes. So the front faces of adjacent studs form, on the one hand, the passage that guides the pipe, and, on the other hand, a ribbed protrusion and the recess form a clamping device for pipes of the heating system.Preferred may be if formed group of at least one pair of studs, the front sides facing each other, and one pair of studs, rear sides facing each other. Due to this, it is possible to form groups of at least four spikes. Due to the location of the studs can be laid pipe heating system of arbitrary patterns.It may be favorable, if limited group of one pair of studs, the front sides are facing each other, and one pair of studs, the rear side of which facing each other. This provides a symmetrical design studded plates, which hugs the review when laying pipes of the heating system.Preferred is grave can push between the studs with a certain tension.If studded plate is made of plastic, preferably polystyrene, then you might have good insulating properties.The invention is explained in more detail below using the example of execution.The drawings depict: Fig.1 - studded plate according to the invention in top view; Fig. 2 - slice studded plate according to the invention according to Fig.1 with the inserted lengths of pipe of a heating system; Fig.3 is a view according to Fig.2 with stacked pieces of pipes running along the arc; Fig. 4 is a view according to Fig.2 with the laid length of pipe that has different radii of curvature and straight, flowing in different directions; Fig. 5 - studded plate according to the invention with part of the wall, along which passes the studded plate, and with the laid pipe heating system; Fig. 6 is a top view of the oven heating according to the invention laid on top of the pipe of a heating system; Fig. 7 - spike plate in the form of Fig.6 with the laid pipe heating system; Fig.8 - two stacked on top of each spike plate when viewed from the side; Fig. 9 is a fragment of a studded plate according to the invention in perspective, and shows one group of spines;
Fig.10 is a first perspective view of a group of studs;
Fig.11 is a second perspective view of groupm between thorns cut tubes;
Fig.13 is a view according to Fig.12 cut the pipe with a larger diameter;
Fig. 14 is schematically group of studs with schematic formed between the spikes passages;
Fig.15 is a schematically an angled passages;
- Fig.16 - the first example of the pipes in the heating system in the room;
Fig.17 is a second example of the pipes in the heating system in the room.Studded plate 1 consists of a base 1A with lots of thorns 2. It is made of heat-insulating, flexible and compressible material such as foam or extruded polystyrene.Spikes 2 are combined in separated from each other group 3, and group 3 are evenly distributed over the entire surface of 4 studded plate 1. Between groups 3 formed free space 5. Also, these free spaces 5 are evenly distributed over the entire surface of 4 studded plate 1 or its basis 1A. The distance between the 3 groups selected with the possibility of formation of the free space whose size is at least correspond to the external dimensions of groups.The base is made mainly with rectangular perpendicular to each other, the side edges. On the lateral edges of the plate-like base 1A has a exalted edge 6, which nah what's studded plates.In Fig. 1 shows the distance In between the 3 groups of thorns 2. The sizes of these distances is selected with the possibility of them laying standard, in most cases, a flexible pipe of a heating system, in particular piping systems floor heating. Specified in the example, the distance is 50 mm is Possible, however, and large distance, such as 200 mm, between individual groups in the vertical direction in Fig.1 and about 120 mm in a direction perpendicular to it. Dimensions 120 × 200 mm free space correspond to the external dimensions of the group of studs. This is well illustrated in Fig.1.Group 3 are pairwise arrangement of thorns 2. Spikes form the rows parallel to the sides of the studded plate 1. Due to this arrangement of studs between adjacent spikes are formed along and across the passages 10, 11. At the same time formed an angled passages 12. As an example in Fig.2 to illustrate in such passages laid straight segments 9 tubes. As clearly seen, the straight line 9 pipes can be laid either parallel to the side edges of the studded plate or at an angle thereto. An angled segments 9 tubes form with one of the side edges of the studded plate 1 angle of approximately 45o scow 9 tubes, as shown in the example in Fig.3.Another possibility of laying the pipe segment shown in Fig.5, the studded plate laid on the wall 13. For this studded plate must accordingly be cut. Equally the location of the studs along this oblique wall allows you to lay the pipe as close as possible to the wall.In this example, a single group 3 is formed by eight studs 2 each. You can, however, also form groups of four spikes. Also, it is possible to form these groups from a larger number of studs. The location of the studs or groups of thorns while mostly strictly symmetric, so that each group has an equal number of studs.The actual spikes are basically matching the main form. In this example, the spikes 2 are almost identical form. They differ from each other only in the middle part of one of its sides.Spikes 2 have the body 14 whose shape matches the shape of the axle with straight sides, through which the spikes take the form similar to the form of mushrooms. More specifically, each spike 2 has a conically expanding the base 15 on which the thorn out of the Foundation plate and through which it is connected with the surface 4 odelena deformation perpendicular to its longitudinal extent. Due to the conical shape of the body 14 of each spike 2 facing the base end of the body 14 forms a section 17 which forms the envelope of the region as a holder. The distance between adjacent spikes is selected so that it corresponds to the outer diameter of the pipe heating system. The distance in the area of the end 17 has a smaller value, which, on the one hand, ensures the retention of the pipes of the heating system between the spikes, and, on the other hand, the indentation of the pipe between the spikes.In principle, studded hob has two types of studs. Both types are mostly prismatic basic shape with the front faces VS adjacent thereto on both sides of the connector faces VB and rear faces of the RS, which are adjacent to the connecting faces and interconnected. When viewed from above the surface 4 of the bases 1A spikes, thus, pentagonal. They are symmetrical along a line perpendicular to the front faces and through the connecting segment of each rear faces. The two connecting faces VB are parallel to each other. All of the faces, i.e., the front face VS, connecting face, VB and rear faces RS are made concave. Each of these parties form the recess 21.There are Dim in the vertical direction, and the front side 25 with razoobrazny the recess 26, which are formed two prismatic protrusion 27, 28, passing in the direction of the outer side of the body of the spike. These protrusions form two bearing zone with a recess 26, which increase the pressure of ribbed protrusion 24 of the other dowel leading edge, when both the front side 22, 25 form passages 10.Spikes 2 is formed between a direct and an elongated passage, when the front side 22, 25 is positioned so that they form the shape of a box. Laid out as an example of segment 9 pipe heating system is kept both front sides.The base location within the same group of spikes is shown in Fig.9, 10, 14, and 15. We are talking about a group of eight spikes, as it should illustrate with the following description. Groups can have, however, and fewer spikes, for example 4 or 6 or more even number of slots, depending on the need.According to a preferred form of execution used mainly even number of studs. Each pair contains spikes from dierent from each other, the front sides 22, 25. Spikes have next to each other one by one, passing along the line, or so that their corresponding peredney. The pair have on perpendicular lines always alternately.Located on the corners of the group 3 spikes are around studs 29 and are in this case so that their front sides are pointing inside the group, or the guide studs 30 and are in this case so that their front sides are pointing out of the group. The front faces of both of these types of thorns, when they are located so that they form a shaft, form not only a guide to section 9 of the pipe 31 of the heating system, but primarily vertical position by holding that the pipe segment.As clearly seen in the drawings, on the same line are not only the front side 22, 25 or front faces VS individual spikes, but the rear face RS of the neighboring pairs of spikes within the same group. Just one line are connecting face VBS neighboring spines. Moreover, on the same line are also RS rear and front VS the faces of studs of different groups.In Fig. 4 schematically by the dashed lines show the individual direction of stacking of pipes within the same group.Spikes according to the invention have a ribbed protrusions 32 passing between separate groups of thorns. These ribbed protrusions 32 are otnositel 32, moreover, some diamonds cover the corresponding group of studs. These ribbed protrusions serve as the pipes of the heating system based on the basis.In more detail below explains the principle of the invention.For installation of a heating system floor first floor premises stack studded plate. This usually occurs prior to the finishing of the building. The floor is completely covered mylovarnymi plates. Studded plates adjacent each other with their lateral edges. Depending on the shape of the room studded plate should be respectively cut out, for example according to Fig.5.After the floor is covered with double plates, it is possible to lay the pipe 31 of the heating system. In most cases we are talking about flexible plastic pipes, as indicated by the pipe 31. We are talking about a standard pipe of a heating system, which can have a different diameter, for example, 12, 14, 16, 18 and 20 mm, or intermediate sizes and dimensions originating from other standardized systems. Due to the conical shape of the faces in the passages between the spikes can be stacked, thereby, pipe heating systems of different diameters. For laying pipe is pushed between the spikes, and it is possible due to the flexibility of the material shippes in an appropriate position.Laying pipe heating system can occur an arbitrary trajectories. So it is possible to lay pipes or only between the front faces of the studs, or between the connecting faces of adjacent studs, or between the rear faces of adjacent studs. Due to the fact that the rear connectors and the front face of studs of different groups lie on the same line, can be blocked by a large direct distance. At the same time thanks to the free spaces can be laid pipe heating system with almost any radius of curvature. Different stacking visible in particular in Fig.2-7. In Fig. 4 direction of the surface indicated by the dashed lines.Also in Fig.16 and 17 are examples of laying on the premises. While next to each other were laid a few plates.Different stacking is shown also in Fig.12-15. In Fig.12 and 13 shows how the studded plate can be laid pipe heating systems of different diameters. In Fig.14 and 15, the dashed lines indicate the directions in which can be laid pipe heating system.Random packing is provided, in particular, through the free spaces between the individual groups of thorns. Only through this can libriu with conventional studded plates, which specify a certain figure styling.When pipe heating systems placed in the aisles, they rely perpendicular to the substrate surface of the studded plate of ribs 32. The latter allow to join pipes of the heating system in connection with the actual basis of the studded plate only in the area of the ribs. Between the fins and tubes of a heating system stack because of their rigidity of the cantilever, i.e., they are separated from the basics. Alternative solutions can also be interconnected in a separate edges of the pair of studs. These ribs have the advantage that during the application of seamless cover completely covers the pipes of the heating system. Application of seamless coverage occurs after the pipes of the heating system to complete the floor. Another advantage of the invention arises from open space in relation to skladyvaete and transportability studded plates. In Fig. 8 it is clear, as can be stockpiled studded plate according to the invention. Due to the form of groups of thorns and placed between them a free space to store studded plate so that the spikes are stacked on each other studded plates facing to each other, and groups of sipea stack height.
1. Studded plate for laying pipes embedded in the floor or wall heating or cooling devices, containing many relatively speakers, mostly slab-on-grade foundations (1b) studs (2), between which are placed the pipe, characterized in that the blades (2) are groups (3), spaced from each other to form due to this open space (5), the dimensions of which are between the groups meet at least the outer sizes of the groups.2. The plate p. 1, characterized in that the group of studs distributed with equal intervals over the entire surface of the upper side (4) of the framework.3. Stove in one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the free space (5) are distributed with equal intervals over the entire surface of the upper side (4) of the studded plate.4. Stove in one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the blades (2) are located within one group (3) with formation between a passing longitudinally with respect to the main directions of the rectangular studded plate passes (10) and passing transversely of the passages (11), in which is placed a pipe.5. Stove in one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the spikes of socio one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the spines of adjacent groups form between them passages (12), which runs at an angle mostly under 45the main lines of the basics.7. Stove in one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that each group (3) has an even number of studs (2).8. Stove in one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the spikes are made mainly prismatic with five faces, and provided with front face (VS), to which both sides adjacent one connecting face (VBS), parallel to each other, and there are two rear face (RS) that are adjacent to the connecting surfaces and interconnected.9. The plate p. 8, characterized in that the front and/or connection and/or the rear face of the two adjacent studs on facing the foundations of the end studs have a greater distance than between this end and the base.10. Stove in one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the rear face or front face arranged in pairs of studs facing each other.11. Stove in one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the rear faces make an angle of approximately 90.12. Stove in one of the previous p on one line.13. Stove in one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the rear and front connecting face of studs of adjacent groups are respectively on the same line.14. Stove in one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that there are two different types of spikes, which differ from each other by the shape of the front face, and the tenon of the first type has a ribbed protrusion protruding relative to the front face, and the tenon of the second type patapata notch that extends backward relative to the front face.15. The plate p. 14, characterized in that they form a group, at least one pair of studs, the front sides facing each other, and one pair of studs, rear sides facing each other.16. Stove in one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the base can be provided mainly ribbed protrusions (32), which are forward of the bases is less than the thorns, and on which is placed a pipe.17. Stove in one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the projections made in the form of ribs (32).18. Stove under item 17, characterized in that the edges are between adjacent groups.19. Stove in one of the paragraphs.17 and 18, characterized in that the ribs C PP.17-19, characterized in that the ribs, crossing, forming a lattice pattern.21. Stove in one of the paragraphs.17-20, characterized in that the ribs are lined by a group of studs.22. Stove in one of the paragraphs.17-21, wherein the formed ribs lattice pattern, essentially diamond-shaped.23. Stove in one of the paragraphs.17-22, characterized in that the edges overlap in free space.24. Stove in one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the base has a frame edge, which acts on basis of the same height as the ribs.25. Stove in one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that at least the spikes contain elastic material.26. Stove in one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that it is made of plastic, preferably polystyrene.
FIELD: building, particularly floor members for underfloor heating/cooling systems.
SUBSTANCE: floor member comprises sheet with at least one groove, heat-conducting layer extending over one main sheet surface and along each groove side to form depression for heat-conducting wire receiving opened from top side thereof. Depression tightly encloses wire and passes over half of cross-sectional perimeter thereof. Upper wire side is flush with upper sheet surface or located below thereof. Sheet has thin foldable foil with thickness of less than 200 μm.
EFFECT: reduced floor member thickness, increased simplicity of floor member dimension selection by cutting foil inside the groove.
6 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: hot-water central heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: plate heating panel comprises top and bottom plates made in block one opposite to the other to define inner passage for hot water, a number of joining members each of which passes symmetrically from the top and bottom plates to the bottom and top plates and connects the top plate with the bottom plate, inner passage for hot water defined by a number of joining members, and two connecting members for supplying and discharging hot water.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability.
1 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to hydron or panel radiant heating or cooling systems used for heating living quarters and production facilities, and can be used in floor heating or cooling system both in independent systems wherein thermal conditions are provided by various heat sources, and in central heating system. Floor heating system of living quarters and production facilities consists of supply and return pipelines and heat energy transfer means, which are arranged in parallel grooves that are located at an equal distance from each other and routed in upper surface of heating panels above which there installed is heat-conducting surface. In the grooves of heating panels there arranged is a set of jet-type tubes serving as heat energy transfer means and made in the form of separate sealed metal housings with evaporation and condensation zones, into inner cavity of which there pumped in vacuum is liquid heat conductor, at that, each of those tubes is connected to supply pipeline at an angle of 2-3° relative to the base of heating panels.
EFFECT: reducing the volume of heat carrier and decreasing costs required for fuel and energy, reducing heating time and time of response to change of heating loads, and simplifying the system design and operation thereof.
3 tbl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: structure comprises bearing layer, in which at least one slot is provided, passing from layer surface deep down. Slot is intended to locate line to maintain even temperature. Slot has several sections, axes of which are displaced and/or arranged at the angle relative to each other. Sections follow each other directly or via transition parts. For fixation of line at least one lateral side of slot in specified areas in sections of slot and/or on transition sections is partially arranged with undercut. Slot continuously narrows to its mouth in one area between bottom and mouth of slot.
EFFECT: simple and reliable fixation of line for maintenance of even temperature.
18 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to develop heating devices based on resistive film elements is carried out by cutting sections from a heat film roll, which are connected by current-conducting buses with a stapler with the help of brackets, areas of connection of current-conducting buses with heat film sections and with assembly wires are coated with an insulating tape. The current-conducting bus is a solid copper bus. Connection of the current-conducting bus and the wire is carried out by wire bending and fixation with brackets, areas of connection of current-conducting buses with heat film sections are glued with a heat-resistant insulating tape, which is applied at one side of the insulated heat film, and the second side is insulated, bending the insulating tape along the line of heat film cutting.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to accelerate process of assembly, to increase heat emission and to reduce its cost.
1 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to room floor heating and/or cooling systems and can be used for creation of optimum microclimate parameters in domestic and office buildings and structures. A floor heating (cooling) system containing a heat-insulating layer, a concrete layer with a low-inertia heat exchange coil arranged in it for circulation of a heat carrier or a cooling medium, which is located near the floor surface, a heat-conducting metallic material, additionally contains an accumulation heat exchange coil located deep in the concrete layer, with that, low-inertia and accumulation heat exchange coils are combined with bypass lines provided with gate valves and a circulating pump, and a metal mesh contacting the low-inertia heat exchange coil is used as a heat-conducting material.
EFFECT: invention allows increasing efficiency of use of cold (heat) accumulated in solid mass of the flooring and control of cold (heat) release to maintain the most optimum room microclimate parameters.
SUBSTANCE: floor heating system of residential and industrial rooms, filled with heat carrier includes supply and return pipelines and heat energy transfer tubes laid equidistant from each other. Set of tubes is connected with one end to one check valve, and with other end - to the second check valve located in the hydraulic pump. Hydraulic pump housing has corrugated metal pipe with thin wall, one end of which is connected to the supply pipeline, and the other is plugged, wherein the source of thermal energy through supply pipeline is connected with flow converter, connected through the return pipeline with a circulation pump and heat energy source.
EFFECT: it allows to increase heat transfer coefficient of heat exchange surfaces and increase capacity of heating system, as well as provide reliable heat carrier circulation in pipeline circuit.
1 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly, to development of design solutions to create efficient, environmentally friendly buildings and structures, where the specified air temperature is maintained, and can be used in construction of facilities for heating and/or cooling rooms in residential and industrial buildings, warehouses and livestock farms, in greenhouses for heating the soil when growing early vegetables, by means of pipes with passing in them a heat carrier or a coolant. Assigned task is solved by that method of construction of energy-efficient structures, according to which a foundation is erected in a process sequence, on the foundation a base is installed, after that, wall are erected, then mounted are covering, elements of the roof and the roof, ventilation and heating system is mounted by means of which the specified temperature is maintained in premises, in the heating system to transfer the floor heat of the specified temperature heating mats are used, which are made modular in the form of multilayer panels, which are placed on a prepared base with a hydraulic insulating heat-reflecting layer and are connected to the power supply system of the structure. Herewith each heating mat is equipped with a thermal element and is made with a heat-insulating and a heat-accumulating layers, which are made from sieving into fractions of 3-16 mm of encapsulated porous aggregate, mainly, expanded clay, the porous aggregate is bound with a cement-glue composition only at contact points of capsules, herewith the aggregate layers are laid one by one and continuously by fractions, the heat-insulating layer is laid of the aggregate with fractions of 5-16 mm, the heat-retaining layer is laid of the aggregate with fractions of 3-10 mm, herewith the heat-insulating layer is laid with thickness of not less than 20 mm, and the heat-retaining layer - with thickness of not less than 30 mm and not less than 3.5 diameters of the thermal element. Besides, a system for maintaining temperature in the construction containing the heating device accommodating thermal elements for heating and heat transfer to the floor. Herewith the heating device is made in the form of a heating mat with a heat-insulation layer and a heat-retaining layer, and the thermal element is made in the form of a corrugated thin-wall pipe and is arranged in the heat-retaining layer between two metal grids mounted on distancers, inside the thermal element there is a heating element in the form of a wire or a spiral, which is made from a heat-resistant and chemical-resistant alloyed with rare-earth metals alloy, and the free thermal element inner space is filled with a mixture of non-conducting electricity-refractory, fire-refractory materials.
EFFECT: technical task of invention is to develop a project of a building and a structure, in which supported is a preset uniform temperature, for which a system for maintaining a preset temperature in a room shall be developed, including for this purpose a heating device shall be developed supporting the specified temperature.
7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: heating equipment and cooling systems of rooms, applicable for maintenance of the temperature condition in dwelling houses and production areas both in winter and summer periods.
SUBSTANCE: the temperature condition in dwelling houses and production areas is maintained by circulation of air blown through by an air intake through a heat exchanger, a heated or cooled down working medium circulates inside it, and supplied through air conduits to the room to be heated/ cooled. The circulating air is saturated by a fine-dispersed liquid or by its vapors. Air supply is accomplished into the heating/ cooling panels with heat conducting walls forming a closed circulation system jointly with the air ducts, heat exchanger and air intake. The fine-dispersed liquid and condensed vapors are moved through the narrow ducts of the panels with the aid of the velocity head of the circulating air. The device for maintenance of the temperature condition in dwelling hoses and production areas is also described.
EFFECT: prevented or reduced forced air circulation in the room, enhanced share of the radiant component of heating or cooling, and prevented reduction of the relative air humidity in the room at its cooling.
18 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: resource-saving of power supply of the building includes: supporting fencing, roofing. The supporting fencing of the building are covered outside with decorative fencing, reinforced with contour fittings, with the formation between them and the supporting fencing of the building of the air gap, which is connected to the attic area through the gaps, and with the outside air through the holes, roofing and decorative fencing are made up of sections, each of which is a thermoelectric converter consisting of a rectangular body made of a dielectric material, which lid is made of a material with high thermal conductivity, and the cavity is filled with the first layer of dielectric material with high thermal conductivity, adjacent to the lid, and a second layer of dielectric material with low thermal conductivity, which is adjacent to the bottom of the body, where the contour fittings are placed consisting of a thermoelectric converter elements, which are paired bare wire segments made of different metals M1 and M2, welded at the ends together to form zigzag rows, which end wire segments are connected to single-pole collectors of electric charges, which, in turn, are connected to an electric battery.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of resource-saving power supply system of the building.