Vehicle with autonomous chemical energy source

 

The invention relates to the field of engineering, specifically to vehicles with Autonomous chemical energy source, such as electric vehicles, kitchen, etc. the vehicle with Autonomous chemical energy source includes a passenger compartment, the electrochemical generator is connected through the valve blocks cylinders with gaseous fuel and oxidant and highways heat relief. In addition, it introduced the frame, the rigid partition, mounted on the frame, and the radiators mounted on the main heat relief. The frame is installed in the rear part of the passenger compartment and is divided into upper and lower parts, in which you installed the electrochemical generator, the upper part of the installed blocks valves with the cylinders of fuel and highway reset heat and cylinders with the oxidizer is installed under the bottom of the vehicle. The technical result consists in increasing the reliability, aerodynamics and possible discharge of heat from the electrochemical generator. 1 Il.

The invention relates to the field of engineering, specifically to vehicles with Autonomous chemical energy sources, for example electromobility vehicle with Autonomous chemical energy source (see for example, [1]), containing a passenger cabin, the electrochemical generator is connected through the valve blocks cryogenic tanks with fuel and oxidant and highways heat relief.

The drawbacks of such a vehicle with Autonomous chemical energy source are large difficulties in filling such vehicles and increased pozarovzryvobezopasnost related to the fact that the fuel and oxidizer are in cryogenic condition, as well as great difficulty with the discharge of heat.

In order to simplify the process of filling with fuel and oxidant to the vehicle with Autonomous chemical energy source, containing a passenger cabin and an electrochemical generator, used gas storage components. On the roof of the passenger compartment of such vehicle mounted cylinders with gaseous fuel and oxidant through the valve blocks are connected to the electrochemical generator [2]. Such a vehicle and used as a prototype.

The disadvantage of the prototype is the increased aerodynamic resistance, arising from the movement of vehicles, reduced reliability associated with the placement belonoha generator.

The present invention is to provide such a vehicle with Autonomous chemical source, which would have good aerodynamic qualities, increased reliability and relief of heat during operation of the electrochemical generator.

The solution of a technical problem will allow you to create vehicles with Autonomous chemical source with good aerodynamic qualities, increased reliability and relief of heat during operation of the electrochemical generator.

The task is solved in that in the vehicle with Autonomous chemical energy source, containing a passenger cabin, the electrochemical generator is connected through the valve blocks cylinders with gaseous fuel and oxidant and highway reset heat inputted frame, the rigid partition, mounted on the frame and the radiator mounted on the highway reset heat, while the frame is installed in the rear part of the passenger compartment and is divided into upper and lower parts, in which you installed the electrochemical generator, the upper part of the installed blocks valves with the cylinders of fuel, and highway reset heat and cylinders okislitionom chemical energy source.

Vehicle with Autonomous chemical energy source contains the passenger compartment 1, the electrochemical generator 2 mounted in the lower portion 3 of the frame 4, which is located in the rear part 5 of the passenger compartment 1. In the upper part 6 of the frame 4 mounted cylinders with fuel 7 and blocks the valve 8. Hard partition 9 divides the front part 10 of the passenger compartment 1 from the installed units. Highway reset heat 11 heat sinks 12 and the cylinders with the oxidizer 13 is installed under the bottom 14 of the vehicle.

Installation of the units is as follows.

First separately in the lower part 3 of the frame 4 in the seats set electrochemical generator 2. Then in the top portion 6 of the frame 4 is installed cylinders with fuel 7 and blocks the valve 8. Produce piping necessary pneumologists cable network. Install the assembled frame 4 in the rear part 5 of the passenger compartment 1 and is fixed in the seats. Then fixed on the frame 4 hard wall 9 separating the front part 10 of the passenger compartment 1 from the installed units. Under the bottom 14 of the vehicle securing the cylinders with the oxidizer 13 and highway reset heat 11 heat 12.

For scheidereit functioning compared with characteristics available in the prototype.

This design layout provides the ability to use different types of transport devices and high density layout. The advantage of this implementation is simplicity, adaptability and reliability of the transport device.

Sources of information 1. Korovin N. In. Electrochemical generators. M: Energy, 1974, pp. 106-109.

2. Korovin N. In. Electrochemical generators. M: Energy, 1974, pp. 109-111.

Claims

Vehicle with Autonomous chemical energy source, containing a passenger cabin, the electrochemical generator is connected through the valve blocks cylinders with gaseous fuel and oxidant and highway reset heat, characterized in that it introduced the frame, the rigid partition, mounted on the frame, and the radiators mounted on the highway reset heat, while the frame is installed in the rear part of the passenger compartment and is divided into upper part and lower part, which has an electrochemical generator, the upper part of the installed blocks valves with the cylinders of fuel, and highway reset heat and cylinders with the oxidizer installed on

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to the field of propulsion of vehicles

Electric car // 2142887
The invention relates to vehicles on electricity

Girous // 2043211

Vehicle // 2009049
The invention relates to a transport engineering

Tricycle // 2264322

FIELD: transport engineering; microcars.

SUBSTANCE: proposed tricycle has three-bearing chassis with steerable front support. Body 9 is provided with rear end face door 18 on which engine 7 is mounted. Door 18 has fin 19 which accommodates air intake 20 and exhaust pipe 21. Rear surface of door 18 is made tilted, forming acute angle β with vertical to provide lifting of rear part of tricycle in case of running-on from rear. Each support can be made up of several wheels arranged in tandem. Wheels of front and rear supports adjoin outer side of body for arrangement of longitudinal bench-seat 17 in body 9.

EFFECT: reduced load on front wheels, improved stability at turning and braking.

7 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport mechanical engineering; the methods and the devices of production of the directional mechanical oscillations, of transformation of the directional mechanical oscillations into the unidirectional discontinuous translational movement, of the controlled movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction.

SUBSTANCE: the group of the inventions is pertaining to the field of transport mechanical engineering and may be used for production and transfer of the mechanical oscillations and for movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction. The method of production of the directional mechanical oscillations provides for running around by the rotating inertial element of the elliptical running track with contraction of this element to it. The movement of the inertial element on the elliptical running track is exercised in respect to the axis superimposed with one of the focal points of the elliptical trajectory chosen as the main focal point. The used inertial element is balanced. The method of transformation of the directional mechanical oscillations into the unidirectional discontinuous translational movement provides for interaction among themselves of two masses of the system, one of which is the inertial mass rotating about its axis and simultaneously is moving in respect to the other mass along the elliptical trajectory with its resilient contraction to the running track of the ellipse providing the system with the directional mechanical oscillations. The used system is unbalanced with the center of masses coinciding in the static condition with the center of gravity of this system and with one of the ellipse focal points. The movement of the system is exercised by the successive step relocations in the moments of the impulse action of the inertial forces along the long axis of the ellipse of the maximal value disturbing force directed from the main focus point in the movement direction. The method of the controlled movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction provides for utilization for production of the tractive effort of the propeller generating impulses of the inertial forces. The device for production the directional mechanical oscillations contains: the body with the running track of the elliptical form, the inertial element capable of running around the elliptical running track and rotation about its axis, the driving mechanism. The propeller of the transport vehicle contains: the device for production of the directional mechanical oscillations coupled by the driving mechanism with the propeller. The device and the propeller are rigidly arranged on the common frame, which is made with a capability to be arranged on the base of the transport vehicle. The transport power plant contains the engine and the propeller connected by the driving mechanism and arranged on the common frame made with the capability of interaction with the base of the transport vehicle. The technical result of the invention is the increased value of the disturbing force operating in the direction of the movement.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased value of the disturbing force operating in the direction of the movement.

29 cl, 35 dwg

Tricycle // 2302970

FIELD: transport engineering; microcars.

SUBSTANCE: each of three supports of tricycle consists of two wheels arranged in tandem. Rear wheels 12, 13 and side wheels 14, 15 are axially paired. Engine 4 with coaxially connected generator-starter 5 are arranged longitudinally in pylon 3, their bodies being parts of load-bearing structure of pylon. Body 1 is provided with rear end face 16 rigidly connected with longitudinal beam 17 arranged in guide rollers 28-30. Steering gear of front wheels 6, 7 has turnable posts 8, 9 rigidly coupled with half-forks. Place of coupling of turnable posts 8, 9 with half-forks is located between hinge joints of posts 8, 9. Windows of body are round, with twin contacting glasses provided with similar holes which can be aligned at rotation of glasses.

EFFECT: provision of uniform distribution of load among wheels to increase cross-country capacity and stability at braking.

4 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: motor-car contains body, three-wheel running gear with independent torsion-bar wheel suspensions and hydraulic shock-absorbers, engine with clutch coupling located in rear part of body, inertia propulsion device, control linkages. Inertia propulsion device contains casing in which following units are located: inertia propulsion device for forward motion, inertia propulsion device for backward motion and striker clutch. The striker clutch connects shaft of inertia propulsion device with inertia mechanism of forward or backward motion. Inertia mechanisms are similar in their design. Each one of them contains shaft on which yoke is fixed with four gears with balance weights. Balance weights are mounted on axes and engage with fixed gear attached to front or rear cover. Both inertia mechanisms are turned in horizontal plane relative to each other fro 180 degrees, and in each yoke each subsequent balance weight of gears is shifted relative to previous balance weight for 90 degrees.

EFFECT: design simplification and motor-car technical characteristics improvement.

11 dwg

Transport vehicle // 2360821

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: transport vehicle includes body (2) and base (1), wheels (7) fixed in base (1). Pulse propeller is installed in base (1) and consists of elastic power element (5) and impeller (4) with alternate eccentricity, which actuates engine (3). Base (1) rests on wheels (7) with the help of Z-shaped supports (8) with elastic elements that work for twisting. Drive to wheels (7) is realised via Z-shaped gear from engine (3). Elastic power element (5) may be arranged in the form of movable plate spring fixed at an angle to base (1) on guides (6), with the possibility of its complete drawing inside body (2). Elastic power element (5) is able to rotate relative to base (1).

EFFECT: lower dynamic loads in jump and possibility to use any engine with rotary output shaft for drive of pulse and wheel propellers.

4 cl, 1 dwg

Truck tractor // 2380266

FIELD: automotive industry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed truck tractor comprises a frame, front and rear axles with suspensions supporting the cab, engine and clutch coupled with gearbox, transfer box coupled with front and rear axles and control mechanisms. Two centrifugal identical-design inertial thrust boosters are additionally arranged behind the cab on the frame, one for forward and one for back run. Each booster represents several hollow square- or circular-section rings arranged horizontally, coaxially and in symmetry to each other. Lengthwise axes of said rings are perpendicular to the vehicle frame. One half of every ring is expanded on both end faces so that inner cross section of expanded semi-rings some times larger than that of non expanded semi-rings. Inner space of every ring is filled with mercury or fluid with high specific weight. Rings expanded parts in forward run booster are directed towards frame rear, while those of back run booster are directed towards the frame front. Expanded part of every ring accommodates separate pump to pump over said mercury or fluid. Forward run booster pump are fitted on one vertical shaft furnished with overrunning coupling. Coupling casing accommodates spur gear in mesh with that mounted on overrunning coupling of opposite rotation. First vertical shaft supports bevel gear in mesh with that fitted on horizontal shaft coupled, via gimbal joint, with transfer box pto-shaft.

EFFECT: increased cross-country capacity.

11 dwg

Transport facility // 2452634

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed transport facility consists of body with lengthwise seat and moving lengthwise beam, aligned power plant with engine arranged on door. Lengthwise beam is rigidly coupled with face door. Power plant is mounted along facility lengthwise axis. Generator is arranged in body. Generator hollow shaft is provided with inner splines. Elongated engine shaft extension is arranged inside generator shaft and engaged therewith by coupling.

EFFECT: improved operating performances.

4 cl, 3 dwg

Up!