Method of production of crop products and used in the insecticidal composition

 

The invention relates to plant breeding technology. The method includes the treatment of vegetating plants with an insecticidal composition. Electicity composition contains one toxic substance and targeted supplements. In the composition of the target additives contains the drug it includes. The invention allows to reduce the consumption of toxic substances and to reduce the stresses on plants. 2 c.p. f-crystals, 3 tables.

The invention relates to plant breeding technology.

There is a method of crop production, providing for the treatment of growing plants Biostator (Protection and quarantine of plants, 10, 2000, S. 31).

It includes is a non-toxic drug, but its insecticidal activity is low.

The known method of production of crops capable of handling vegetating plants with an insecticidal composition comprising at least one toxic substance and the target additives, in particular drugs Talstar, Karate, INTA-VIR (the List of pesticides and agrochemicals permitted for use on the territory of the Russian Federation in 2000. Supplement to the journal Protection and quarantine of plants, 3, 2000, S. 32, 53, 94-95).

Known insecticidal compositions is about lambdacyhalothrin and additives target; INTA-VIR containing toxic substances chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin and targeted supplements (ibid.).

A common disadvantage of the latter method and used in the insecticidal compositions is the high consumption of toxic substances.

The technical result of the group of inventions is to reduce the consumption of toxic substances without compromising the efficiency of the destruction of insects phytophages.

This result is achieved in that in the method of production of crop products, capable of handling vegetating plants with an insecticidal composition comprising at least one toxic substance and the target additives according to the invention in the composition of the target additives use the drug it includes.

The same result is achieved by the fact that the insecticidal composition containing at least one toxic substance and the target additives according to the invention in the composition of the target additives contains the drug it includes.

The method is implemented as follows.

Used in the way insecticidal composition is prepared by mixing at least one toxic substances, for example in the famous insecticidal drug, with targeted supplements, including drug Bist is to see vegetative agricultural plants in the period recommended for used toxic substances. Experiments have shown that the consumption of toxic substances and drug it includes can be set lower than recommended for their separate use without compromising performance. This allows to reduce the consumption of toxic substances and, consequently, to reduce the stresses on crop plants, to reduce the accumulation of toxic substances in the soil and in plants, their migration. This outcome is illustrated in the examples.

Example 1.

To combat moth moth in the vineyard used drugs it includes, Talstar, and mixtures thereof. The results are summarized in table 1.

Example 2.

To combat California San Jose scale on Apple used the drugs it includes, Karate, and mixtures thereof. The results are summarized in table 2.

Example 3.

To combat the bug bad bug on the wheat used drugs it includes, INTA-VIR and mixtures thereof. The results are summarized in table 3.

Mathematical processing of the results shows that it includes in combination with three of the tested insecticides has a synergistic effect on these kinds of pest.

Thus, the proposed group of inventions reduces

Claims

1. Method of production of crops capable of handling vegetating plants with an insecticidal composition comprising at least one toxic substance and the target additives, characterized in that the composition of the target additives use the drug it includes.

2. Insecticidal composition containing at least one toxic substance and the target additives, characterized in that it is part of the target additives contains the drug it includes.

 

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The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to gardening

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, plant growing and feed production, may be used for growing of spring rape in fodder crop as postcut forage crop.

SUBSTANCE: method involves preparing soil and seeds; sowing; providing care for young crops; harvesting. Seed sowing is carried out during period of mass development of cruciferous weeds and die-off of first generation of wintered cruciferous fleas Phyllotreta spp. Spring rape is grown in postcut forage crop. Before seed sowing, soil is cultivated by rotavation or two-three-staged disking by means of harrows to 8-10 cm depth immediately after harvesting of preceding crop. Seed sowing is performed during 2-3 days after harvesting of said crop. Spring rape is cultivated in single-course complete fodder crop rotation mode. Winter wheat is used as preceding crop. Early ripening rape seeds with growing period of up to 100 days are commonly used. In the Middle Urals zone, rape seeds are sown in June, 15 to 30.

EFFECT: increased yield of spring rape grown for forage in risky agriculture regions at intensive utilization of plowed field in fodder crop rotation mode without use of pesticides.

4 cl, 6 tbl

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