The way telecommunications computer networks
The invention relates to methods of information exchange in computer networks. It helps to ensure the technical result in increasing the efficiency of transmission and reception of information in the process of communication between users over networks preserving privacy. The method includes the exchange of text, audio and video information between users, related network and represented by the masks on the computer screen. The technical result is achieved due to the fact that the videos are by the display object with variable shape, structure, color, and spatial orientation of at least one of its parts, driven by user behavior and the identity of the user that controls the behavior of the display object according to the features and manners, and the user selects the degree of confidentiality referred to the display object. 5 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il. The present invention relates to the field of computer technology, and more particularly to a method of exchanging information in a computer network applications such as Internet, the so-called methods avatar chat, avatar chat).Known with what edstam the exchange of text files (see, for example, http://www.excite.com/communities/chat.).Known methods of telecommunications with the use of computer networks.The methods can be implemented in computer networks, such as Internet containing the users ' computers, communication channels, computers, servers. The user computers may be a standard configuration (keyboard, mouse, processor unit and monitor). This configuration is sufficient for the so-called text chat (see, for example, http://ichat.infoart.ru/cgi-bin/ichat/chat. cgi). There are also ways of telecommunications, which in addition to the exchange of textual information provide and exchange audio information - voice chat (voice chat) (see, for example, http://www.excite. com/communities/chat/voicechat). The implementation of this method requires additions to the standard configuration of the computer's speaker and microphone.The known methods have a high degree of anonymity of participants communication with a low level of emotionality. The anonymity provided by the fact that participants represented telecommunications network conditional fictitious names. The low level of emotionality is defined by the expression of messages in text form and is limited by the speed of printing, and reading speed, and psychological bar is much more emotional. It makes communication more natural and brings communion to the "live" communication. This communication is similar to telephone conversations. This method also provides full anonymity because the voice can be intentionally distorted beyond recognition. It provides freedom of communication between the participants of the chat network users. However, this method has a number of limitations of a fundamental nature.The first limitation is the lack of opportunity prompt response to statements by body language and facial expressions inherent in fluid communication.The second limitation lies in the fact that it is impossible to carry out simultaneous transfer reactions of many interlocutors that dictates the need for prioritizing statements or setting priorities, etc., that also reduces the emotional effectiveness compared to "live" communication.The third limitation is that the participants of the telecommunications represented only chat names - aliases, voices, but not the behavior (manner and facial expressions). As you know, sometimes gestures are more informative words spoken aloud and especially printed.From the above restrictions free way enotime above.First, it is not ensured the anonymity of the participants communications (http: //www. microsoft. com NetMeeting). Secondly, large amounts of transmitted data lead to congestion on the network. As a consequence, often the communication does not occur due to frequent failures, loss of information packets, freezes, etc.,The present invention aims empowerment, freedom of expression and enhancing emotional communication in computer networks, improving the efficiency of the transmission and reception of information between the user while maintaining confidentiality.These tasks are solved in the way of telecommunications with the use of computer networks, including the exchange of text, audio and video information between users, related network and represented by the masks on the computer screen in which the videos are by the display object with variable shape, structure, color, and spatial orientation of at least one of its parts, driven by user behavior.The method differs in that video are by the display object with variable shape, structure, color, and spatial orientation of at least one of evidenee of the display object according to the features and manners, moreover, the user selects the degree of confidentiality referred to the display object.Another difference method is that the behavior of the display object on the screen is controlled by the facial expressions of the user.Another difference method is that the behavior of the display object is accompanied by the sound transmitted by the user.Another difference method is that the choice of the degree of confidentiality of the display object is carried out by selection of the display object in the form of a mask with a partially closed face of the user.Another difference method is that the choice of the degree of confidentiality of the display object is carried out by selection of the display object in the form of a mask with a fully closed face of the user.Finally, another difference method is that the choice of the degree of confidentiality of the display object is carried out by selection of the display object with a silhouette similar to the silhouette of the user in advance arbitrarily chosen background.The method is illustrated in the shown in the drawing, which schematically depicts the interaction of programs in the process of telecommunications.In the drawing program of the first type 1 logs user in the network and call. Program 2 receives input information from the program of the second type 3, which interacts with the image sensor 4, the user selects the type of mask 5 and the degree of confidentiality 6. Program 2 renders 7 information flows in the form of the display object with variable shape, structure, color, and spatial orientation of at least one of its parts, driven by user behavior, which chose the mask and which is in communication with the user.The method can be implemented in a computer network that contains the users ' computers, communication channels, computers, servers. The users ' computers equipped with video sensor, microphones, speakers and software that can be represented in the form of programs of three types. The first type provides access to the network, the second program that allows you to communicate with the image sensor and to move a priori given useful information from videorola with video probe, the third type of program, ensuring mutual exchange of information between users of a computer network.After selecting the first user referred to above services and confirm his agreement to Paradise in real-time starts to pass useful information signal to the program of the third type. While using the third type is the reception, transmission and visualization for all users of the information, which is generated using the second type.At the same time on the screen users connected over the WAN to connect to the server, displays the display object mask of the first user. In parallel with the video is the audio signal that carries information from the first user.The first user using a PC and the program of the first type included in the program of the third type, stored on the server. The program of the third type, which is the server-side network applications, offers the first user the following options: - select, for example, type, types of masks, with which the first user wishes to associate (this choice is the reincarnation of the Internet is denoted by the term "avatar"); - choose the degree of privacy within the selected mask on the presentation of the first user in the network; - select the type of communication, that is, for example, the private conversation of the first user with the second user or General discussion between users on the network; - select name and network password of the first user, under it is moznosti for communication.These features provided by the program of the third type, similar to the capabilities provided to users in a well-known Internet network chat and avatar chat.First, the user selects the type of mask, name, network password, type of communication and the degree of confidentiality.Using the second type of the video stream generated by the image sensor for each image in the current time is selected in accordance with the selected degree of confidentiality useful component of information including, for example, the video streams of fragments of the face of the first user corresponding to the location of the eyes and mouth. After compressione this information in batch mode is sent over the network to the server. The server is decompression and visualization of, for example, by embedding in the texture of the mask. The result is a display object as the selected mask with changing at least one part corresponding to the cut from videorola portion of the face of the first user, such as the eyes. In the display object change its separate parts. For example, when the first user closes his eyes, and the mask closed his eyes.Along Sogno third, fourth, and so on) is doing operations similar to the operations, which were performed by the first user.The proposed method can be implemented telecommunications, at least between two users. To do this, users must have at its disposal all three types of programs.The developer programs the second and the third type is the organizer of the telecommunications network and server administrator. His server is part of a computer network such as the Internet. It publishes information about its software and the proposed method of telecommunications on other servers, such as information retrieval servers global computer network.On this information to respond the Internet users who wish to use the offered services. They offered one time after registration to be transferred to a personal computer program of the second type, which is the computer part of a network application.The above procedure can take several users in a computer network and use the services of the connecting server. Thus, a "virtual club". The program is of icommunicate.Participants of the "virtual club" presented its display objects - masks. Depending on the degree of privacy mask can be of two types: the first with a fully closed face, the second with partly covered faces. It is also possible to provide the display object in the form of a silhouette of the user with the possibility of substitution of the background behind the user, new, pre-selected.The main difference between the mask and the first type is that as the identifying characteristics of the user owner of a mask used his natural facial expressions or assessed mimic the state of the user's behalf.The main difference between the mask and the second type is the presence of a mask built-in parts of the face of real human users (e.g., eyes, mouth, and so on).Further in accordance with this regulation, each user discussion club gets the opportunity to "statement" in the form of a stream of audio and video information. When this display object corresponding to the calling user is allocated one of the known methods, for example by moving to the center of the screen or backlight.When the needs and desires of direct communication one is the IR cursor of the mouse on the display object, representing the desired interlocutor in the "virtual club". The program of the third type sends the selected companion request for confirmation of his desire to engage in private communication. In case of confirmation of the selected person desires to engage in private communication program of the third type establishes a direct link between two users - participants of the virtual club, making their communication is not available to other participants in the "virtual club".At the end of a private communication interlocutors users can return to the club where they can communicate with other members of the "virtual club" or exit the application.View in "virtual club" network user in the form of the display object, endowed with traits of a real man, makes communication more vitality in comparison with the representation of the user's usual mask, as it takes place in chat rooms avatar. The confidentiality of participants is provided in the desired degree.The display object is recognizable by individual traits (e.g., eyes) or manners and facial expressions. These traits and manners belong to real people and can cause sympathy and antipathy towards the interlocutor is interesting. The interlocutors have an entirely new opportunity in real time to observe the reaction to the statement, expressed in facial expressions and movements. The sides get rich opportunities to highlight your most attractive features and manners, to reveal them to a greater or lesser extent while ensuring a given level of confidentiality. However, they cannot usurp someone else's features.The registration procedure helps uniquely identify the party chat is a unique name and password to log in to chat, compliance with the personal information and the visual display of the individual.The method can be widely used in the implementation of the telecommunications and computer networks.
Claims1. The way telecommunications with the use of computer networks, including the exchange of text, audio and video information between users, related network and represented by the masks on the computer screen, wherein the video information present by means of the display object with variable shape, structure, color, and spatial orientation of at least one of its parts, managed GIP object according to the features and manners, moreover, the user selects the degree of confidentiality referred to the display object.2. The way telecommunications under item 1, characterized in that the behavior of the display object on the computer screen is controlled by the facial expressions of the user.3. The way telecommunications under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the behavior of the display object is accompanied by the sound transmitted by the user.4. The way telecommunications according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that the selection of the degree of confidentiality of the display object is carried out by selection of the display object in the form of a mask with a partially closed face of the user.5. The way telecommunications according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that the selection of the degree of confidentiality of the display object is carried out by selection of the display object in the form of a mask with a fully closed face of the user.6. The way telecommunications according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that the selection of the degree of confidentiality of the display object is carried out by selection of the display object with a silhouette similar to the silhouette of the user in advance arbitrarily chosen background.
FIELD: systems and method for software control of access between one or more nodes and multiple devices connected thereto.
SUBSTANCE: system has system of parallel used memorizing devices and node, programmed for identification of each memorizing device and masking access from node to at least one memorizing device. System for controlling access to multiple memorizing devices in system of memorizing devices has node, programmed for determining, whether for each of multiple memorizing devices masking should be performed relatively to node and interface for selective modification of programmed data structure. Method describes operation of system for controlling access to multiple parallel use memorizing devices by multiple computers.
EFFECT: possible concurrent transfer of frames in both directions at speed, exceeding 1 Gbit per second, for distance over 10 km.
6 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: midget phones or electronic secretaries.
SUBSTANCE: proposed system enables user to pack, transfer, or save dynamic or static information such as video, audio, and scribal information from video display for other user through Internet. Upon receiving information package user can browse all pieces of information contained in mentioned package without addressing various application programs.
EFFECT: facilitated data exchange and message compilation, provision for preventing virus infection through e-mail.
27 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: computer engineering, in particular, electronic computing machines.
SUBSTANCE: the device contains a processor, local address-data multiplexing bus, memorizing device, modernized system controller consisting of a system controller and a block for processing oncoming requests.
EFFECT: prevented hang-up of processors in case of coincidence of oncoming requests from processors, connected to external PCI bus.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: technology for transmitting process data from field device to process control center.
SUBSTANCE: in accordance to the invention, process data contains information about working state of field device, and/or information about process variables measured by field device, and/or field device identification data. Process data appearing in time interval between two transmissions is evaluated, divided onto static and dynamic, data is recorded, transferred to process control center. Static data is transferred in abbreviated form, in form of a binary status value.
EFFECT: creation of method for transmitting reduced amount of process data.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: computer engineering, namely, local computer networks, in particular, home networks based on universal serial buses.
SUBSTANCE: device for data transmission contains a cable with signal lines, power buses, microchip of computer controller which generates commands which determine operation of peripheral device, microchip of device controller which control directions of streams of data being transmitted, positioned in a peripheral device, two microchips of transformers of signal levels from contacts of control microchips, four circuits for correction of transfer characteristic of signal lines of cable, four matched loads, two stabilizer circuits and four filters meant for reduction of power noise.
EFFECT: removed limitation on length of used cable, possible usage of various types of cables without necessity to develop expensive microchips for repeaters each time, which have functions of double purpose: matching of impedance of cable and controllers and transformation of levels of signals from outputs of controller microchips.
FIELD: information technologies.
SUBSTANCE: for assessment of data in data formats incapable of direct assessment, which are transmitted between geodesic instruments, reference catalogues or data catalogues are used. Specified catalogues are preferably transmitted together with transmission of data and assessed data fields are indicated in data formats. If geodesic instrument accepts data format incapable of direct processing, then by means of reference catalogue (10) assessed data fields may be found, and with the help of data catalogue data fields incapable of assessment may be used.
EFFECT: method improvement.
17 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: physics, communication.
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns resorts of maintenance of infrastructure of message transfer which during performance abstracts operations of parcel and reception for exchange of messages with terminal point of the partner. Message infrastructure accepts commands from the appendix the message transfers setting guarantees of through delivery; uses mechanisms of transportation for satisfaction of requirements of the given guarantees of delivery, and creates communication between the application of message transfer and mechanisms of transportation for use at an exchange of conferrings. Storage of a state of a session can be supported in connected storehouse which can be, for example, storehouse of a database of the long-term storage or storehouse of storage of the application.
EFFECT: improvement of availability and scalability of the message transmission application by means of improvement of availability and scalability of underlying mechanisms of messages transportation.
71 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: physics, computer equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns systems of a priority of applications. In the method and system carry out reception of the inquiry requesting allocation of the most appreciable resource to the requesting application, and determination of that such most appreciable resource is oozed to the possessing application; associative interlinking of the information on the owner with the information on a requester to generate inquiry of arbitration; performance of arbitration of inquiry of arbitration for development of the arbitral award which specifies, that the most appreciable resource should be oozed to the requesting application if the information on the owner specifies, that the owning application is exclusive, and the identifier which identifies the requesting application, contains in the voiding list, is associative related to the information on the owner.
EFFECT: maintenance of dynamic allocation of the most appreciable resource of the device.
24 cl, 7 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: physics, computer facilities.
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns computer facilities, namely to field of local computer networks. The device contains the computer, signal lines (SL1, SL2), four cables, a microcircuit of the controller of the computer, a microcircuit of controllers of remote terminal units, microcircuits of controllers of hubs (H1, H2) and the universal serial busbar, the optimum loads (OL1, ..., OL10), voltage regulators (VR1, VR2), filters (F1, ..., F5), intended for noise reduction on supply, compensation circuits (CC1, ..., CC4) of transitive performance of the cable signal lines, the shared bus (SB1), the supply busbar (SBB1), the power supply (PS1), and also N data links DL1, ..., DLM.
EFFECT: increase of the peak speed of data transmission between the computer and remote terminal units to 480 Mbit/with at simultaneous magnification of quantity of data links with connected remote terminal units and lengths of a used cable on which packages of the numeral information including with high speed can be transmitted.
2 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: physics, communication.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of communication realisation between master and slave devices with application of bus interface. According to one aspect, outlet or outlets of three-wire interface are selected in the first mode, and outlet of one or several single-wire interfaces is selected in the second mode. According to the other aspect, converter addresses single-wire bus and generates signals in compliance with three-wire interface. According to another aspect, completion signal is inserted into single-wire interface signal, which facilitates conversion of this signal and connection to three-wire interface. According to the next aspect, in response to detected initial symbol strobe signal and/or clock signal are generated. According to another aspect, strobe signal and/or clock signal are deactivated in response to detected completion symbol.
EFFECT: provision of compatibility between existing serial bus interfaces and single-wire bus interface.
32 cl, 35 dwg, 5 tbl
FIELD: computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: the system contains markup language, object model of graphics, converter of types, analyzer-translator, system of presenters, interface for applied programming of visuals and indication interface.
EFFECT: ensured organized interaction of computer program developers with data structure of scene graph for creation of graphics.
27 cl, 31 dwg
FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to components and subsystems of computer system for maintenance and provision of graphical user interface presentations. System of graphical image animation is disclosed, which supports time variation of image elements properties for elements inside the graphical image. Animation system uses image structure for maintenance of image elements set. Image elements include value of variable property. System of animation also uses system of properties that supports properties related to image elements that are supported by image structure. Properties include dynamic properties, which may vary in time and, accordingly, affect presentation of corresponding element on graphical image. Animation system contains animation classes, from which the exemplars of animation objects are created, which are related to the property of image element during execution. Exemplars of animation object provide time variable values that affect values assigned to dynamic properties.
EFFECT: provides more efficient and flexible execution of animation modes in images of graphical user interface.
38 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: physics; computer facilities.
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns to mapping devices. The expedient of mapping of the equipment of a bottom of a boring column (EBBC) with use of the vector drawing includes parse and interpretation of initial data EBBC for development of packages of the data corresponding to EBBC builders; EBBC assemblage with use of builders of the vector drawing of library of the vector drawing and builders of the vector drawing represent EBBC builders, and EBBC mapping in the chosen gauge. The system contains processor and storage in which the program for embodying of an expedient of mapping of the equipment of a bottom of a boring column contains.
EFFECT: representation of the bore-hole and the superficial measuring with an animated drawing.
25 cl, 23 dwg
FIELD: physics; image processing.
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to simulation of movements of a virtual mannequin. The proposed graphic interface system, allows for displaying two windows (10, 20) on a screen. First window (10) has the general image of mannequin (100), which allows for selecting part of the body of the mannequin directly on the screen, using a selection device (a mouse, for example). As a result, the selected part of the body appears on second window (20) in magnified form together with symbols (120), indicating all degrees of freedom, provided for that part of the body. An operator can have direct effect on symbols (120) of degrees of freedom for blocking or unblocking them, as well as for direct control of the kinematics of the model.
EFFECT: easier direct control of kinematics and control of the degrees of freedom of a virtual mannequin.
10 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: physics; image processing.
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a multifactorial system and method of moving virtual mannequin (10) in a virtual medium. Mannequin (10) is defined by a general position and several degrees of freedom of articulation. The method provides for: endowment of attraction factor (32), acting on several degrees of freedom of articulation of mannequin (10) for moving it to a target; endowment of a displacement factor (21), acting on the general position of mannequin (10) depending on parametres, defining its surrounding medium, for preventing mannequin (10) from colliding with elements of the medium. The method also provides for ergonomic factor (34), acting on several degrees of freedom of articulation of mannequin (10) for automatic adjustment of the position of mannequin (10) when moving to a target.
EFFECT: provision for an optimum level of comfort of positions occupied by the mannequin without need for carrying out further tests.
21 cl, 11 dwg