A method of manufacturing artificial leather that is used as the material teplozvukoizoljatsionnogo
The invention relates to the field of macromolecular compounds, namely the method of production of artificial skin used as teplozvukoizoljatsionnogo material, and can be used for interior decoration insulating covers cowls and facing radiators of different types of transport. The method consists in the fact that the film made from the composition containing, by weight.h.: 100 PVC suspension, 45-55 dioctylphthalate, 0.3 to 0.8 stearic acid, 2,5-3,5 calcium stearate, and 1-3 chalk and pigments pre-applied 30-35oC adhesive layer weighing 120-150 g/m2the following composition, wt.h.: 100 polyvinyl chloride emulsion, 60-70 product from a mixture of dioxane alcohols and their high-boiling esters, 22-30 dioctylphthalate, 1.0-2.0 calcium stearate, through which the connecting film in the basis. As the basis of use of needle-punched non-woven fabric density 400-850 g/m2of fibrous materials. The source material for needle-punched nonwoven fabric are natural and artificial cloth, respectively, at a ratio of 30:50-50:70. The invention provides for obtaining teploizoljatsionnogo material with high strength captive what teristically. 3 table. The invention relates to the field of macromolecular compounds, namely the method of production of artificial skin used as teplozvukoizoljatsionnogo material used for interior decoration insulating covers cowls and facing radiators of different types of transport.A method of obtaining the vibration, sound, acoustic, thermal insulation material used in the automotive, shipbuilding, aviation and other industries (EN 2032700), in which the mixed powder slurry or bulk polyvinyl chloride with the addition of polar compounds, molded under pressure at a temperature up to a certain density, heat in a confined space, and then heated in a free state at a temperature of 190-300oC.Method for 3-15 minutes provides for producing foamed polyvinyl chloride.Also known is a method of obtaining elastic penopoluisooli with a closed cellular structure, for use in aircraft construction, shipbuilding, automotive and life as a cushioning and insulating material (SU 1643570).This material also receive way aemy the material is not flexible enough, and its surface is not protected by a facing layer, which prevented the material from rapid destruction.Known polymer composition and method for the production of artificial leather-based suspension polyvinylchloride (SU 1643571). The known method provides for mixing of the suspension polyvinyl chloride, plasticizer, stabilizer, filler and ground flax or wool fiber waste and subsequent processing in the extruder and forming a film on the calender, with subsequent embossing and cooling.However, the composition thus obtained, applicable to the manufacture of artificial skin used in the haberdashery industry.The closest technology offer artificial leather is a method for the production of artificial leather, in which the base is combined with a polymer film on the basis of suspension polyvinyl chloride when exposed to temperature and pressure with further embossed (EN 2051934).Technological parameters of production above the skin are as follows: the temperature of the calender rolls is 150-155oWith Generowania camera (temperature gelation) - 140oWith the foaming Temperature - 212-213oWith the Rate this skin cannot be used as teplozvukoizoljatsionnogo material.Technical problem on which this invention is directed, is to make artificial skin teploizoljatsionnyh properties and the provision of high consumer properties.The technical problem is solved due to the fact that in the method of manufacturing artificial leather, used as teplozvukoizoljatsionnogo material, by combining the polymer film based on suspension of polyvinyl chloride with a base when exposed to temperature and pressure with a subsequent embossing and cooling according to the invention on a film of suspension polyvinyl chloride composition, wt.h.: Polyvinyl chloride suspension - 100 dioctylphthalate - 45-55 Stearic acid - 0,3-0,8
Calcium stearate is 2.5 - 3.5
Chalk and pigments - 1-3
pre-applied at a temperature of 30-35oWith the adhesive layer weighing 120-150 g/m2the following composition, wt.h.:
Polyvinyl chloride emulsion - 100
The product from a mixture of dioxane alcohols and their high-boiling esters of 60-70
The dioctylphthalate - 22-30
Calcium stearate - 1,0-2,0
by which links the film Foundation, which use needle-punched non-woven fabric density 400-850 g/m2of fibrous materials, prinnie fiber, respectively, in the following ratio 30:50-50:70.A method of manufacturing artificial leather, used as teplozvukoizoljatsionnogo material, is as follows.First prepare a mixture of an adhesive layer, mixing the following components, wt.h.: polyvinyl chloride emulsion 100, the product from a mixture of dioxane alcohols 60-70, which is a plasticizer ADOS, dioctylphthalate 22-30, calcium stearate 1.0 to 2.0. Plasticizer ADOS is a mixture of dioxane alcohols and their high-boiling esters, seasoned stabilizer (BHT, product 2246 and others). THE 2493-003-13004749-93, S. 2 (transparent, nerastraivaisya oily liquid from yellow to dark brown color).A mixture of dioxane alcohols (ADOS) used in this composition, is a group under the trade name "oxanol, fatty alcohol ethoxylates, which includes the preparation of OS-2 (grades a and B), and sintana DC-10.Depending on the composition of raw materials as hydroxyethyl groups "oxanol" can be liquid, MAZ, pasty or solid (Chemical encyclopedia, scientific publishing house "Great Russian encyclopedia", M, 1992 , volume 3, page 718).However, the plasticizer ADOS has a higher adhesive properties compared with the above plasticizer is esitle MINIMUM-13 at a temperature of 30-35oC.The resulting mixture is applied on the finished film based on suspension of polyvinyl chloride and serves on the conveyor to a hot dryer, the temperature of 120-140oC.Example.First prepare a mixture of an adhesive layer, mixing the following components, wt.h.: polyvinyl chloride emulsion 100, plasticizer ADOS, the product from a mixture of dioxane alcohols 60-70, dioctylphthalate 22-30, calcium stearate 1.0 to 2.0.Plasticizer ADOS is a mixture of dioxane alcohols and their high-boiling esters, seasoned stabilizer (BHT, product 2246 and others ). THE 2493-003-13 004749-93, S. 2 (transparent, nerastraivaisya oily liquid from yellow to dark brown color).This plasticizer is used for plasticization of vinyl, epoxy, polyester, phenol-formaldehyde and other resins for the production of footwear and sheet PVC, artificial leather, linoleum, rubber compounds, film and sheet materials, etc.The mixture is prepared in the mixer MINIMUM-13 at a temperature of 30-35oC.The resulting mixture (layer weighing 120-150 g/m2) put on the finished film based on suspension of polyvinyl chloride and serves on the conveyor to a hot drum, temperatue artificial and synthetic fibers needle-punched non-woven fabric width 135-140 cm also comes to a hot dryer.The initial connection of the film with the base is carried out by simultaneous feeding of the substrate and the polymer film coated with an adhesive layer between the conveyor and a hot dryer, the temperature of which is 13010oC.Initially glued basis with the film then goes on embossing, where they are the final bonding rolls at a pressure of 2-2,5 ATM and a temperature of 100-120oC.There were prepared samples of faux leather on these technologies in industrial equipment.Next were testing samples, the results of which are shown in tables 1, 2 and 3.Tests showed that the derived material meets the requirements of teplozvukoizoljatsionnomu material used in vehicles.The variation of the density of needle-punched nonwoven fabric can meet the demands of the consumer for the purpose and use of teplozvukoizoljatsionnogo material (i.e., less insulation and higher insulation).The best insulation material corresponds to the balance of the wool fiber is 50:50, respectively, a decrease leads to a decrease of eploits the traditional material is the use of waste products, what affects the cost of the finished material (cheapness).Thanks to the deep diffusion adhesive layer in the non-woven fabric provides a high bonding strength of the film base, prevents the delamination material in the process of operation, increase strength properties (tensile strength, elongation at break).The technical result of the present invention is expressed in enhancing performance, improving consumer properties, depreciation is made of insulating material.
A method of manufacturing artificial leather, used as teplozvukoizoljatsionnogo material by combining a polymeric film-based suspension of polyvinyl chloride with a base when exposed to temperature and pressure with a subsequent embossing and cooling, characterized in that the film of suspension polyvinyl chloride composition, wt.h.Polyvinyl chloride suspension 100The dioctylphthalate 45-55Stearic acid 0,3-0,8Calcium stearate and 2.5-3.5Chalk and pigments 1-3pre-applied at a temperature of 30-35With the adhesive layer weighing 120-150 g/m2following isoko-boiling esters 60-7The dioctylphthalate 22-30Calcium stearate 1,0-2,0by which links the film Foundation, which use needle-punched non-woven fabric density 400-850 g/m2of fibrous materials, and as source material for needle-punched nonwoven fabrics using natural and artificial fibers, respectively, in the following ratio 30:50-50:70.
FIELD: construction industry, in particular, laminated materials, such as rolled polymeric floor coverings, in particular, linoleum.
SUBSTANCE: multilayer rolled polymeric 2.7 mm thick floor covering has base comprising lower layer of nonwoven needle-stitched material of polyester or polypropylene filaments or mixture of filaments having thickness of 1.3-2.0 mm, density of 200-360 g/m2, and upper polymeric layer composed of at least two polyvinyl chloride layers. Lower polyvinyl chloride layer has glass fabric or mineral paper used as reinforcement material and having thickness of 0.6-1.0 mm. Thickness of transparent face layer is 0.12-0.50 mm. Middle polyvinyl chloride layer of polymeric layer may foamed and provided with decorative relief pattern.
EFFECT: increased decorative effect, improved wear resistance, heat and sound isolating properties and sanitary and hygienic qualities of rolled covering.
2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: manufacture of building materials.
SUBSTANCE: floor coating obtained by laying method has its principal structure formed from thermoplastic material, in particular from plasticized polyvinylchloride, reinforced with textile armature and, if necessary, attached to foam sublayer. Front face resistance surface coating to be imaged and to provide wear resistance of part. Reverse face, which contacts floor, represents textile. Connection of textile structure with reverse surface of principal support is provided by means of additional plastisol layer penetrating to a inconsiderable depth into textile structure and ensuring, after gelation, fastening of textile to reverse face of principal support made from thermoplastic material.
EFFECT: improved walking comfort and both acoustic and thermal insulation at better mechanical strength and evenness.
8 cl, 1 tbl, 4 ex
FIELD: polymer materials.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manufacture of simulated leather-type material with polymer coating, which can be used in making automotive tents, shelters, and for bundling of various technical tools. According to first option, material comprises textile backing and polymer coating formed on said backing with the aid of calender technique at the face and at the underside. Coating is composed of, weight parts: suspension polyvinylchloride (S-7058M) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, butadiene-nitrile rubber (BNKS-28) 30-0.1, thermoplastic polyurethane (VITUR 2213, 2513) 0.1-70, calcium stearate 0.5-2.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, weight ratio of layers in material being as follows: face polymer coating/underside polymer coating = (0.3÷0.5):(0.2÷0.4). According to second option, material comprises textile backing and polymer coating formed on said backing at the face and at the underside, face-side polymer coating being formed with the aid of calender technique and composed of, wt parts: suspension polyvinylchloride (S-7058M) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, butadiene-nitrile rubber (BNKS-28) 30-0.1, thermoplastic polyurethane (VITUR 2213, 2513) 0.1-70, calcium stearate 0.5-2.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, and underside coating being formed with the aid of deposition technique and composed of, wt parts: emulsion polyvinylchloride (EP-6602Ts) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, weight ratio of layers in material being as follows: face polymer coating/underside polymer coating = (0.3÷0.5):(0.15÷0.3). According to second option, material represents film having the same composition as coating in the first option formed with the aid of calender technique, thickness of this film material ranging from 0.15 to 1.0 mm.
EFFECT: enhanced frost resistance, increased level of resistance to multiple bending (also at negative temperatures), and increased level of resistance to abrasion ensuring long service time.
3 cl, 2 tbl
FIELD: chemical industry; other industries; methods of production of the of the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of chemical industry, in particular, to production of plastics, namely - to the development of the method of production of the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating. The method is realized by deposition at heating up to temperature of 150-190°С on the textile base of the coating consisting of the polyvinylchloride composition including the film forming agent - polyvinylchloride suspension, the plasticizers - di-(2-ethylhexyl)- phthalate, chlorinated paraffin wax and the mixture of dioxane alcohols and their high-boiling ethers with the number of the hydroxyl groups of 23-36 %, the filler - the chalk and the crystalline calcium carbonate, the stabilizing agent - the stearic acid and calcium - the zinc complex stabilizing agent , the surface active agent - the flotation reactant - oxalic agent, the pigment - titanium dioxide, as the textile basis they use the cloth thermo bound by the surface density of 46-54 g/m2 made out of the polyester filaments with the density of 0.12-0.33 tack and the cutting length of 38-66 mm. The laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating has the bonding strength of the film coating with the base of 2.0-2.3 kN/m, the rigidity of 0.4-0.9 cN and variation of the linear dimensions lengthways of 0.4-0.7 % and transversely - 0.1-0.3 %.
EFFECT: the invention ensures, that the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating has the bonding strength of the film coating with the base of 2.0-2.3 kN/m, the rigidity of 0.4-0.9 cN and variation of the linear dimensions lengthwise and transversely are less than unity.
SUBSTANCE: foamable composition for obtaining foamed products contains polyvinylchloride, primary plasticiser, if necessary, other additives and as alkyl ester of benzoic acid, isononyl ester of benzoic acid in amount from 5 to 95 wt %, counting per weight of all available plasticiser, which constitutes 10 to 400 wt.p. per 100 wt.p. of polyvinylchloride. Method of product obtaining, which contains at least one foamed layer of polyvinylchloride consists in application of foamed composition on carrier, before and after application it is foamed and in conclusion it is thermally processed. Product represents covering for floors, artificial leather and wallpapers.
EFFECT: reduction of composition viscosity, temperature of its gelatinisation, which results in simple and quicker composition processing.
11 cl, 8 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floor coating and can be used individually or industrially for floor coating in apartments and manufacturing facilities. The floor coating is polyvinyl chloride foam. Cost-effectiveness lies in use of available agents for cooling to technologically feasible temperature, creation of conditions for hardening of the surface layer of the fabric, possibility of turning the fabric by 180 degrees when there is need to use dyeing and lacquer coatings at rate of movement of the fabric of up to 25 m/min.
EFFECT: effect of sensory and organoleptic perception of natural species of wood and/or stones.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multilayer, tent covering material. The material contains a polyester base and a double-sided polyvinyl chloride coating. The polyester base is flat knitted linen, made from polyester thread of 100-111 tex, with 200-400 filaments in the thread and 85-400 windings per metre. Mass ratio of layers front : intermediate : back equals 1.1:1:1.6 respectively. Mass ratio of layers of polyester base and polymer coating is 1:2.7. The polymer coating is obtained, based on suspended polyvinyl chloride and additionally contains a mixture of dioctylphthalate and dioctyl sebacate plasticizers, Vitur T thermoplastic polyurethane, synthetic butadiene-acrylo-nitric rubber BNKS -28, copolymer of methyl methacrylate, butadiene and styrene KANE ACE B-28A. The stabilisers used are barium-, cadmium-, zinc-containing Vigostab BKT complex stabilisers. The antipyretic additive is antimony trioxide and chloroparaffin CP-1100. The coating also contains a fungicide - salicylic acid alinide, processing additive - stearic acid and pigments.
EFFECT: good fatigue properties in static and dynamic conditions, high frost resistance (up to -60 °C), fire-resistance and resistance to action of microorganisms.
1 cl, 6 tbl, 9 ex
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floor coating shaping and can be used in production processes. Proposed method in consisting in using available production facilities cooling to technologically expedient temperatures in applying a number of techniques, as well as in creating conditions for solidification of coating surface layer, turning over the coating through 180° on using coat paint and lacquer layers, the coat being moved at 25 m/min rate.
EFFECT: expanded performances.
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: manufacturing method of floor covering involves preparation of glass-fibre mat roll, application of primer and front coatings, printing of patterns and application of transparent coating, application of PVC flakes, application of the second transparent coating, application of rear PVC coating, mechanical stamping of face coating and application of UV protection lacquer.
EFFECT: optimum speed choice of cloth supplied in automated line for manufacturing floor covering, choice of the most implemented patterns, chromaticity, shades of pictures, obtaining the appropriate cloth flexibility and consumer density of new material.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly, to production of finishing materials. Nonwoven geotextile is used as a substrate. Layer of hardened bulk comprises pebble gravel preprocessed by epoxy paint and mixed with polymer binder at 4:1 ratio. Said epoxy paint comprises epoxy resin, thickener and pigment or mineral dyestuff. Polymer binder represents a water-dispersion acryl or polyvinyl acetate or epoxy material. Hardened bulk layer thickness consists of the mix pebble gravel preprocessed by epoxy dye and polymer binder equal 2-7 mm. Hardened bulk layer face surface is coated with polymer binder layer diluted in water at 1÷10 ratio.
EFFECT: high durability, flexibility and vapour permeability, simple composition and production.