Electrocasnice oven and rotisserie for this oven

 

The invention relates to portable universal household appliances for budget cooking or heating food with power supply from a low voltage source with a voltage of 12, 24, 36 and can be used in different settings, including at home, at the cottage, in vehicles, railway transport, sea and river ships, restaurants, cafes, in the field for barbecue, heating products, water, baby food, soups, tea, and so on), drying mushrooms, bread. Electrocasnice oven includes at least two horizontally spaced skewer in the form of removable heaters with tubular heat resistant sheath and placed inside the heating element, in particular of metal wires, the heating chamber having a removable cover, means it locks and thermostat, means of smoke and connectivity of the skewers to the power supply. Between the lid and the skewers comes with a removable heat-reflecting screen, made use of additional as utensils. Electrocasnice oven with a capacity of 120 watts when powered by the vehicle electrical system allows prigionia food at low cost electricity. It also allows you to create portable universal economical electrocasnice oven for quick and convenient cooking of food products, including diet, smoked, dried, in an optimal manner without loss of product or heated products of various types, including liquid and water, simplifying operation. We offer a skewer provides the speed, quality and variety of operational modes of cooking at low cost electricity. 2 S. and 9 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il.

The invention relates to portable universal household appliances for cooking or heating food by heat treatment and can be used in various conditions with power supply through the transformer from the mains or battery, including motor vehicles (voltage 12, 24, 36 volts), railway, marine and river vessels, in the home, restaurants, cafes, mainly for cooking kebabs, kebab, portion cuts of meat, including the use of smoke, heated side dishes, liquid food (water, baby food, soups, tea and so on), frankfurters, sausages, dried mushrooms, bread.

contains the heater, the casing cover casing, a bulb with cover, valve excess pressure, control means, display modes, the unit mounts to the vehicle (see utility model RF 15451, A 47 J 27/00, publ. 20.10.2000).

A disadvantage of the known technical solutions limited functionality.

A device for roasting food, consisting of a body with a Central pole and two rigidly mounted thereon a disk having a sleeve for skewers, equipped with a mechanism for turning the skewers around its axis (see RF patent 1793897, class. And 47 J 37/04, 1993).

The disadvantage of this system is the large number of operations during loading and unloading of skewers, in addition, in the cooking process, heating of the skewers and spit, and, therefore, when removing from the chamber and removing the skewers possible skin burns. To access the skewer, you must perform four intermediate operation: open the door of the oven; put on a glove with insulating gasket; remove the Central hot spit; to remove the Central skewer skewer.

A device for frying food, including barbecue (for ignition of coal or firewood and get the burning coals without flame) with p is POSELENIE to rotate the skewers, including a motor and a toothed gear wheel which is connected with the other ends of the skewers connected to the motor voltage regulator for regulating the angular velocity of rotation of the skewers and time relay (see RF patent for invention 1731154, A 47 J 37/04, publ. 1993).

The device is convenient to use as home (stationary) conditions when connecting through a step-down transformer and nature when connected to the onboard network of the car.

The disadvantages of all (thermoradiation) salycic on coals: - loss product (fat); - uneven heating inside and out; high complexity; - if using coals expensive; - low efficiency - large cooking time (especially the preparatory phase, to burn firewood); - complexity and high cost (the use of heat resistant materials, reflectors of infrared radiation, the need to use a mechanical drive for rotating skewers; - does not exclude the possibility of burning the product surface, which gives him regular properties; a large amount of fuel limits the application as smoke such woods as oak, beech, ash, fruit trees;
- low quality kopce the th smell and taste of smoke, as used residual combustion products containing substances that are important only to preserve the product during long-term storage that is not important for barbecue;
- absence during cooking smoke with moderate decomposition temperature of the wood containing the greatest amount of useful organic compounds and gives the product a very pleasant smell and taste;
- cooking in the open air or exhaust ventilation;
- the harmful effects of infrared radiation on sight;
- does not meet the requirements of environmental protection for the environment.

Known electrocasnice containing a cylindrical heating chamber, consisting of a casing, base and cover, an electrical heating element placed along the axis of the heating chamber, the actuator is located under the base, skewers, mounted on the output shafts with the possibility of removal, with a casing formed of two parts, made in the form of semi-cylinders, the side faces of which are reinforced by means of a cylindrical hinge on two located on the same vertical axis pins, made on the base and the lid of the camera, and the semi-cylinders are connected to the 2000732, A 47 J 37/04, publ. 15.10.1993).

The main disadvantages of all electric salycic are high power consumption, low efficiency and lack of preparation of product processing and Smoking smoke.

Another disadvantage of this system is the poor stability (the ratio of the projection area of the base to the height), which by a slight push may lead to the downfall of the device sideways. Design of fasteners assumes when the opening and closing of the use of both hands, which creates discomfort, the physical dimensions of the clips are small and negligence can lead to burns of the skin. After using the device the wall of the casing and base are spattered grease. When washing water can penetrate into the base of the device that when turned on again may cause a short circuit or a break in the case. The presence of electric complicates the design and reliability
Known metal skewers for electrotelluric having a handle at one end and tapering at the other end for stringing subject to heat treatment of the product (see C. F. Kwiatkowski and J. M. Gerchuk. "Your helpers in the kitchen." - M.: Energoatomizdat, 1991, S. 46).

The disadvantage is that they do not provide the same is the current the surface of the meat when nadjarian meat inside, that significantly reduces its appearance and taste. The need for multiple inversion skewers relative to the heat source increases the complexity of the barbecue.

Known apparatus for cooking of barbecue, including a working chamber with skewers, set in the top of the boiler and is made hollow to pass them in the heat of the working fluid, infrared burner, placed on skewers, the hub of the sun's rays, mounted above the working chamber (see USSR author's certificate 1003802, IPC A 47 J 37/00, publ. 1983).

A disadvantage of the known apparatus in complexity and bulkiness of the design. The need to use gas or solar heating limits the scope of its application.

A device for heat treatment of kebab containing oven chamber, within which is made to rotate holders with skewers, each of which is a heat tube, the inner cavity of which is filled with high boiling coolant at 20-25%, and is at an angle to the horizontal, a heating element with infrared radiation that is installed with the possibility of heating the ends of the skewer, and the pallet to goscote design. Another disadvantage to different distance skewer from the heating element, causing uneven thermal processing of products.

A device for cooking food products containing the grill for placement of solid fuel, low-voltage current source, media products in the form of metal skewers and electric heater comprising two insulated electric bus with slots for installation of skewers to heat them during the passage of an electric current (see USSR author's certificate 1597168, IPC A 47 J 37/04, publ. 1990, prototype).

The main disadvantage of the prototype of the need to use coal for thermal modes of cooking. This is inconvenient in operation, increases the complexity of cooking, increases material costs. To provide the necessary heating power when the voltage on the tyres from 1 to 3 volts requires a very high current, which leads to a significant increase in mass leads, contacts, bus bars, transformers. Accordingly, this increases the size and weight of the device.

Declare electrocasnice oven solves the problem of creating portable universal portable economical eco-friendly device is uchenykh, in the optimal mode without loss of product or heated products of various types, including liquid and water, for simplicity.

Declare a skewer solves the problem of increasing the quality and speed and diversity of cooking at low cost electricity.

This object is achieved in that in electrocasnice-furnace containing the skewers in the form of removable heaters for placing a heated object and capacity, made with the possibility of connecting the skewers to the power supply, the container comprises a heating chamber, each skewer is made with a tubular heat-resistant casing and is placed inside the heating element.

Preferably at least two skewer placed in the heating chamber in a horizontal position.

Preferably the heating capacity to perform with removable cover, means it locks and thermostat.

Suitable removable cover to comply with holes to release steam and/or smoke with adjustable bore these holes.

It is advisable to apply a removable heat-reflecting screen installed between the lid and the skewers made with the possibility of what redstem of smoke.

This object is achieved in that the skewer, made in the form of an electric heater, a tubular heat-resistant shell and placed inside the heating element.

Preferably the tubular heat the shell to execute from a conductive material.

Suitable heating element to execute from a metal wire, or tape, or a spiral.

Suitable tubular heat the shell to execute cross-section in the shape of a circle, or rectangle, or square, or oval, or triangle.

Preferably the tubular heat the shell to execute stainless steel or non-stick coating.

The analysis of the prior art, including searching by the patent and scientific and technical information sources and identify sources that contain information about the analogs of the invention, allows to establish that the applicant is not found technical solutions, characterized by signs, identical to all the essential features of the claimed invention. The definition from the list of identified unique prototype allowed us to identify a set of essential (with respect to perceived by the applicant to the technical result) hallmark is giving complies with the requirement of "novelty" by applicable law.

Information about the popularity of the distinctive features in the complex of symptoms known technical solutions to achieve the same as the claimed device, the positive effect is not there. On this basis it is concluded that the proposed solution meets the criterion of "inventive step".

In Fig. 1 shows electrocasnice oven in the context of Fig.2 shows electrocasnice oven, top view without cover; Fig.3 shows the pin contact with the skewer in the section a-a in Fig.2; Fig.4 shows electrocasnice oven using termootrazhayuschim screen as utensils when heating food; Fig.5 shows an embodiment of the skewer in the form of electric heater with tubular shell.

Electrocasnice oven has a reservoir constituting a heating chamber (Fig. 1), and horizontally installed it skewers 1 for placement of the heated objects (Fig.1, 4), including products or utensils with food. Skewers 1 made in the form of electric heaters. The heating chamber has a housing 2, provided with a cover 3 with the means of 4 fixing and built-in thermostat 5 (done, in particular in the form of a regulator of overlapping holes in the lid 3 d for fixing and connecting the skewers 1.

Between the cover 3 and skewers 1 is equipped with a removable heat-reflective screen 9, forming with the cover 3 of thermostat. Removable heat-reflective screen 9 made in the form of containers and is also used as utensils for heating food (Fig.4).

In heating capacity below skewers 1 is mounted a means for smoke smoke, designed as a plug-additional heater 10, is provided with a detachable mesh cover 11, the upper part of which is made with the possibility of placing material 12 smoked a smoke, including in the form of wood chips and/or chip and/or herbs. Additional electric heater 10 can be made in the form of electrospray, mounted on a heat-resistant dielectric (insulating) under 13.

The choice of the temperature regime for cooking is governed by the degree of closure of the heating chamber, for example the degree of overlap of holes formed in the removable cover 3, with the control output of steam and/or smoke, installing and removing the heat-reflective screen 9, the number of concurrent skewers 1 and their capacity, production, capacity additional electric heater 10.

All items nagriamel> For barbecue can be a separate capacity - protiven, pallets (not shown) installed under the skewers to collect dripping fat and additionally used as utensils.

Electrocasnice oven is equipped with a connector 14 for connecting the skewers 1 and additional electric heater 10 to the power system (on-Board network of the vehicle or to the AC network via a step-down transformer or solar panel). Electric power of electrocasnice oven is supplied from a source with low safe voltage to 36 volts in accordance with GOST 27570.0 "safety of household and similar appliances."

Each skewer 1 has a pointed tip 15 (Fig.4) and is made in the form of electric heater with tubular heat resistant sheath 16. In the preferred embodiment, tubular heat resistant sheath 16 is made of thin-walled sealed water resistant conductive material with a circular cross section. You can perform the specified section in the form of a rectangle or oval, or triangle, or square (not shown).

Skewer 1 in Fig.5 comprises a tubular heat-resistant sheath 16 made, for example, stainless steel) heat is it the electric heating element 18, made, in particular in the form of wire, connected through the tip 15 of the tubular heat resistant sheath 16 at one end and electrocontact 19 using heat-resistant electrical power supply 20 that is installed in the insulator 21, at the other end. The insulator 21 is made in the form of the handle for easy operation.

Heating element 18 is made of metal wire or tape, for example, from an alloy with high electrical resistance or stainless steel. You can run the electric heating element 18 in the form of a spiral or zigzag (not shown).

The tubular shell 16 skewers 1 may have a non-stick coating 22, including PTFE or Teflon.

Lead electrocontact 7 is arranged to contact with each electrocontact 19 skewers 1 (Fig.2), lead electrical contacts 8 cover at this current conducting tubular heat resistant sheath 16 skewers 1 (Fig.3). Lead electrical contacts 7, 8 simultaneously record skewers 1 in a horizontal position and allow you to rotate them for insulators (handle) 21 without switching off the power supply.

The main purpose of electrocasnice oven is cooking kebabs, using traditional recipes and the selection is, Turkey, in the presence of experience - beef, while marinating is an optional step in the preparation of shish kebab. If time allows, marinate skewers at least 3 hours, preferably three days in a cool place) in a glass, enamel, porcelain or ceramic ware. To do this, cut the meat into slices for 10-15 grams, salt, pepper, coriander, pour finely chopped onion, pour the grape (wine) vinegar, mix and place in a bowl, pressing on top of the cargo. To thread the meat on skewers it tightly, piece to piece for juiciness. If the barbecue is prepared from beef, it is recommended to coat the meat with oil before you put in the heating chamber. Additional useful operation is to wrap the skewer meat with foil. Hold the skewers 1 with prefabricated barbecue for insulators (handle) 21, alternately insert them into the heating chamber, the nozzles 15 can be inserted into the semicircular grooves 24 (Fig.2) the side of the housing 2, with the electrical contacts 19 and the tubular shell 16 are connected with the outlet electrical contacts 7, 8 connected to the connector 14.

On the surface of the mesh casing 11 is placed fuel to smoke. The possibility of obtaining smoke demabrasion in the process of cooking kebabs element of creativity, and when used in cafes, restaurants allows you to provide a taste of the clients. The best fuel for Smoking - chips or shavings of trees (oak, oak bark, beech, maple, ash, fruit trees and shrubs) with the addition of dried mint, juniper berries. The optimum temperature at which the decomposition of wood - 300-350oWith these conditions turns out to smoke, containing the greatest amount of useful organic compounds. Skewers 1 with prefabricated barbecue close heat-reflective screen 9 and the cover 3, fixing on the housing 2 heating chamber means 4.

When power is current going through the electric heating element 18 and the tubular shell 16, heats of prefabricated barbecue contact inside and contactless outside exposed surface of the skewers 1. Additional heaters 10 is heated prefabricated barbecue outside by means of infrared radiation and convection smoke mixture. The operating mode is a flameless environmentally friendly heating products at a temperature on the shell of the skewer from 60 to 300oC.

The execution of the transparent cover allows you to see and kontrolirovat is going in additional capacity (pallets). Turn skewers 1-2 times. The optimum temperature barbecue eliminate the defects, allowing to achieve high taste qualities. Thus obtained using the proposed device, the kebab has an attractive appearance, evenly roasted and has a high nutritional and taste qualities. Eating barbecue with a variety of herbs (parsley, green onions, tomatoes, cucumbers, radishes, salad from fresh vegetables, etc.,) or with sauce.

The device is convenient to use as home (stationary) conditions when connecting through a step-down transformer to the AC power, and nature when connected to the onboard network of the car or solar battery.

After completion of the process of preparing kebab electrocasnice oven turns off. Removed the cover 3 and the heat-reflecting screen 9, and skewers 1 removed from the housing 2.

For heating products (sausages, sausages, etc.) strung on skewers 1 and placed in a heating chamber for 10-15 minutes, or heat them in a pot that is installed at least on two skewers, as shown in Fig.4.

The design provides fire and electrical safety use of electrocasnice ovens in watts when powered by the vehicle electrical system provides the ability to barbecue with the scent of smoke within 20-35 minutes, heated dish - in for 10-15 minutes.

Easily removable skewers and modular construction of the heating chamber provide convenience when washing after work.

In addition to the direct purpose barbecue can be used as a heating device in the form of air heater in the car, in the form of a convector or reflector, to evaporate protivoradarnyh funds ("FUMITOKS").

Electrocasnice oven provides great taste and quick cooking in various conditions using low energy consumption while providing a variety of operating conditions (drying, Smoking, cooking, heating). The possibility of supply from sources of nizkovolnye, autonomy along with environmental friendliness makes the device particularly valuable in field conditions.


Claims

1. Electrocasnice oven containing the skewers in the form of removable heaters for placing a heated object and the heating capacity, made with the possibility of connecting the skewers to the power supply, characterized in that the heating capacity is a camera, each skewer is made with tubular teplostojka fact, that at least two skewers are located in the heating chamber in a horizontal position.

3. Electrocasnice oven according to any one of paragraphs.1 and 2, characterized in that the heating tank is provided with a removable cover, with means for fixing and thermostat.

4. Electrocasnice oven under item 3, wherein the removable cover has openings for the exit of steam and/or smoke and is made with adjustable bore these holes.

5. Electrocasnice oven according to any one of paragraphs.1-4, characterized in that it is equipped with a removable heat-reflecting screen mounted between the lid and the skewers made use of additional as utensils.

6. Electrocasnice oven according to any one of paragraphs.1-5, characterized in that the heating tank is provided with a means of smoke.

7. Skewer, made in the form of electric heater, characterized in that it is made with tubular shell and is placed inside the heating element.

8. The skewer under item 7, wherein the tubular sheath is made of conductive material.

9. Skewer according to any one of paragraphs.7 and 8, characterized in that the heating element is Metallica has a cross section in the shape of a circle, or rectangle, or square, or oval, or triangle.

11. Skewer according to any one of paragraphs.8-10, characterized in that the tubular sheath made of stainless steel or non-stick coating.

 

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