Method for the production of biologically active additives of sea buckthorn raw materials
The invention relates to food industry, in particular to methods of producing biologically active additives (BAA), used in the production of various food applications. Method for obtaining dietary supplements from sea buckthorn raw materials, which consists in the fact that the fruits of sea buckthorn is passed through a cleaning machine or a juicer. Separate the thick fraction from the liquid fraction (juice). The thick fraction is dried at 80-85oWith to a moisture content of 10-15%. Then seeds with obtaining the target product. Biologically active additive has the following characteristics, wt. %: moisture - 10-15; dry substance - 80-90, including lipids 40-50; proteins 6-8; fiber - 20-23; pectin - 4-8; total sugar 8-10; and in mg%: carotenoids - 120-150; Tocopherols 70-100, bioflavonoids - 410-460, vitamin C - 500-700. The invention allows to expand the range of SUPPLEMENTS from vegetable oil-based raw materials and products using this Supplement. The claimed method allows you to save the most valuable components of sea-buckthorn fruits (lipids, and vitamins). table 2. The invention relates to food industry, in particular, to methods of producing biologically active additives (is one of the carriers of biologically active substances (nutraceuticals), for use in the production of food enriches the last vegetable oils (lipids), dietary fiber, sugars, organic acids, vitamins (beta-carotene, tocopherol, ascorbic acid), bioflavonoids.In this regard, of particular importance is the technology of processing of sea buckthorn order to obtain products of high nutritional and biological value.Known methods for producing a variety of supplements from sea buckthorn - concentrates (EN 2043741 C1, 20.09.1995), extracts (EN 2125459 C1, 27.01.1999) and otherOne of the most valuable nutritional and biological properties of sea buckthorn is the presence of sea-buckthorn oil.Known methods for producing sea-buckthorn oil (RU 2176268 C2, 27.11.2001). Especially widely used meal obtained in the production of sea buckthorn oil.There are various ways to obtain supplements meal buckthorn.Closest to the invention is a method of obtaining nutritional supplements from meal buckthorn obtained after extraction from the fruit of sea buckthorn oil and dried at a temperature of 60-65oWith up to a moisture content of 5-7%, followed by pulverization until the particle size of 10-15 µm (EN 2043734 C1, 20.09.1995).The disadvantage of this method is newbalancewomen a large part of the vital nutrients. The extraction of oil from the fruit of the plant in the meal almost completely absent lipid fraction, meal depleted fat-soluble vitamins.Also in the near equivalent of the meal is dried to a moisture content of 5-7%, losing a significant amount of thermo-labile biologically active substances.The technical task of the present invention is the extension of assortments of sea buckthorn raw materials, technology, allowing better use of biologically active components of sea-buckthorn berries.Enterprises in the production of natural juice or raw jam receive waste in the form of a dense fraction or meal (pulp), consisting of a layer of pulp (enriched with lipids), fat-free meal and seeds of sea buckthorn. The thick fraction containing significant amounts of lipids, vitamins, dietary fibers, are often not used. In order to use low-waste technologies developed processing technology meal with obtaining biologically active additives.The technical problem is solved in that in the method of obtaining dietary supplements from sea buckthorn raw materials according to the invention the fruits of sea buckthorn is passed through a cleaning machine or juice to a moisture content of 10-15%, and then seeds with obtaining the target product, this dietary Supplement has the following characteristics, wt.%: moisture - 10-15, solids - 80-90, including lipids 40-50, proteins 6-8, fiber - 20-23, pectin - 4-8, total sugar 8-10, and in mg%: carotenoids - 120-150, Tocopherols 70-100, bioflavonoids - 410-460, vitamin C - 500-700.The technical result of the claimed invention is to improve the nutritional and biological value of the additive at the expense of preserving the nutrients of sea-buckthorn berries, as well as expansion of the range of dietary supplements of vegetable oil-based raw materials.Significant difference between the claimed method of getting BAD from the nearest analogue is that the additive is obtained from not fat thick fraction (pulp), which remained significant amount of lipids, fat-soluble vitamins, which leads to high biological and nutritional value of the target product.To reduce humidity after inspection it is necessary to keep the fruits before processing on the screens. While the shutter is removed up to 80% of free moisture that remains after washing. The number of retained moisture after washing the fruit is in the range of 5-6% to the mass of the substance by 8-10% compared to drying at lower temperatures. Rapid drying promotes rapid inactivation of enzymes, oxidizing flavonoids, which helps to preserve the natural color of the fruit of the sea buckthorn. Rapid drying also reduces energy consumption compared to drying at lower temperatures by 20%. Water absorption obtained BAD is 260%. The chemical composition and organoleptic characteristics of biologically active additives shown in tables 1 and 2.A specific example of the method of obtaining dietary supplements from sea buckthorn raw Fruits of sea buckthorn wash and after inspection they arrive for processing. Prepared fruit stand to sit for 25 minutes to remove excess moisture. Then the fruit is passed through a juicer to separate the thick fraction from the liquid (juice). The dense fraction, consisting of lipid pulp, sunflower seeds, dried accelerated method at a temperature of 83oWith to a moisture content of 13%, then seeds with obtaining the target product is a dietary Supplement. With the resulting BAD from sea buckthorn raw material has the following characteristics, wt. %: moisture - 13, solids - 87, including lipids 44, proteins 7, fiber - 21,5, pectin is 5.5, total sugar was 8.8, and in mg%: carat is the composition of the proposed biologically active additives can be used as valuable supplements to various foods.
ClaimsMethod for the production of biologically active additives of sea buckthorn raw material, characterized in that the fruits of sea buckthorn is passed through a cleaning machine or a juicer separates the thick fraction from the liquid fraction (juice), dense fraction is dried at a temperature of 80-85°C to a moisture content of 10-15%, and then separate the seeds from obtaining the target product, this dietary Supplement has the following characteristics, wt. %: moisture - 10-15, solids - 85-90, including: lipids 40-50, proteins 6-8, fiber - 20-23, pectin - 4-8, total sugar 8-10, and in mg %: carotenoids - 120-150, Tocopherols 70-100, bioflavonoids - 410-460, vitamin C - 500-700.
FIELD: food raw and industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates, in particulate, to new nutrient sources of trace elements with using the milk proteins hydrolyzate enriched with trace elements. The nutrient chelate complex comprising the milk proteins hydrolyzate and trace elements bound to chelate compounds comprises trace elements in the range of concentrations 1-30 mg/g being from that at least 90% are in an organic form. Invention provides the preparing the nutrient source of trace elements with high assimilability of its components, improved functional properties and reduced adverse unfavorable effect in overdosing due to the elevated content of trace elements in organic form in its composition.
EFFECT: valuable properties of complex.
3 cl, 6 ex