The vessel and the energy converter wave

 

The invention relates to shipbuilding, touching hydrofoils for swimming on the surface and submerged positions. The vessel has at least one case with underwater wings on the rack below it, and intended for the production of intermediate energy carrier power propulsion system and many engines with propellers to drive the vessel under the body. At least one case is airtight and connected to at least one tank for alternately filling gaseous or fluid medium. The vessel has at least one open bottom and closed top sealed tube that is designed to accommodate drive drilling rig, lifting mechanism and long items, such as hoses mud. The energy Converter wave has a floating body hanging to him the plate, the holes of which is overlapped at least one valve, the channels for drainage and water supply, at least one generator connected to the turbine, installed in the drain water, one guide element for compressing an input stream of water, at least one nozzle placed on the shining element of the two surfaces, for example parts of the coupling together form the channel inside the body, tapering in the direction of water flow. The technical result of the implementation group of the invention is to improve the operational characteristics of the boat and the transducer. 2 C. and 7 C. p. F.-ly, 12 ill.

The invention relates to the courts, particularly the courts of a hybrid type that combines the advantages of high-speed vessels with underwater wings on the rack and hiding under the surface of the water submarines. The prototype of the present invention is a high-speed vessel for the Russian patent for invention 2163555, 63 In 1/24 with underwater wings on the rack and separate motors for the production of intermediate energy carrier and motors for the propellers. The prototype Converter wave energy is by boat.with. the invention of the USSR 54999 3 F 03 13/12.

The disadvantage of the vessel prototype is the impossibility of its application at the same time as high-speed vessel and the vessel is able to dive into the water and swim submerged. This disadvantage is eliminated in the proposed vessel.

The disadvantage of the energy Converter wave containing a sealed enclosure, three valve, opusone what estrogenization, is the high specific consumption of materials, complexity of the device. This disadvantage is eliminated in the proposed Converter.

Object of the invention is the creation of a special vessel, having the ability to dive below the surface of the water and to swim in submerged like a submarine, and after surfacing to move at high speed over the water surface in the mode of high-speed hydrofoils. The second objective is to reduce the time and fuel consumption for cargo delivery. A third object of the invention is the reduction of the consumption of the vessel and increasing the safety of navigation. The fourth task is the creation of a vessel with a low noise level, the detection of which hydroacoustic means difficult. The fifth task is the use of a ship as a lifting mechanism for raising sunken objects, including vessels as a whole or divided into parts. The sixth object of the invention is the use of a vessel for underwater engineering works, in particular mining, drilling, repair and maintenance of wells for the production of hydrocarbon fuels in coastal shelf areas.

Objectives of the invention are achieved by the execution of a vessel containing at least one case with underwater wings on the rack under the body and intended for the production of intermediate energy carrier power propulsion system, equipped with: - a sealed enclosure connected to at least one tank for alternately filling gaseous or fluid medium; at least two connected between a sealed housing; at least two interconnected sealed housings, each of which is equipped with underwater wings; at least one motor with a variable force, for example, water or hydraulic, or pneumatic, or electric powered propeller that uses an intermediate energy carrier from the mentioned power propulsion of the vessel; - motor installation comprising at least one gas turbine or getprotobyname, for example, on the application for the grant of a patent for an invention 2001104369 from 19.02.2001, or piston, or rotary-piston or rotary-cylinder engine with camera external combustion or internal combustion fuel, or at least, the R of the rotary cylinder or centrifugal, or vane, gear or hydraulic or pneumatic compressor fluid; at least one connected with a jet propulsion vessel nozzle with swirl flow, for example a screw; sensor sonar vibrations, designed to determine the amplitude and frequency of oscillation of the fluid in the region of each screw and adjustment of each pair of engines with propellers with shift amplitude of oscillations at half phase for mutual damping of vibrations; at least one divided into the cavity of the pipe, which is designed to supply air to the inside of the vessel and the discharge of exhaust products to the outside; at least one pipe intended for placing elastic inflatable member and a cylinder of compressed gas connected to the actuator or mechanism of opening of the container when the critical predetermined pressure;
- at least one open bottom pipe intended for lowering and lifting the hoisting machinery and people, as well as for input and output pipelines supply of energy to external customers;
- at least one open bottom and closed top sealed tube placed intended for the s supply of drilling mud;
at least one flexible inflatable element that is attached to the hull of the vessel, for example a cable, and is designed to create additional lifting force when lifting sunken objects;
at least one floating Converter wave energy supplied suspended to the body plate, the holes of which is overlapped at least one valve within the casing of the Converter sequentially placed at least two tapering in the direction of the water flow channel.

Objectives of the invention are achieved by implementation of the energy Converter wave containing at least one housing and one valve is equipped with:
- suspended from said chassis plate, the holes of which is overlapped at least one valve within the housing, at least two successively tapering in the direction of the water flow channel;
- pendants-mentioned plate adjustable length;
at least one guiding element, designed for compression and input water flow along the shortest path;
at least two semi-cylinders, together forming a channel within the Converter casing, tapering in the direction of flow of the second line;
- nozzles placed at the top tapering channels, and/or protected by caps from ingress of external water inlet nozzles turbines connected to electric generators. The rotors of the turbine and generator and/or the coupling, connecting them, can be equipped with additional flywheels designed for smoothing the ripple frequency of rotation of the rotor of the generator.

Schematically shown in Fig.1 is a top view of the vessel with underwater wings on the rack under the hull and engines with propellers, using intermediate energy carrier, for example a fluid environment or electric power from an engine or multiple engines, placed in the hull of the vessel. The sealed vessel is connected at least with one tank placed above durable sealed housing for alternately filling gaseous or fluid medium; Fig.2 is the side view of the same vessel in the water when you move it over the water through the use of a hydrodynamic lifting force of underwater wings; Fig.3 is a transverse section of the same vessel in the water when you move it over the water through the use of a hydrodynamic lifting force of underwater wings; Fig.4 is the same as in Fig.3 for the vessel, the body is connected, at least one tank for alternately filling gaseous or fluid medium; Fig. 5 is a fragment of a longitudinal rack under the bottom of the vessel in cross section, provided with an input pressure pipe and at least one connected with water-jet propulsion of the vessel, the nozzle of which is decorated with a swirl flow, for example, a screw, using intermediate energy from the pump (H) of Fig.6 is a sectional view on the same vessel, equipped with at least one open bottom pipe intended for lowering and lifting the hoisting machinery and people, as well as for input and output pipelines supply of energy to external customers; Fig.7 is a longitudinal sectional view in a submerged position in the same vessel, equipped with at least one flexible inflatable element that is attached to the hull, for example, a cable, and is designed to create additional lifting force when raising sunken objects, such as a grab or other grips. Next is shown an auxiliary vessel which can interact with the first and implement it and the auxiliary inflatable elements air and energy; Fig.8 is a longitudinal sectional view in the submarine put to the bottom and closed top sealed tube, designed to accommodate drive drilling rig, lifting mechanism and long items, such as drill pipes, hoses mud. Next to the auxiliary vessel is floating crane, shown in the cross section floating wave energy Converter, designed for damping of waves in the underwater technical works. Below shows an underwater bell above the mouth of the well of Fig.9 is a sectional view of an energy Converter wave with two valves per suspended from the bottom plate and the generator from the top; Fig 10 is a top view of the energy Converter wave with two generators of Fig.11 - in the context of the energy Converter wave, equipped with at least two semi-cylinders, together forming a channel within the Converter casing, tapering in the direction of water flow; Fig.12 is a top view of the stretch of coast from the Bay, protected from the waves floating wave energy Converter.

The positive effect of innovation is achieved, in particular, when executing the vessel 1 (Fig.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8), containing at least one case with underwater wings on the rack underneath and intended for the production of intermediate energy carrier, e.g. the s ' rugged 1.1 United, at least one capacitance 1.1.1 for alternately filling gaseous or fluid medium. Capacity - lightweight body 1.1.1 placed above the sealed durable 1.1. Rugged 1.1 1.1 vessel can be performed one - and mnogopalubnyh. Power plant 2 (SU), generators intermediate energy products, for example pump 3 (H) or the generator 4 (EG) (Fig.5) controls and control valves and communication supply a fluid medium, energy is performed by the known technical solutions and inside the vessel conventionally not shown. The vessel 1 may be made of several interconnected sealed pressure hulls 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4 (Fig.4, 8), each of which have a common underwater wings 5. The connection is sealed enclosures can be sealed (Fig.8) with hatches or leaking quick to separate and leave in place of one or more sealed durable housings, such as housing 1.3 and 1.4. Each sealed a strong case can be provided with a separate light, for example 1.1.1 and 1.2.1, separate underwater wings and engines b with supply to them an intermediate energy carrier of the total power of the propulsion system 2 of the vessel. Each sealed procnto 1.5 control and power.

The vessel 1 may be provided with at least one motor 6 (Fig. 5), such as water or hydraulic, or pneumatic, or electric powered propeller 6.1 with a variable force, using intermediate energy from the power propulsion system of the vessel 2 (Fig. 2, 5). The number of engines, their type, size, combination of different engines are determined when designing ships, taking into account their destination. Use thrusters to change the direction of force and the use of intermediate energy carrier allows you to change the direction of rotation of propellers 6.1, 6.2, 6.3,...,..., and the direction of movement of the vessel 1 in three dimensions without changing the direction of rotation is placed in said sealed rugged engines of the power plant 2.

The vessel 1 may be equipped with sensors acoustic vibrations, designed to determine the amplitude and frequency of oscillation of the fluid in the region of each screw and adjustment of each pair of 6 engines with propellers 6.1-shift vibration amplitude at half phase for mutual damping.

The vessel 1 may be provided with a power propulsion system 2 (SU - Fig. 5) containing the invention 2001104369 from 19.02.2001,, or known piston or rotary-piston or rotary-cylinder engine with camera external combustion or internal combustion fuel, or at least one nuclear turbine engine connected to an electric generator 4 or the rotary cylinder or centrifugal or vane, gear or hydraulic or pneumatic blower 3 fluid. Known rotary-cylinder engines (RAC) continuous combustion, on patents for inventions of the Russian Federation 2143078, 2143570, 2153088 that reduce the toxicity of products of combustion and to increase the efficiency up to 45-48% when one of the rotary cylinder (RC) gas machine and bring efficiency to 70-83% when used in complex motor advanced DC combined cycle and RC steam expansion machines. The engine that contains end caps, bearings and at least one cylindrical rotor with ribs in the cylindrical housing with a seal in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies in the further description of named rotary cylinder (REED). The rotary cylinder (RC) engine can be used as a blower, vacuum pump fluid, pneumatic and hydraulic motor, internal combustion engine, various RA is asnie configurations and layout engine/her and propulsion of the proposed REED internal combustion RC pneumatic and hydromagnesite, RC electric, pneumatic and hydraulic motors depending on the purpose and conditions. RC engine in a variety of configurations, including as part of the power propulsion systems may find application also in other famous ships. However, the greatest reduction in specific fuel consumption for the transportation of freight by water can be achieved when used in combination with the new high-speed vessels.

The vessel 1 may be provided with at least one connected to the supercharger energy carrier 3 and a jet propulsion vessel 7, the nozzle 7.1 with the swirl flow, for example a screw (Fig.5) and at least one divided into the cavity of the pipe, which is designed to supply air to the inside of the vessel and the discharge of exhaust products to the outside when the vessel is submerged. The application nozzle 7.1 with the swirl flow instead nozzle with smooth walls allows to increase the efficiency of jet propulsion 7 and propulsion system 2 as a whole. When this nozzle 7.1 jet propulsion 7 can be placed in the cavity of the ball valve, the tube which is driven by a hydraulic mechanism, such as a hydraulic cylinder or other actuator that is intended may be provided, at least one pipe, intended for placing elastic inflatable member and a cylinder of compressed gas connected to the actuator or diaphragm, bellows mechanism opening of the container when the critical predetermined pressure, for example in case of emergency dive at critical depth.

The vessel 1 may be provided with at least one open bottom pipe 8 (Fig.6, 7) intended for lowering and lifting of the lifting mechanisms, their parts, such as winches, grab hooks, hooks and people, as well as for input and output pipelines supply of energy to external customers. Pipes 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, ..., ... ship can have multiple (Fig.7).

The vessel 1 may be provided with at least one open bottom and closed top sealed 9.1 pipe 10, intended for placing the actuator 11 of the drilling machine, the lifting mechanism 11 and long items, such as drill pipe 12, hoses 13 filing mud (Fig.8).

The vessel 1 may be provided with at least one flexible inflatable element 14, which is attached to the hull of the vessel, for example a cable 15, and is intended to create additional lifting force when lifting zatonuvshijj shell, drawers in them, and suction of them gaseous medium, and means of their control, conditions of supply of energy is determined when designing the vessel, taking into account its purpose.

The vessel 1 may be provided with at least one floating transducer 24 wave energy, which is supplied suspended from the chassis plate 24.1, holes which is overlapped at least one valve 24.2, while inside 24.3 posted at least two tapering in the direction of the water flow channel 24.4 and 24.5 and/or 24.6. To accommodate these converters 24 energy waves can on the upper deck of the vessel or inside the light housing, for example 1.2.1.

The energy Converter wave (Fig. 8, 9, 10, 11, 12), containing at least one housing and one valve is equipped with suspended to said housing 24.3 plate 24.1, holes which is overlapped at least one valve, for example 24.2, within the housing, at least two tapering in the direction of the water flow channel 24.4 and 24.5 and/or 24.6. To the airtight casing 24.3 plate 24.1 suspended on the suspension 24.7, 24.8, . .., ... adjustable length. Adjusting the length of the suspension plate 21.1 with holes made by lanyards 24.10, 24.11, ..., .... As such the data, intermediate and/or side walls of the housing 24.3. It is possible to apply at least two half, together forming a channel tapering in the direction of water flow. The casing wall, in cross section, may be made in the form tapering to the center of the spiral or broken line. At the top tapering channels 24.5 and 24.6 can be equipped with nozzles 25 and/or protected by caps 26.1 against ingress of external water turbines with generators 26. The rotors of the turbine and generator and/or coupling connecting them can be equipped with additional flywheels designed for smoothing the ripple frequency of rotation of the rotor of the generator. Drainage electricity through cables 26.9 to consumers and/or placed near generators on racks flashing signal light bulbs. The wave energy Converter can be used to indicate the presence of dangerous places, such as the cores plugged oil wells, shipwrecks and other underwater objects, as well as to protect against the destructive wave energy coastal areas, in particular the open bays, venues surface and underwater works, various structures at 24.15, Parking vessels in the open sea (Fig.12), and the Department is in the closed perimeter of the group or no groups and/or separately (Fig.12). In the open sea they may be held in a predetermined place, for example around the offshore platform with the rig, carrying out hazardous work, vessels, tugboats and/or at anchor.

The hull 1 is streamlined shape that ensures minimum drag and hydrodynamic resistance. Underwater wings 5 with low specific hydraulic resistance and high specific lifting force allow a significant reduction in the force of the hydraulic resistance of the hull 1 when driving in high above the water position. Jet engine 7, and the rotary cylinder, impeller, turbine, or electric motors 6 with propellers 6.1, which have the possibility of rotation of the thrust vector in two or three planes, and helps to raise the hull of the vessel 1 from the water and at the same time to gain high speed. In cruise mode, after the release of the vessel body 1 out of the water and reach the required speed, the engine 6 and/or 7 drivers can be installed in a horizontal position by a special actuator, such as hydraulic cylinders. Thus, unlike known hydrofoils with the inclined shaft of the propeller, provided m the water level and are driven by motors 6.

When developing the draft of the vessel should be aware that in some areas of the World Ocean wave height during the storm reaches 10-15 meters. The number, shape, size submarine fenders, racks, depth of their dives are determined by calculations for each specific type of ships separately to the purpose and projected operating conditions. The estimated depth of underwater wings and racks should provide in cruise mode motion of the ship, when the maximum allowable current sea state, finding wings almost completely under water without touching the bottom of the vessel with water. Underwater wings, legs merged into a space truss (Fig.2, 4), which consists of having a hydrodynamic lifting force of the convex bottom plate and a convex inclined connecting plates. Impractical, but in some cases in the farm can provide upright support, not having a hydrodynamic lifting force. A farm of multiple underwater wings, struts, enclosures ship ties and Yoshinari can be combined in a single rigid and sturdy construction with remote front console.

Communication to the engine 6 and/or 7 drivers and they can be mounted is arbennig and other motors may be connected in series or in series and in parallel. The common discharge line from the blower 3 energy all the machines power propulsion of the vessel 2 and the regulating valves to equalize the pressure and, if necessary, to change the thrust of the individual motors to turn the ship in the right direction. They allow you to rotate propellers 6.1 any engine 6 in the desired direction independently of the other and provide an opportunity to turn the ship almost at the same place, move back without tug. This is a very big advantage for the operation of vessels in close harbours and marinas with berths.

The proposed implementation of the vessel will allow for the design and construction of a new high-speed vessels hybrid type with a high degree of safety for swimming at high sea with the use of known components engines, materials, parts and components.

The vessel can be performed with a combination of transport of nuclear turbine engines (ATD) with generators in the housing and mounted under the bottom for turning, for example ball bearings motor 6 with propellers 6.1. In developed countries, and Russia including, has extensive experience in the design and use of transport in the engine compartment high-speed craft hull of the optimal size and displacement. Large unit capacity ATD (3-27 MW) can advantageously be combined in the proposed vessel with high specific hydrodynamic lifting force of underwater wings 5 in the form of spatial farm and the many simple in construction and operation of small electric motors 6 with propellers 6.1 or nozzles 7.1 jet propellers 7 on hard and rotary bearings and racks 8.6. While it is possible to achieve high rigidity, strength, safety, unsinkable ship.

The proposed high-speed and highly efficient vessels can be built as a floating complexes. They can serve as a mobile floating nuclear power plant, Autonomous rescue centre of population in emergency situations, with a supply of food, medicines, vehicles, trained staff, equipment for fighting fires on ships in distress. They can be applied for transportation of dry cargo and people, flowable goods, in particular aseptically canned liquid and puree food, frozen goods, to perform the functions of a high speed floating base, that is, to provide food, fuel, water, supplies, who set aside by the Russian mechanism of the goods from other objects, including fishing vessels, to perform other search, rescue and lifting operations. Such high-speed one - and Multihull vessels can reduce the time of delivery, specific fuel consumption, improve the safety of navigation.

Vessel 1, provided with at least one open bottom and closed top sealed by a cover 9 by a pipe 10, which is designed to accommodate the actuator 11 of the drilling machine, the lifting mechanism 11 and long items, such as drill pipe 12, hoses 13 filing mud (Fig.8), can be used as a self-propelled underwater offshore platform for drilling, operation and maintenance of wells for oil and other minerals. It can work in combination with other surface vessels, such as floating crane 27, provided with a cassette 27.1 to host and feed on the inside of the vessel 1 drill pipe 12, consumables. This vessel may have the necessary means of life support for camp maintenance of the rig and drilling Bush from several wells 28.1, 28.2 ,..., ..., and maintenance of air underwater bells 29, equipped with a pumping unit 30 for oil recovery, and underwater tanks is on the shelf with prolonged ice cover, in particular for the Arctic, North-Eastern and far Eastern coast of Russia.

The vessel (Fig. 1-8) floats and operated as follows. In close ports, narrow bays vessel 1 moves as normal with the use of reactive power jet propellers 7 and/or the thrust of propellers 6.1, driven in rotation by the intermediate source of energy, such as electricity, compressed fluid medium, in particular liquid, from the power of the propulsion system 2 (Fig. 5). When out on the open water space in all or part of the propellers 7 and engines 6 remote actuator, such as hydraulic cylinders, the direction of the force placed under certain calculated angle to the water level and the fuel supply to power motor installation 2 increase thrust propellers 6.1 submarine engines 6 1 and/or propulsion 7 with jet nozzles 7.1. The speed of the vessel 1 is gradually increased, at the same time increases the hydrodynamic lifting force acting on the underwater wings 5, which gradually lifts the hull out of the water. The force of water resistance to the hull of the vessel 1 while gradually decreases its speed increases. Lifting the hull out of the water by prodolzhitelnaya the power of the propulsion system 2. With proper proportionality displacement, load and engine power/I the hull water jet 7 and/or propellers 6.1 engine 6 can be made of the water for a few minutes. In cruise mode the vessel moves without contact of the hull with water. The outer ends of underwater wings 5 may be placed over the surface of the water and it gradually to compensate for a small change of the center of gravity of the vessel when moving inside of people, goods (Fig.4). After reaching the set speed and the output of the hull out of the water, underwater 6 engines and/or propulsion 7 with a variable force that is installed in the original position in which the shafts of the propellers 6.1 or jet jet nozzles 7.1 parallel to the water level. In the best mode, after the hull out of the water and reach the required speed, in contrast to the known shallow-draught hydrofoils with the inclined cantilever shaft of the propeller, provides a maximum power limit of thrust of the propellers 7 with jet nozzles 7.1 and/or propellers 6.1 engine 6. This ensures minimum hydraulic and aerodynamic resistance to movement of the vessel, respectively minimal the more the output power of the power propulsion unit 2 and, accordingly, the thrust force of propellers underwater 6 engines and/or propulsion units 7, the higher the speed of the vessel. The power is reduced and accordingly the thrust of propellers underwater 6 engines and/or propulsion 7 allows the vessel to smoothly descend into the water and slow the speed down to a complete stop. When there is insufficient traction force under the action of gravity of the hull can for a few seconds to smoothly land on water and move further secure low speed or stop, or change direction, to the side or back and this maneuver in a timely manner to prevent the collision of one vessel to another or an iceberg, or other dangerous foreign object.

For movement in a submerged position close all external hatches sealed rugged housing, such as 1.1 or 1.1 and 1.2, and 1.3, and 1.4, and the ratio between amount of water and air in the tank/s over a solid body, for example 1.1.1, 1.1.1 and 1.2.1 and 1.3.1 and 1.4.1, ship, like a normal submarine, gradually immersed in water to a predetermined depth. Propellers 6.1 6 engines and/or propulsion 7 with a variable force that can create a thrust force necessary directions necessary to increase or decrease the speed diving or surfacing. Further movement in the underwater Polo the water cruising mode.

The direction of movement of the vessel on the surface and submerged positions is governed by the direction of thrust of propellers 6.1 underwater 6 engines and/or propulsion 7 with a variable force. While part of these engines can operate in one direction, and another part in the opposite direction. This maneuver propellers 6.1 6 engines and/or propulsion 7 with a variable force to rotate the ship almost on the spot. With a smooth change, such as reducing the thrust force of the above-mentioned propulsion from one side of the housing and/or increasing the thrust on the other hand, the vessel, without reducing the cruising speed may gradually change direction without the use of conventional rudders.

In the case of long stops of the vessel for any reason, including due to high waves, the propellers 7 and/or 6 engines with propellers 6.1 off the ship on a storm temporarily falls in the drift and, if necessary, sealed, immersed in a small predetermined depth (in most cases no more than 7-15 m), where there is no circular wave motion of the water particles and no periodic forces, which could cause damage to a vessel or GRU is change through divided by a partition into two channel tube above the upper deck of the vessel. At this power the propulsion system 2, other systems continue to work to ensure the ship, people power, air. Sealed vessel like the float may be repeatedly covered by high tide, but every time will emerge and take its original position. For visual alarms about the location of the vessel it can carry over a thin rope brightly coloured glider or kite with a hydrogen balloon is lighter than air and signal lights. Moor the vessel slowly, if necessary maneuvering engines as described.

Vessel 1, provided with at least one open bottom and closed top sealed 9.1 pipe 10, intended for placing the actuator 11 of the drilling machine, the lifting mechanism 11 and long items, such as drill pipe 12, hoses 13 filing mud (Fig.8), floating and managed as described.

For carrying out underwater operations vessel 1 arrives to the place of work, down on the ground. Further work is carried out with the participation of divers. Above the vessel 1 is placed an auxiliary vessel-faucet 27 and around a floating wave energy Converter 24, which from offset under delavega crane 27 it on the perimeter is guarded by one or two rows of floating wave energy Converter 24, which provide within the local waters almost smooth water surface. Vessel-faucet 27 is provided with a satellite control system of coordinates and additional engines, such as jet 7, for precise placement and retention over the place underwater engineering works. Floating crane 27 lowers the cassette 27.1, in the form of an inverted T-shaped platform with slots for each pipe in the water closer to the lid 9.1 pipe 10. During a load operation pipe sliding sash 10.1 and 10.2 Windows around the pipe 10 in the area of the actuator 11 of the drilling machine sealed. The diver opens the cover 10 with the counterweight. Water fills the pipe 10 from top to bottom. After lowering the cassette 27.1 under the water closer to the pipe 10 diver over the intercom signals the operator that the crane places the cassette 27.1 over the open pipe 10, after which the diver sends it to the end of the pipe 10 and gives the command to lower the cassette 27.1 into the socket of the pipe 10. The crane operator unhooks the capture, such as a grab or collet, above the cassette 27.1 and raises capture up. Diver hermetically closes the lid 9.1 and passes through a hatch 9.2 placed around the pipe 10 air bell 9.3, hermetically closes the hatch 9.2 inside and on internal communication network command POPs the structure of water inside the pipe 10. Sliding sash 10.1 and 10.2 Windows around the pipe 10 in the area of the actuator 11 of the drilling machine is open. Inside the pressure hull 1.1.1 and 1.2.1 of the vessel is supported by the pressure of the air or breathing gas, corresponding to the depth of immersion of the vessel 1. Using the remote control or using the operator inside the air bell 9.3 lifting mechanism 11 drill pipe 12 is removed from the cassette 27.1, lowered into the receiving opening drive drilling rig, placed inside the vessel 1, connected to a hose 13 filing mud and begin to drill the borehole, for example 28.1 with one or several trunks. After consumption of the drill pipe 12 from the first cassette 27.1 diver goes into the water in the reverse direction by or through the lower end of the pipe 10, and repeats the operation of loading a new cartridge with drilling pipes and, if necessary, the container with additional supplies. The drilling is being carried out by known techniques using known hardware and materials. After completion of drilling the well is temporarily closed by a preventer. The vessel 1 POPs up and moves to the side, and the valve 27 with the help of a diver sets over well underwater air bell 29 to pump the oil out of the vessel 1 for multiple pumps. Divers attached to the well necessary fittings and includes a pump 30 for pumping oil. The collection of oil from the pump 30 can be performed on floating vessels-tankers or tank 31, which is hosted and stored under water on demand, or the entire period of ice cover area. In the presence on Board the necessary conditions for life support personnel, such vessels may work shifts quite a long time.

The energy Converter wave works using the air inside the housing as the piston of variable volume. Water particle moving in a circular trajectory (wave), compresses the air, which displaces along the narrowing channels water up to the nozzles.

The advantages of the proposed vessel:
- low specific fuel consumption for the delivery of goods and passengers;
- high flexibility, including reversing into tight places;
- low inertia to avoid collisions on the water;
- quickly removes the hull out of the water and in surface position, gaining a high cruising speed is not available for many other vessels;
- ability to hide under water in case of emergency or if necessary;
- ability to build visicoach what about the ocean, for example, patrol, mobile rescue, passenger, cargo, sports, tankers, container ships, floating tourist resorts, fishing and fish processing vessels, plants, large, medium, small fishing freezer trawlers with self-contained refrigerators;
- the possibility of applying for underwater engineering and research purposes, extraction of minerals, including oil;
- the possibility of placing subsea wells and development of mineral resources in deeper waters is not available for the offshore drilling platforms on stationary supports.


Claims

1. Hydrofoil swim on the surface and submerged positions containing at least one case with underwater wings on the rack under the building, and intended for the production of intermediate energy carrier power propulsion system and many engines with propellers to drive the vessel under the body, with at least one case is airtight and connected to at least one tank for alternately filling gaseous or fluid medium, characterized in that h is obtained for placement drive drilling rig, lifting mechanism and long items, for example, hoses mud.

2. Vessel under item 1, characterized in that it is provided with at least one jet propulsion nozzle having a swirl flow, for example, a screw.

3. Vessel under item 1, characterized in that provided at least one pipe, intended for placing elastic inflatable member and a cylinder of compressed gas connected to the actuator or mechanism of opening of the container when the critical predetermined pressure.

4. Vessel under item 1, characterized in that provided at least one open bottom pipe intended for lowering and lifting of the lifting mechanisms and people for input and output communications supply energy to external customers.

5. Vessel under item 1, characterized in that provided at least. one flexible inflatable element that is attached to the hull, for example, cable and is intended for creation of additional lifting force when lifting sunken objects.

6. Vessel under item 1, characterized in that it is equipped with sonar sensors vibrations, designed to determine the amplitude and frequency of oscillation giaconi half phase for mutual damping.

7. Vessel under item 1, characterized in that it is provided with at least one energy Converter wave.

8. The energy Converter wave containing the floating body hanging to him the plate, the holes of which is overlapped at least one valve, the channels for drainage and water supply, at least one generator connected to the turbine, installed in the drain water, one guide element for compressing an input stream of water, at least one nozzle placed at the top tapering channel or input in the above-mentioned turbine, characterized in that provided at least one guiding element of the two surfaces, for example, semi-cylinders, together forming a channel within the Converter casing, tapering in the direction of water flow.

9. The energy Converter wave under item 8, characterized in that provided pendants plate adjustable length.

 

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The invention relates to an underwater shipbuilding, in particular power plants underwater vehicles

The invention relates to mining and marine technology relates to underwater multifunctional transport and technological machines

The invention relates to the rescue of the crew of an emergency submarine (PL) in a submerged position with the use of submarine rescue apparatus (SPA)

The invention relates to shipbuilding, namely to a docking device underwater vehicles and can be used for docking underwater vehicles and modules

The invention relates to shipbuilding, namely to a docking device underwater vehicles and can be used for docking underwater vehicles and modules

The invention relates to shipbuilding, in particular to a device for supplying air to the diesel engines and the ventilation system of a diesel submarine

Underwater ship // 2210520
The invention relates to an underwater shipbuilding, in particular, to the design of underwater vessels

Underwater ship // 2210520
The invention relates to an underwater shipbuilding, in particular, to the design of underwater vessels

The invention relates to the field of hydro-acoustics and radar systems and can be used to detect aircraft, particularly a helicopter reconnaissance, over sea waters with underwater boats, located in submerged

The invention relates to a device low-frequency communication and can be used for emergency communication diver with underwater boat

Glycerous ship // 2212352
The invention relates to shipbuilding and for the creation of double-hulled glycerolic ships with interceptors
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