The method of stabilization of housing single-track vehicle

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to single-track vehicles, namely monorail Railways, motorcycles, scooters, bicycles and motorbikes, in particular to one-wheeled vehicles. The method of controlling a single vehicle is that the speed of rotation of the flywheel using a transmission with energy recovery change in inverse proportion to the speed of the vehicle. The technical result is to simplify the design, enhancing the stability of single-track vehicles, the possibility of tilting motion in the rotation and increase efficiency.

The present invention relates to single-track vehicles, namely monorail Railways, motorcycles, scooters, bicycles, motorbikes, and in particular to one-wheeled vehicles.

Known methods of stabilizing housing single-track vehicle, which consists in changing the position of the gyroscope in space by turning the frame additional drive[1], [2], [3], [4].

A disadvantage of known methods is one who is authorized to carry out the tilting during movement on the turn and the complexity of the design due to the additional device to rotate or tilt the frame and gyro mechanisms control the vertical position of the body.

Closest to the proposed invention is a gyroscopic two-wheeled vehicle, steadily worthwhile even at rest by the Japan patent 56060780 from 24.10.79 [4].

The disadvantage of this method is the constant speed of rotation of the gyroscope and accordingly constant gyroscopic effect that does not allow the tilting of the body in motion on the turn, and the complexity of the design due to the additional device to rotate or tilt the frame and gyro mechanisms control the vertical position of the body.

All this eventually led to the fact that single-track vehicle with gyro due to the complexity of the design has not received further development, and one-wheeled vehicle without gyro are used only in circus and variety arts, where structural stability is achieved by balancing the body artist.

Effect: the proposed invention solves the problem of stabilization of housing single-track vehicle, simplifying the design and improving efficiency.

To achieve the technical result is proposed a method of stabilizing onoclea gyroscopic moment moreover, it is carried out in reverse, depending on the speed of the vehicle, thus increasing the speed of the vehicle, the speed of rotation of the flywheel and its gyroscopic effect is reduced, lowering the speed of the vehicle, the speed of rotation of the flywheel and its gyroscopic effect increase.

For the implementation of this method is proposed to install in a vehicle transmission with energy recovery and at least one flywheel (gyroscope), since during the rotation of the flywheel has a gyroscopic effect and can act as a gyroscope.

The method is as follows.

When increasing the speed of the device, the kinetic energy of the flywheel through the transfer of the transfer wheel, which reduces the speed of rotation of the flywheel, to reduce the stabilizing gyroscopic effect and allows you to tilt the unit when driving in turns. To implement tilt shift center of gravity of the vehicle to the left or right relative to the direction of movement of the vehicle.

When braking device kinetische rotation of the flywheel, the increased gyroscopic effect and increase the stability of the device as a whole. Thus the center of gravity is not already leads to a significant tilt of the vehicle.

The results of preliminary calculations and tests have shown that the increasing speed device, mass 100 kg at 0 to 175 km/h leads to a decrease of the rotational speed of the flywheel mass 9 kg in the range from 15,000 to 7400 rpm, while the gyroscopic effect decreases with 367 182 N/m

Thus, the proposed solution provides the technical result: the simplicity of the design, the change of stability of single-track vehicles, the possibility of tilting motion in the rotation and increase efficiency through energy recovery.

Sources of information

1. Patent 27091 from 30.05.1909. Device for balance carts or other unstable position tel.

2. The magazine "the Inventor and rationalizer", 1994, 1, S. 28-29. Article, Chernenko. The Inventor Of The "Giocare".

3. The magazine "Automotive industry", 1996, 4, S. 15-18. Article K. T. N. C., Nekrasov. The stability of single-track vehicles.

4. The Japan patent 56060780, CL is ASEE even alone.

The method of stabilization of single-track vehicle, wherein the speed of rotation of the flywheel using a transmission with energy recovery change in inverse proportion to the speed of the vehicle.

 

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