The method of stabilization of housing single-track vehicle
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to single-track vehicles, namely monorail Railways, motorcycles, scooters, bicycles and motorbikes, in particular to one-wheeled vehicles. The method of controlling a single vehicle is that the speed of rotation of the flywheel using a transmission with energy recovery change in inverse proportion to the speed of the vehicle. The technical result is to simplify the design, enhancing the stability of single-track vehicles, the possibility of tilting motion in the rotation and increase efficiency. The present invention relates to single-track vehicles, namely monorail Railways, motorcycles, scooters, bicycles, motorbikes, and in particular to one-wheeled vehicles.Known methods of stabilizing housing single-track vehicle, which consists in changing the position of the gyroscope in space by turning the frame additional drive, , , .A disadvantage of known methods is one who is authorized to carry out the tilting during movement on the turn and the complexity of the design due to the additional device to rotate or tilt the frame and gyro mechanisms control the vertical position of the body.Closest to the proposed invention is a gyroscopic two-wheeled vehicle, steadily worthwhile even at rest by the Japan patent 56060780 from 24.10.79 .The disadvantage of this method is the constant speed of rotation of the gyroscope and accordingly constant gyroscopic effect that does not allow the tilting of the body in motion on the turn, and the complexity of the design due to the additional device to rotate or tilt the frame and gyro mechanisms control the vertical position of the body.All this eventually led to the fact that single-track vehicle with gyro due to the complexity of the design has not received further development, and one-wheeled vehicle without gyro are used only in circus and variety arts, where structural stability is achieved by balancing the body artist.Effect: the proposed invention solves the problem of stabilization of housing single-track vehicle, simplifying the design and improving efficiency.To achieve the technical result is proposed a method of stabilizing onoclea gyroscopic moment moreover, it is carried out in reverse, depending on the speed of the vehicle, thus increasing the speed of the vehicle, the speed of rotation of the flywheel and its gyroscopic effect is reduced, lowering the speed of the vehicle, the speed of rotation of the flywheel and its gyroscopic effect increase.For the implementation of this method is proposed to install in a vehicle transmission with energy recovery and at least one flywheel (gyroscope), since during the rotation of the flywheel has a gyroscopic effect and can act as a gyroscope.The method is as follows.When increasing the speed of the device, the kinetic energy of the flywheel through the transfer of the transfer wheel, which reduces the speed of rotation of the flywheel, to reduce the stabilizing gyroscopic effect and allows you to tilt the unit when driving in turns. To implement tilt shift center of gravity of the vehicle to the left or right relative to the direction of movement of the vehicle.When braking device kinetische rotation of the flywheel, the increased gyroscopic effect and increase the stability of the device as a whole. Thus the center of gravity is not already leads to a significant tilt of the vehicle.The results of preliminary calculations and tests have shown that the increasing speed device, mass 100 kg at 0 to 175 km/h leads to a decrease of the rotational speed of the flywheel mass 9 kg in the range from 15,000 to 7400 rpm, while the gyroscopic effect decreases with 367 182 N/mThus, the proposed solution provides the technical result: the simplicity of the design, the change of stability of single-track vehicles, the possibility of tilting motion in the rotation and increase efficiency through energy recovery.Sources of information
1. Patent 27091 from 30.05.1909. Device for balance carts or other unstable position tel.2. The magazine "the Inventor and rationalizer", 1994, 1, S. 28-29. Article, Chernenko. The Inventor Of The "Giocare".3. The magazine "Automotive industry", 1996, 4, S. 15-18. Article K. T. N. C., Nekrasov. The stability of single-track vehicles.4. The Japan patent 56060780, CL is ASEE even alone. The method of stabilization of single-track vehicle, wherein the speed of rotation of the flywheel using a transmission with energy recovery change in inverse proportion to the speed of the vehicle.
FIELD: automobile transport.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle stabilizing devices. According to invention, stabilization of vehicle which contains rotating rotor with drive and speed control system is provided by increasing or decreasing speed of rotor under action of control system. Axis of rotating rotor is parallel to axis of vehicle.
EFFECT: increased lateral stability of vehicle.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to single-axle vehicles with body stabilisation effected by means of a moving mass and gyros. The outer frame lengthwise half-axles accommodate an inner frame, one of the said half-axle being linked to the inner frame stabilisation motor. A bearing platform is rigidly attached to the inner frame to carry the load and to accommodate a flywheel so that the bearing platform centre of inertia is arranged above the wheel pair running half-axles. The inner frame accommodates, also, two bi-degree gyros and a balance weight. The flywheel arranged on the platform represents a motor connected to the control unit, the motor axis of rotation being parallel to the wheel pair running half-axles. The flywheel rotation speed increment is inversely proportional to the vehicle speed increment.
EFFECT: higher reliability and accuracy of stabilisation of the bearing platform at wider range of its angular travel.
SUBSTANCE: bicycle relates to bicycles with backrests. Turning handlebar 21 about vertical axis 20 allows turning front wheel 4. Inclination of handlebar 21 relative to horizontal axis 17 allows lifting or lowering extra lateral wheels 36. With wheels 36 lowered, bicycle starts and stops. Abrupt lowering of wheels 36 prevents overturn at cross-wind burst. Disks are secured to wheels 36 to engage with rear wheel tire 3. With wheels 36 lifted in downhill, said wheels accumulate energy by means of disks to be given up in climbing to provide for stability due to wheeling and gyro moment.
EFFECT: higher stability at cross-wind burst.
4 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gyroscopic stabilisers. Two flywheels 12 are mounted on frame 1 to rotate in opposite directions. In vertical position of vehicle, flywheels 12 have parallel rotational axes. Both flywheels 12 may turn in plane perpendicular to direction of motion. With vehicle inclined from vertical position, rotational axis of one flywheel 12 retains vertical position while that of another flywheel in inclined through angle equal to vehicle inclination angle.
EFFECT: higher stability.
13 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: gyrostabiliser for two-wheeled single-track vehicle is made as gyroscope in gimbal suspension, outer ring of gimbal suspension has two-way axial articulation joint with vehicle frame where the axis of this joint is directed along longitudinal axis of vehicle, inner ring of gimbal suspension has two-way axial articulation joint with outer ring, gyroscope rotor shaft has two-way axial articulation joint with inner ring of gimbal suspension, where axes of all three articulated joints are mutually perpendicular, outer ring of gimbal suspension represents seat for driver, and gyrostabiliser has facility for locking outer ring turning around axis of its articulated joint with vehicle frame. Two-wheeled vehicle turning at high speed is performed by means of its inclination towards turn without handle bar participation. Gyrostabiliser maintains horizontal orientation of footboard and driver's feet and permits driver to control vehicle stability via feet and body response. When outer ring is fixed in perpendicular position relative to frame entire vehicle stability is provided without driver participation.
EFFECT: possibility of emergency manoeuvre without lowering gyroscope rotation speed by means of simple inclination of driver's body with simultaneous design simplification due to use of only one gyroscope.
SUBSTANCE: gyrostabilizer is made in the form of a gyroscope in a cardan suspension. The gyrostabilizer has a means for blocking the rotation of the outer ring of the cardan suspension around the axis of its hinged connection with the vehicle frame. The gyrostabilizer is placed on the pendulum of the rear wheel and has a means of locking the rotation of the inner ring of the cardan suspension around the axis of its hinged connection to the outer ring. Each locking means is made in the form of a servomotor allowing to forcibly rotate the corresponding ring by the command of the microcontroller. The microcontroller monitors the vehicle speed and allowable inclination angles. On the inner ring, an additional load is attached to the axis of the hinged connection with the rotor shaft.
EFFECT: expanding the operational properties of the vehicle gyrostabilizer.