The way of roaming and corresponding device

 

The communication method that allows the subscriber to the original mobile network to connect to a visited mobile network without roaming agreement with the original mobile network that is a technical result, in which the subscriber is assigned first identification data of the mobile subscriber from the area to its original mobile network and the second identification data of the mobile subscriber from the field of non-affiliate network and affiliate network offers additional roaming agreement, with both the aforementioned first and second identification data of the mobile subscriber is assigned a total number of the call. The first and second mentioned data can preferably be stored in General or in different modules identification. 3 S. and 11 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il., table 1.

The invention relates to a method of roaming and device for implementing the method. The invention particularly relates to a method and corresponding devices, which are based on the specifications of the GSM standard (global system for mobile communication) and describe a further development of international roaming.

Under the roaming to Pospolitaya and to solve roaming between different networks of standard GSM and/or networks other standards, other than GSM, for example, in the case of roaming between networks that operate in accordance with different standards, such as GSM, UMTS (Universal mobile telephone network), IN (Intelligent network) and so on,

With the help of the so-called "indirect roaming" network provider mobile radio can offer mobile users the service in a particular area, without the need to establish full radio communication network in its licensed service area, in Addition, through "indirect roaming" may provide quick access to global roaming.

In the international application WO 98/10614, the contents of which are incorporated into this description by reference, describes a method of "indirect roaming, which allows the user of the source mobile network radio (original terrestrial public mobile - IMAP) to connect to they visited network mobile radio communications (visited terrestrial public mobile - PSMAP) without signing a roaming agreement with the original network mobile radio communications (ESMAP), and the connection is made through, for example, numbers international mobile identification abonera available from the affiliate network (affiliate terrestrial public mobile - Passop), which has a roaming agreement with one hand, with the source network mobile radio communications (ESMAP), and on the other hand - with the visited mobile radio network (PSMAP).

In the method described in the application W O98/10614, each of the cards, modules subscriber identity (MIA-cards) belonging to subscribers of the original radio communication network (ISMAP) set in correspondence with two MIME-rooms. Each MIME-number allocated to the call number (ISDN-MA-number). The first MEME is the number relates to the field numbers of the source network mobile radio communications (ESMAP), and the second to non-affiliate network mobile radio communications (ASMAP). To register in the visited network without roaming (PSOP-BR), which has no roaming agreement with the original network mobile radio communications (ESMAP), the subscriber can redeem the first MIM number (from ESMAP) MIME-room (from ESMAP) and therefore will be perceived visited network (PSMAP) as the subscriber affiliate network (ASMAP).

As in the method described in the application W098/10614, each MIME-number is set in accordance with other, different ISDN-MA-number, call routing with the first ISDN-MA-number changes using a complex mechanism in the so-called UBICOM-nomeromania the isthmus, correlate generally with MIME-room and is available only in the original mobile network (IMAP) or in the visited mobile networks with roaming (PSOP-CF), which has a roaming agreement with IMAP.

Object of the invention is a method and system that allow you to eliminate the mentioned disadvantages.

In accordance with the invention this result is achieved primarily by the characteristics entered in the independent claims. Other preferred embodiments of described in dependent clauses and description.

In particular, this result according to the invention is achieved by the fact that in the proposed method, which provides the subscriber with the original mobile network (source terrestrial public mobile - IMAP) to connect to a visited mobile network (visited terrestrial public mobile - PSMAP) without roaming agreement, and the subscriber receives the identity module with the first identification data of the mobile subscriber (international authentication of the mobile subscriber MIM) from the area to its original mobile network is the first network (affiliate terrestrial public mobile - Asmop) that has a roaming agreement; the first and second identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) is assigned the total number of call number of the mobile subscriber ISDN, the ISDN-MA-number). The purpose of the General number of the call (ISDN MA) different identification data of the mobile subscribers (MIME) has in particular the advantage that the subscriber through this room call (ISDN-MA) may be available even if it is using a different identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) in its original mobile network (ESMAP) is registered in the visited mobile network (PSMAP). The selection of two (or more) of the identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) one mobile subscriber, some of which relate to the field of non-original mobile phone network (ESMAP), and others to the field of non-partner network (Passop), has also the advantage that the subscriber relies not only on the roaming agreement provider partner network (Passop), but may additionally benefit from the prisoner eventually later roaming agreement with your service provider on the source network. As mentioned above, the invention relates to mobile communication networks, soupstandart UMTS, or for roaming between different networks of standard GSM and/or networks, relevant standards other than GSM.

In one of the preferred embodiments of the invention, the identification module activates the second identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) from non-partner network (Passop), if it is not possible to register in the system by using the first identification data of the mobile subscriber from the area to own the original mobile network (ESMAP). Activation of the alternative identity of the mobile subscriber (MIME) can be realized in different variants, which can be implemented as a common, situation-dependent, or as individual options, for example, using the input device of the terminal device of the subscriber.

In various embodiments, the implementation of the first identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) in the sub-option (A1) is calculated from the area of non-original mobile phone network (ISMAP) stored in the data array of the source location (the case of the original location - ROME) from the original mobile network (ESMAP), and the second identification data of the mobile abomination data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) are stored in the array data source location (ROME) of the original mobile network (ISMAP) and associated with a single call number. Preferably, at any given point in time only active one identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME).

Preferably, at least some of the at least two identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) associated with the same call number, will be charged separately for the respective subscriber, while at least some other of the at least two identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) associated with the same call number, exhibited a General account for the corresponding subscriber. Such a situation-dependent calculation has the advantage that it is very flexible and that, in accordance with the specific application and not only in connection with "indirect roaming, the subscriber can be billed separate accounts for different purposes of use, and activated the identity of the mobile subscriber (MIME), respectively, goals and numeracy, for example, different identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) for official and private use.

The purpose of the invention is achieved, in particular, that corresponds to the invention of the identity module, designed for use in a generous subscriber (MIME), contains at least the first identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) from the field numbers of the source mobile communication network (ESMAP) and the second identification data (MIME) from non-partner network (Passop), and referred to the identity of the mobile subscriber (MIME) is connected with the total number of call (ISDN MA).

The purpose of the invention is also achieved, in particular, that corresponds to the invention of the programmable device with an array of data source location (ROME), in which for each subscriber of the original mobile network (ISMAP) contains at least identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) and at least a corresponding number of call (ISDN-MA), the array data source location (ROME) at least for some subscribers contains the first identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) of the area to its original mobile network (ESMAP), the second identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) from non-partner network (ASMAP) and the call number (ISDN-MA), jointly referred to the first-mentioned and second identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME). Preferably in this programmable what about the subscriber is active in the current time.

The following is a description of embodiments of the invention illustrated by the drawings, which are presented next.

Fig. 1 is a diagram schematically representing alarm conditions when registering under option (A1), wherein one of the identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) associated with the call number (ISDN-MA), are recorded in the source data location (ROME).

Fig. 2 is a diagram schematically representing alarm conditions when registering under option (A2), wherein the first and second identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME), related to the common call number (ISDN-MA), are recorded in the source data location (ROME).

Fig. 3 is a diagram schematically representing alarm conditions at the completion of the connection according to variant (A1), wherein one of the identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME) associated with the call number (ISDN-MA), are recorded in the source data location (ROME).

Fig. 4 is a diagram schematically representing alarm conditions at the completion of the connection according to variant (A2), wherein the first and second identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME), sootvetstvii with the claimed invention by a licensed provider of the source mobile communication network (hereinafter referred to a licensed provider) in its licensed area of the source mobile communication network ISMAP (see Fig.1-4) installs and uses one or more blocks includes a switching center of a mobile service and register the source location (next block SMC/ROME), and the original mobile network, for example a mobile communications network, based on the standard CSM, UMTS or any other standard mobile communication network, in accordance with their economic considerations (ultimately, only nodes).

A licensed provider area of the source mobile communication network ESMAP provides its customers (subscribers) of the mobile terminal device 1 in the visited network mobile communication PSMAP, PSMAP' outside the private network through the use of indirect roaming. To this end, the provider-partner affiliate network Spamcop provides licensed provider roaming.

When international roaming mobile identification of the subscriber, according to the specification of the GSM standard, is based on the MIME-room, representing the identity of the mobile subscriber international mobile identification region of the rooms of the provider-partner. Below are described two possible options.

Option a).

The identification module, for example a map of the subscriber identity module (MIA-map), which is associated with the possibility of removal of the target device mobile radio 1, contains two MIME-rooms, and the first MIME-room MIMA relates to the field of non-licensed provider, the second MIME-room MIMA relates to the field of non-provider-partner. Both MIME numbers MIMA and MIME the common call number representing the number of the digital network, a mobile subscriber ISDN (ISDN-MA-number). All specific subscriber data, such as, for example, changing the routing of the call, additional rooms for transmission of facsimile communications and data transfer etc., correlated with the number of ISDN call-MA and therefore always available, no matter which network MIME-rooms MIMA, MIMA.

The advantage of this preferred option (a) is that the subscribers assigned MIME-non MIMO network licensed provider ISMAP. Thus a licensed provider can set up your own affiliate links roaming. In addition, if possible in the future abolition of indirect roaming MIA-cards do not need exchange learning the provider-partner. This MIME-room MIMA is the number of the calling ISDN MA from the field of non-licensed provider.

The advantage of this variant (b) is that it provides a simpler solution compared to MIA-map. target mobile communication device 1 and the network. Option b) finds, however, major weaknesses, especially with regard to possibilities for further development of the licensed provider, especially due to the fact that in parallel with indirect roaming is impossible to lay down conditions of direct roaming. Besides MIA card if you cancel indirect roaming must be exchanged. Therefore, option (b) will not be considered.

Mobile subscribers source mobile communication network ISMAP preferably registered in one or several arrays of data source location ROME licensed provider, which thereby takes control of customer service.

For the preferred option (a), suggesting the presence of two MIME-rooms MIMA and MIMA, describes the following sub-options.

Sub-option A1) (see Fig.1).

In the data array ROME licensed provider is registered only MIME-room MIMA licensed provider. Sitesyoung provider only on the mobile country code (ISS), code mobile network (CCM) and, if necessary, two (h1h2or more other digits MIME, as shown in the following example (see table).

In message signaling system 7 (SS7) mobile application (SS7-NMP-messages) exchanged between a service provider partner and a licensed provider, MIME-non MIMA, MIMA recalculated in block 3 (see Fig.1 and, accordingly, Fig.3), namely: MIME partner provider in MIMA licensed provider and Vice versa. Block 3 represents, for example, programmable software module that is installed and running, for example, on the same computer as the data source location ROME licensed provider, or any other suitable network element. The exchange of signalling messages between partner network Asmop source and the mobile communication network ISMAP and respectively between partner network Pasmo and affiliate network for romeike PSMAP in Fig.1 schematically shows a bi-directional dotted arrows.

According to the GSM standard, based on the requirements of security, MIA card when registering on the network is authenticated. Authentication refers to MI THE IMA-room MIMA licensed provider, there is only a single authentication (Ki-key) for both MIME-rooms MIMA, MIMA. So MIA-card in the mobile device 1 is also programmed with a single authentication (Ki-key) for both MIME-rooms MIMA, MIMA.

Sub-option A2) (Fig.2).

In the source data location ROME licensed provider registered both MIM-non - MIMA, MIMA associated with the total number of call ISDN MA. Only one of both MIME-rooms MIMA, MIMA is activated at any given point in time (as illustrated in Fig.2 and respectively in Fig.4 by the dashed block around MIMA), depending on which network the client is registered last. The data source location ROME contains, for example, a list of identification data of the mobile subscribers (MIME-rooms), which for each identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIME-rooms) MIMA, MIMA includes an active flag that can be set so that only one of the first and second identification data MIMA, MIMA are active. Specialists in this field of technology there are various ways through which you can mark as active the ID is placed ROME. For example, this can be done when updating the location data, which is carried out according to the GSM standard, when the corresponding subscriber to the mobile device 1 is registered in the register of the location of "visitors" block SMC/RMV. Both MIM-non MIMA, MIMA, however, provide individual authentication (Ki-keys) than sub-option A2) differs from sub-option A1) and also in relation to the MIA card.

Here, you must also specify that the sub-option A2) may be used for other applications, for example for two MIA-cards with a total number of the calling ISDN MA or two-MIME-rooms MIMA, MIMA on one MIA-map to ensure distinguish between different purposes of use, such as private and official calls. For example, when calculating the outbound call center calculations (not shown), depending on the application, for each or at least some related with the same number call ISDN MA identification data of the mobile subscriber MIMA, MIMA may be invoiced separately, or for all or at least some related with the same number call ISDN MA identification data of the mobile subscriber MIMA, MIMA may exhibit the General account. Center restification data mobile subscribers MIMA, MIMA and accordingly assigns a public address account number call ISDN MA, or at least some of the identification data MIMA, MIMA. To calculate the cost can be applied, for example, as usual, the corresponding data records of the call.

In all the above embodiments, A1), A2) and b) the source data location ROME, as mentioned, is preferably in the network of a licensed provider.

In accordance with the specifications of the GSM address of the source data location ROME, i.e. ROME-the address used to send messages to SS7 signaling in the source data location ROME, can be obtained, in particular, of the MIM-number (number format CCITT E. 212 is converted into CCITT E. 214) because the messages coming from visited networks PSMAP, PSMAP' the affiliate network Pamap have the address of the partner network Asmop, it must either be recalculated address of the message, i.e. the global title in the Part of connection management signaling (CUSS) system SS7 signaling or messages without CUSS-routing must be transmitted on a public network, for example, leased lines or over the Internet in the area of the original mobile network of Ivoloina ROME sensitive location of visitors (RMV) in block SMC/RMV, must be contained ROME-address from the scope of rooms affiliate network Asmop as the sender, to enable postback message. Transform the global header CUSS system SS7 signaling, as shown in Fig.1-4, is in block 2, and block 2, for example, is a programmed software module, which is installed and executed, for example, on the same computer as the data source location ROME affiliate network Pasmo or block NDM/RMV, or any other suitable network element.

Because SS7 messages for registration transmitted from the visited networks PSMAP, PSMAP' through the affiliate network Pasmo in the source data location ROME licensed provider (update location data), then the provider partner is able to control the area of the MIM-rooms used by a licensed provider for indirect roaming.

In option (a) (with sub-options A1) and A2)), which works with two MIME-rooms MIMA, MIMA, check update data location) is performed depending on the type of stay.

Until the corresponding mobile subscriber náchod the OP or in the visited network PSMAP direct roaming agreement with the provider of the source mobile communication network ISMAP, the mobile device 1 is automatically registered using MIME-non MIMA from the field of non-licensed provider in this network, as illustrated in Fig.1 and 2 with the arrows 10, 11. This mode corresponds to the standardized GSM procedures.

If the mobile subscriber is licensed provider leaves its own field of software maintenance ISMAP, the subscriber can register automatically or manually using the affiliate MIME, i.e. MIMA, in the visited network PSMAP provider that has a roaming agreement with the provider-partner, as shown in Fig.1 and 2 by using the arrow 20. Depending on desirable for a subscriber level of comfort, for example, depending on whether manually or automatically changing the MIME-rooms, special functions can be implemented on MIA-card or, if necessary, and in the mobile device 1. Preferably the change of MIME-rooms is made through the programmable functions of the software and does not require, for example, extraction MIA-card of the mobile device 1 or manipulation with it. Preferably programmable software runs on MIA-map. Programmirovanie first or second MIME-room MIMA or MIMA invoked from network infrastructure through special messages are transmitted to the corresponding mobile radio communications device 1, for example, using the message Service short message (RAS message) or message service additional unstructured data (SDND messages).

Incoming calls are routed in the network of a licensed provider based on the number of call ISDN MA, which is in the field of non-licensed provider. Since the address RMW block SMC/RMV, which have attracted the subscriber is registered in the source data location ROME licensed provider, the execution of functions (requirement non roaming and connecting to a roaming number) fundamentally is made in accordance with the specifications of the GSM standard. In Fig.3 and 4 schematically represented alarm conditions for the connection to be completed in the device 1 mobile radio communications, i.e. for a call coming into the device 1 mobile radio for sub-option 1) and respectively for sub-option A2). As an example, in Fig.3 and 4 arrow 4 shows an incoming call that arrives at the source network mobile communication ISMAP through a gateway mobile switching center service SCCM. In Fig.3 and 4, the dotted dunp is traci illustrate in simplified form a connection with the received roaming number, because depending on the specific circumstances, this may be related to routing through other networks. In the signalling messages, which represents an SS7-NMP-messages that are sent in order to request roaming in the appropriate register location visitors block SMC/PMB, the sender must be contained ROME-address from the scope of the rooms of the affiliate network, and in the NMP message should contain the MIME-number of the provider-partner. Fig.3 and 4 illustrate besides, how through the above registration, according to Fig.1 and 2, the contact with your device 1 mobile radio in the affiliate network Asmop with MIME-number MIMA from the field of non-licensed provider, respectively, in visited networks PSMAP, PSMAP' MIME-number MIMA from the area of the rooms of the provider-partner shall be entered in the appropriate register location visitors block SMC/RMV.

Some partners providing roaming service, require payment for terminating the connection. Payments are made through clearing for data roaming and financial clearing provider partner in the same way as for bypass connections.

Alternative soedinenii GSM, settlement through clearing for data roaming and financial clearing provider-partner - reverse conversion and clearing data for these compounds on the licensed provider with a separate clearing through the provider-partner.

Terminated short messages according to GSM specification on the basis of recorded in the source data location ROME-address of the corresponding register location of visitors, i.e. RMW address MIME-rooms. Message alarm, i.e., the SS7 message sent in the register of the location of the visitors block SMC/RMV must contain the sender MIME-room MIMA from the area of the rooms of the provider-partner, and in the NMP message should contain the MIME-room MIMA provider partner. Developed short messages are transmitted according to GSM specification to the center of the short message service (CSCS) a licensed provider and/or other CSCS.

In countries, respectively, in the catchment areas where the licensed provider has a direct roaming agreement with other providers of mobile service area of the original mobile communication network ISMAP or the appropriate affiliate network Asmop passerovannogo provider according to the GSM specifications.

In countries, respectively, in the areas in which none of the visited networks PSMAP, PSMAP' has no direct roaming agreement with the original network ISMAP, the subscriber can register with affiliate MIME, i.e. MIMA, automatically or manually in a roaming network, PSOP, PSMAP' partner.

The calculation for such connection to the roaming service shall be made through the clearing for data roaming and financial clearing provider-partner with the corresponding inverse conversion on the licensed provider through the clearing data.

The list of reference items 1 - device mobile radio 2 - the transformation of the global header Part of the connection management signaling system SS7 signaling 3 - convert MIME licensed provider (MIME) MIME provider partner (MIMA) and back 4 - call with a network number, a mobile subscriber ISDN (ISDN-MA) from the area of non-licensed provider's 10 - registration of MIME licensed provider (MIMA) 11 - registration of MIME licensed provider (MIME 1) (customary international roaming)
20 - registration of MIME provider partner (MIMA)
SCCM - gateway mobile switching center service
ROME - the source data location the CSOs provider or network licensed provider (the original land mobile network public use)
MIME - number global identification of the mobile subscriber from the field of non-licensed provider
MIME - number global identification of the mobile subscriber from the area of the rooms of the provider-partner
SMC/RMW - switching center mobile service, register the location of your visitors
ISDN-MA - number ISDN mobile subscriber licensed provider
Passop - partner network (provider indirect roaming") (partner terrestrial mobile communications network for General use)
PSMAP have visited partner roaming provider partner (global) (visited land mobile network public use)
PSMAP' - visited network in the country licensed provider (visited land mobile network public use).


Claims

1. The communication method that allows the subscriber to the original mobile network to connect to a visited mobile network without roaming agreement with the original mobile communications network in which the subscriber is assigned first identification data of the mobile subscriber from the area to its original mobile network and the second identificat the additional roaming agreement, characterized in that both the aforementioned first and second identification data of the mobile subscriber is assigned a total number of the call.

2. The communication method under item 1, characterized in that at least some of the above-mentioned first and second identification data of the mobile subscriber associated with the common call number is stored in the common module identification.

3. The communication method according to p. 2, characterized in that the said identification module activates the second identification data of the mobile subscriber when using the first identification data of the mobile subscriber is impossible to register on the network.

4. The communication method according to any one of paragraphs. 1-3, characterized in that at least some of the above-mentioned first and second identification data of the mobile subscriber associated with the common call number is stored in the different modules of identification.

5. The communication method according to any one of paragraphs. 1-4, characterized in that the said first identification data of the mobile subscriber are stored in the data array of the original location of the source mobile communication network, and the second identification data of the mobile subscriber are converted from the first ID and the second ID data of the mobile subscriber are stored in the data array of the original location of the source mobile communication network and associated with a single call.

7. The communication method according to any one of paragraphs. 1-6, characterized in that at every moment of time is active only some of the mentioned first and second identification data of the mobile subscriber.

8. The communication method according to p. 2, characterized in that at least some of the above-mentioned first and second identification data of the mobile subscriber associated with the common call number stored in the common module identification may be activated by the subscriber by using the input target device.

9. The communication method according to any one of paragraphs. 1-8, characterized in that at least some of the mentioned first and second identification data of the mobile subscriber associated with the total number of the call will be charged separately to the appropriate subscriber.

10. The communication method according to any one of paragraphs. 1-9, characterized in that at least some of the mentioned first and second identification data of the mobile subscriber associated with the total number of the call is billed total expense to the appropriate subscriber.

11. The communication method according to any one of paragraphs. 1-10, characterized in that the said mobile phone network are GSM networks.

12. The identification module designed for mobile what's a mobile subscriber, characterized in that it contains the first identification data of the mobile subscriber from the field numbers of the source mobile communication network and the second identification data of the mobile subscriber from the field of non-partner network, and mentioned first and second identification data of the mobile subscriber (MIMA, MIMA) is connected with the total number of call (ISDN MA).

13. Programmable device that stores an array of data source location, and the data source location for each subscriber of the source mobile communication network includes at least one identification data of the mobile subscriber and at least one assigned call number, characterized in that the said data array contains at least some of the subscribers of the first identification data of the mobile subscriber from the field numbers of the source mobile communication network and the second identification data of the mobile subscriber from the field of non-partner network, and some of the mentioned first and second identification data of the mobile subscriber includes jointly assigned number of the call.

14. A programmable device according to p. 13, characterized in that it contains for each Bonanomi time.

 

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22 cl, 3 dwg, 4 tbl

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19 cl, 5 dwg

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11 cl, 7 dwg

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5 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: wireless communications.

SUBSTANCE: before starting data transfer between first object, for example, access terminal, and second object, for example, data transfer network, for synchronization a set of levels and/or protocols is selected, for each selected level and protocol, i.e. for each attribute, a list of selected attribute values is determined, viewed as acceptable for first object, selected attributes and attribute values connected thereto are sent from first object, and in response only a list of processed attributes is received and lists of values of processed attributes connected thereto, each list of values of processed attributes includes values of attributes, viewed as acceptable for first object, levels and protocols in first object are then configured in accordance to list of processed attributes and values of processed attributes connected thereto.

EFFECT: higher precision, broader functional capabilities, higher efficiency.

5 cl, 22 dwg, 1 tbl

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