The method of identification and accounting of labeled objects and system for its implementation

 

The invention relates to methods and devices for the automated accounting and control of moving objects in the economic turnover. The technical result is to increase the reliability of accounting array of labeled objects. The method consists in labeling each object is protected identification mark printed on the object identifier and the control of movement of objects on each subject according to the information registered in the database. The object identifier is a multi-character combination formed by sampling randomly from an array of distinct multi-character combinations. Any person can access the database for the mentioned ID information about the origin of the object and the subject of economic activity, from which is obtained the object. 2 C. and 8 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

The invention relates to methods and devices for the automated accounting and control of moving objects in the economic circulation and can be used, for example, to account for items and equipment for production, transportation, military equipment and facilities in all areas of the governmental activities (hereinafter OHD) by giving each object an identification mark (further FROM) ID, making these data in the directory and periodic monitoring of moving objects in the course of economic turnover. Identify compliance data on the number, location, and properties in the directory to the true state. Depending on the type of object identifier is placed on the object in different ways. This label with individual digital and bar code information supplied on rolls (patent RU 2162246 C1, HUM "GosNIIAS", G 06 K 1/00, 20.01.2000) [1]. These labels can be pasted directly on the objects. For the purpose of identifying the authenticity of the controlled object is available in the bar code to display the public key to verify digital signatures used to authenticate the signature of the marker and the label in addition to the bar code to enter alphanumeric text on the parameters of the object and its manufacturer (patent RU 2172015 C1, HUM STC "ATLAS", G 06 K 9/00, 10.08.2001) [2]. For the purposes of identification and registration of, for example, credit cards last supply magnetic watermarks and digital code. It consists of a set of consecutive integers and more containing at least one of the significant numbers mentioned sequential Chi is filling devices and directly on the rolling stock, having different information (patent RU 2170684 C1, ' energy and Co, B 60 L 25/00, 20.07.2001) [4]. Identifiers can be performed in 16-ranks-on-year and place of their application for property is encoded, for example, cryptography (application EN 96108511 AND Polovinkin, etc., G 06 K 19/06, 27.06.1998) [5]. To protect from forgery to perform, in particular, to destroy the separation from the object carrier.

Storing information about the property is carried out in electronic databases (the database). So, according to [5], each object is assigned to control the alphanumeric identification code (hereinafter IR), is the route map of the location code on the object, which also assign your IR. All data entered into the database, issue the appropriate registration document owner - the business entity (hereinafter DSS). The interface serving the database, ensure the functioning of the system and may contain blocks the formation of IR for AND, the creation of a query by the user (DSS), receiving responses, and other transactions for accounting and documenting movement AND. To avoid penetration into the database by unauthorized storage shall be issued keys-passwords (EN 2162245 C1, Prohorovna, G 06 F 17/60, 20.01.2001) [6].

Another solution of this problem also applies to the FDS consists in memorizing settings AND together with the assigned IR in multiple databases. With the introduction of AND in turnover request information about IR, if they are changed, the correction information. If not part of the information audited by physical methods. The system contains the reference and the working database, the data entry interface, the device of the comparison, the communication line. However, the closest analogue of [7] does not exclude the possibility of assigning the same AND several IR, changing, for example, the owner or transformation of the object. Furthermore, the method [7] time-consuming accounting and control large amounts of the same type AND.

The task of the group of inventions is to build the accounting system of the array of marked objects in the process of production, distribution and use.

The technical result of the first invention group is to increase the reliability of accounting array of labeled objects and ensures that the method of accounting of objects of economic activity consists in labeling each object is protected identification mark printed on it by an object identifier, and the control of movement marked objects for each business entity according to the information registered in the database.

The object identifier predstavlaete multi-character combinations. In the process of implementation of the method from an array of identification marks form groups of a given length, each of which is assigned a group ID. For each business entity in the database and fix the mentioned set of object identifiers, wholly owned by at least one group.

The account of movement of marked objects for each business entity is carried out by entering the owner of these objects in the database information about the number and the name of the marked objects, transferred to another business entity.

The control further movement marked objects is carried out by comparing each business entity amounts received marked objects of each item with the number of objects of the same names of other entities, and number of unused identification marks. Any person can access the database on the said identifier to obtain information about the origin of the object and the subject of economic activity, from which the resulting object.

Spomenica carry out performing it on auto when the separation from the object basis.

The method can be characterized also by the fact that the protection of the identification mark is carried out by applying the basis of the holographic image.

The method can also be characterized by the fact that every owner of a marked object is given a key to access a database to enter information about the number and name marked objects, performs the functions of the electronic signature.

The technical result of the second invention group is to empower the automated system of identification and registration of labeled objects and ensures that automated system for identification and registration of labeled objects of economic activity includes interconnected by communication channels, means for forming identification marks with the identifier, the means for applying the mentioned marks on objects, means for controlling the movement of labeled objects containing at least one item of input data about the objects and their identifiers, input data, means for processing information, comprising comparator and decision-making.

Means for forming an identification mark is risoria mentioned packaging group IDs, made in the form of flexible automated production system. Mentioned item input data about the objects and their identifiers includes delivery point packaging group identification marks and terminals to enter data about the IDs issued by the packaging and the users. Mentioned means together with means for controlling the movement of labeled objects and tools for information processing are a subsystem of the holder of the automated system, and means for applying the mentioned marks on objects, input devices and terminals represent the subsystem property owners of business entities. When this exchange of information between the subsystems is carried out via a secure communication channel to access key holder of the automated system.

The system may be characterized in that the means for processing data provide a means of comparison for each business entity amounts received marked objects of each item with the number of objects of the same names of other entities, and number of unused identification marks.C array of distinct multi-character combinations for identifiers identification marks include a random number generator.

The system can also be characterized by the fact that the means for processing the information provide to any purchaser of object access in the database by ID identification token to retrieve data about the origin of the object and the subject of economic activity, from which the resulting object.

The system may be characterized in that the means for processing information include the United network Central computer system, at least one database, at least one customer terminal and an associated one of the service terminal, at least one outlet, at least one dialog terminal device, and a secure communication channels for the connection of flexible automated production systems and external information retrieval system to the Central computer complex.

The system can be characterized and the fact that flexible automated production system includes a home computer and an associated at least one management computer connected with the Executive bodies of the means for forming identification marks with identificationof in the sphere of production and consumption with the use of the automated system and identification. Feature patent-pending method of accounting and control is that it is primarily intended to account for arrays of similar objects using protected FROM that are on a strict accounting and are issued at specialized outlets. For these purposes, the proposed information system for identification and tracking of objects of economic activity, the characteristics of which are described below.

Regulatory authorities determine the legality of objects by comparing the number of labeled objects, the manufacturer or sent to the distributor, with the remainder OF the available storage. This information system contains protected database, taking into account, in addition to the number OF the legal status of the participants DSS (manufacturer, wholesaler or end user), using as an identifier, for example, a taxpayer identification number (TIN).

Building automated system provides that any storage system, for example, the purchaser, through the Internet or over the phone can go into the database, where as indicated on FROM ID will receive information about the manufacturer proporcionando the KTA.

The holder of the information system is protected database has the possibility to control the movement of the marked objects for each storage system registered in the system.

In the architecture of the patent-pending automated system for identification and tracking of objects of economic activity used system-technological solutions adopted wholly or partially by many manufacturers of software and computer equipment. These include the standard open systems interaction OSI developed by the international organization for standardization (ISO), modern network architecture, technology interconnectivity, database management system, Intranet architecture, software management functionality of the applications in various software and hardware environments.

Thanks to this information system for identification and tracking of objects of economic activity is a modular system that provided the ability to build and develop without breaking continuity, which is achieved by standardization organization, software, information and technicallogically in the drawing. The information system contains interconnected Central processing complex 1 (hereinafter CEC 1), base 2 data (hereinafter referred to DB 2), network 3, a flexible automated production system 4 (hereinafter - GAPS 4). Next, the information system includes the computer system of paragraph 5, issue identification marks (hereinafter - PV 5), the terminal device 6, channel 7 a connection with the database 2, the first secure communication channel 8, the second secure channel 9 connection for external information search system 10 (hereinafter referred to external IPS 10).

GAPS 4 can be placed on the manufacturer of signs.

The system assumes the presence of a number of paragraphs 5 delivery. Number of items 5 is determined by the needs of the user of the system and may change as upwards and downwards. Computer system each item consists of 5 interconnected service terminal device 11 and the terminal device 12 of the customer, each of which has an individual connection to the network 3.

GAPS 4 controls the manufacturing process of identification marks. It contains the main computer 13 (hereinafter referred to GUM 13), connected to several or mensagehello manufacturing process of identification marks. GUM 13 tied with 1 PPM first secure communication channel 8, and the network 3 to provide a backup connection with CEC 1. The composition of the CEC 1 includes cryptographic device 15 control key system for forming an access key to the corresponding portion of the data.

To ensure information security of the first and second secure channels 8 and 9 links can be focused on the use of hardware and software cryptographic complex Encoder IP flows THORN", providing closure data in accordance with GOST 28147-89, or similar.

The implementation of the method of identification and accounting of labeled products conveniently be traced by following the algorithm of functioning of the system.

Job on making the next batch of characters can enter GUM 13 of IEC 1 or to be entered by staff GUM 13 directly. GUM 13, polling attached UVM 14 determines Unallocated production line and generates a preliminary task for the intensification of the production process. After that GUM 13 sends a request to receive from Expocentre 1 required installation data for making the next batch identification marks. Such installation data otane stamped on the signs multi-character combinations. The latter include, for example, a combination of symbols that have not been used previously; one of the generating polynomial for the pseudo-random sequence, the elements of which are attributed to the above combination of characters; the numbering of packages, etc.,

At the end of processing installation data GVM 13 transmits the necessary control information to UVM 14. By this time production line should be ready to manufacture. UVM 14 initiates the beginning of the technological cycle and passes on the Executive bodies of all required control information.

In the process, UVM 14 controls the distribution of marks on packages and forwards in GUM 13 data applied to identification signs multi-character combinations and identifiers such as account numbers stamped on the manufactured packages of characters.

Upon receipt of these data GVM 13 records the IDs made packages marks and their location, and generates the elements of the search array {}, contains information about mutual accordance identity packages and multi-symbol combinations indicated on the included in the package marks. Next, GUM 13 transmits them over the first secure channel is packaged characters GUM 13 passes in the IEC 1 completion message of a certain part or all of the tasks on production of identification marks.

After receiving the message, CEC 1 generates the next data block and adds them to the search array {And} that is permanently stored in the database 2, and gives permission to replenish stored in GUM 13 data array made about the packages characters and their whereabouts.

Upon delivery of packages marks in any of paragraphs 5 issuing stored in GUM 13 an array of data about the location made packages of characters corresponding changes. For search arrays that are stored in the database 2 and GUM 13, use the inverse form of arrays, where each array is organized by the sequence of search features.

Provides that any storage system, referring to paragraph 5 of issue, may order and receive the required number of packages identification marks.

The requirement at the beginning of the procedure and information ensure that the marks entered in the IEC 1 with the terminal device 12 of the customer through the service terminal device 11 and the network 3. CEC 1 starts a communication session in interactive mode as with the service terminal device 11 and the terminal device 12 of the customer.

According imposed through a terminal device 12 requests the customer and other relevant information, user-defined information system. While CEC 1 allows transfer to the service terminal device 11 only such data that are not of a confidential nature.

After receiving the requested data, CEC 1 generates a request to obtain the necessary information from external IPS 10 receives the requested data and provides a comparison for the selected criteria data transmitted from the terminal device 12, data received from external IPS 10. As the external IPS 10 can be, for example, the database of the tax, customs and other fiscal services.

Further, when a negative test result IEC 1 prohibits the maintenance of this storage on the corresponding item 5 the issuance of, and positive allows further maintenance of this storage.

After that CEC 1 queries GUM 13 for information on the availability of this paragraph 5, sufficient to satisfy the order quantity distributed in packages, and identity packages. According to the results of the analysis of this information PPM 1 generates and transmits to the service terminal device 11 corresponding instructions for continued customer service.

If the outlet has sufficient about device 11 IDs readied for transfer of customer packages. Next, checks the data for compliance received from GUM 13 information. With the positive result of this test allows the RO staff to transfer to the customer corresponding to the order number of packages.

In parallel, the Central exhibition complex 1 forms or supplements corresponding to the storage data unit of the search array {} stored in BD. Array {} contains information in the form of accounting data on all storage, receiving from the cash packaging information signs. Array {} also includes data about the identity of the transferred packages and the date of their receipt, and also activates the part of the CEC 1 cryptographic device 15 for forming an access key to the relevant part of the above-mentioned data block.

In parallel, CEC 1, asking the search array {} and using as search terms the ID of the packaging, first determines the number of identification marks in each of the transferred to the customer packages, and then forms to be stored in the database 2 of the search array {} elements, each having at least ID information packaging, the number of characters in the package and the date of the transfer packaging storage (additional data, the above-mentioned first storage block of data, which is a subset of the array {}. The header of each of the data blocks constituting the search array {}, contains information about the credential storage, receiving and previously treated in the outlets of packaging identification marks. This also activates the part of the CEC 1 cryptographic device 15 control key system, which checks whether a storage system, characterized introduced in the current session credentials, the access key for said data block. If a storage system has received the access key previously, the communication session ends here. If DSS does not have an access key, the device key management system generates a new access key, representing, for example, a unique combination of characters.

The generated access key, which is strictly confidential and used for authentication storage, applied to the system, is stored together with the date of its creation and credentials received the key for this storage only device management key system. For receiving storage customer access key is transmitted in the described communication session only on the terminal device 12, which is completely removed after some kadasi in dialog mode, the communication session CEC 1 with the terminal devices 11 and 12. During this session storage, first applied for obtaining identification marks, in fact, registered patent information system as a new subscriber.

The key storage access is required to access the CEC 1 through a terminal device 6 or 12 for additions or changes to data blocks of the search arrays that are stored in the database 2 corresponding to this storage.

When a negative result as the above-mentioned inspections, and described below, to compensate for the impact of possible errors in data entry by the operator of the terminal device 6, 11 or 12 through an ongoing communication session in interactive mode, CEC 1 offers to repeat the input of the next message. Provided several attempts to re-enter the message, the number of which is determined by the system user, then CEC 1 terminates the communication session. The necessary data related to the interrupted communication session, such as user entered data, data terminal, information, recognized as unreliable, etc. are stored in a special file, which is then included in a separate search the array data to be stored in the database 2 for further analysis and special purposes.

For ware the s marks marks AND with identification marks and enters information about the introduction AND into economic circulation through one of the terminal devices 6 or 12.

At the request of the client CEC 1 organizes the communication session with the corresponding terminal device, and requesting the credentials of the client, and then sends a request for an access key.

After the introduction of the access key CEC 1 through the device 15 control key system checks it. In the case of client authentication as a registered storage CEC 1, if necessary, compares the credentials you entered previously stored in the cryptographic device 15 control key system. Further, CEC 1 prompts you to enter data about the identifier of packaging used for marking, type, name and number marked OBH, the date of their transfer to another storage system, the credentials of the recipient.

Upon receipt of these data IEC 1 has the ability to access external IPS 10 for information that allows verification of compliance types and names transferred AND mind registered economic activity as storage provider and storage of the receiver. In case of detection of inconsistencies CEC-1 forms is Adachi AND. It is proposed to choose or not save the entered information and the introduction of a new message, or save previously entered messages. In the latter case, this message is stored in a separate search the array for further analysis, and so on,

Accepting the message, the Central exhibition complex 1 forms to be stored in the database 2 of the search array {C1} elements, each of which includes data about the identifier of the package, the previous owner of AND (in this case - storage0), the form, the name and number marked AND, the date of their transfer. Upon completion of this CEC 1 generates a block of data array {C1}, title which are the credentials of the recipient AND(DSS1).

If for marking AND were used from different packages, the above procedure is repeated for each of IDs of the packages. The fact of having entered on request IEC 1 message information about the ID of the packaging is an indication that the first transmission AND from one storage system to another, i.e. primary introduction AND in the economic turnover.

In this regard, the CEC 1 by polling the corresponding block of the data array {}, verifies that the information entered from the terminal device 6 (or 12), and the current session ID before the date of transfer AND and the quantity available to it FROM this package with the specified in the current session the number of transferred OHG.

With the positive result of this test is adjusted corresponding element of the array {} by reducing stored therein the number OF the package with the specified identifier by an amount equal to the amount transferred marked AND, and search the array {C1} is complemented by a shaped block of data.

Upon receipt from any of the terminal devices 6 (or 12) request for input on further movement of AND CEC 1 activates the same procedure of receiving messages from the given terminal device. However, in this case the owner of AND is not able to specify the ID of the package from which were taken FROM for marking (in the General case, this information was not reported), which is a sign of the secondary transfer AND from one owner to another. In addition, the owner transferred AND may not have an access key. This fact indicates the need for CEC 1 described above, the procedure of forming the access key for this storage and recording of key information system.

Detection of the above circumstances regarded CEC 1 as a sign of the search blocks of data arrays {CN},..., {C2}, {C1}, the corresponding storage marked AND.

When detected in the search array {C1} information that meet the search characteristics, determines the identity of packaging used for the marking of these AND. Following this, the IEC 1 performs multi-level search in the search array {Ci},..., {C1}, {}. The purpose of this search is to identify in these arrays connected chain of data on the serial transmission of AND characterized by a constant and/or name and labeled FROM a previously owned bag with defined above identifier from the storage0before storagei.

If such a chain of data is not detected, CEC 1 generates a message denial of service and terminates the communication session with the involved terminal device.

In case of positive result of the search Fairgrounds 1 adjusts the corresponding element of the data block array {C1}, slimming enshrined in it the quantity AND by an amount equal to the number of transmitted AND.

If the result of this operation is negative value, CEC 1, keeping the same information, generates a message denial of service and terminates the communication session with the involved terminal device.

In the opposite case CEC 1 ine the D-to the recipient. This data block is included in the search array {C(i+1)} stored in the database 2.

When enrolling with one of the terminal devices 6 (or 12) request for help CEC 1 asks the user to enter multi-character combination, put on FROM, which marked AND. Upon receipt of this information Fairgrounds 1 initiates the search identifier of the package that contained this OUT, in the array {}, then, by looking at the array {}, ID package defines storage that introduced this AND in the economic turnover (i.e. storage0).

Following this, the IEC 1 prompts the customer to enter information about storage from which the client received AND (e.g., taxpayer identification number must be put on the fiscal receipt, invoice or other document). If the client refuses to enter this information Fairgrounds 1 informs the client credentials storage, who introduced this AND in the economic turnover, and terminates the communication session.

When receiving from the client the requested information Fairgrounds 1 organizes the above search to identify stored in the DB 2 arrays connected chain of data on the serial transmission of OJD.

In case of detection of connected chain data IEC 1 generates a message that contains the user data storage, kotorogo it was received, then terminates the communication session.

Thus, in the framework of the patented method and the automated system can be implemented measures to protect the rights of consumers to purchase quality products and the legalization of trade in household goods by the organization of a unified system of identification and control of movement of goods and products. The holder of the information system is able to efficiently control the movement of the marked objects for each storage system registered in the system.

Industrial applicability. The method and system can be implemented using modern computer equipment and technological equipment. As a system for performing identifiers can be used known flexible automated systems (e.g., [1]).

Claims

1. The method of identification and accounting of labeled objects of economic activity, which consists in labeling each object is protected identification mark printed on the object identifier and the control of movement marked objects for each business entity and the multi-character combination, generated by sampling randomly from an array of distinct multi-character combinations, the array of identification marks form groups of a given length, each of which assigns a group identifier for each business entity in the database and fix the mentioned set of object identifiers, wholly owned by at least one group, the movement marked objects for each business entity is carried out by entering into the database the owner of these objects, information about the number and the name of the marked objects, transferred to another business entity, the control further movement marked objects is carried out by comparing each business entity amounts received marked objects of each item with the number of objects of the same names of other entities, and number of unused identification marks, while any person can access the database for the mentioned ID information about the origin of the object and situ identification mark printed on it multi-character combination is realized by executing it on auto when the separation from the object basis.

3. The method according to p. 1 or 2, characterized in that the protection of the identification mark is carried out by applying the basis of the holographic image.

4. The method according to any PP. 1-3, characterized in that each owner of the marked objects is given the key of access to the database to enter information about the number and name marked objects, performs the functions of the electronic signature.

5. Automated system for identification and registration of labeled objects of economic activity, including connected by communication channels, means for forming identification marks with the identifier, the means for applying the mentioned marks on objects, means for controlling the movement of labeled objects containing at least one item of input data about the objects and their identifiers, input data, means for processing information, comprising comparator and decision-making, characterized in that the means for forming identification marks ID contain means for forming groups of these characters with receiving packages and assigning said packaging group IDs, vypolnen the identifiers includes delivery point packaging group identification marks and terminals to enter data about the IDs issued by the packaging and the users, these funds, together with means for controlling the movement of labeled objects and tools for information processing are a subsystem of the holder of the automated system, means for applying the mentioned marks on objects, input devices and terminals are a subsystem of the owners of the objects-subjects of economic activity, the exchange of information between the subsystems is carried out via a secure communication channel to access key holder of the automated system.

6. The system under item 5, characterized in that the means for processing data provide a means of comparison for each business entity amounts received marked objects of each item with the number of objects of the same names of other entities, and number of unused identification marks.

7. The system under item 5 or 6, characterized in that the means for forming multi-character combinations from an array of distinct multi-character combinations for identifiers identification marks include a random number generator.

8. System according to any PP. 5-7, different t the ID identification token to retrieve data about the origin of the object and the subject of economic activity, from which the resulting object.

9. System according to any PP. 5-8, characterized in that the means for processing information include the United network Central computer system, at least one database, at least one customer terminal and an associated one of the service terminal, at least one outlet, at least one dialog terminal device, the secure communication channels for the connection of flexible automated production systems and external information retrieval system to the Central computer complex.

10. The system under item 5, characterized in that the flexible automated production system includes a home computer and an associated at least one management computer connected with the Executive bodies of the means for forming identification marks with ID.

 

Same patents:
The invention relates to methods of identifying various objects in order to establish their authenticity

The invention relates to a device for detecting properties of a sheet material, such as banknotes or securities, using reflected light

The invention relates to a device for detecting properties of a sheet material, such as banknotes or securities, using reflected light
The invention relates to methods for protecting documents of great value, made in paper, from forgery or substitution
The invention relates to the recognition of the authenticity of documents, including financial and securities for which there is a danger of forgery

The invention relates to protective devices, in particular to a protective device or element having a large number of security features for use with valuable goods or items

The invention relates to valuable documents, in particular to the formation and securities documents, and can be used for transactions with securities or instruments, in particular for the acquisition of valuable documents by means of telecommunication connections

The invention relates to a method of detection of counterfeit products

The invention relates to a method of detecting particles in the base, the electromagnetic properties of which differ from the electromagnetic properties of the particles, as well as to the basics and counterfeit documents containing such particles

The invention relates to a device for controlling the identification of objects in text documents

The invention relates to devices and methods of identifying a genuine series of images

The invention relates to a method of identification according to the parameters of the user's palm
The invention relates to methods of identifying various objects in order to establish their authenticity

The invention relates to the identification and control of access to protected objects and relates to a method of monitoring the integrity of the optical seals, which consists in the illumination optical radiation through the transparent areas of the seal information element of the seal of registration of the image information item of a seal in the form of the distribution of illumination on the surface of the photodetector device, the formation of the reference optical image information item fillings and compare it with that obtained in the control process of the control optical image of an information item fillings

Optical correlator // 2212054
The invention relates to optical information processing, in particular for intelligent vision systems

The invention relates to the identification, namely the readers and fingerprint recognition

The invention relates to the field of computer engineering and can be used for automatic image analysis
The invention relates to a personal identification

The invention relates to methods of sending mail
Up!