Device for lifting water
The invention relates to a device for lifting water, running through energy flow. Device for lifting includes water supply, waste and discharge pipes. It contains a vessel-hydropneumoaccumulator, in which are placed the ends of the inlet, discharge and discharge pipes. Cut the inlet pipe is placed in the upper part of the vessel-hydropneumoaccumulator. The slices are discharged and the discharge pipe located in the lower part of the vessel. In the wall of the discharge pipe above the cutoff inlet pipe made hole. The invention aims to simplify the design and increase the reliability of the device for lifting water. 1 Il. The invention relates to a device for lifting water, running through the energy of water flow in any direction. The invention can be applied in water supply systems, when there is a relatively small but constant supply of water to a height greater than the current flowing near the consumer's water source. Such conditions occur in the agricultural sector (on small farms under irrigation of small plots of land in the mountains).The known device for lifting water using energy flux is The disadvantage of all hydrocarbon is the presence in their structures moving parts, shock and non-return valves. This complicates the design and reduces the reliability.The challenge which seeks the invention is to simplify the design and increase the reliability of the device for lifting water.The invention is illustrated by the drawing, which shows a schematic structural diagram of a device for raising water, which is the subject of the invention of this application.A prerequisite for the implementation of the invention is the presence of water flow in any direction 1. In line 1 is arranged a cap 2, which serves to guide the thread or in most cases, part of it in the supply pipe 3, which is mainly vertically and tightly articulated with the interior of the closed vessel used for its functional purpose vessel-hidropneumoacumulatorul. The parameters of the tip 2 and the inlet pipe 3 pick such that the pipe 3 is formed aerated stream of water, i.e. was a leak in the water flow of air formed by the funnel.In the vessel-hydropneumoaccumulator 4 mounted waste 5 and injection 6 pipes, cut etka the axis of the discharge pipe 5 lies below the mirror power supply channel 1 on the value of h above the bottom of the vessel-hydropneumoaccumulator 4 by the value of N0. The upper end of the discharge pipe 6 is placed over the cumulative capacity of 8, positioned at a height H from the axis of the discharge pipe 5. In the wall of the discharge tube 6 made the hole 9 located in the upper part of the vessel-hydropneumoaccumulator 4 at a height of H1.The operation of the device for lifting water osushestvlya as follows.The flow of water from the channel 1 through the head 2 serves in the inlet pipe 3 in such a flow (Q) to inlet formed a funnel, through which the flow of water in the inlet pipe 3 will be aerated, i.e. it will be full of air bubbles. Once in the vessel-hydropneumoaccumulator 4, aerated water stream is separated into water, which settles at the bottom of the vessel-hydropneumoaccumulator 4, and the air, which is located above the water.In the initial period of starting the device with the increasing water level in the vessel-hydropneumoaccumulator 4 until it begins to flow through the waste pipe 5 into the channel 7, 5 and the discharge pressure 6 pipes installed the water column H0and the air in the vessel-hydropneumoaccumulator will be compressed by the pressure corresponding to the height of the column of water is H0-H1. In a further admission aerated water stream mitsa in the discharge pipe 6. The proceeds of the water and air discharge pipe 6 respectively through the lower section and the opening 9 in the wall of the column of water in the discharge pipe 6 will be divided into alternating one after the other portions of water and air, forming water-and-pillar moved by air pressure up. Thus the water in the discharge pipe 6 rises to a height H and poured into the accumulation tank 8 by the flow q.The present invention in comparison with the prototype - hydrocarbon has no moving parts. Because of this, it is much simpler design, higher reliability and durability, lower cost of manufacture and operation.Information source 1. C. I. Hovsepyan. Hydraulic RAM and RAM setup. M: Mechanical Engineering, 1968.
ClaimsDevice for lifting water, including supply, waste and discharge pipes, characterized in that it comprises a vessel-hydropneumoaccumulator, in which are placed the ends of the inlet, discharge and discharge pipes, and the cut of the inlet pipe is placed in the upper part of the vessel-hydropneumoaccumulator, and cut vent and discharge pipes at the bottom, in addition, in the wall of NGN
FIELD: dewatering of reservoirs and depressions to be empties.
SUBSTANCE: proposed water lifting device contains lifting, suction and air delivering pipes and mixing chamber with inclined nozzle holes uniformly spaced over circumference of inner cup of mixing chamber. Axes of holes are generative of one-nappe hyperboloid of rotation. Suction branch pipe is furnished with hood head made in form of truncated cone with larger base pointed downwards and attachment of smaller base to end face of suction branch pipe. Vertical trapezoidal plates are installed on inner surface of hood head tangentially to cylindrical part of suction branch pipe in direction of circular inclination of axes of mixing chamber nozzle holes. Smaller bases of trapezia are arranged over outer perimeter of head.
EFFECT: enlarged sphere of application.
FIELD: oil industry.
SUBSTANCE: device has oil-lifting column, which is combined with space inside casing string and is provided with means for supplying compressed gas into hollow of oil-lifting column. Cover is concentrically positioned around oil-lifting pipe and is mounted with space relatively to inner surface of casing string. Oil column is made in form of a row of vertically and serially mounted gas-liquid ejectors with active ultrasound nozzle each and horizontal pipes for supplying compressed air to them. Cover is placed in lower portion of plant and is connected by at least three spreaders to upper portion of lower ejector, and means for supplying compressed gas is serially connected to separator, filter, vacuum pump and compressor.
EFFECT: higher efficiency and productiveness.
FIELD: decontamination engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed pump has housing, pulse line, inlet ball-and-socket valve with ball lift limiter, delivery pipeline with outlet ball-and-socket valve, and control system. Housing communicates with bottom nozzles through pipe and bottom-nozzles chamber that accommodates shaft provided with flap. Shaft is coupled through movable bearing assembly, gear wheel, and toothed rack with turn and immersion depth control actuator of bottom nozzles. Bottom end of inlet ball-and-socket valve seat has slots and mounts in addition spring with movable perforated rack. In addition housing may accommodate top pipe for its communication through ball-and-socket check valve with washing head that has nozzle and pipe union. Stop is mounted in bottom end of pipe union coaxially with respect to hole in check-valve ball lift limiter. Top part of washing head is joined with aid of actuating shaft through movable bearing assembly, gear wheel, and toothed rack with turn and angle-of-tilt control actuators of top nozzle.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability and safety in operation.
8 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: decontamination engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device has side pipe connection, working liquid feed chamber, drive shaft, and washing head with nozzle. Working liquid feed chamber that has drive shaft and washing head pipe union, both passed therein through packing assemblies, is mounted directly inside storage tank by means of pipeline joined with side pipe connection. Drive shaft is coupled through movable bearing assembly with nozzle tilt angle varying mechanism. It is also coupled through slotted joint, toothed gear, and toothed rack with nozzle turning mechanism mounted on washing head axle and through hinged link ,to external adjustable ring of bearing disposed on packing assembly.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability and safety in operation.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: chemical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for use in submersible pumps handling both liquids, suspensions and pulse of different density. Proposed pump contains housing, intake ball lift limiter, pulse line and pressure pipeline with discharge valve installed in zone servicing. Housing is divided by partition at least into two pulse chambers, each being furnished with intake ball valve, pulse line, pressure pipeline with discharge valve and separate air distributor with independed drive. Air distributors contain plungers connected with drive and to each other by means of equal-arm articulated lever installed on support. Pump is provided with programmable microcontroller to control operation of air distributor drives.
EFFECT: improved reliability of operation.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: oil industry.
SUBSTANCE: plant comprises pump chamber with sucking and pressure passages, pressure pipe with sucking valve that connects the space downstream of the pipe with the space of the pump chamber, and cable. The top section of the pump chamber made of cupola for spraying and burning fuel receives batcher of oxygen and unit for controllable frequency of igniting. One of the faces of the pressure pipe is sealed hermetically. The pump chamber together with the batcher and igniting unit can be mounted inside and/or outside the pressure pipe. The gas of the fluid is used in the pump chamber as a fuel.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability and reduced cost.
5 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: chemical engineering, petrochemical and other industries.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for pumping and mixing of solution and suspensions. Proposed pump contains system to control operation of pump and nozzles communicating with-housing by means of pipe and chamber which accommodates shaft connected with drives to turn nozzles and change depth of their dipping. Housing is furnished with liquid level indicators, and air distributor is equipped with ejector. Valves are installed on pipelines delivering compressed air and vacuum from ejector to pulse line and compressed air to ejector. Control system is made for determining density of suspensions and it is furnished with personal computer, programmable microcontroller, electropneumodistributors and modes for communication with drives, valves and liquid level indicators.
EFFECT: enlarged operating capabilities, improved efficiency, safety and reliability in operation.
4 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: pumping of fluid by direct contact of another fluid.
SUBSTANCE: pump comprises displacement chamber with sucking and pressure branch pipes having check valves, gas duct that is connected with the chamber and source of compressed gas, and ejector with active nozzle. The pressure branch pipe is connected with the pipeline provided with a check valve. The branch pipe is mounted in the displacement chamber that is provided with the nozzle for permitting it to be changeable for a plug. The gas duct is connected with the system for supplying and distributing compressed gas. The air distributor is provided with the ejector and stop valves provided with the quick-operating drivers. The drives of the stop valves of the pump is controlled by the electronic unit with programmable microcontroller and operator desk that are connected with the board circuit of the vehicle.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: equipment used for rising of water from wells and holes.
SUBSTANCE: pump has cylinder with bottom equipped with suction valve and filter, and head with inlet branch pipe connected to air pipeline, and discharge branch pipe connected to liquid pipeline and equipped with return valve, cycle frequency regulator formed as reservoir unbalanced on axis of rotation, and throughput-capacity regulator. Pipelines are positioned within casing. End of liquid pipeline is communicating with cycle frequency regulator. Pump is provided with compressor and vacuum pump, and free end of air pipeline is connected with discharge branch pipe of compressor and simultaneously with inlet branch pipe of vacuum pump. Cylinder is formed from pipe length whose outer diameter is 1.1-1.17 of inner diameter of casing. Reservoir of cycle frequency regulator is positioned above reservoir of storehouse. Throughput-capacity regulator is connected to reservoir of cycle frequency regulator and is made in the form of valve with division scale or without it, or in the form of shutter with division scale or without it.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and improved operating conditions.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: pump engineering.
SUBSTANCE: pump has cylinder with bottom provided with sucking valve and filter, head with the outlet branch pipe connected with the air pipeline, and outlet branch pipe connected with the liquid pipeline by means of weld or thread and provided with a check valve. The pipelines are mounted in the casing tube. The free end of the liquid pipe line is in communication with the vessel of the regulator of the cycle frequency. The pump is provided with compressor and vacuum pump. The cylinder is made of a section of the casing tube that receives the pipelines. The free end of the air pipeline is connected with the outlet branch pipe of the compressor and with the branch pipe of the vacuum pump.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and improved operation conditions.
1 cl, 2 dwg