The energy converter of steam or low pressure air

 

The invention is intended to generate electricity. The Converter contains a water-filled tank with sunken drum, divided into several tanks of floats, a stationary hollow shaft with wheel hub, bearings and the hole and the pipe. In addition, it is equipped with a Cam and bevel gears to transmit torque force on the generator, and in one of the vertical walls of the tank is a window provided with a sealing tape. Inside each tank-float made damper to prevent premature filling them with water, the drum ends with limited disk attached to the wheel hub mounted for rotation on bearings, sealed by seals and located on the hollow fixed shaft with the opening in the bottom through which steam or low pressure air supplied to the hollow stationary shaft supported on bearings, enters the pipes, which at one end provided with a sealing tip sliding on a surface of the hollow stationary shaft and the other end welded to the holes in the bottom of the tanks, floats, in which steam or low pressure air is supplied, displacing water from them into the tank through poroni movably interconnected with one side of these holes by means of hinges, the other party movably interconnected by means of hinges with one end pushers, passed through holes with seals in the hub and at the bottom of the tanks, floats, and other end sliding on the Cam surface, and the pushers are equipped with ring lugs for spring, one end resting in these ring lugs, and the other end into the bottom of the tanks, floats and performing the function of the recoil mechanism of these valves. The design allows you to increase efficiency. 3 Il.

The energy Converter of steam or low pressure air" refers to the field of power engineering, in particular to a device that converts low pressure steam or air (0.2 to 0.3 MPa) mechanical rotational movement and for electricity generation.

Known Submersible wheel" - application France 2276479 A1, F 03 G 3/00, 23.01.1976 that rotation of the household or other gas and placed in an outdoor pond.

The disadvantages of the prototype: 1. No dispenser gas, so the gas comes not only in those floats from which to displace the water, but also in those where water is, therefore, the gas enters the floats uncontrollably, has a great PE the VA on the picture and filled with water, do not contribute to the rotation, moreover, inhibit rotation of the wheel, as it does not have weight in water, but are inert mass, to rotate which requires additional energy and therefore the efficiency of the Submersible wheel" is even more reduced.

The objective of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the device.

This technical result is achieved due to the fact that the Converter contains a water-filled tank with sunken drum, divided into several tanks of floats, a stationary hollow shaft with wheel hub, bearings and the hole and the pipe. In addition, it is equipped with a Cam and bevel gears to transmit torque force on the generator, and in one of the vertical walls of the tank is a window provided with a sealing tape. Inside each tank-float made damper to prevent premature filling them with water, the drum ends with limited disk attached to the wheel hub mounted for rotation on bearings, sealed by seals and located on the hollow fixed shaft with the opening in the bottom through which steam or low pressure air supplied to the hollow stationary shaft supported on bearings, enters the nozzle, the shaft, the other end of which is welded to the holes in the bottom of the tanks floats, in which steam or low pressure air is supplied, displacing water from them into the tank through the rectangular hole is provided on the perimeter of the sealing tape and close the valves, on the one hand, movably interconnected with one side of these holes by means of hinges, the other party movably interconnected by means of hinges with one end pushers, passed through holes with seals in the hub and at the bottom of the tanks, floats, and other end sliding on the Cam surface, and the pushers are equipped with ring lugs for springs, one end resting in these ring lugs, and the other end into the bottom of the tanks, floats and performing the function of the recoil mechanism of these valves.

The invention is illustrated graphic material, where Fig.1 shows a General view of the energy Converter of steam or low pressure air, Fig. 2 - its longitudinal section. The energy Converter of steam or low pressure air (see Fig.1, 2, 3) consists of a drum 2, is partially immersed in a tank 1 filled with water. In one of the vertical wall inside for a few tanks floats 3 and limited ends with the disks 34, attached to the hub 17 mounted for rotation on bearings 22, sealed by seals 23 and located on the hollow fixed shaft 4 with an opening 21 at the bottom. The shaft 4 on the one hand brewed and relies on the support 26. In the cylindrical surface of the drum 2 is made of rectangular holes, supplied with sealing tape 28 and closed by a valve 7, which by means of hinges 9 and movably interconnected with one side of these holes. The opening and closing valve 7 is made the pushers 14, one end of the sliding surface of the Cam 18 mounted on the floor of the fixed shaft 4, and the other end movably interconnected with the other side of the valve 7 by means of hinges 8. The plungers 14 are equipped with ring lugs 13 for the spring 12, one end resting in these ring lugs 13, and the other end to the bottom of the tanks floats 3 and performs the function of the recoil mechanism of these valves 7.

The plungers 14 are passed through the holes with plugs 15 in the hub 17, at the bottom of the tanks 3 floats with seals 19 and the damper 6 inside the tanks-3 floats. Steam or low pressure air supplied to the hollow stationary shaft 4 is supplied to the nozzles 5, plasim on the surface of the hollow fixed shaft 4, the other end of which is welded to the bottom of the tanks 3 floats. On the sides of the valve 7 has a valve 10.

For the transmission of torque forces on the generator of the electric current drum 2 provided with a conical gears 32 and 33. Exhaust steam or air to the atmosphere or to the condenser through pipe 20.

All tanks floats 3 of the drum 2 on the right and filled with steam or air /Fig.2, position 8/, and the left /Fig.2, POS.D/ filled with water, work actively, contributing as much as possible the rotation of the drum 2.

Water that is displaced by steam or air from the tank-floats 3, located at the bottom of the drum 2, and sent to open the valve 7 into the tank 1 has a reactive torque directed in the direction opposite to the rotation of the drum 2, and contributes to the rotation of the drum 2.

The rest of the hole at the bottom of the hollow stationary shaft 4 together with the mechanism for the return of the pusher 14 /spring 12 and the retaining ring 13/, and with it the valve 7 acts as a spout of steam or air, increases the efficiency of the proposed "Converter".

The presence of the tank 1 with water does offer a "Thunk" independent from the availability of open water.

The proposed "Disanza /using flat evaporators/, served warm volcanoes, exhaust steam is powerful turbines, the tides of the seas and oceans /by means of an air pump double acting/.

Claims

The energy Converter of steam or low pressure air containing a water-filled tank with sunken drum, divided into several tanks of floats, a stationary hollow shaft with wheel hub, bearings and the hole and the nozzle, characterized in that it is provided with a Cam and bevel gears to transmit torque force on the generator, and in one of the vertical walls of the tank is a window provided with a sealing tape, inside each tank-float made damper to prevent premature filling them with water, the drum ends with limited disk attached to the wheel hub mounted for rotation on bearings tight seals and located on the hollow fixed shaft with the opening in the bottom through which steam or low pressure air supplied to the hollow stationary shaft supported on bearings, enters the pipes, which at one end provided with a sealing sleeve, a sliding surface on the e vapor or low pressure air is supplied, displacing water from them into the tank through the rectangular hole is provided on the perimeter of the sealing tape and close the valves, on the one hand movably interconnected with one side of these holes by means of hinges, the other party movably interconnected by means of hinges with one end pushers, passed through holes with seals in the hub at the bottom of the tanks, floats and valves inside the tanks-floats, and the other end sliding on the Cam surface, and the pushers are equipped with ring lugs for spring, one end resting in these ring lugs, and the other end into the bottom of the tanks, floats and performing the function of the recoil mechanism of these valves.

 

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