The device for selecting the energy of the current environment (options)

 

The invention is intended for selecting the energy of the current environment. The device comprises moving in a flow direction of flow of the current environment working body with the blades in the form of a rotatable interconnected folds perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment. The device is equipped with a toroidal casing connected with the socket, have the input part against the flow of the current environment, and a tubular element mounted in the toroidal casing for rotation and is subject to kinematic connection with consumers energy, the axis of rotation of the tubular element perpendicular to the axis of the socket, the internal cavity toroidal casing communicated with the cavity of the socket to the flow direction of the current environment in the cavity of the specified casing, the socket is made in the bottom wall in the zone of the messages of these cavities with a cutout for passage of the folded blades, and the leaf blades are distant on the outer surface of the tubular element and each swivel is connected with the disk element, rigidly mounted on the tubular element, and toroidal casing in the lower part is made of at least one cutout for the formation of the group relates to hydropower, in particular, to devices for energy conversion of the current environment, such as rivers, tidal and other currents, as well as the energy of moving air masses in electrical or mechanical to ensure that drive consumers.

Known methods of energy conversion of the current environment have a number of disadvantages. In solution, for example, SU 1810598, F 03 B 1/00 device is located above the surface of the water, taking up enough space that prevents any possible movement of vessels, and in addition, has a complex mechanism with many parts, which reduces the reliability of operation, and open the motion of the upper blade may be hampered cross wind, reducing efficiency.

A device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow and containing the flexible body in the form of endless chains, covering the pulleys located on the shaft and provided with blades arranged perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment (EN 2037640, F 03 B 9/00).

The disadvantage of this device is its complexity due to the need of construction of a waterworks.

Known engine for energy recovery current environment, pagasa pulleys, rigidly connected with the shafts, one of which is a PTO shaft, and the blades are located perpendicular to the flow direction and is made for folding-type books about the axis associated with the endless flexible chain, and disclosure under the pressure of flow (US 5134305, F 03 D 5/02, publ. 28.07.1992).

The disadvantage of this solution is the lack of positional stability of the blade relative to the chain, spanning the pulleys. When moving the blade in the space between the pulleys, the chain is bent and twisted, causing the blade bends and loses its position relative to the direction of the current environment.

The present invention is directed to the solution of the technical problem by exception mechanisms to steer the position of the blades, ensuring their spontaneous folding and unfolding depending on the direction of incident flow. Achievable technical result is the most complete energy recovery environment with minimal design complexity and the lack of control that is achieved by a directional flow of the current environment and ensure positional stability of the blades in relation to potroast for selecting the energy of the current environment, immersed in the environment by refraining from movements in the past along the course of the stream and containing moving in a flow direction of flow of the current work environment authority, provided with blades arranged perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment and representing a interconnected for folding two shutters that are installed perpendicular to the direction of flow and are associated with a work body, when said sash is made for folding the turn when moving against the flow and unfolding when moving along the current flow, equipped with a toroidal casing connected with the socket, have the input part against the flow of the current environment, and the tube-like element, mounted in the toroidal casing for rotation and is subject to kinematic connection with consumers energy, the axis of rotation of the tubular element perpendicular to the axis of the socket, the internal cavity toroidal casing communicated with the cavity of the socket to the flow direction of the current environment in the cavity of the specified casing, the socket is made in the bottom wall in the zone of the messages of these cavities with a cutout for passage of the folded blades, and storiesanna with the disk element, rigidly mounted on the tubular element, and toroidal casing in the lower part is made at least one opening to provide an output window for the flowing of the fluid flow.

This technical result for the second type of performance is achieved in that the device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along the course of the stream and containing moving in a flow direction of flow of the current work environment authority, provided with blades arranged perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment and representing a interconnected for folding two shutters that are installed perpendicular to the direction of flow and are associated with a work body, when said sash is made for folding the turn when moving against the flow and unfolding when moving along the current flow, equipped with a toroidal casing, associated with the socket, have the input part against the flow of the current environment, and a tubular element mounted in the toroidal casing for rotation and is subject to kinematic connection with the consumer ineresnogo casing communicated with the cavity of the socket to the flow direction of the current environment in the cavity of the specified casing, the socket is made in the bottom wall in the zone of the messages of these cavities with slots for the passage of the folded blades, tubular element is made with two mounted thereon at a distance from one another disk elements, and the leaf blades are distant on the outer surface of the tubular member, and a swivel connected with the disk elements from the past, facing towards each other, and toroidal casing in the lower part is made at least one opening to provide an output window for the flowing of the fluid flow, while the lateral parts of the toroidal casing made box to create a pressure in the direction of opening blades.

This technical result for the third variant is achieved in that the device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along the course of the stream and containing moving in a flow direction of flow of the current work environment authority, provided with blades arranged perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment and representing a interconnected for folding two shutters mounted perpendicular to nardevani turn when moving against the flow and unfolding when moving along the flow stream, equipped with a toroidal casing connected with the socket, have the input part against the flow of the current environment, and a tubular element mounted in the toroidal casing for rotation and is subject to kinematic connection with consumers energy, the axis of rotation of the tubular element perpendicular to the axis of the socket, the internal cavity toroidal casing communicated with the cavity of the socket to the flow direction of the current environment in the cavity of the specified casing, the socket is made in the bottom wall in the zone of the messages of these cavities with slots for the passage of the folded blades, tubular element is made with three mounted thereon at a distance from one another disk elements, and the leaf blades are distant on the outer surface of the tubular member, and a swivel connected with the disk elements and the leaf swivel mounted on the sides of the disc-shaped elements facing towards each other, toroidal casing in the lower part is made at least one opening to provide an output window for the flowing of the fluid flow, while the lateral parts of the toroidal casing made box to create a pressure in the direction of disclosure of the log are essential and interrelated with the formation of a stable set of essential features, sufficient to obtain the desired technical result.

The present invention is illustrated with specific examples, which, however, are not only possible, but clearly demonstrate the possibility of achieving a given set of essential features required technical result.

In Fig.1 shows a General diagram of the device in the first embodiment; Fig.2 is a General diagram of the device according to the second variant; Fig.3 shows a General diagram of the device according to the third variant.

According to the present invention embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow device for selecting the energy of the current environment according to the first embodiment (Fig.1) contains the working body with the blades 1, arranged perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment and representing a interconnected for folding two shutters that are installed perpendicular to the direction of flow and are associated with a work body, when said sash is made for folding the turn when moving against the flow and unfolding when moving along the flow stream.

The device is equipped with a toroidal shell which includes tubular element 4 with the disk unit 5, rigidly mounted on its outer surface. Tubular element mounted in the toroidal casing for rotation and is subject to kinematic connection with consumers energy. The axis of rotation of the tubular element perpendicular to the axis of the socket, the internal cavity toroidal casing communicated with the cavity of the socket to the flow direction of the current environment in the cavity of the specified cover. The socket is made in the bottom wall in the zone of the messages of these cavities with a slot 6 for the passage of a folded blade 1, and the leaf blades are distant on the outer surface of the tubular element and each swivel is connected with the disk element so that the blades are arranged with two scales of this element.

Moreover, the toroidal casing in the lower part is made at least one opening to provide an output window for the flowing of the fluid flow.

With this design of the device, the energy of the current environment through the opened blades across the stream will be converted, for example, in electric when working stroke of the flexible elements, with folded blades in idle mode with minimal resistance returns to its original position.having the blade operates the directional flow of the current environment and excluded the impact of lateral currents.

The device operates as follows.

Being in the unfolded state along the course of the stream, such as a river, at some depth, sufficient for unobstructed passage of vessels, the blade 1, the open under the pressure of flow, the pressure on the disk unit 5, transferring the force on the tubular element associated with, for example, a generator or other device such as a pump (not shown).

As moving (rotating) disk unit 5 open the blade 1 gradually changes the angle from the 90owith respect to the direction of flow at 0oout of the casing through the bottom window and becomes the bottom edge of the stream, is smoothly and with minimal resistance when folded, returns to idling ago. Then folded the blade, following the circle, gets into the flow of the medium flowing through the funnel, which it reveals, and she, putting pressure on the disk unit 5 performs the next working stroke.

According to the invention embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow device for selecting the energy of the current environment on Deut who built it at a distance from one another disk elements 5, and the leaf blades are distant on the outer surface of the tubular member, and a swivel connected with the disk elements from the past, facing towards each other. Moreover, the toroidal casing in the lower part is made at least one opening to provide an output window for the flowing of the fluid flow, while the lateral parts of the toroidal casing made Windows 7 a pressure in the direction of opening blades.

This device works on the same principle as the device according to the first embodiment. After traveling folded leaf fall on the area of the casing, the walls of which are made window 7 through which is supplied under the pressure of the water, putting pressure on the sash and facilitate the disclosure of the valves with the formation of the blades.

According to the invention embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow device for selecting the energy of the current environment on the third (Fig.3) embodiment differs from the second by the fact that the tubular element is made with three mounted thereon at a distance from one another disk elements 5, and the leaf blades are distant on the outer surface is destroyed on the sides of the disc-shaped elements, facing towards each other. While the lateral parts of the toroidal casing made box to create a pressure in the direction of opening of the blades associated with extreme disc-shaped elements.

The present invention is industrially applicable, because its production does not require the use of special technologies, in addition to those used in mechanical engineering in the manufacture of gears with flexible elements, and shipbuilding in the production of sailing equipment.

Claims

1. The device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along the course of the stream and containing moving in a flow direction of flow of the current work environment authority, provided with blades arranged perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment and representing a interconnected for folding two shutters that are installed perpendicular to the direction of flow and are associated with a work body, when said sash is made for folding the turn when moving against the flow and unfolding during movement along the course of flow, characterized in that Thu is her environment, and a tubular element mounted in the toroidal casing for rotation and is subject to kinematic connection with consumers energy, the axis of rotation of the tubular element perpendicular to the axis of the socket, the internal cavity toroidal casing communicated with the cavity of the socket to the flow direction of the current environment in the cavity of the specified casing, the socket is made in the bottom wall in the zone of the messages of these cavities with a cutout for passage of the folded blades, and the leaf blades are distant on the outer surface of the tubular element and each swivel is connected with the disk element, rigidly mounted on the tubular element, and goreopsy casing in the lower part is made at least one opening to provide an output window for the flowing of the fluid flow.

2. The device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along the course of the stream and containing moving in a flow direction of flow of the current work environment authority, provided with blades arranged perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment and represents a linked vozmojnostyam, these shutters are made with the possibility of folding the turn when moving against the flow and unfolding during movement along the course of flow, characterized in that it is provided with a mountain-like casing connected with the socket, have the input part against the flow of the current environment, and a tubular element mounted in the toroidal casing for rotation and is subject to kinematic connection with consumers energy, the axis of rotation of the tubular element perpendicular to the axis of the socket, the internal cavity toroidal casing communicated with the cavity of the socket to the flow direction of the current environment in the cavity of the specified casing, the socket is made in the bottom wall in the zone of the messages of these cavities with slots for the passage of the folded blades, tubular element is made with two mounted thereon at a distance from one another disk elements, and the leaf blades are distant on the outer surface of the tubular member, and a swivel connected with the disk elements from the past, facing towards each other, and goreopsy casing in the lower part is made at least one opening for forming the output OK of pressure in the direction of opening blades.

3. The device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along the course of the stream and containing moving in a flow direction of flow of the current work environment authority, provided with blades arranged perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment and representing a interconnected for folding two shutters that are installed perpendicular to the direction of flow and are associated with a work body, when said sash is made for folding the turn when moving against the flow and unfolding during movement along the course of flow, characterized in that it is provided with a mountain-like casing connected with the socket, have input part against the flow of the current environment, and a tubular element mounted in the toroidal casing for rotation and is subject to kinematic connection with consumers energy, the axis of rotation of the tubular element perpendicular to the axis of the socket, the internal cavity toroidal casing communicated with the cavity of the socket to the flow direction of the current environment in the cavity of the specified casing, the socket is made in the bottom wall in the area of sooa mounted thereon at a distance from one another disk elements, and the leaf blades are distant on the outer surface of the tubular member, and a swivel connected with the disk elements and the leaf swivel mounted on the sides of the disc-shaped elements facing towards each other, goreopsy casing in the lower part is made at least one opening to provide an output window for expiring the flow of the current environment and in the lateral parts groupinga casing made box to create a pressure in the direction of opening of the blades associated with extreme disc-shaped elements.

 

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