Air conditioning

 

The invention is used to cool areas with low humidity, hot, foundries, as well as in areas with dry and hot climate. The conditioner contains a mixing and distribution device, a cooling chamber with poured in her water, connected to the device maintain the level of water pipeline system and installed in a cooling chamber dispersant and a vortex tube with tangential entry of compressed air, cold conclusion connected with a mixing and distribution device. Air conditioning provided with a heat exchanger, filter and the second cooling chamber with a fixed therein an additional dispersant, a developed surface and a fan, the heat exchanger is installed between the hot output of the vortex tube and a dispersant, and a filter between the camera cooling, additional dispersant is connected with a compressed air source, and the second cooling chamber communicated with the mixing and distribution device. The technical result is to increase efficiency by additional cooling air. 1 Il.

The invention relates to techniques for air-conditioning, namely the competition humidity, in hot, foundries, as well as in areas with dry and hot climate.

Known installation for air conditioning, which contains a vortex tube, the hot end of which is ribbed with the installed regulator valve located in the cooling chamber. Regulating valve in communication with the atmosphere and the heat exchanger and the cold end of the vortex tube with the consumer through the camera blowing. The cooling chamber is in the building opposite holes and ejector to exit into the atmosphere cooled air [1].

The General features of the proposed conditioning and described counterpart is the presence of the vortex tube, a cooling chamber, which is the hot side of the vortex tube, and heat exchanger.

The device is similar allows you to adjust the aerodynamic and thermal characteristics of the cooled air flow to the consumer.

The disadvantage of analogue is that its design does not allow to use in the air conditioning all supplied by the turbocharger air, but only about 60 %, the rest is used for ejection of external air, which enters through the holes in the cooling chamber and blows arebr the known air-conditioning systems. In addition, the lack of analogue is high energy costs, lack of humidification.

There is also known a device for termovlazhnoy treatment of air containing a vortex tube with tangential nozzle connected to vozduhoochistki mixer, through which the dispenser is in communication with the water tank. Entrance vozduhoochistnogo mixer and ndodana space of the tank is connected to the duct pressure. Channel energy separation in the vortex tube is enclosed between channel for the release of hot air and the diaphragm in front of the nozzle to release cold air. In the channel control valve is installed. The outlet for the release of cold air is communicated with a mixer ejector type. The output of the mixer turned to the consumer. Coaxial channel energy separation is the return channel humidified hot air, through which the hot air enters the mixer ejector type. Vortex tube equipped with a camera-gotobaby.com connected to channel energy separation and the return channel of hot air [2].

The General features of the proposed conditioning and described counterpart is the presence of a vortex tube with tangential entry JUA is positive in the analogue is in the mix of output involved the two separated in the vortex tube flow (hot and cold), i.e., achieved 100% use of compressed air. Comes to consumer mix, which is the moist air with high relative humidity at a temperature of 35-40oC.

The disadvantage of analogue is that the operation of the vortex tube should be sufficiently high pressure compressed air to ensure the mixing of air with water before serving in the tangential nozzle of the vortex tube. This increases energy costs. Another disadvantage of analog is high enough temperature (35-40o(C) a mixture supplied to the consumer. In addition, water is drawn at the entrance to the vortex tube, which reduces its effectiveness.

As a prototype of the selected air conditioning, containing a piping system and a vortex tube with tangential entry of compressed air, cold conclusion connected with a mixing and distribution device, and hot, along with the camera-gotobaby.com, and the output from the mixing and distribution device, and the hot side of the vortex tube with a camera-gotobaby.com and disperser installed in a cooling chamber connected Trou what type is the presence of a mixing and distribution device, a cooling chamber with poured in her water, connected to the device maintain the level of water piping system and installed in a cooling chamber of the dispersant and the vortex tube with tangential entry of compressed air, cold conclusion connected with a mixing and distribution device.

Positive in the prototype is that the mix of output involved the two separated in the vortex tube flow, i.e., achieved 100% use of compressed air.

However, the prototype has a lack of efficiency because the air entering the mixing and distribution device from the face of the disperser, not time to cool down and its temperature higher than the temperature of the input air.

The technical problem solved by the claimed device is to increase efficiency by an additional, deeper cooling conditioned air.

The problem is solved by the fact that the air containing the mixing and distribution device, a cooling chamber with poured in her water, connected to the device maintain the level of water pipeline system and installed in a cooling chamber dispersant and a vortex tube with tangential entry of compressed wenbian heat exchanger, filter and the second cooling chamber with a fixed therein an additional dispersant, a developed surface and a fan, the heat exchanger is installed between the hot output of the vortex tube and a dispersant, and a filter between the camera cooling, additional dispersant is connected with a compressed air source, and the second cooling chamber communicated with the mixing and distribution device.

Novel features: heat exchanger, filter, the second cooling chamber, additional dispersant, the extended surface and the fan.

A heat exchanger installed between the hot output of the vortex tube and the dispersant is required for cooling the hot air flow. On the heat exchanger and the hot side of the vortex tube from the nozzle dispersant gets fine moisture, causing the process of evaporation and condensation, which contributes to the cooling of all nodes located in the chamber.

The filter is installed between the two cooling chambers, and cuts off excess moisture from the air entering the second cooling chamber and then through the air-distributing valve in the mixing and distribution device.

Additional dispersant and fan, direct the jet developed the program. Plates have developed surface roughness, which prevent the slide from the water surface, increasing the contact of the air with a fine moisture, which produces additional dispersant.

In the second cooling chamber is provided by increasing the efficiency of cooling air acting in it.

The fan helps eliminate stagnant zones, increase the output of cold air and recirculated air.

These new structural elements, their arrangement and connections between them can solve the technical problem is to increase the efficiency of the created device.

The set of distinctive features of the claimed device is not detected by the patent and scientific literature.

The drawing shows a diagram of the inventive air conditioner, where: 1 - vortex tube 2 cold stream 3 - o hot stream 4 pipe 5 to a source of compressed air 6 - line 7 - mixing and distribution device 8 to the cooling chamber 9 - pipeline
10 is a device for maintaining a water level
11 - pipeline
12 is a heat exchanger
13 - disperser
14 - the second cooling chamber
15 - filter
16 - depredatory flaps
21 - muffler
22 - outlets
The conditioner contains a vortex tube 1 with tangential entry of compressed air, which flows through the pipe 4 from a source 5 of compressed air such as a compressor or a blower. Output 2 cold stream of the vortex tube 1 is connected by a pipe 6 with a mixing and distribution device 7.

Vortex tube 1 is installed in the cooling chamber 8, into which water is poured.

The cooling chamber 8 is connected by a pipe 9 with a device for maintaining a water level 10. Output 3 hot-flow vortex tube 1 is connected by a pipe 11 with the heat exchanger 12 and then a dispersant 13, which is also installed in the cooling chamber 8. Between the chambers of the cooling set filter 15. In the second cooling chamber 14 is rigidly fixed additional disperser 16, the developed surface 17 and the fan 18.

Additional disperser 16 pipe 19 is connected to the source 5 of compressed air. The second cooling chamber 14 is communicated with the mixing and distribution device 7 via the air valve 20.

Mixing and distributing device 7 comprises a cylindrical containers of different diameter with perforations along the length of the cylinder is rste 22 on the front side of the housing, a mixing and distribution device 7.

Air conditioning works as follows.

Compressed air from a source 5 compressed air (compressor or supercharger), after cleaning, enters through the tangential input of the vortex tube 1 where it is twisted and is divided into two streams: cold and hot. Stream cold stream are turning to the axis of the vortex tube 1 and through the output 2 cold stream pipeline 6 are received in the mixing and distribution device 7, passing through the muffler 21.

Through output 3 hot stream from the vortex tube 1 via line 11 enters the heat exchanger 12 and then to the input of the dispersant 13. In the process of their work dispergator 13 sucks the water located at the bottom of the cooling chamber 8. Through a nozzle of the water vpisyvaetsa in the chamber, where the process of evaporation and condensation in the heat exchanger 12 and the housing of the vortex tube 1 is cooled. From the end of the output of the disperser 13 of the water vpisyvaetsa the second cooling chamber 14. In the second cooling chamber 14 is an additional dispersant 16 of smaller capacity, the developed surface 17 and the fan 18.

The developed surface 17 is a series of plates with a rough surface to increase the contact of the air with moisture.

the th from the first cooling chamber to the second.

Additional disperser 16 sucks the water located at the bottom of the cooling chamber 8, and vbrasyvaet fine moisture, which fills the second cooling chamber 14.

The fan 18 blows plate developed surface 17, promotes the elimination of stagnant zones, increase the outgoing cold air and recirculated air.

The second chamber is deeper cooling and saturating it with moisture.

The conditioning is implemented vortex and evaporative principle.

In the humidification its temperature falls. The air from the dispersant has a temperature lower than that at the inlet. In a mixing and distribution device 7 is mixing the humidified air flows from the second cooling chamber 14 through the air-distributing valve 20, and the cold stream coming from the vortex tube, which first enters the muffler 21, and then the air goes in the right direction to the consumer.

The temperature of mixing and distribution device is lower than the temperature of the air supplied to the inlet of the vortex tube. The temperature difference corresponds to sanitary-and-hygienic norms.

Controladora compressed air is controlled by a thermoelectric thermometer. Automatic and manual adjustment to maintain the water level (water topping-up after 4-5 hours of continuous operation) and automatic humidity control.

Air conditioning works smoothly and without vibration, has a 100% use of compressed air.

Air conditioning produces moist air, providing a comfortable environment for consumers. The conditioning is achieved by improving the efficiency of its work, allowing you to expand the scope of its application.

Sources of information
1. Inventor's certificate SU 1803680 A1, 23.03.1993.

2. Inventor's certificate SU 1820157 A1, 07.06.1993.

3. EN 2177587 C1, 27.12.2001.


Claims

Air conditioning, containing a mixing and distribution device, a cooling chamber with poured in her water, connected to the device maintain the level of water pipeline system and installed in a cooling chamber dispersant and a vortex tube with tangential entry of compressed air, cold conclusion connected with a mixing and distribution device, characterized in that it is provided with a heat exchanger, filter and the second cooling chamber with a fixed therein an additional dispersant, advanced surface ltr - between cameras, cooling, additional dispersant is connected with a compressed air source, and the second cooling chamber communicated with the mixing and distribution device.

 

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FIELD: heat-power engineering; manufacture of cheat multi-functional cold and heat generating plants.

SUBSTANCE: according to first version, proposed method includes heating the air in heat exchanger by burning fuel in furnace, preliminary heating of air at mixing with cold air and humidification of air before delivery of it to consumer. Preliminary heating of air is performed in air elevator; humidification of air is performed in circulating line; condensed moisture is removed from furnace, ash pan and humidifier by means of drainage units; for delivery of air to furnace, use is made of fan. According to second version, in summer season water or dry ice is placed in tubular heat exchanger; then air is fed to furnace by means of fan and to consumer through heat exchanger; moisture from furnace and ash pan is removed by means of drainage units. Plant for forming the microclimate includes casing, furnace with fire grate, gas-and-air heat exchanger, gas duct, exhaust branch pipes and fan; it is provided with receiving collector, lower air chamber, tubular heat exchangers, recirculating line with filter and air elevator made in form of passages taking the heat from external lateral surfaces of casing; vertical tubular heat exchangers provided with swirlers are mounted on inner sides of furnace wall forming crown portion of furnace heat exchanger and connecting the lower air chamber located under ash pan bottom with collector and exhaust branch pipes; recirculating line is provided with air humidifier and is used for coupling the air elevator with heated air receiving collector. Volume of lower air chamber exceeds that of upper air chamber of heated air receiving collector by two times. Swirler is made in form of metal band with cuts on edges of lateral sides at swirling pitch relative to tube diameter equal to 4-7. Furnace, ash pan and humidifier are provided with drainage units for removal of moisture.

EFFECT: possibility of creating and maintaining required climate in room in winter and in summer.

4 cl, 7 dwg

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