Machine for hot upsetting heads truck fingers
The invention relates to the processing of metals by pressure and can be used in the manufacture of truck heads of the fingers by the method of planting with heating by high-frequency currents. The hot upsetting machine includes a housing, restposition drum with matrices, the loading mechanism, the rotary device, fixing device, the heating unit, cooperates with the punch, the ejector, the unloading mechanism and the control system. The heating unit is made in the form of a slotted coil to heat the blanks in their rotation. The control system has three modes of operation. The result is to improve the quality of parts and the reduction of time for the changeover of the machine. 10 Il. The invention relates to metallurgical production, in particular to hot, with application of high frequency currents, landing heads truck fingers and can be used in mechanical engineering.A known machine for hot upset heads on long rod parts consisting of a body, a drum with matrices, loading mechanism, a rotary device, fixing device, a heating unit, a hydraulic press with a punch, ejector, heating time, which leads to uneven heating and deterioration of the quality of the parts; secondly, it requires a lot of time for changeover when switching production from one part to another.Technical result achieved in the claimed invention lies in the quality of the parts, and quick changeover.This technical result is achieved in that the heating of blanks occurs in a slit inductor during their rotation around its axis, the drum matrices made restposition and control system has three modes of automatic operation.The invention is illustrated in the drawing, where Fig.1 shows a machine, General view; Fig.2 is a top view of Fig.3 - view And Fig.4 - a view B of Fig.5 - section b-B; Fig.6 is a view of the City, and Fig.7 is a view D of Fig.8 is a view E of Fig.9 - section f-F of Fig.10 - mode.The machine includes a housing 1 on which is mounted the drum 2 by 3 matrices, the loading mechanism 4, the rotator 5, the fixing device 6, the heating unit 7, Gidropress 8 plug 9, the ejector 10, the unloading mechanism 11, the control system 12.The loading mechanism consists of an inclined tray 13, the cutter 14 with the power cylinder 15, the prism 16, the axis 17, the adjustable stop 18, the Cabinet 21, transformer 22, the gap of the inductor 23.The drum contains a stationary shaft 24 on which is mounted two discs 25, connected by tie-rods 26, the disks are inserted clamping units 27, consisting of a matrix 3, the guide 28, the insert 29, the stop 30.The rotator consists of the grip 31, the power cylinder of rotation of the grip 32, the axis 33, the guide 34, right, 35 and 36 left actuators move the capture.The unloading mechanism consists of a main power cylinder 37 with a fork 38, swinging around the axis 39 of the auxiliary cylinder 40.The machine works as follows.The pieces are loaded onto an inclined chute 13 by the loading mechanism 4. The pan tilt is adjusted by rotating it around the axis 17 of the adjusting stop 18 so that the workpiece rotates around its axis, slid the tray under the action of gravity. At the end of the tray has a slit inductor 23, through which the ends of the workpieces are heated. The cutter 14 by means of power cylinder 15 cuts off one of the workpiece from the stream and puts it on the prism 16, in which the power cylinder boot 19 it shall be expedited in the tool block 17 of the drum 2 (the position of the I - boot). The necessary departure of the heated portion of the workpiece from the matrix is the first power cylinder 35 along the guide 34, rotate the coupler 26 of the drum at the second position. Then grabbing, turning around the axis 33 of the power cylinder 32 is out of engagement with a coupler and is returned to the initial position of the left cylinder 36, with the seizure of the following couplers. The cycle of rotation is performed again to position III - landing heads of the workpiece by the punch 9 hydraulic press 8, then finish the item vypressovyvaetsya from the matrix ejector 10. Before each turn of the drum locking device 6 outputs the cone 41 of the centering holes on the drum of the power cylinder 42. Centering holes are located at each position of the drum drive 25 in the sleeve 43. Upon completion of the rotation of the drum is again recorded. On the V-th position of the unloading mechanism 11 fully pulls out a finished item from the tool Assembly 27. The stem of the main power cylinder 37 is retracted plug 38 on the end of the rod is lowered while rotating around the axis 39 of the main power cylinder, an auxiliary cylinder 40, captures the finished item and return stroke of the main cylinder pulls it. Under the action of gravity the item falls on the tray, and the tray in the container. The machine works in a cycle. Download billets, landing heads and unloading of finished parts is synchronous machine from one part to another. The first mode - with all instrumental blocks, the second - with the odd instrumental blocks, and the third with an even instrumental blocks. Sensor unit 43 includes two limit switch, one of them controls the position even clamping units, the other odd on the lugs 44, located in a checkerboard pattern. When operating in the first mode, the counting scheme gives a command to the compression of the heads of the fingers in each tool unit in the second mode, only the odd instrumental blocks, in the third mode - only instrumental in the even blocks.The machine can be integrated in an automated line.Sources of information 1. Factsheet 141-97 Altai STIC, 1997
ClaimsMachine for hot upsetting heads truck fingers, comprising a housing, a drum with matrices, the loading mechanism, the rotary device, fixing device, the heating unit, cooperates with the punch, the ejector, the unloading mechanism and the control system, characterized in that the heating unit is made in the form of a slotted coil to provide heating of billets during their rotation, the drum with matrices made restposition
FIELD: metal working.
SUBSTANCE: hard alloy matrix has casing, bushing pressed in the case and hard alloy insertion. Bushing has multifaced hole. Hard alloy insertion is composed by several sections made in form of trapezoidal-section prisms which have cut angles at their non-working edges. Number of sections corresponds to number of faces of item to be headed. Cuts of angles are made symmetrically to faces of working edge. Slits are made in several places of multifaced hole bushing at the ponts where faces cross each other.
EFFECT: improved resistance of matrix; simplified assembly.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: plastic metal working, possibly manufacture of rod parts with heads.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of placing portion of heated measure blank in movable die spring-loaded in axial direction and forming thickened portion. Die is mounted with possibility of motion in direction coinciding with that of punch motion. Additional step is realized for forming rod due to placing portion of blank in one-piece die with technological gap. Before forming thickened portion and rod, free heading of the whole blank is performed. Then die is moved and simultaneously first stage of heading thickened portion and step of rod forming by closed heading are realized. Closed heading is performed due to moving portion of blank in direction inverse relative to motion direction of punch and die. Then thickened portion is headed in fixed position of die.
EFFECT: possibility for making rod parts with thickened portion by means of simple technological tooling in high-speed automatic presses.
3 cl, 6 dwg, 2 ex