Method of study the production of fire from small arms and complex training places for its implementation

 

The invention relates to the military field, in particular to methods and means for training the firing of different types of firearms. The invention consists in that the arrow train the ability to suppress the expression of defensive reflex, which is expressed in the involuntary muscle contraction, counteracting the recoil of the weapon when fired. To do this set of exercises include training on release trigger an unloaded weapon, then the weapon is loaded into an arbitrary sequence of live and blank ammunition, and then live ammunition. Exercises are performed on different training sites with sports targets remote from the fire lines at an appropriate distance. The complex training places is disclosed device rifle zone. Implementation of the invention allows to increase the effectiveness of training production of fire from small arms, in particular to improve the accuracy of shooting. 2 S. and 1 C.p. f-crystals, 8 ill.

The invention relates to techniques of production shots from all types of firearms ( pistol, machine gun, shotgun, rifle) and can be applied to universal sniper training Dobris the military personnel of the reserve.

The invention can be applied at the initial stage combat training and improvement of skills in the technique of production aimed shot shooters various, including the highest level of training of staff of the army and other security agencies.

Based in the technique of preparation of the arrow is the phased development of skills to carry out a sighting, and then neat shots, because without the correct execution of sighting shots may not be ensured implementation best shot.

The arrow on the preparation stage of production aimed shot includes, first and foremost, the establishment and improvement of psycho-physiological processes associated with the execution of complex movements, executed at the time of the shot and includes mental, visual and motor components.

It is known that the production of aimed shot is a complex visual-motor process, requiring the arrow precise coordination and coherence.

The greatest difficulty, as a rule, causes the formation of a correct and sustainable coordination on a tip, the aiming and release trigger. This is because vestry nervous system, the work included a defensive reflex, expressed in involuntary movement of the hands and shoulder. Involuntary movement of the arrow, aimed at countering the impact, at the critical moment knock aiming and recoil makes it almost unnoticeable that made focusing lost.

There is a method of teaching shooting, including training on equipped training location of the shooter at the ready, aiming, aiming, and release trigger, which provides exercises on the implementation of aimed shot live ammunition, split training (see the book: Sport shooting, Ed. by A. J. Korch, M.: Physical culture and sport, 1987, page 113).

Before performing the exercises on the implementation of aimed shot live ammunition, split training, instructor unnoticed by arrow puts instead of combat training ammo and maintains control over the technique of sighting shots.

The disadvantage of this method is the inefficiency of the shooter to control for the expression of defensive reflex.

Closest to the proposed method according to the essence and the achieved result is selected as a prototype, the way of learning production shooting, driven shooting in the beginning of the uncharged weapon then with weapons loaded with live ammunition, split training, and development of shot best shot shooting with live ammunition (see article: How to teach shoot accurately, authors Derevyanko L., Mishukov A., in the journal "Military Gazette, 1988, 3, pages 66 and 67).

The training involves developing hand skills for the production of sighting shots on one training location army shooting range at the beginning of an unloaded weapon, then with weapons loaded with live ammunition, split training, and development of shot best shot shooting with live ammunition. Training of the shooter aimed at the formation and consolidation of the skills are pressing the trigger, not calling other movements, knocking the gun aiming.

For alternate firing live rounds, split training, during training the machine shop is loaded with four live and twenty-six training ammunition so that between each combat Chuck was at least three to five training in various combinations. The learner doing the shooting, does not know in advance whether there will be he's got a shot. Therefore, when performing the techniques of shooting and knowing that each time may be shot, and follow anitelea reflex.

The disadvantage of this method, selected as a prototype, are ineffective self-monitoring for expression of defensive reflex, knocking induced in goal weapons, the lack of ability to suppress the expression of defensive reflex and skill down the trigger without churning induced in goal weapons and, as a consequence, the production of inaccurate shot.

The disadvantage is due to the fact that the learning process does not involve varying mental, visual and motor components of the complex motion of the arrow, both before and during the shot.

Training is conducted from a Kalashnikov lying position or from a position with the knee, providing a solid weapon, but make subtle or even invisible to the arrow hitting induced in the goal arms.

Closest to the proposed complex training places for training in production shooting weapons in essence and achieved result is selected as a prototype, training location army shooting range, containing small area, made in the form of an open tyre fitted shootings, which made the shots, and sports targets, these parallel straight lines fire lines (see article: How to teach shoot accurately, authors Derevyanko L., Mishukov A., in the journal "Military Gazette, 1988, 3, pages 66 and 67).

Training shooting range military shooting range, selected as a prototype, intended to conduct a phased training shooters and contains sports target 4, located at a distance of 100 m from the line of fire lines.

Phased training is carried out on one training location, the distance of which, i.e. the distance between the line of fire lines and line targets, characterized by a constant value, sports target 4 of the same type, and the shots are monotonously from one weapon: machine gun (rifle).

Technical equipment of renowned educational space does not allow to vary the distance, types of targets, weapons, quickly change its specifications, and therefore, characteristics of the production process of sighting shots and thereby accomplishing training mental, visual and motor components of the complex motion taking into account the individual characteristics of shooters with different natural mental and motor reactions and manifestations of defensive reflex.

The necessity of varying technical harnal reflex slightly slowed down muscle contraction against impact and knocking a tip-off that occurs after the bullet leaves the barrel and go in goal. Shooters with such a reaction to the shot shooting relatively good. Of them say, "He arrows from nature". But, as a rule, most shooters reaction to the shot is sharp and the expression of defensive reflex several accelerated muscle groups opposing the recoil of the weapon, cut and blow the tip of the weapon before the bullet leaves the barrel. Indicators in shooting low. For this part of the shooters to provide training to mental, visual and motor components of complex movements, aiming at the implementation of sighting shots, you have to vary characteristics of educational places.

Individual characteristics of motor reactions and manifestations of defensive reflex to 50% of trainees do not allow in the designated curriculum and lesson plan time to get satisfactory levels of learning. Not mastered this part of the trainees previous material inhibits further improvement of sniper skills and enhancing the combat readiness of personnel.

Argirova the production of sighting shots, modes of training mental, visual and motor components of the complex motion taking into account the individual characteristics of shooters that one University place military shooting almost impossible.

This is because the known training place adapted for the production shots from the same weapon: machine gun (rifle) with a distance of 100 m in the supine position with the use of emphasis, providing immobility weapons. The admitted shooter in this study place the slightest error after pulling the trigger itself is not seen, because this weapon has a hard stop. Not seen shot of the error must be corrected immediately, otherwise with each subsequent shot they are fixed, which further prevents the formation of a well-aimed shot.

The impossibility of varying technical characteristics of known training sites: distances, weapons, types of targets does not allow to visualize the expression of defensive reflex, knocking induced in the target weapon, to develop self-control, the ability of the shooter to suppress the expression of defensive reflex, skill shutter trigger, not knocking induced in the target weapon.

A disadvantage of the known training strelizia, types of targets at all stages of training, formation of self-control for the expression of defensive reflex, knocking induced in goal weapons and marksmanship skills from various types of firearms.

The technical result of the proposed invention is to remedy these disadvantages, namely to increase the effectiveness of training on the implementation of a focused and well-aimed shots from handguns and long-barreled firearms by gradual development of self-control for the expression of defensive reflex, knocking induced in goal weapons, as well as improving the accuracy of the shots.

The technical result is achieved by the following solutions.

In the way of training the production of fire from small arms, including developing hand skills for the production of sighting shots on the training of military shooting range at the beginning of an unloaded weapon, then with weapons loaded with live ammunition, split training, and development of shot best shot shooting with live ammunition, according to the invention, the training lead on consecutive training places, at the production stage of sighting shots are trained skill what about the white boards, installed on first learning place along the line of targets at a distance of 10 m, and the ability to press your finger on the trigger when you release the trigger of an unloaded gun, not knocking induced in the target weapon, subsequent training under the supervision of an instructor develops a arrow skill in an effort to suppress defensive reflex, knocking the gun aiming, by performing the firing figured target 4 at a distance of 25 m and subsequent imaging manifestations of defensive reflex, expressed in involuntary muscle contraction arrow, counteracting the recoil of the weapon when fired, and knocking aiming undertaken shot while aiming and release the trigger of the gun, charged instructor training cartridge with the arrow confidence in the military shot, and consisting in the definition together with the instructor muscle groups opposing the sharp recoil of the weapon, then train the skill arrow to suppress the expression of defensive reflex by volitional counter muscle contraction for 3-5 trigger pulls gun, charged in an arbitrarily specified by the instructor sequences combat and training ammunition, then restore skill descent to the absence of the shot and fix skill suppress defensive reflex shooting live ammunition, followed by self-control of each shot and accuracy on the target to obtain indicators within the envelope circle of eight, for the next training location fix skill shutter trigger, not knocking induced in goal weapons, self shooting an arrow at a sports target 4 with black circle at a distance of 50 m from the control of each shot and the accuracy of the holes in the black circle on subsequent educational place determine the weapon from a machine check of the weapon Khaidarova, lead individually weapons to normal battle and train arrow production shots from the machine gun, rifle, carbine and machine gun shooting live ammunition in the provisions of the prone, kneeling, standing for the sport of target 4 with black circle at a distance of 100 m, on subsequent academic space master the skill arrow in the production of well-aimed shot for sport target 1 with a black circle at a distance of 300 m, on subsequent educational places consistently reinforce skills best shot for the sport of target 1, respectively at distances of 600 m and 1000 m

The complex training places for training in production shooting weapons containing small area, made in the form of an open tyre fitted shootings, from which you are shooting, and sporting targets, remotely remote from the fire lines, and the area for peremescheniyakh area separated by earthen embankments on the individual, attached closely to each student places a shooting position of each of which are located along a common straight line, the line of targets each of the following places are removed from the total line of fire lines at a distance greater than the distance of the target from the previous place, at least the first third of the training places are equipped with cabin safety, and fourth walls, the first educational place equipped with shields white established along the line of targets at a distance of 10 m from the firing line, the second training place is equipped with a green curly targets 4 circles at a distance of 25 meters from the firing line, the third and fourth academic space equipped sports targets 4 with black circles, respectively, at distances of 50 m and 100 m from the firing line, fifth, sixth and seventh training places equipped sports targets 1 with black circles, respectively, at distances of 300 m, 600 m and 1000 m from the firing line.

In addition, the complex training places for training in production shooting weapons, the fourth training place is equipped with a machine check of the weapon Khaidarova located beside the ledge and air moving device test target place part of complex movements in preparation for firing a gun standing with an outstretched hand and aiming with an open sight on the Central part of the white shield with the distance of 10 meters This step allows you to instill the skill of focus of view, first of all, on sighting devices weapons. Mounted along the line of prospective targets white boards (30-35) do not distract the attention of the learner aiming at a target while pressing the trigger of the weapon.

Mastering the ability to press your finger on the trigger, you need to lead when you release the trigger of an unloaded weapon, "empty", without shot with live or blank ammunition, to avoid sharp impact weapons. This allows you to instill the skill of the descent of the hammer, not knocking induced in the target weapon.

Elaboration of the arrow on the first training location for the proposed method, skills, while aiming to focus vision on sighting devices weapons downtown white shield, remote from the arrow on the distance of 10 m, and press your finger on the trigger of the trigger of an unloaded gun allows you to instill in him the skill down the trigger without taking a defensive reflex, expressed in involuntary movement, resulting in the most crucial moment in capturing induced in the goal arms.

The second phase of training associated with the development of the next part of a comprehensive movement for the aiming and release trigger sarais pistol ready position, in the standing position with the arm's length. The distance from the firing line (line of fire) to the line of targets on the second training location is 25 meters Shooting range equipped cabins security. As targets applied green curly target 4 with circles.

As shown by experimental tests, in anticipation of a sharp recoil from the shot the arrow through the Central nervous system into the work automatically turns on the defensive reflex, expressed in involuntary movement of the hands, shoulder. This resistance at the critical moment knocks aiming and recoil makes it almost unnoticeable that made focusing lost.

It is known that neural processes in the human body, are manageable. Those that cause the contraction of certain muscles, anti-impact, and entailing involuntary movement, knocking the tip of the weapon can be brought under conscious control and through targeted training to build and further improve them.

The degree of development of the trainees techniques shutter trigger is detected by the instructor and shooter on the second training place in the process of performing complex technical execution of firing live rounds from a pistol ready position, in the standing position with Vytenis release trigger identified by the instructor on the first training location can be eliminated trainees only on the first training place through continued development of these techniques. No errors allows the learner to move to the second training place.

On the second training location student arrows performs alignment and descent of the hammer of a pistol, charged instructor training cartridge with confidence arrow in combat shot.

Confidence arrow in combat shot allows the operator to visualize, initially with the help of the instructor, the expression of defensive reflex in the muscle group, the opposing sharp recoil of the weapon, making it easier to perform the next part of the complex movement volitional suppression to reduce them.

Part of a comprehensive movement volitional suppression of muscle contraction shooter combines with a throw of view of the location of the holes in the target.

The implementation of the targets 4 curly green with circles simplifies the combination of volitional suppression of muscle contraction with a throw of view of the location of the holes in the target.

The subsequent descent of the hammer of a pistol, charged with training cartridge, with confidence arrow in the absence of shot allows wassimi cartridges allows you to control the ability in the production of sighting shots on the degree of accuracy on the target within the envelope circle of eight.

The variance in accuracy on the green curly target 4 and the output for the size of the circle of eight, characteristic of a group of shooters with a more acute reaction to the shot, indicate a need to continue the exercise in the second study place.

Results accuracy on the green curly target 4, equal to 80-90% of the main mass of the holes in the circle 9 received by the group of shooters with more delayed motor reaction to the shot and the expression of defensive reflex, indicate the possibility of transfer of this group to the training of shooting a gun at a remote distance of 50 m, the third study place.

The formation of self-management skills with the ability to suppress the expression of defensive reflex during firing from a distance of 50 m, sports target 4 with black circles on the third training venue provides the opportunity to use this skill in the production of well-aimed shot from rifles, machine guns.

Self-control over the execution of complex movements is shot with the help of optical devices on the accuracy of the holes in the black circle.

Before you begin shooting at the learning place 4 the learner must ensure size accuracy of the weapon. the ERKA of the weapon is the machine that is Khaidarova and not shooting arrows-Priceline. If the weapon does not meet the requirements of small business, it has to be replaced. Check combat arms training place 4 on the machine that is Khaidarova will allow the arrow to lead the individual weapons to normal battle and start training production shots from the machine gun, rifle, carbine and machine gun from a far distance.

Execution shooting in the fourth study place live ammunition in the provisions of the prone, kneeling, standing for the sport of target 4 with black circle at a distance of 100 m will allow the arrow to apply previously mastered skill production aimed shot from a far distance shooting machine gun, rifle, carbine. Production of sighting shots learner conducts live ammunition, split training. Shooting on this educational site is only single shots, completed training control shooting for the credit. The offset can be considered adopted if the learner in the assault rifle, carbine has achieved the following results: lying - not less than 90 points, with knee - not less than 80 points, standing at least 70 points. Shooting a sniper rifle: lying - not less than 95 points, with knee - not less than 85 points, standing not less than 75 PTS the target 1 with a black circle at a distance of 300 m from the machines, carbines, rifles will allow the arrow to produce a sense of distance to the target, a good eye, the ability of production aimed shot during combat fire from an existing standard weapons. Shooting training place 5 is a control stage of the development of intelligent production sighting shots and transition to production best shot. This training phase is carried out under the guidance and supervision of an instructor.

Execution shooting training place on sports 6 target 1 with a black circle will allow to consolidate the skills best shot rifle, carbine, rifle, machine gun at a remote distance equal to 600 meters

Execution shooting training 7 sport target 1 with a black circle will allow you to experience the best shot of 7.62 mm sniper rifles S. I. Mosin sample 1891/30 at a very remote distance equal to 1000 meters in Addition, training at this stage is to teach personnel the ability to do the debugging and landing 7.62 mm rifles S. I. Mosin.

Training production shooting weapons complex training seven places ensures the efficiency of training the implementation of a focused and well-aimed shots from a short is good, attached closely to each student places a shooting position of each of which are located along a common straight line, and the line of targets each of the following places are removed from the total line of fire lines at a distance greater than the distance of the target from the previous place, it is possible to vary the conditions of production of sighting shots, depending on the form of skills and abilities through rapid changes of technical equipment training places shooting: distances, weapons, types of targets. Variation of the conditions of production aimed shot allows you to quickly identify, correct and correct errors that prevent the acquisition of skills marksmanship from various types of firearms.

Equip first-third training places cabins, security, and fourth partitions allows to prevent accidents.

The equipment of the first academic space shields white established along the line of targets at a distance of 10 m from the firing line, and the second training designated green curly targets 4 circles at a distance of 25 meters from the firing line allows you to vary the terms of aiming with open sight and then the meanwhile.

Installation along the line of targets shields white at the distance of 10 m from the trainees allows you to instill the skill of focusing the view on sighting devices weapons.

Execution targets curly green with circles visually simplifies the arrow finding holes in the target.

The equipment of the third and fourth training places sporting targets 4 with black circles, respectively, at distances of 50 m and 100 m from the firing line allows the shooter to train the eye and components of complex movements in the transition from a pistol to a machine gun, rifle, carbine and machine gun.

The fourth training equipment designated machine check of the weapon Khaidarova located beside the ledge and air moving device testing targets along the shaft from the target to the firing line, will allow the arrow to lead the individual weapons to normal battle and start training production shots from the machine gun, rifle, carbine and machine gun.

The equipment of the fifth, sixth and seventh training places sporting targets 1 with black circles, respectively, at distances of 300 m, 600 m and 1000 m from the firing line allows you to consistently train components complexmodel increasing distance from 300 m to 1000 m

The proposed technical solutions have novelty and inventive step, since the search for sources of patent and scientific and technical documentation the applicant has not identified technical solutions, similar to the proposed invention.

The inventive method of learning the shooting of firearms and complex training places for its implementation can be applied at the initial stage combat training and improvement of skills in the technique of production aimed shot shooters various, including the highest level of training of staff of the army and other security agencies. Therefore, the proposed technical solutions meet the criterion of "industrial applicability".

The essence of the claimed technical solution is illustrated by drawings.

In Fig. 1 shows a plan of the complex training places, which implements the proposed method of study the production of fire from small arms. In Fig. 2 depicts the first educational place, equipped with shields white established along the line of targets at a distance of 10 m from the firing line. In Fig. 3 shows the second training a green figure 4 targets with the mi-4 targets with black circles at a distance of 50 m from the firing line. In Fig.5 shows a fourth training a sports target 4 with black circles, respectively, at a distance of 100 m from the firing line. In Fig.6 depicts a fifth training a sports target 1 with black circles at a distance of 300 m from the firing line. In Fig.7 depicts a sixth teaching space equipped sports targets 1 with black circles at a distance of 600 m from the firing line. In Fig.8 shows a seventh training a sports target 1 at a distance of 1000 m from the firing line.

To implement the method of training the production of shooting weapons in the complex training places provided by separate, closely adjacent to each other first, seventh training places (Fig.1), firing line 8 of each of which are located along a common straight line, and the line of targets 9 each of the following places are removed from the total line of fire lines 8 at a distance greater than the distance of the target from the previous place. Training places are separated from each other by ramparts 11. To move from one school location to another provided a walking path 10. The first 1-3 third training places are equipped with cabs security 12 (Fig.3). First uchebnogo of turn 8. The second training location 2 is equipped with a green figure 13 targets at a distance of 25 meters from the firing line 8. The third 3 and fourth 4 teaching space equipped sports targets 14 ( 4) with black circles, respectively, at distances of 50 m and 100 m from the firing line 8. Fourth place 4 provided with partition walls 15 (Fig.5) security and machine 16 validation of the weapon Khaidarova located beside the ledge 11 and equipped with a device 17 moving test target 18 along the shaft 11 from the target to the firing line 8. Fifth 5 sixth 6, 7 seventh training places equipped sports targets 19 ( 1) with black circles, respectively, at distances of 300 m, 600 m and 1000 m from the firing line 8.

Training in the shooting of firearms is conducted in the following sequence: - first learning place teach the production of sighting shots, training skill arrow while aiming to focus vision on sighting devices weapons with open sight and the ability to press your finger on the trigger when you release the trigger of an unloaded gun; on the second study place teach the production of sighting shots, training shooter has the ability to arbitrarily suppress defensive is manifestation of defensive reflex by volitional counter muscle contraction restore skill shutter trigger, not knocking induced in goal weapons, to control independently each shot; on the third training location fix skill shutter trigger, not knocking induced in the goal arms, independent arrow shooting live ammunition to control each shot; - in the fourth study place determine the weapon from the machine check and fix previously mastered skill production sighting shots in shooting at long distance from the machine, rifle, assault rifle with live ammunition at a distance of 100 m; the fifth study place master the skill arrow in the production of well-aimed shot at a distance of 300 m; - educational sixth place consolidate the skills best shot rifle, carbine and rifle at a distance of 600 m; - on the seventh study place consolidate the skills well-aimed shot from a sniper rifle at a distance of 1000 meters

The following is a more detailed description of the implementation method of teaching shooting from small arms on the set of training places for its implementation.

On the first training 1 training is "idle" (no shot with live or blank ammunition) area aiming the center of the white shield 13. Training proizvode on sighting devices weapons with an open sight on the white boards 13, set along the line of 8 targets at a distance of 10 m, and the ability to press your finger on the trigger when you release the trigger of an unloaded gun, not knocking induced in the target weapon. Trainees perform all training activities under the supervision of an instructor.

On the second training location 2, equipped cabins security 12, continue to study the production of sighting shots, training shooter has the ability to arbitrarily suppress defensive reflex, knocking the gun aiming, by performing shooting curly green target 14 ( 4) at a distance of 25 meters under the supervision of an instructor. The second training place 2 designed for 30-35 students.

The instructor gives the learner to adopt the ready position, in the standing position for firing a pistol at arm's length and make a few clicks "idle" curly target 14 ( 4), to ensure that the learner has well mastered on the first training 1 running down the trigger, not knocking induced in the target weapon. If the instructor determines that a student is not good enough to have mastered the technique of descent of the trigger, it sends the student back to the first training place 1. If the instructor determines that the student have mastered the technique of descent of the hammer, he prelego reflex, knocking the gun aiming. The instructor announces the learner about the beginning of the training with live ammunition. During this training, the barrel of the gun should always be pointed toward the target 13. Store ammunition are not to be recharged and is located in the handle. Loading the pistol is carried out each time on one cartridge. Instructor, pull the slide of the pistol back until it stops, charges gun training cartridge, passes the gun learner and declares to him that the weapon is charged. Awareness of the trainees of the fact that the weapon is charged and that now for the descent of the hammer will follow the shot, and hence the sharp recoil of the weapon causes the arrow subconsciously, the work included a defensive reflex, resulting in the most crucial moment of the shutter release trigger certain muscle groups, counteracting the recoil, shrink, knocking induced in the target weapon.

If in fact the weapon was loaded combat cartridge and descent of the hammer would follow shot, the impact would completely invisible arrow for the fact that in the last moment the tip of weapons captured. To fix the error, you don't notice, it is very difficult, sometimes almost impossible. So the weapons loaded combat cartridge, in anticipation of a shot he has certain muscle groups are reduced, making the motion, knocking the tip. But since the shot is not done, the instructor and the learner notice produced by the churning. Student and instructor determine which muscle groups are guilty of suppressing interference. A more detailed definition schema produced churning is "know-how" way of learning. After that, the instructor allows the learner to make several clicks "idle", i.e. to restore the skills developed in the first study place 1.

After recovery teachable skill shutter trigger, not knocking pickup, proceed to the training skills arrow to suppress the expression of defensive reflex by volitional counter muscle contraction. Instructor charges gun trainee educational jig and announces to him that now the gun is charged combat cartridge. The learner performs the descent of the hammer, not knocking the tip. This technique instructor repeats, then charges the weapon combat cartridge, preventing the learner, as before, that the weapons loaded combat cartridge. Next, the learner produces a shot combat cartridge. The hole in the target must be in sight of the learner and the instructor. P to restore the skill, developed training place 1. All charges on one cartridge or combat or training by the instructor's discretion. At this stage, the criterion of skill acquisition to suppress the expression of defensive reflex are indicators of the accuracy of fire. The duration of exercise at this stage depends on the type of the reaction arrow, is also "know-how" of the proposed method of study and lasts as long as the performance accuracy of shooting the arrow on the figure of the target 13 ( 4) will not go beyond the size of the circle of eight.

Further training is ongoing and includes firing live ammunition, followed by self-control of each shot and accuracy on the target 13 to obtain results in which 90% of the holes will be concentrated in circles 8 and 9.

In the third study place 3 with security cabins 12, reinforce skill shutter trigger, not knocking induced in goal weapons, self shooting an arrow at sporting targets 14 ( 4) with a black circle at a distance of 50 m At this stage completes training in pistol shooting. Trainees are firing independently under the supervision of an instructor. Begins the workout with a warm-up "idle". Gun C is de gun. After each shot should 10-15 clicks "idle", i.e. all methods for the production of sighting shots without charging weapons with live ammunition. Every shot is controlled by the presence of holes in a black circle. Completed training in the third study place control firing ten shots for the credit.

Before you begin shooting at the learning place 4 the learner must demonstrate the size accuracy of the weapon on which it is to shoot. For this learning place 4 has a machine check of the weapon Khaidarova. Validation of the weapon on the machine Khaidarova carried out by a specially trained instructor. If the weapon is recognized not satisfactory in accordance with the requirements of the guidance on small business, then it has to be replaced. If the weapon in accordance with the requirements of the guidance on small business found to be satisfactory, the next phase of the study, carried out in the fourth study place, is bringing weapons to a normal battle. Each student under the guidance of the instructor brings his weapon to normal battle, masters addition to the provisions of the prone, kneeling and standing. With these provisions of the master JW 100 m, while shooting live ammunition, split training.

Shooting in the fourth study place is only single shots. Completed training control shooting for the credit, which takes the fourth instructor training. The offset can be considered adopted if the learner in the assault rifle, carbine has achieved the following results: lying - not less than 90 points, with knee - not less than 80 points, standing at least 70 points. Shooting a sniper rifle: lying - not less than 95 points, with knee - not less than 85 points, standing not less than 75 points.

On the fifth study place master the skill arrow in the production of well-aimed shots at sporting targets 19 ( 1) black circles, remote from an arrow to a distance of 300 m from the machine guns, carbines, rifles ready position in the provisions of the prone, kneeling, standing under the guidance and supervision of an instructor. Shooting training place 5 is a control end development of intelligent production sighting shots and transition to production best shot with the application of the rules of shooting, ensuring the production of accurate shot. Training 6 consolidate the skills well-aimed shot from a sniper rifle sport the target 19 ( 1) at a distance of about is the introduction of fire at extremely remote distance of 1000 m for the sport of target 19 ( 1) black range sniper rifle with an optical sight under the guidance and supervision of an instructor seventh training places.

The following describes a specific example of the method of training the production of shooting weapons with the help of training places for its implementation.

The complex contained a small area, made in the form of an open shooting gallery. Shooting was done consistently on the training sites, ranging from first to seventh, sporting targets remote from the fire lines, respectively, at the distance of 10 m, 25 m, 50 m, 100 m, 300 m, 600 m, 1000 m the First educational place contained 30-36 shields white and was calculated respectively 30-36 trainees shooters. Training is the first training was aimed at mastering addressed for firing a gun in a standing position with the arm's length, aiming with open sight and pressing your finger on the trigger. Training was carried out in "idle mode" (without the shot with live or blank ammunition).

The second study site contained 30-35 green curly targets and was designed for 30-35 simultaneously trainees shooters. Line of fire was equipped with cabin safety. Shooting live ammunition was carried out with a pistol ready position, in the standing position with the arm's length at a distance of 25 m Training second training was aimed at swistel: acute or delayed. As a rule, the group of shooters with acute reactions to the shot I had to learn volitional counter muscle contraction, knocking the gun aiming, much longer than the arrows with delayed reaction to the shot. Most of this group of shooters came back to repeat the exercise on the first training place and again passed on the second training place for mastering them volitional control and volitional suppression of defensive reflex, knocking the gun aiming.

The third study site contained 25-30 sports 4 targets with a black circle and was designed for 25-30 trainees simultaneously shooters. Line of fire was equipped with cabin safety. Shooting live ammunition was carried out with a pistol ready position, in the standing position with the arm's length at a distance of 50 m Training on the third training was focused on completing the development of shooting a gun at a remote distance. Unable to pass a test in the control shooting, returned to the second training place for re-mastering them volitional control and volitional suppression of defensive reflex, knocking the gun aiming.

The fourth study site contained 25-30 sports 4 targets with black circles and was the yli are moving device test target and a machine check of the weapon Khaidarova. Line of fire was equipped with baffles security. Each of the trainees under the supervision of the instructor and under his control led his weapon to normal battle, had to visually verify the accuracy of the weapon from which a shot. Then mastered lock and load lying down, kneeling, and standing. Shooting live ammunition was carried rifles, carbines, rifles at a distance of 100 m under the supervision and guidance of an instructor.

The fifth study site contained 35-40 sports targets 1 with black circles and was designed for 35-40 simultaneously trainees shooters. Shots were fired at targets of assault rifles, carbines, rifles ready position in the provisions of the prone, kneeling, standing at a distance of 300 m under the guidance and supervision of an instructor. This training was completed development aimed shot and applied the rules of shooting, ensuring the production of accurate shot.

The sixth educational place contained 25-30 sports targets 1 with black circles and was designed for 25-30 trainees simultaneously shooters. Shots were fired at targets of assault rifles, carbines, rifles ready position in the provisions of the prone, kneeling, standing at a remote distance of 600 m from the application of the rules of shooting, ensure the contained 20 sports targets 1 with black circles and was designed for 20 trainees simultaneously shooters. Shots were fired at targets with a sniper rifle with a telescopic sight at a distance of 1000 m from the firing line with the rules of shooting, ensuring the production of accurate shot at a very remote distance under the guidance and supervision of an instructor seventh training places.

The applicant had conducted experimental studies on the proposed method of training and complex training places for its implementation on the basis of the district Center of the far Eastern military district. Classes were involved platoon of 30 people. During testing it was found that the proposed method provides in comparison with prototype: - the phased development of self-control for the expression of defensive reflex, knocking induced in target weapons, and increase the effectiveness of training on the implementation of a focused and well-aimed shots from handguns and long-barreled firearms; - improvement of the accuracy of the shots.

Information about the size of the targets 1 and 4 is given in the book edited by Corha A. J. Sport shooting, M.: Physical culture and sport, 1987


Claims

1. Method of study the production of fire from small arms, including vyrabotki the military weapons, then with weapons loaded with live ammunition, split training, and development of shot best shot shooting with live ammunition, characterized in that in the production phase of sighting shots are trained skill arrow while aiming to focus vision on sighting devices weapons with an open sight on the white boards installed along the line of targets at a distance of 10 m, and the ability to press your finger on the trigger when you release the trigger of an unloaded gun, not knocking induced in the target weapon, subsequent training under the supervision of an instructor develops a arrow skill in an effort to suppress defensive reflex, knocking the gun aiming, by performing firing figured target 4 at a distance of 25 m, and subsequent imaging manifestations of defensive reflex, expressed in involuntary muscle contraction arrow, counteracting the recoil of the weapon when fired, and knocking aiming undertaken shot while aiming and release the trigger of the gun, charged instructor training cartridge with the arrow confidence in the military shot, and consisting in the definition together with the instructor muscle group, the opposing cutting the counter muscle contraction for 3-5 slopes of the pistol's trigger, charged in arbitrarily specified by the instructor sequences combat and training ammunition, then restore skill shutter trigger, not knocking induced in the target weapon, pistol, charged with training cartridge, with confidence arrow in the absence of a shot, and fix skill suppress defensive reflex shooting live ammunition, followed by self-control of each shot and accuracy on the target to obtain indicators within the envelope circle of eight, for the next training location fix skill shutter trigger, not knocking induced in goal weapons, self shooting an arrow at a sports target 4 with black circle at a distance of 50 m, with control of each shot and the accuracy of the holes in the black circle on subsequent educational place determine the weapon from a machine check of the weapon, lead individual weapons to normal battle and train arrow production shots from the machine gun, rifle, carbine and machine gun shooting live rounds in the prone position, kneeling, standing for the sport of target 4 with black circles, remote from an arrow to a distance of 100 m, on subsequent academic space master the skill arrow in the production of well-aimed shot at Sportivnaya well-aimed shot from a sniper rifle sport the target 1, respectively at a distance of 600 m and 1000 m

2. Complex training places for training in production shooting weapons containing small area, made in the form of an open tyre fitted shootings, from which you are shooting, and sporting targets remote from the fire lines at an appropriate distance, and the area for the movement of personnel and cleaning weapons, located parallel to the direct line of fire lines, characterized in that small area separated by earthen embankments on a separate, closely adjacent to each other, the school places a shooting position of each of which are located along a common straight line, line targets each of the following places are removed from the total line of fire lines at a distance greater than the distance of the target from the previous place, at least the first third of the training places are equipped with cabin safety, and fourth walls, the first educational place equipped with shields white established along the line of targets at a distance of 10 m from the firing line, the second training place is equipped with a green curly targets 4 circles at a distance of 25 meters from the firing line, the third and fourth academic space equipped sports targets 4 cernilogar sports targets 1 with black circles, respectively, at distances of 300 m, 600 m and 1000 m from the firing line.

3. Complex p. 2, characterized in that the fourth training place is equipped with a machine check of the weapon near the ledge and air moving device testing targets along the shaft from the target to the firing line.

 

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