Method for improving characteristics of inkjet printing and composition for its implementation
The technical solution relates to compositions for surface treatment of substrates, such as paper and polymeric plastic material used for inkjet printing. This composition consists essentially salt of the divalent metal, and this salt is soluble or solubilization in the aquatic environment sizing agent at a pH of from about 7 to about 9. When this water sizing agent include starch and sizing substance, and salt selected from calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, calcium bromide, magnesium bromide, calcium nitrate, magnesium nitrate, calcium acetate or magnesium acetate. The use of such compositions for surface treatment of a substrate for inkjet printing allows you to improve the quality of inkjet printing. 5 C. and 12 C.p. f-crystals, 7 PL. Background of invention the Present invention relates to compositions for surface treatment of substrates, such as paper and polymeric plastic material used for inkjet printing, as well as to methods for manufacturing substrates for printing, to the processed substrate to be printed, to methods for improving inkjet printing and the substrates are sealed inkjet printing.ahadith application for a variety of purposes, such as reprographic copying, laser printing, inkjet printing, etc. For each application was developed specialized paper, but in practice requires multipurpose paper, which is suitable for use with all of these goals. From all the above applications the most stringent requirements will likely apply to inkjet printing because the printing is carried out with wet paint, which should ensure high print quality and fast drying, i.e., to have properties that are difficult to achieve simultaneously.A significant amount of paper intended for inkjet printing, is covered with a special coating of various types, usually with a layer of water-soluble polymer and silica and other insoluble fillers, so that the paper becomes very expensive, if first of all to take into account the need and the tendency is to use paper for other General office purposes, such as copying and laser printing. Typical price of each sheet of such paper is about $ 0.10. For comparison, the uncoated papers such as copy paper is usually sold at a price less than us $ 0.01 per sheet.Jet the STS inkjet printing. Most inks for inkjet printing, i.e., and the black ink and the color inks are dye-based colorants. The application containing the pigment black ink in a desktop device for inkjet printing is a relatively new and dates back to the creation of the Hewlett-Packard inkjet printer DeskJet660C in 1994 Table device for inkjet printing with application containing pigments of colors other than black, such as color paints pigment-based, commercially available as yet was not, but it is expected that it will find wide industrial distribution in the near future.Paper is made with a machined surface or its surface is treated with sizing agents mainly in order to prevent excessive wetting, capillary absorption or flow of water or paint. In the paper industry is well known directionspanel and reactive sizing agent of many different types. Paper, usually made by a process in acidic conditions and so-called acidic paper, usually glue using well izvesanas rosin sizing agents"), which directionspanel sizing agents. Using dispersed rosin sizing agents can glue the paper some varieties, manufactured by conducting the process in a neutral or alkaline conditions. The most common sizing agents for high-grade paper, izgotovlivaemoj during the process in alkaline conditions and so-called alkaline paper are alchemistry anhydride (AA) and alkylbetaine aneurysm (AAA). A sizing agent of another class, which can be used for sizing high-grade paper, include ketonovye dimers and multinary at room temperature is in a liquid state, such as alkenylamine dimers and multimer. They represent a reactive sizing agent, because they contain reactive functional groups that paper covalently linked cellulose fibers, and hydrophobic tails that are oriented in the direction opposite to the fiber direction. The nature and orientation of these hydrophobic tails gives the fiber the ability to repel water.A consequence of the growing popularity of inkjet printers of Yagi, designed for this application.Manufacturers of inkjet printers are considered as essential for high quality inkjet printing, the following characteristics of inkjet printers, which are related to print quality and many of which depend on the type and processing of paper or other substrate, on which is applied the paint.OPTICAL DENSITY: the intensity of the color, which is judged by the change in reflectivity [OP=log10(AndX/AboutwhereXandAboutdenote respectively the characteristic intensity and the intensity of the reflected light] that require a high optical density.Bleeding through: the color intensity of the image, which is observed from the reverse side of the sheet and which can serve as a measure of optical density.Bleeding through SPOTS: from the back of the print, there is often a manifestation of spots, as the paint passes through punctures or defective sites of formation of a sheet of paper.INCREMENT the BLACK LINE (FLOW) (BLEED): finite dimensional characteristics of the print compared to the initial size, which can be considered as snotlout with sequential application of paints or coating on each other.The UNEVEN CONTOUR (SOMETIMES CALLED RAGGED EDGE of the IMAGE): roughness in comparison with the sharpness of the edges due to uneven spreading of the paint from the sealed area. This can occur both in monochromatic printing, and when printing is performed with sequential application of paints or coating on each other.CAPILLARY ABSORPTION: is manifested in the form of long spikes of paint that extend beyond the sealed areas, when the paint is moving along a single fiber on the surface of the paper.SPOTTING: the unevenness of the optical density of the mark on entirely sealed parcel.BRONZE: the emergence of bronze glitter (reddish) on black sealed areas.COLOR INDEX: the hue or tone of the applied colors or combinations of colors. In addition, in the case of combined black imprint (obtained using cyan, Magenta, and yellow inks) there is often a greenish shade.DRYING time: the time required for such drying of the paint in which it is not smeared or does not go on other surfaces.FREE RESET line low print density, which is about size.INSUFFICIENT SPREADING of DOTS: defect, similar to the free reset, but manifested in the form of white areas visible around dots of paint on entirely sealed area due to insufficient flow. This phenomenon leads to a lower optical density.DUSTING: very small dots that are visible around the edges sealed areas and the presence of which is explained by the very small droplets (mist) paint, spray outside of the main droplet of the ink forming the printed image.Known coating on the paper that is used as paper for photocopies, using materials that increase its conductivity, for example by treating the paper so that the paper included a hygroscopic inorganic salt, distributed throughout its structure, as described in patent US 3116147 in the name of Uber and others, coatings with a combination of inorganic salt-polymer, as described in patent US 3615403 in the name of Cheng, surface treatment binder material, similar to starch, and sulfate salt, as described in patent US 3884685 in the name of Green, Jr. and others, or surface treatment microencapsulating salts, as izlozheniie. The lack of calcium carbonate is that it is a relatively insoluble powdered solid substance that requires dispersion in aqueous systems. The presence of fillers, such as calcium carbonate, can lead to increased wear of parts in the paper manufacturing process and the target application.In a paper in high concentration on the content of the sizing agent added calcium chloride, which serves as the material of the first of the two coatings, the second of which includes calcium carbonate, silicate and potassium carboxymethylcellulose, with the aim of controlling the combustion characteristics, in particular in cigarettes, as described in patent US 5170807 name Kasbo and others, but this paper is unsuitable for inkjet printing, and such a high concentration of calcium chloride is unacceptable for the manufacture of paper used for printing.As usual additives for papermaking machines use aluminum sulfate (alum), which is injected into the wet part of the paper machine. In the process of making paper in the dispersion of rosin sizing agents used as adhesives for gluing in the mass add kVA is the dry matter. To make aluminum components cationic activity of alum dissolved at low pH values, as in a typical pH value in the sizing press, equal to 8, alum cationic components do not form.The paper used in the manufacture of cardboard packaging for milk, add calcium chloride. This paper has a density (per 1 m2), which is about 3-5 times higher than that of plain paper, and covered with wax.A sizing composition, in particular for paper sizing used in products with improved ability to store liquid and containing alkali metals or aluminum, include metal salts selected from salts of zirconium, hafnium, titanium and mixtures thereof, as described in patent US 5472485 name Pandian and otherSizing dispersion containing such quantities of water-soluble inorganic salts of alkali metals or aluminum, which give stability during storage, as described in the application WO 96/35841 on the name of the company Eka Chemicals AB, and they can be used as adhesives for gluing in the mass or surface sizing of paper, cardboard and construction paper.Paper handle deliquescent salt in relatively high concentrations, Sostenuto with a polymer coating, there is no wave-like deformation near the edges, when this paper coated with synthetic polymer films on both sides, as described in patent US 4110155 name Minagawa, etc.Paper suitable for inkjet printing inks based dyes described in patent US 5522968 name Kuroyama and others, in patent US 5620793 in the name of Suzuki and others, and in patents US 5266383 and US 5182175 in the name of Sakaki and otherIn published patent application JP 59-096988 described the use of various metal salts in compositions used in the processing of paper products for inkjet printing. However, such compositions include the relatively high concentration of insoluble inorganic fillers, which are usually used in the manufacture of paper products with coatings.Method of inkjet printing using the ink pigment-based and device for its implementation is described in the patent US 5640187 in the name of Kashiwazaki and the other Of the at Kashiwazaki and other descriptions it is obvious that there is a need to achieve the characteristics of high quality inkjet printing without the use of paper with special coating.The contents of all patents, published applications and other publications, which are referred to, included in nastawienia is the composition, which can be used for surface treatment of a substrate for inkjet printing, and this composition includes a salt of divalent metal capable of dissolving in an aqueous medium sizing agent at a pH of from about 7 to about 9, and this aqueous medium sizing agent also includes a carrier material and a sizing agent.Another object of the present invention relates to compositions that can be used for surface treatment of a substrate for inkjet printing using the ink pigment-based, and this composition contains a carrier material, a sizing agent and a salt selected from the group comprising calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, calcium bromide, magnesium bromide, calcium nitrate, magnesium nitrate, calcium acetate and magnesium acetate.Another object of the present invention relates to a method of manufacturing a substrate for inkjet printing, the ability to store the marks formed by inkjet printing using the ink pigment-based, which includes: (a) a surface treatment of the substrate a composition comprising a salt of the divalent metal, and this salt is soluble in water sizing agent at a pH of from polimerbitumnoj substrate.Another object of the present invention relates to a method for improving print quality of characters formed by inkjet printing using the ink pigment-based, on substrate surface that includes a surface treatment of the substrate with the composition with a salt of divalent metal or with the use of the method according to the present invention, drying the treated substrate and a printing ink pigment-based on dried processed substrate by the method of inkjet printing with the formation of characters.In addition, the object of the invention is the printing on the substrate, fabricated using the composition of the salt of divalent metal or with the use of the method according to the present invention, and is sealed to the substrate can bear the marks formed by the ink pigment-based on this dried processed substrate so that the characters have at least one improved characteristic of inkjet printing in comparison with the sealed substrate processed using the same composition, or using a method similar to the method of the present invention, but without the help of salt.Detailed described the first substrate with the processed surface can be increased, if the surface of the substrate to process the aqueous medium, a sizing agent containing a salt of divalent metal on which it is soluble at pH from about 7 to about 9. Salt of the divalent metal mixed with the aqueous medium, a sizing agent, which contains a sizing agent and, preferably, the carrier material, to obtain compositions that are proposed in accordance with the present invention.Salts of divalent metals used according to the invention, in the process of inkjet printing on paper treated in this way, unexpectedly can improve this process at least one, and preferably several quality characteristics of inkjet printing, in particular to increase the optical density, to reduce the bleed-through of ink from the reverse side of the paper and improve the print quality with reduced unevenness of the loop and increment a black line. These advantages are manifested in the application of paints, pigment-based, used for inkjet printing. The advantages of the present invention can be demonstrated on samples of printing using an inkjet printer DeskJet660C Hewlett-Paradise demonstrate any printer DeskJet560C Hewlett-Packard or Epson printer Stylus 720, when both devices use black paint pigment-based and dye-based. Such improvements were not observed in the case of colored paints based dyes, unlike the case with black paint pigment-based, which was used in printer NRS. Used in the present description the term "paint pigment-based" refers to the paint, which is contained in black or color component insoluble in the formulation of printing ink, and the term "dye dye" means a dye contained in which a black or colored component in the formulation of printing ink is soluble.Paint, in respect of which application the present invention is particularly effective is a paint which includes a pigment with an anionic charge and which does not contain dye-based nitrogen or subsidiary means for the dissolution of such a dye, i.e., nitrogen compounds, which during or as a result of printing on a substrate the ammonia or ammonium ion, from which the substrate should contain material for absorption of ammonia or ammonium ion.Found in the literature soobshcat pigment-based [see American Ink Maker, 75(6): 60 (June 1997)]. Constantly growing in this industry interest in inks for inkjet pigment-based covers and colored paints, although a colored dye pigment-based desktop device inkjet printing commercial applications have not yet found. In the printing industry it is recognized that the ink pigment-based have improved performance and give superior performance properties of printed materials exposed to the external environment, such as print ads and Bulletin boards for posters and advertisements and other signs, bus stops, outdoor benches and other places outdoors. The present invention is extremely effective as its implementation can significantly improve the performance of inkjet printing on paper without coating and, thus, eliminate the need for expensive special paper products for quality inkjet printing.At the present time to improve the performance of inkjet printing on paper it is necessary that the paper was covered with a layer of water-soluble polymer and oxide cream is Lara. For comparison, the uncoated papers such as copy paper is usually sold at a price less than us $ 0.01 per sheet. This paper uncoated usually glue in bulk or processed in the size press of the paper machine using typical sizing agent together with conventional additives, including emulsifiers, retaining additives, optical brighteners and other additives.In the present invention proposes a composition comprising in addition to water soluble salt of the divalent metal, proposed according to the invention, a sizing agent and, preferably, the carrier material, and these components do not cause precipitation or coagulation, and method for surface treatment of paper or other substrate an aqueous medium sizing agent containing a water-soluble salt of the divalent metal. Scope of the invention includes also suitable for inkjet printing and sealed with paper and other substrates, as well as an improved method of inkjet printing. In addition, the invention is applicable to improve inkjet printing on transparencies and recellular sheet substrates.The metal salt used according to the invention is a salt dvelv at pH from about 7 to about 9. This water sizing agent may be in the form of an aqueous solution, emulsion, dispersion, latex or colloidal compositions and used in the present description, the term "emulsion" is used, as is conventional in the art, to denote dispersion type liquid liquid", or type "solid liquid", which equally can be said in relation to latex or colloidal composition. The preferred metal salt of the present invention is a salt of a mineral or organic acid with a divalent metal ion as a cation. This salt must be soluble at a pH of from about 7 to about 9, i.e. in the range of pH values of the water environment sizing agent that is usually used in the sizing press. In a preferred embodiment, the relative weight of the divalent metal ion as a cation in this metal salt maximize relative anion in a salt selected that allows to achieve high efficiency in terms of the total weight of salt used. Thus, for this reason, the calcium chloride is preferred, for example, of calcium bromide.Water-soluble salt of the metal m is magnesium. Salts of divalent metals, which are effective in carrying out the present invention are not limited to calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, magnesium bromide, calcium bromide, barium chloride, calcium nitrate, magnesium nitrate, barium nitrate, calcium acetate, magnesium acetate and barium acetate. Calcium chloride and magnesium chloride are preferred because they provide the greatest opportunity to improve performance inkjet printing and practically effective, taking into account the prices on them.When implementing the present invention salts of monovalent metals such as sodium chloride and potassium chloride, are not so effective in improving the quality of printing using ink pigment-based inkjet, as salts of divalent metals. The reason for this is not entirely clear, but I believe that this may be due to inefficient charge density.Salt of the divalent metal can be mixed with conventional sizing agents for paper manufacturing, which include directionspanel a sizing agent and a reactive sizing agent, as well as combinations or mixtures of sizing agents.In the art there are many of them) directionspanel polymer emulsion for surface sizing BASOPLAT335D BASF Corporation (mount Olive, PCs, new Jersey, an emulsion of a copolymer of vinyl acetate and butyl acrylate FLEXBOND325 firm Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (Trexlertown, pieces Pennsylvania,) and directionspanel sizing agent PENTAPRINT(described, for example, in the application WO 97/45590, which was published on 4 December 1997 and which complies with the patent application US 08/861925, filed may 22, 1997, the company Hercules Incorporated, Wilmington, pieces of Delaware, on behalf of several authors).For paper manufacturing process carried out in the technological conditions of alkaline pH values, preferred sizing agent based on alkylating dimers (AKD) or alkenylboronic dimers or multimers and a sizing agent based on alkenylamine anhydride (AA). You can also use combinations of these and other adhesives for paper sizing.Ketonovye dimers as adhesives for paper sizing is well known. AAA containing one-lactonase ring, as a rule, is produced by dimerization of alkylbetaine obtained from the two anhydrides of fatty acids. Industrial Lot, for example, a sizing agent Herconand Aquapel(both company Hercules Incorporated).Also commercially available alkenylamine dimer sizing agent, such as a sizing agent Precis(company Hercules Incorporated).A non-limiting example of a publication that describes a sizing AAA-substances with paraffin mixtures and water-soluble cationic resins is patent US 4017431.As adhesives for paper sizing can also be used ketonovye multimer containing more than one-lactoovo rings.A sizing agent obtained from a mixture of mono - and dicarboxylic acids, described as adhesives for paper sizing in tiled applications JP 168991/89 and 168992/89.In EP 0629741 A1 as adhesives for paper sizing used in high-speed converting and copying-duplicating machines described alkylbetaine dimeric and multimeric mixture. Alkylbetaine multimer obtained by reaction of a molar excess of monocarboxylic acids, as a rule, fatty acid, dicarboxylic acid. the f and other described paper or high-speed copying-duplicating processes, which taped in weight alkyl - or alkenylamine dimeric and/or multimeric sizing agent. Preferred 2-oxetanone multimer get at the ratios of fatty acids and dicarboxylic acids in the range of from 1:1 to 3.5: 1.Commercially available sizing agent based on AA represent a dispersion or emulsion of materials that can be obtained by the reaction of maleic anhydride with14-C18the olefin.Anhydrides of hydrophobic acids that can be used as adhesives for gluing paper, include: (I) the anhydrides of the acids of rosin (see, for example, patent US 3582464); (II) anhydrides, corresponding to the structural formula (I)in which R6in each case denotes the same or different hydrocarbon radicals, and (III) the cyclic anhydrides of dicarboxylic acids, preferably conforming to the structural formula (II)
in which R7means dimethylpropyl or trimethylenebis radical, a R8denotes a hydrocarbon radical.Specific examples of anhydrides of formula (I) are the world of the performance communications anhydrides substituted cyclic dicarboxylic acids, meet the above formula (II) are substituted anhydrides of succinic and glutaric acids. Specific examples of anhydrides of formula (II) are the anhydrides ISO - and n-octadecadienoic acids, anhydrides ISO - and n-hexadecylamine acids, anhydrides ISO - and n-tetradecanoate acid anhydride dodecylamino acid anhydride detailentry acid anhydride acteylanthranilic acid anhydride and heptylphenol acid.Directionspanel a sizing agent, which can be used in the present invention include a polymer emulsion comprising emulsion, cationic polymers, amphoteric emulsion polymers and their mixtures. The preferred polymer emulsions are those in which the polymer of the polymer emulsion is obtained using at least one monomer selected from the group comprising styrene,-methylsterol, acrylate containing ester Deputy with 1 to 13 carbon atoms, methacrylate containing ester Deputy with 1-13 carbon atoms, Acrylonitrile, Methacrylonitrile, vinyl acetate, ethylene and butadiene, and optionally comprising acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, malayalee preferred those in which the polymer is produced using at least one monomer selected from the group comprising styrene, acrylate containing ester Deputy with 1 to 13 carbon atoms, methacrylate containing ester Deputy with 1-13 carbon atoms, Acrylonitrile and Methacrylonitrile. In a preferred embodiment, the polymer emulsion stabilized by the stabilizer, mainly including destructively starch, such as described, for example, in US 4835212, US 4855343 and US 5358998. Also in the preferred embodiment, the glass transition temperature of the polymer in the emulsion is from about -15 to about 50oC.For traditional conditions of acidic pH values in the process of making paper directionspanel sizing agent, usually used in the form of dispersed rosin sizing agents. Dispersed rosin sizing agent is well known to specialists in the paper industry. Non-limiting examples of the rosin sizing substances described in many patents, such as US 3966654 and US 4263182, issued in the name of the firm Aldrich.Rosin, suitable for receiving the dispersed rosin sizing substances, ispolzuya or emulsifiable rosin, suitable for paper sizing, including non-amplified rosin, reinforced rosin and rosin with filler, and esters of the acid components of rosin, mixtures thereof and combinations. Used in the present description, the term "rosin" is used to denote dispersed rosin in any of these forms, which can be used in sizing the matter.Rosin in dispersed form may be a rosin any commercially available type, such as extraction rosin, gum rosin, tall oil rosin, and mixtures of any two or more of these products in their crude or refined state. Preferred tall oil rosin and gum rosin. You can also use partially hydrogensource rosin and polymerized rosin and rosin, which is treated in order to suppress crystallization, such as cooked or processed by interaction with formaldehyde.Reinforced rosin, which can be used according to the present invention is a reaction product of joining components of rosin and an acidic compound containing the group
derivationally reactionoC.The number of acidic compounds should be such, which usually provides the enhanced rosin containing from about 1 to about 16 wt.% attached acidic compounds in terms of the mass of reinforced rosin. Methods for obtaining enhanced rosin is well known to experts in the art (see, for example, the methods proposed and described in US 2628918 and US 2684300).Examples of acidic compounds which contain groups
and that can be used to obtain enhanced rosin, include alpha-beta-unsaturated organic acids and their available anhydrides, specific examples of which include fumaric acid, maleic acid, acrylic acid, maleic anhydride, taconova acid, itacademy anhydride, Tarakanova acid and citraconic anhydride. If necessary to obtain enhanced rosin can be used a mixture of acids. So, for example, to obtain dispersed rosin sizing substances according to the present invention can be used a mixture of the reaction product of the merger of acrylic acid to the components of rosin and product prisu was hydrogenosomal after the formation of the product of the merger.In dispersed rosin sizing agents according to the invention can also be used in a variety of esters of the acid component of the resin of a type which is well known to specialists in this field of technology. Acceptable examples of the esters of the acid components of rosin can serve as rosin, esterified according to the method described in US 4540635 (name Ronge and others) and US 5201944 (name Nakata and others).If necessary, the non-amplified and reinforced rosin and esters of the acid components of rosin can be filled using well-known fillers for them, such as waxes (such as paraffin wax and microcrystalline wax), hydrocarbon resins including those derived from hydrocarbons and terpene oil, etc. With this purpose, carry out the mixing in the melt, or mixing in solution of rosin or reinforced rosin and from about 10 to about 100 wt.% filler, calculated on the weight of rosin or reinforced rosin.You can also use a mixture of reinforced rosin and non-amplified rosin and mixtures reinforced rosin, non-amplified rosin, esters of acidic components of rosin and filler for rosin. A mixture of enhanced and non-amplified the rosins include cast and, non-amplified rosin and filler for rosin may include, in particular, from about 5 to 45% enhanced rosin, 0-50% rosin and from about 5 to 90% filler for rosin.Another class used as adhesives for paper sizing compounds, which are well known in the art and which can be used according to the present invention comprise a hydrophobic organic isocyanates, such as alkylated isocyanates.Other conventional adhesives for paper sizing, which can be used in the present invention include alkylcarboxylic, alkylated melamine, such as sterilizovannye the melamine, and stirolakrilat.When performing the present invention can be used a mixture of reactive and directionspublic sizing substances.A sizing composition comprising the salt of divalent metal according to the invention, can further increase the optical density of inkjet printing using the ink pigment-based in comparison with the performance obtained in the case of only one salt; moreover, such a sizing substance improves the quality of printing using inks based on Kras is, receiveaudio compositions comprising salts of divalent metals according to the invention together with a sizing agent, provide improved quality inkjet printing using inks dye-based paints and pigment-based. When applying the composition with a sizing substance containing a salt of a metal of the present invention, it is necessary to achieve balance. Too much of any component is unacceptable. Low concentration of metal salt is preferable for the surface treatment of the following intervals concentrations. Too much excess salt at the following concentrations may have unintended effects on conductivity and can cause corrosion of processing paper equipment. Particularly preferred metal salt is calcium chloride, which is effective in performance at relatively low concentrations. Too a large number of sizing agent in excess of these intervals can cause free reset, can adversely affect the processing and filing of paper, could increase costs without improving performance and may lead to the formation of deposits on the acceptable content of the sizing agent.The composition according to the present invention includes from about 0.01 to about 3% of a sizing agent, preferably from about 0.05 to about 3%, and more preferably from about 0.1 to about 1%.In all cases, unless otherwise stated, amounts are expressed in mass% calculated on the weight of the solution, mixture, composition or paper, respectively.The salt concentration of the divalent metal in a sizing composition of the present invention is from about 0.01 to about 3%, preferably from about 0.05 to about 3%, more preferably from about 0.1 to about 1%.An important aspect of the present invention is the content or the salt concentration of the divalent metal in the finished dried paper. To achieve the target concentration or mass in the finished dried paper usually regulate the amount of metal salt in the solution size press or other medium for coating. The number in the finished paper asking concentration in composition and size press solution and weight gain (or absorbed by number) of the substrate. The salt content of the divalent metal in the dried paper should be from about 0.01 to about 0.4%. Predpochtitel the t approximately 0.05 to approximately 0.2% (all concentrations expressed in terms of the total weight of the finished dried paper). The level of addition in the paper, as a rule, can be equal to, for example, about 0.15% for salt and from about 0.02 to about 0.3% of a sizing agent, and the amount of sizing agent is from about 0.02 to about 0.10% per.Since the density of the substrate, such as paper, the surface of which is processed salt may vary, the concentration of salt in the dried paper or other substrate in the preferred embodiment is determined in units of mass of dried salt per unit area. The salt concentration on the substrate after the surface treatment or sizing (and drying) should be from about 0.01 to about 1 g/m2. In the preferred embodiment, this concentration should be equal to from about 0.02 to about 0.3 g/m2more preferably from about 0.03 to about 0.2 g/m2.The mass ratio of the salt of divalent metal such as calcium chloride or magnesium chloride, and a sizing substance (substances) and other additives in the aqueous sizing composition according to the invention is from about 1:20 to about 20:1. The preferred mass ratio is from about 1:5 to about 5:1. The most preferred Muscovite includes a carrier material and can also be used in conjunction with other commonly used additives sizing composition, such as supplements for size press, provided that the result is no precipitation or coagulation of the components of the composition. The limiting factors when adding materials in combination with allstargame composition are compatibility and performance. Some materials, such as solutions of anionic polymers of styrene and maleic anhydride as a sizing substances and soluble materials with high anionic activity, for example a strong anionic Soaps acid components as rosin sizing substances, salts of divalent metals of the present invention is incompatible. Those mixtures which cause coagulation and precipitation of the added material, resulting in the paper machine in the future is unable to produce the paper unusable. In a preferred embodiment, in combination with the metal salts according to the present invention using supplements that improve themselves inkjet printing, since the present invention can further improve their performance.A sizing composition comprising salts of divalent metals of the present invention, suitable for applications to the present description, the term "carrier material" refers to starch and binder, such as polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinylpyrrolidone and polyethylenimine, which for deposition on a substrate can be mixed sizing substance, salt of the divalent metal and optional additives. Combination with one or more additives may represent a previously prepared mixture, which is intended to add, for example, in the emulsion for size press, or can be prepared in situ by adding the individual components in the emulsion for size press or other media for coating. Preferred pre-cooked mixed systems are pre-mixed composition comprising a halide of calcium and/or magnesium halide, in particular chloride of calcium, together with reactive sizing agents such as 2-oxetanone dimers and multimer, and directionspanel sizing substances or mixtures thereof. Erectionspeedo sizing substance may represent, for example, dispersed rosin sizing agent or a polymeric emulsion, including the cationic emulsion polymer emulsion amphoteric polymer, and mixtures thereof, as described above.
objazatelnye additives for surface treatment provided it will not cause precipitation or coagulation. Such additives include latex emulsions, commonly used as additives in the paper, and for other purposes.The present invention primarily can be used in processes for the manufacture of sheets of alkaline paper, taped 2-oxetanone the dimers (such as AAA and alkenylamine dimers) and 2-oxetanone multiparae (such as alkenylamine multimer), anhydrides (such as AA) and sheets of acid paper, glued dispergirovannykh rosin sizing agents.Normal processing other materials for improved inkjet printing, in particular large quantities of fillers, bound with a water-soluble polymer or polyvinyl alcohol, in the case of adding a sizing press, may cause flow problems, but the present invention is free from such disadvantages.Emulsion size press or other aqueous medium comprising metal salt of the present invention, may also comprise other commonly used additives to the paper, which is used in the processing of uncoated paper, such as fillers (silicon dioxide as neogranichenniy together with such supplements in many cases it is necessary, since the presence of this salt improves the operating characteristics of such additives and improves the quality of inkjet printing.The content of other optional additives in a sizing composition is usually from about 0.01 to about 3% and varies depending on the type of additive and the amount of solution absorbed by the paper during processing in the sizing press.Water sizing agent, preferably containing carrier material, such as an aqueous solution of starch, can be prepared in the usual way using conventional components and additives in conventional amounts, i.e. in all respects in this way, as it is well known to specialists in the paper industry. When the material of the carrier, the use of starch, the components of the present invention should be introduced into the starch subjected to heat treatment (and this starch should be applied when the values of pH in the range 7-9), at a temperature of from about 50 to about 80oC. Duration of exposure, the compatibility of the additives and other conditions and equipment can be selected in accordance with the usual practice among specialists in this field of technology.When combined with proclaiming paper at the same time, for example carrying out a single transaction, regardless of whether these supplements are pre-mixed with a sizing agent and allstargame composition or administered simultaneously with this song.Environment for surface sizing containing a salt of the metal, is applied during the surface treatment of paper according to the method of the present invention. A sizing composition according to the invention can be applied to the surface of paper or other substrate using any of several different conventional means, well known in the field of paper manufacturing and coating. A sizing composition is usually applied in the course of conducting surface treatment on both sides of the treated paper, but if necessary, a surface treatment can be subjected to only one side of the paper web.Under used in the present description the term "surface sizing" or related terms (such as "glued surface) imply the application of a sizing agent at the place, or near designated size press, or on the section of the paper machine, where in other circumstances would be the size press. The size press, the In the preferred embodiment, surface sizing with applying the composition to the paper substrate in the form of a sheet or cloth used conventional size press unit with or without a dispenser for holding a conventional process of manufacturing paper. When implementing this technology, the temperature of the coating is at least about 50oWith, but does not exceed approximately 80oSince, typically, approximately 60oC. Scope of the invention is not limited to the processing of paper or other substrate carrying out operations in the sizing press or at a temperature which is, as a rule, creates a sizing press, since the substrate can also be subjected to surface treatment using such compositions for other methods.For coating compositions comprising salts of divalent metals on the surface of the paper, coated paper, plastic film or other sheet substrate together with or without other added to the paper components, it is possible to apply other methods of surface processing and other equipment, in particular the usual equipment for coating (for example, a spiral roll and tip scraper or blade) or the technology of spraying. Surface treatment can Taka a plot of battery calender rolls, with the receipt of paper with the target characteristics for inkjet printing. When this fit is usually used equipment of all types.Application materials by place size press or in the course of the process after it differs from the paper-handling in the wet end. Usually different conditions of deposition and distribution of materials inside the paper. Before the size press of the paper at least partially dried in the future after size press or another area of the coating is dried by conventional methods or technologies.As described above, in the preferred embodiment, the composition according to the present invention can be added in place of the size press with, for example, starch and other additives that are currently used for uncoated paper. The solution for size press, suitable for use in the present invention can be prepared by conventional methods. Such solution for size press is typically a starch solution containing from about 2 to about 20% starch, which in some way subjected to heat treatment and which is supported in a hot condition. The normal temperature of this solution is approximately the 60oC. preferably from about 6 to about 12%.When the material carrier is a binder, which were discussed above, the content of the binder in the composition is such that the viscosity of the composition does not exceed about 1000 centipoise (CP), preferably not greater than about 500 CPS. The amount of the binder is usually dependent on the molecular characteristics of the selected binders, and the characteristics of other components of the composition.The paper used in the implementation of the method according to the present invention, not decisive and can be a paper of any sort that requires sizing for common end goal of its application. The paper may include both cellulosic and polymeric plastic fiber. Preferred paper consists mainly of cellulose fibers, and more preferable paper consists almost entirely of cellulose fibre. All known conventional methods of making paper suitable for the manufacture of paper treated in accordance with the present invention. The invention is applicable to substrates of virtually any type, and it can be applied in the case of acid, alkaline, neutral and unsized sheet padlocked soluble salt of the divalent metal, proposed according to the invention.The present invention is intended for use primarily, but not exclusively, in the processing of alkaline paper. The invention is especially effective against high-grade alkaline paper types that are designed for precise operations, including, without limitation, the paper forms for printing documents for various purposes, cut sheet paper, copy paper, paper envelopes, punched tape for computing devices and etc.The preferred paper is paper in the form of a sheet or cloth, whose density is from about 30 to about 200 g/m2more preferably from about 40 to about 120 g/m2. The paper suitable for use in performing the present invention is paper, the density of which is typical for paper used for inkjet printing, or regular copy paper used in heliographic apparatus. The density of such printing and writing paper is usually from about 60 to about 100 g/m2. The source material of other types include, for example, newsprint density of from about 40 to about 60 g/m2, craftier 120 to about 400 g/m2and their options for coverage. Coated paper treated with a variety of fillers and binders on top of the main sheet, which may have a low density, in particular of 40 g/m2or higher density, in particular 100 g/m2.Unlike for use in inkjet printing paper products, which are usually covered with materials that enhance the quality of inkjet printing using inks based dyes, paper of the present invention does not require application of such known in the art coatings. This allows, therefore, cost-effectively produce paper able to compete with ordinary copy paper, uncoated, which is often used for many purposes.The paper used in the present invention, can be manufactured with conventional adhesives for gluing in bulk or without them. In the preferred embodiment, is often used adhesives for gluing in the mass, the content of which may vary from about 0.02 to about 4 kg/metric ton (MT) of paper, more preferably from about 0.2 to about 3 kg/MT, most preferably from about 0.5 to about 2 kg/and a sizing agent on the basis of AAA, as well as other reactive and directionspanel adhesives for paper sizing in mass. Such adhesives for gluing paper in bulk can turn on and be identical surface sizing agents, in particular reactive substances for surface sizing used in the present invention.Proposed by the present invention, the metal salt can be used for substrates other than paper, such as substrates made of polymer plastic material, which is typically formed by extrusion, casting or other known methods suitable for the technique of inkjet printing. For example, in accordance with the present invention, a sizing composition comprising the salt according to the present invention, it is possible to handle transparencies and other polymeric sheet materials, preferably plastic materials. Such transparent sheet materials can be used for the manufacture suitable for inkjet printing sheets designed for projectors. Such polymeric sheet materials of the substrate can be made of polyesters, polypropylene, polyethylene, acrylic resins, etc., the Process of applying metal salts such substrates Ana is the freight on which is applied by conventional methods, and not in the size press of the paper machine.The method according to the present invention can be applied in the processing of coated paper the introduction of a sizing agent containing a metal salt in the composition for coating. Coated paper is used for many purposes, including inkjet printing using inks based dyes. The addition of salts of allstargame composition with a sizing substance of the present invention improves the operating characteristics of such sheet materials coated for inkjet printing, in addition to paints based dyes, inks, pigment-based. This coating can be applied by conventional methods. A typical composition for coating may include a filler, binder and rheology modifier. Composition for coating used in the manufacture of paper products with coatings should be chosen so that it was compatible with salts of metals and other components of the sizing compositions of the present invention. Such compositions can be used either together or in combination with the application of conventional coatings or can be applied after application, sushi for later use form conducting such operations, as cutting, folding, perforating, printing, moving, stacking in piles and winding. Additives in the paper can affect the performance during the conduct of such operations. The presence of conventional additives for improving inkjet printing, such as reactive sizing agent in large quantities, can result in reducing the coefficient of friction of paper and/or the slip of paper on the details of high-speed equipment. Thus, the content of the sizing agent as a component of compositions according to the present invention must be adjusted in the above range of concentrations. Other additives, such as fillers, can blunt the cutting blades. Thus, it is equally carefully regulate the use of fillers these types.The presence of salts of metals of the present invention improves the characteristics of inkjet printers, especially inkjet printing using the ink for inkjet pigment-based. The present invention allows to achieve a high concentration of paint, applied by spray, near the surface of the paper, and this in turn increases the optical density of the printed image, which is the cherries he has busted, that increases the sharpness of the image, which is also the target characteristic. Not based on any particular theory or mechanism of action, believe that the metal salts of the present invention contained in the paper, interact with the ink pigment-based, with the result of these improvements, and a sizing component slows down the absorption of the ink into the paper.Performance evaluation of compositions containing salts of divalent metals of the present invention together with other materials in relation to their impact on the increase of optical density and reduce bleeding through paint pigment-based, applied to the base paper by an inkjet printer, below.Calcium chloride (l2) achieve exceptional results, magnesium chloride, calculated on an equivalent mass in General as well or almost as effective as calcium chloride. Equally effective and calcium bromide, but when you add in the equivalent mass of the same results he does not.When used in the usual concentrations of lead zirconate calcium, ammunitionsarsenal and zinc oxide target improvements usually do not provide.
2and MgCl2give the best performance.Higher concentration of metal salt in the specified interval, usually leads to a significant improvement of qualitative characteristics of inkjet printing without reinforcement corrosion or potential environmental problems and damage to economic performance. As noted above, not all metal salts give the same performance. Unexpectedly, it was found that metal salts, primarily calcium chloride and magnesium chloride, improves performance significantly better in comparison with other salts. Unexpected is the fact that the proposed salt according to the invention gave an exceptionally high performance properties, while other salts that were tested proved to be ineffective. Based on these results, we can conclude (not based on any and not limited to any particular theory or mechanism of action) that the high efficiency of the various metal salts of the present invention can be based on two factors: the solubility and imido these two factors.EXAMPLES
Below the invention is illustrated in the examples, not limiting its scope.Experiments in these examples were carried out in laboratory scale modeling processing in the size press of the paper machine. This paper pre-made in a separate process, during which the paper is not subjected to processing in the size press starch or surface additives. In the examples below, the paper produced in the pilot paper machine at Western Michigan University. In the manufacture of a typical alkaline fine paper in the paper machine at Western Michigan University used a typical fibrous pulp for fine paper. The paper (main leaf) was dried and stored.In the examples described below, the paper was passed through a laboratory sealing the size press and carried out target processing. Immediately after this, the treated paper was dried in a tumble dryer. Before testing in the process of ink-jet printing paper acclimatized for at least 24 hours In all the examples below, inkjet used inkjet printer Hewlett Packard Des comes with the printer, the latter was set up to work in the "best" and "uncoated paper". The printing characteristics of the paper was determined after at least 1 h after printing. Indicators optical density was determined using a densitometer Cosar model 202. The printing performance was evaluated by the method described above using a control sample with areas of solid color images, plots, sealed black text, images in black ink on a yellow background and yellow paint on a black background. Method of evaluation described in the specification of test criteria Hewlett-Packard. Given the scale ratings of "good", "average" and "poor" based on the proposed company Hewlett-Packard ratings of "good", "acceptable" and "unacceptable" (see Hewlett-Packard Paper Accepance Criteria for the HP DeskJet 500C, 550C and 560C Printers, Hewlett-Packard Company, July 1, 1994).In all cases, a significant component of the size press solution was starch. Starch solutions were prepared by thermal treatment of the starch in water at approximately 95oC for 30-60 min and then bringing the pH to about 8. Specified examples of the additive is mixed into the starch. The mixture was stirred and the pH value was regulated as outlined in the examples below. In technow by the method described above. In all cases, the density of paper used was approximately equal to the density of ordinary copy paper, i.e., 75 g/m2.The amount of salts used were calculated in terms of dry matter content by weight of dry paper before processing in the sizing press (hereinafter "dry. wt.%").In some cases, the effectiveness of sizing or resistance to water absorption of the paper was determined by testing the sizing method of the company Hercules (IPG). Test sizing method company Hercules is a well-known test to determine the degree of sizing, as described in J. P. Casey (ed), Pulp and Paper Chemistry and Chemical Technology, volume 3, pp. 1553-1554 (1981) and the standard T Association of the pulp and paper industry. Higher values of IPG considered as an indication of increased efficiency sizing (lower absorption of water).EXAMPLE 1
The influence of salt content
Example 1 demonstrates the influence of the number of markings on the surface of salt on the quality of inkjet printing on the surface of the treated dry paper. The main sheet was produced in the pilot paper machine at Western Michigan University using a mixture of bleached pulp and canadian standard instrument (PSC) and contained in the mass of 12% precipitated calcium carbonate ALBACARRO (company Specialty Minerals Inc., Bethlehem, pieces Pennsylvania), 0.15% of a sizing agent HERCON76 (company Hercules Incorporated), but without alum. This base sheet was subjected to surface treatment of one starch and a mixture of starch with several of the following salts: calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, calcium bromide and potassium chloride. These salts were applied in amounts specified in the following table 1.Used the solution of oxidized corn starch GPCD-150 (firm Grain Processing Company, Muscatine, PCs Iowa) concentration of 8 wt.% in terms of dry weight. For comparison used the sample treated only with the solution of corn starch GPCD-150 concentration of 8 wt.%. In the solution of corn starch was added a previously prepared mixture of various salts mentioned above, and a cationic emulsion of a copolymer of vinyl acetate and butyl acrylate FLEXBOND325 (company Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.) with a glass transition temperature 15oWith and average particle size of 0.3 μm, a pH value of which was $ 4.0 to 6.0, the CA, processed starch by adding to 0.72 g of the emulsion FLEXBONDwith a dry matter content of 55% to 100 g of starch solution into the paper was introduced to 0.15 wt.% in terms of dry matter of the product FLEXBONDSalt starch solution was injected in such a concentration that provided the content to be added in the finished paper substances specified in the following table 1.The pH value of such starch solution was brought to about 7.5, and then they were put in the sizing press for the surface treatment of paper. Evaluated the quality of inkjet printing on the resulting paper. The results obtained are summarized in table 1.Data of optical density (OD) of the inkjet printing black paint indicate that in terms of weight percent l2and MgCl2more effectively increase the optical density than Kl, and that they are more effective than SAVG2. Ions of bromine is much heavier ions of chlorine, resulting, when used SAVG2when the same amount of salt, the quantity of injected calcium less than in the case of CaCl2. MgCl2and CaCl2in sub> and 0.15 CaCl2, calcium salt can improve performance to a greater extent.EXAMPLE 2
Calcium chloride in combination with directionspanel sizing agent in the starch size press solution: add in a starch solution only calcium chloride
In example 2, the estimated impact on the quality of inkjet printing on the finished paper metal salt applied to the surface and used in combination with directionspanel surface sizing agent, and both components are put together with the starch solution in the sizing press. The main sheet was produced in the pilot paper machine at Western Michigan University using a mixture of bleached pulp from hardwood and pulp from coniferous wood in the ratio of 70:30, crushed to the consistency of grind 390 units of the PSC and contained in the mass of 20% callicarpenal filler HYDROCARBTM65 (firm OMYA, Inc., Florence, pieces of Vermont), 0.5% of cationic starch HI-CAT142 (company Roquette Freres, Lestrem, France), 0,12% sizing agent AQUAPEL320 (company Hercules Incorporated), but without alum. This bases Alicia and a mixture of starch with calcium chloride and polymer sizing substance BASOPLAST335D, which directionspanel surface sizing agent.In the sizing press used, as in the previous example, the solution of corn starch GPCD-150 concentration of 8 wt.% in terms of dry weight. Salt of the metal and polymer sizing substance was introduced into the starch solution in such a concentration that provided the target content in the paper taking into account the amount of starch solution absorbed by the paper during processing in the sizing press. After adding a sizing substances pH of the finished sizing mixtures are not regulated. The amount of absorbed starch solution was equal to 34.7% in terms of the wet weight of the starch solution and the initial mass of paper.Evaluated the quality of inkjet printing and the effectiveness of the sizing of the resulting paper. The results obtained are summarized in the following table 2, which used the standard parameters for IPG paint with a pH of 2.The results are shown in table 2, indicate that calcium chloride on paper, processed l2provided is a noticeable improvement in the optical is onepossible surface sizing substance BASOPLAST335D.In table 2 the results of evaluation of characteristics of the sizing IPG confirm that improved parameters OP when using black paint are not a side effect of increasing the resistance to water absorption, as determined IPG. This is obvious, because the values of evaluation of the characteristics of IPG for paper-free polymer surface sizing agent and containing salt l2were lower (52) than for the same paper without polymer sizing agent and CaCl2(91). The results of evaluation of characteristics of the sizing IPG for two paper products, which contained polymer sizing substance, were similar (127 without l2and 141 together with l2), and this difference characteristics sizing assessment IPG is not considered notable.Furthermore, the combination directionspanel sizing agent with l2provides a more substantial or synergistic increase in optical density for printing in black ink in the case of paper with a treated surface in comparison with its expected additional growth from the separate use of these two components. Thus, reklamy, containing erectionspeedo sizing agent.EXAMPLE 3
Pre-cooked mixture of calcium chloride and reactive sizing agent, administered at the size press solution
In example 3, the estimated impact on the quality of inkjet printing on the finished paper metal salt applied to the surface and used in combination with reactive surface sizing agent, and both components were combined in a pre-prepared mixture, which was further applied to the paper in a size press for processing starch. Reactive surface sizing agent, used in this example 3, was alkenylamine dimer sizing agent for paper.The main sheet was produced in the pilot paper machine at Western Michigan University using a mixture of bleached pulp from hardwood and pulp from coniferous wood in the ratio of 70:30, crushed to the consistency of grind 390 units of the PSC and containing as a filler in a weight of 15% precipitated calcium carbonate ALBACARBUT, 0.26% of cationic starch STA-LOKIn the sizing press used is the same as described in the previous examples, the solution of corn starch GPCD-150 concentration of 8 wt.% in terms of dry weight. The materials introduced into the starch in such a concentration that provided the target content in the paper metanovogo dimeric surface sizing pedestrial quality inkjet printing and the effectiveness of the sizing of the resulting paper. The results obtained are summarized in table 3 below, in which parameters used in standard IPG paint with a pH of 2.The results presented in table 3, indicate that when a pre-prepared mixture comprising a combination of l2with reactive sizing agent, is applied during the surface treatment of paper by place size press, reach extremely high OP in the case of black paint to get the paper in excess of the OP in the case of the black paint that can be achieved or, in the absence of any reactive surface sizing agent, or using only reactive surface sizing agent, and in both cases the salt of the metal is absent.EXAMPLE 4
Calcium chloride in combination with reactive surface sizing substance multimeric on the basis of
Objective according to example 4 of the experiment was to podvedite the fact that the combination l2as a metal salt with a reactive sizing agent, when both are applied during the surface treatment of paper in clailn is one sizing substance, used in this example 4, was Kamenovo multimeric sizing agent for paper, as described in the application WO 97/30218 published August 21, 1997, and different from metanovogo dimer sizing agent used in the previous example.Worked as in example 3. The test was carried out using (A) one starch solution, (B) starch solution, including emulsion metanovogo multimer and added to the paper during the surface treatment without the use of a metal salt, and (C) starch solution and pre-prepared mixture of calcium chloride emulsion metanovogo multimer, all of these funds were applied to the paper at the place size press by the same method as in example 3. Evaluated the quality of inkjet printing and the effectiveness of the sizing of the resulting paper. The results obtained are summarized in table 4 below.The results presented in table 4 indicate that when a pre-prepared mixture comprising a combination of l2with reactive sizing agent, is applied during the surface treatment of paper by place size press, DOS paint, achieved or, in the absence of any reactive surface sizing agent, or using only reactive surface sizing agent, and in both cases the salt of the metal is absent.The results obtained in examples 1-4, confirm that the present invention improves the quality of inkjet printing, which is determined by the increase of optical density in the case of black paint, with the help of metal salt used in combination with either directionspanel surface sizing agent, or reactive with the surface sizing agent, applied to the paper subjected to surface treatment of metal salt, in comparison with the quality of inkjet printing, achieved using only the surface sizing agent.EXAMPLE 5
Calcium chloride in combination with directionspanel and reactive sizing agents
The main sheet manufactured at Western Michigan University using a mixture of bleached pulp from hardwood and pulp from coniferous wood in the ratio of 75:25, ground to the consistency of grind 425 units of the PSC and containing by weight of the th anhydride as a sizing agent, 0,75% cationic starch STA-LOK400 and 0.25% alum, was treated with (A) only starch solution (solution of starch GPCD-150 concentration of 8 wt. % in terms of dry weight), (B) starch solution with a polymer latex PRINTRITE594 (B. F. Goodrich Company, Akron, PCs Ohio), (C) starch solution and a polymer latex PRINTRITE594, pre-mixed with a dispersion of a reactive sizing agent PRECIS2000, and (G) starch solution and a polymer latex PRINTRITE. pre-mixed with a dispersion of a reactive sizing agent PRECIS2000, and calcium chloride. The value in the first pre-prepared mixture between PRECIS2000 and polymer, calculated on the dry matter was 1:8. The ratio of the second pre-cooked mixture between calcium chloride, PRECISAdding CaCl2in the polymer emulsion, which provides sizing, improved quality inkjet printing. Adding additional quantities of the reactive sizing agent provided additional performance improvements.EXAMPLE 6
Calcium chloride in combination with directionspanel and reactive sizing agents
The main sheet manufactured at Western Michigan University using a mixture of bleached pulp from hardwood and pulp from coniferous wood in the ratio of 70:30, crushed to the consistency of grind 390 units of the PSC and contained in the mass of 15% precipitated calcium carbonate ALBACARBUT 0,11% alkenylamine anhydride as a sizing agent, 0,50% cationic starch STA-LOK400 and 0.25% alum, obrabatyvaemomu, obtained from a sizing agent PENTAPRINTH and calcium chloride, and (C) a sizing substance PENTAPRINTH, pre-mixed as a dispersion alkylating dimer (HERCON70), and calcium chloride. The value in the first pre-prepared mixture between PENTAPRINTH and calcium chloride, calculated on the dry substance was 2:1. The ratio of the second pre-cooked mixture between PENTAPRINTH, calcium chloride and HERCON70 in terms of dry substance was 2:1:0,1. These materials were introduced into the starch solution with a concentration of 8 wt.% in terms of dry weight and the final pH was brought to about 8. Such solutions are used in the sizing press for paper processing. The amount of material introduced into the starch, regulated taking into account the amount absorbed by the paper starch solution. For comparative purposes, the sample was treated with a solution of oxidized starch GPCThe introduction of pre-cooked mixture with l2the polymer dispersion was allowed to obtain a surface additive, which ensured the improvement of the quality of inkjet printing. Additional introduction of a reactive sizing agent in this pre-prepared mixture provided additional performance improvements.EXAMPLE 7
Pre-cooked mixture of calcium chloride and reactive sizing agent, introduced in the size press solution
In example 7 was estimated impact on the quality of inkjet printing on the resulting paper metal salt used in combination with reactive sizing agent, and both components were combined in a pre-prepared mixture, which was further applied to the paper at the place of processing a starch sizing press. Reactive sizing substance used in this example 7, was alkenylamine dimeric substance for paper sizing.The main sheet was produced in the pilot paper machine at Western Michigan University using a mixture of bleached pulp from deciduous wood and cellulose is Italia in weight of 10% precipitated calcium carbonate ALBACARBUT, 0.6% of cationic starch STA-LOK400, 0.05% of alkenylamine anhydride and 0.25% alum. This base sheet was subjected to surface treatment in the laboratory o sizing press (A) only the starch, (B) starch solution, comprising an emulsion of a reactive surface sizing agent containing alkenylamine dimer (PRECIS2000) and calcium chloride. To obtain this pre-prepared mixture solution of dihydrate of calcium chloride and water in the ratio of 50:50 was introduced in the emulsion metanovogo dimer, resulting in this pre-cooked mixture contained 13.56 wt. percent dry matter of dimer emulsion and 20,34 wt.% of calcium chloride, calculated on the weight of this pre-prepared mixture.The spot size press used, as in the previous examples, the solution of corn starch GPCD-150 concentration of 8 wt.% in terms of dry weight. These materials are introduced into the starch in such a concentration that provided the destination content in securities is losemore starch (as indicated below in table 7a).Evaluated the quality of inkjet printing and efficiency sizing of manufactured paper. The results are presented below in table 7a, which used the standard parameters for IPG paint with pH 2 and in tables 7b and 7b.Among the unexpected advantages of the invention should specify compatible salts with surface additives, compatibility pre-prepared mixtures of salts with surface additives compatible salts with a solution of size press, no problems when applying such compositions to the paper, the improved performance characteristics of the finished paper in the process of inkjet printing using the ink pigment-based, as well as additional advantages of the use of salts with reactive sizing agents, salts with directionspanel sizing substances and mixtures of salts, reactive sizing substances and directionspublic sizing substances. The present invention allows especially to improve at least the following characteristics print quality: optical density, bleeding through spots, increment the black line, spreading the paint over the edge of the image, the uneven contour, et capillary to be used for surface treatment of a substrate for inkjet printing and which includes essentially salt of the divalent metal, moreover, this salt is soluble in water sizing agent at a pH of from about 7 to about 9, and water sizing agent include starch and sizing agent.2. The composition, which can be used in the processing of substrates for inkjet printing and which includes essentially salt of the divalent metal, solubilizing in the aquatic environment sizing agent at a pH of from about 7 to about 9, and this aqueous medium sizing agent includes, in addition, starch and sizing agent.3. The composition, which can be used for surface treatment of a substrate for inkjet printing using the ink pigment-based and which consists essentially of starch, sizing agent and a salt selected from calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, calcium bromide, magnesium bromide, calcium nitrate, magnesium nitrate, calcium acetate and magnesium acetate.4. Composition under item 1 or 2, in which the salt is selected from calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, calcium bromide, magnesium bromide, calcium nitrate, magnesium nitrate, calcium acetate and magnesium acetate.5. Composition according to any one of paragraphs. 1-4, which further includes a water-soluble polymer.6. Compeitition.7. Composition according to any one of paragraphs. 1-6, in which a sizing substance is a reactive sizing agent.8. The composition according to p. 7, in which the reactive sizing substance selected from alkylating dimeric, alkenylamine dimer, 2-oxetanone dimer, 2-oxetanone multimeric and alkenylamine anhydrite sizing agent.9. The composition according to p. 7 or 8, which further includes erectionspeedo sizing agent.10. The composition according to p. 9, in which erectionspeedo sizing substance is a polymer emulsion selected from cationic emulsion polymer emulsion amphoteric polymer, and mixtures thereof.11. The composition according to p. 10, in which the polymer is a polymer emulsion obtained by using at least one monomer selected from the group comprising styrene,-methylsterol, acrylate containing ester Deputy with 1 to 13 carbon atoms, methacrylate containing ester Deputy with 1-13 carbon atoms, Acrylonitrile, Methacrylonitrile, vinyl acetate, ethylene and butadiene, and optionally comprising acrylic acid, methacrylic kilo.12. The composition according to p. 10, in which the polymer emulsion stabilized by the stabilizer, mainly including destructively starch.13. The composition according to p. 10, in which the glass transition temperature of the polymer in the polymer emulsion is from about -15 to about 50oC.14. The composition according to p. 9, in which erectionspeedo sizing the substance is dispersed rosin sizing agent.15. The surface of the paper which is coated with a composition according to any one of paragraphs. 1-14.16. The surface of the paper p. 15, which includes the fibers, which are mainly cellulose fibers.17. The surface of the polymer plastic material treated with a composition according to any one of paragraphs. 1-14.
FIELD: duplicating or marking methods.
SUBSTANCE: insulating material is marked with cuts and is treated by laser beam.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: color-forming compositions and recording material.
SUBSTANCE: claimed composition includes developer containing urea-urethane compound and colorless or light colored leuco dye. Recording material based on this composition also is proposed.
EFFECT: color-forming compositions with improved image conservation ability and increased image intensity.
21 cl, 14 tbl, 153 ex
FIELD: color-forming compositions and recording material.
SUBSTANCE: claimed composition includes developer containing urea-urethane compound and colorless or light colored leuco dye. Recording material based on this composition also is proposed.
EFFECT: color-forming compositions with improved image conservation ability and increased image intensity.
21 cl, 14 tbl, 153 ex
FIELD: paper-and-pulp industry.
SUBSTANCE: when ground paper is manufactured, it is coated with ink-accepting coating. The latter contains latex binder, water-soluble binder, pigment mixture of amorphous silica with colloidal cationic silica and colloidal alumina, and ink-fixing agent. Coating operation is performed in two steps, weight ratio of coating applied in the first step to that in the second step ranging from 0.34:1 to 0.66:1. Reverse face of base paper is coated by detwisting coating. Further, coating is ennobled via superglazing at pressure in supercalender roll gap 30-75 bar.
EFFECT: improved workability of process and improved quality of paper due to increased surface strength.
4 cl, 7 ex
FIELD: marking materials.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pigmentation and compositions for use in laser marking, in particular UV absorbing pigment at least partly covered with synergist having general formula [Rm(SiOn)]pR'q wherein m=1-3, n=1-3, p is a number equal to at least 1, q=0-3, and at least one of R or R' represents substituent. When pyrolized, pigment forms black material appropriate to form label. Such pigments are suitable for fluoropolymers serving to insulate wire conductors and cables.
EFFECT: expanded marking possibilities.
20 cl, 6 tbl, 38 ex
FIELD: printed matter of special format.
SUBSTANCE: multi-layered article comprises the layer sensitive to the laser radiation, marking member, e.g., diffraction and/or holographic structure, reflecting layer, and print formed in the second layer and/or in the layer sensitive to the laser radiation. The layer sensitive to the laser radiation has markers that are made by means of laser radiation and precisely positioned with respect to the marking member.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability of protection.
27 cl, 40 dwg
SUBSTANCE: one invention from a group is related to printing base, being a substrate with oleophilic surface, having Gurley-Hill porosity value greater than 5000s/100ml, while printing paint, imprinted on such base, has offset value of printing paint IGT with delay time 30s, equal to more than 0,60 printing density units. Another invention is related to printing method, which is performed in at least one printing section with use of substrate, having oleophilic surface and being not porous with Gurley-Hill porosity value over 5000s/100ml, and carrier of pigment of printing paint, having value of offset of printing paint IGT with delay time 30s, equal to more than 0,60 printing density units.
EFFECT: improved quality of printing, improved quality of folding, decreased static electricity.
2 cl, 6 dwg, 3 tbl
FIELD: the invention refers to a multiplayer body.
SUBSTANCE: the multi-layer body fulfilled as a carbon film preferably as hot stamping film or as laminated film consists of layer structure formed with a substrate, a layer sensitive to laser emission where layered structure has one background layer which serves for laser emission as reflective and/or opaque , and/or absorbent which is correlated with a layer sensitive to laser emission. The background layer is located in one partial field on the side inverted to the layer sensitive to laser emission and provides so that laser emission does not pass or pass in a very insignificant degree into the layers below the background layer so that sufficient destruction of the substrate is averted under influence of used laser emission.
EFFECT: creation of multi-layer element that ensures possibility of forming exceptionally accurate and many-sided marking induced with laser.
18 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: self-copy papers.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relate to use of microcapsules containing color reaction component. Color reaction component is first dissolved in solvent, namely vegetal oil C1-C8-alkyl ester, and to thus obtained solution a non-solvent is admixed at rapid stirring, said non-solvent not dissolving or dissolving insignificantly color reaction component and being taken in amount as to form supersaturated solution. The latter is directly emulsified in water phase at rapid stirring and, immediately after that, resulting emulsion is processed so that encapsulation takes place therein. Microcapsules obtained in this way are further described as well as their employment in color reaction paper.
EFFECT: improved writing quality and economic and environmental advantages.
33 cl, 1 dwg, 4 ex
FIELD: protective members for visual controlling of authenticity of printing product such as security papers, banknotes, identification cards.
SUBSTANCE: protective member is formed as color layer applied to substrate and having color-free portions produced by exposing color layer to laser radiation for forming of image detected by visual control. Substrate surface is provided with relief, said image being formed on at least one side of relief after exposing to laser radiation falling at predetermined angle to relief surface. Protected printing product is equipped with protective member for visual controlling of paper authenticity.
EFFECT: increased extent of protecting printing products due to creation of protective member more complicated for counterfeit and using optical variable image.
7 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: process of production of paper having a specific coating, applicable for spray printing.
SUBSTANCE: a coating composed of polyvinyl alcohol with primary amine functional groups and mineral pigment is applied onto the paper surface.
EFFECT: improved quality of paper for spray printing.
21 cl, 13 dwg, 3 tbl, 11 ex