Multi-functional sprinkling machine

 

The invention relates to agriculture, namely, irrigation technology, and can be used on irrigated lands using multisupport sprinkling machines circular actions. In pivot swivel elbow provided with a valve in the line to the machine. Additional pipe is connected with the pipeline of the machine to the valve through a hydraulically operated valve with hydraulic self-propelled trucks. The hydraulic actuator is hydraulically operated valve associated with the handset of the external protection system. The drain line of the hydraulic actuators supplied by nozzles spraying the working fluid for the implementation of foliar feeding of plants, treatment with pesticides and growth stimulants. The working fluid is supplied from a dispenser, made in the form of a hydraulic drive, which is divided by the piston at the top and bottom of the cavity. The lower cavity is connected to the additional pipeline through the check valve and the dosing valve. The upper chamber is connected with the additional pipeline directly. The lower cavity has a faucet with adapter for dispenser refills mother liquor. The use of the invention has improved the reliability of the sprinkler, as well as expand its Himeno to irrigation technology, and can be used on irrigated lands using multisupport sprinkling machines circular steps.

Known multisupport sprinkling machine, including a stop valve with hydraulic actuator, hydrocele with a control unit, connected to the tube control the throttle and drain valves installed on the supports of the machine and interacting with position sensors supports, and hydraulically operated diaphragm valves with actuator, connected to the tubing of the administration and the stem of the drain valve is made in the form of two hinged sections and provided with a movable sleeve, a locking hinge links [1].

The disadvantage of this design is its complexity due to the large number of hydraulically operated valves, the absence of multi-purpose use of this machine (no mode of movement of the machine without irrigation and with the irrigation water at low pressure, non-implementation of foliar feeding of plants, the treatment of pesticides and growth stimulants without the implementation of irrigation of agricultural crops).

Known for another multisupport sprinkling machine, including water conveyance pipeline with a sprinkling machines, self-propelled anchor t is for water conveyance pipeline in the head part, additional tubing second end connected to a water conveyance pipeline to the terminal part [2].

The disadvantage of this sprinkler is no exception breakage of the machine when the emergency situation in the automatic operation mode when the failure hydrosulfite, and the absence of multi-use machine for the implementation of the modes of movement of the machine without irrigation, implementation of foliar feeding of plants, treatment of pesticides and growth stimulants without the implementation of irrigation of agricultural crops, and low stability of hydraulic supports in the starting moments of the machine.

The challenge which seeks the invention is to simplify the design, the reliability enhancement and multiple use of irrigation machines, including by reducing the pressure.

The invention consists in that the swivel elbow is equipped with a valve in the line to the machine, and the additional pipe is connected with the pipeline of the machine to the valve through a hydraulically operated valve with hydraulic self-propelled trucks, and hydraulic actuators of the hydraulically operated valve is connected with the tube control the working fluid for the implementation of foliar feeding of plants, treatment of pesticides and growth stimulants, coming from the dispenser, made in the form of a hydraulic drive, which is divided by the piston on the upper and lower cavity, the lower cavity which is connected to the additional pipeline through the check valve and the dosing valve and the upper cavity is connected with the pressure pipe through a hydraulically operated two-way valve, in addition, the lower cavity has a faucet with adapter for dispenser refills mother liquor.

Thanks to the supply of rotary tribe valve in the line to the machine, and the connection of additional pipeline with the pipeline of the machine to the valve through a hydraulically operated valve, a hydraulic actuator which is connected with the tube of the external protection system, simplifies the design of the machine in comparison with the similar [1] by reducing the number of hydraulically operated valves, reduction of the connecting elements and lines of supply of the working environment, increases reliability by eliminating breakage of the machine, remote start with any anchor trolley and automation machine control with pump station in comparison with the prototype [2].

In addition, the machine becomes a technological regime (previously unknown is in the set point for the irrigation of agricultural crops. This is very important when moving under one of the machines of crops with different biological requirements of the water supply. This ensures the stability of the hydraulic actuators in the starting moments of the machine and at low pressure.

Supply drain routes of hydraulic supports attachments for the implementation of foliar feeding of plants, treatment of pesticides and growth stimulants, coming from the dispenser, made in the form of a hydraulic drive, which is divided by the piston on the upper and lower cavity, the lower cavity which is connected to the additional pipeline through the check valve and the dosing valve and the upper cavity is connected with the pressure pipe through the two-way valve; in addition, the provision of the lower cavity cock with fitting for filling the dispenser with mother liquor, and the drain of highways hydraulic cylinders bearings, nozzles spraying the working fluid gives the car a new functionality, the result excludes a number of mechanisms and equipment for carrying out the aforementioned processing plants, significantly reduced time work, lower operational and labor costs.

social sprinkling machine includes a stationary support 1 fixed pipe 2 and a turning knee 3, connecting pipe 4 cars, sprinkling apparatus 5, the self-propelled truck with hydraulic actuators 6 and the high-speed valve 7, while the high-speed valve 7 is connected to the additional line 8 that is connected to the pipeline machine 4 in the head part, the locking body 9 with hydraulic actuator 10, hydrocele 11 with the control unit 12 connected with the pressure pipe 13 through a narrowing device 14 (dusa) with a tube 15 of the external protection system connecting sequentially actuating valves 16, made in the form of two pivotally connected links 17, 18, movable locking sleeve 19, hydraulically operated valve 20 associated with the tube 15 of the external protection system, swivel elbow 3 provided with a valve 21 installed on the pipeline 4 cars, and additional pipe 8 is connected with the pipe 4 cars to the valve 21 through the hydraulically operated valve 20, connected by a tube 15 of the external protection system and hydraulic-6 self-propelled trucks. When this drain line 22 of hydraulic actuators 6 self-propelled trucks fitted with nozzles 23 of the nozzle of the working fluid for the implementation of foliar feeding of plants, treatment of pesticides and growth stimulants, POS is lost. The bottom 27 of the cavity connected to the secondary pipe 8 through the check valve 28 and the dosing valve 29, and the upper cavity 26 is connected with the pressure pipe 13 through a hydraulically operated two-way valve 30, in addition, the lower cavity 27 has a valve 31 with a fitting 32 for charging of the mother liquor.

Multi-functional sprinkling machine is in watering as follows.

In this mode of operation, the valve 21 is in the open position and the dispenser 24 in an empty state (the piston 25 is in the lower position). The operation of the pumping station provides a pressure rise in the pressure pipe 13, and causes the flow of water through a narrowing device 14 into the tube 15 of the external protection system. In the case of machine health Executive valves 16 are in the closed position, which provides a pressure rise in the tube 15 of the external protection system, the control unit 12, hydrocele 11 and a hydraulic actuator is hydraulically operated valve 20, causing the switching of hydrocele 11 and opening of the locking member 9 by means of hydraulic drive 10 and the opening of the hydraulically operated valve 20. This leads to the filling of the water pipe 4 and additional pipeline 8. The lower cavity 27 prepyatstwowat the valve 30 in the upper chamber 26 of the dispenser 24, it is installed in the lower position. The rise of pressure in the pipe 4 of the machine engages sprinkler apparatus 5, and the flow of water coming from an additional pipeline to high-speed valve 7 causes the movement of the hydraulic actuators 6, even under reduced pressure, resulting in moving the machine on irrigated field.

When the emergency situation the machine (when ahead or behind one of the self-propelled trucks is the opening of the Executive of the valve 16, which causes a pressure drop in the tube 15 of the external protection system, the Executive unit 12, hydrocele 11 and a hydraulic actuator is hydraulically operated valve 20. Water supply to the hydraulic actuators 6 self-propelled trucks stops, which leads to stoppage of the machine and stop further curvature of the pipeline 4 cars. This creates the possibility of overlapping the discharge pipe 13 by means of the locking member 9 for the time at which eliminates water hammer pressure in the network.

Remote switching machines with a defective truck (after breakdown) is done by lifting the movable locking sleeve 19 is above the swivel, which leads to the Executive sealing valve 16 down mode without the implementation of irrigation and processing of agricultural crops is the overlap of the valves 21 and water from the discharge pipe 13 enters only in the additional line 8, that provides water only in the hydraulic actuator 6 self-propelled trucks. This provides rapid movement of the pivot in the set point of irrigation when placed under one of the machines of different cultures with distinctive requirements of water supply.

The principle of starting, stopping in case of emergency machines and remote start same as in the mode of irrigation.

When the machine is in operation mode, processing of agricultural crops following operations are made: - the connection of the upper cavity 26 of the spout 24 with the atmosphere by means hydraulically operated double-throw valve 30; opens the valve 31 and connects fuel tank with pump dispenser 24 through fitting 32. The mother liquor under pressure enters the lower cavity 27 of the dispenser 24. This results in the movement of the piston 25 in its upper position. The dispenser is filled and ready for operation. The valve 21 is in the closed position.

Run the machine as well as watering. Hydraulically operated two-way valve 30 is placed into the position connecting the discharge pipe 13 with the upper cavity 26 of the dispenser 24. The difference between the pressure in the delivery pipe 13 and turn signals the ora of the lower cavity 27 of the dispenser 24 through check valve 28 and the metering valve 29. The dosing valve 29 ensures the receipt of the specific flow rate of the mother liquor in additional pipe 8, which, mixing with the water flow entering an additional line 8 of the turning of the knee 3, provides the necessary concentration of the working fluid for processing agricultural crops. The distribution of fluid across the field to the processing plant is carried out from the cylinder 6 through the nozzle 23, is installed on the drain lines 22 self-propelled trucks. Stop and remote start cars when the emergency situation is similar as in the mode of irrigation.

We offer multifunction machine will allow you in comparison with analogue and prototype not only to simplify the design and increase the reliability of its work, but also expand its functionality in connection with the execution of multiple operations (modes), which excludes a number of mechanisms and machines necessary for carrying out technological operations during the crop growth and the ability to work at low pressures.

Generally, the proposed technical solution is multi-functional sprinkling machine, the inherent simplicity of design, nightlights information 1. USSR author's certificate 1304786 And 01 G 25/09, 25/16.

2. USSR author's certificate 1565419 And 01 G 25/09.

Claims

Multi-functional sprinkling machine, comprising a stationary support with a fixed pipe and swivel elbow that connects with the pipeline machine, sprinkling units, self-propelled truck with hydraulic drives and high-speed valves with drain lines, while high-speed valves connected to additional tubing that is connected to the pipeline of the machine in the head part, a stop valve with hydraulic actuator, hydrocele with a control unit, connected with the pressure pipe through a narrowing device (dusu) with the handset of the external protection system connecting sequentially actuating valves, made in the form of two pivotally connected links, a movable locking hubs, hydraulically operated valve, associated with the tube of the external protection system, wherein the swivel elbow is equipped with a valve in the line to the machine, and the additional pipe is connected with the pipeline of the machine to the valve through a hydraulically operated valve with hydraulic anchor trucks, and GI hydraulic trucks equipped with spray nozzles working fluid for the implementation of foliar feeding of plants, treatment of pesticides and growth stimulants, coming from the dispenser, made in the form of a hydraulic drive, which is divided by the piston on the upper and lower cavity, the lower cavity which is connected to the additional pipeline through the check valve and the dosing valve, and the top is connected with the pressure pipe through a hydraulically operated two-way valve, in addition, the lower cavity has a faucet with adapter for dispenser refills mother liquor.

 

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FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.

EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.

3 cl, 5 dwg

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