The device for selecting the energy of the current environment (options)

 

The invention is intended for selecting the energy of the current environment. The device comprises a flexible body in the form of an endless chain or rope spanning the pulleys, some of which are located on the shaft and provided with blades, a rotary mounted on axes perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment, these blades are associated with the axes for folding the rotation around the axis when moving against the flow and unfolding when moving along the stream environment. Flexible working the body in the form of two parallel flexible closed elements on each axis mounted on one blade, and these axes are mounted on transversely spaced some rods associated with flexible elements, with the blades of one axis at one end of the rod in the position of its opening in the side of the blade the other axis on the other end of this rod in the position of its opening and with the location of all the blades in position folding in a plane parallel to the plane of rotation of the flexible elements, each two adjacent spaced on the rod axis or the specified bar with these axes are connected through a thrust, located along the plane rotations is the nga, associated with flexible elements and with which the mentioned thrust associated with the freewheel direction of flow of the medium. The device is equipped with coroborate open ends of the hollow frame, the cavity of which is mounted a flexible elements, pulleys and the axis with blades, and which end with the inlet side flow in the lower wall is a through slot for the passage of these rods and blades in the folded position. 2 S. and 4 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The invention relates to hydropower, in particular, to devices for energy conversion of the current environment, such as rivers, tidal and other currents, as well as the energy of moving air masses in electrical or mechanical to ensure that drive consumers.

Known methods of energy conversion of the current environment have a number of disadvantages. In solution, for example, SU 1810598, F 03 B 1/00, the device is located above the water surface, which, occupying a sufficiently large area to prevent possible movement of vessels, is a complex mechanism with many parts, which reduces the reliability of operation, and open the motion of the upper blade may be hampered cross wind, reducing efficiency.

A device for selecting the energy current is th the working body in the form of endless chains, covering the pulleys located on the shaft and provided with blades arranged perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment (EN 2037640, F 03 B 9/00).

The disadvantage of this device is its complexity due to the need of construction of a waterworks.

A device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow and containing the flexible body in the form of an endless chain or rope spanning the pulleys, some of which are located on the shaft and provided with blades, a rotary mounted on axes perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment, these blades are associated with the axes for folding the rotation around the axis when moving against the flow and unfolding when moving along a media flow (US 5134305, F 03 D 5/02, publ. 28.07.1992 year).

The disadvantage of this device is that used layout and strengthening axes with blades provides weak positional stability of the blades on the flow of the medium. The latter is due to the fact that the axis fasten the console to the chain, and the chain has some flexibility in p is s, and so on). As a result, the blade moving constantly changes its position, shifting from the vertical under the action of not only pressure on the flow of the medium, but side efforts. Since the efficiency of the inclined blades in perception of pressure is low, it affects the value of the PTO.

This decision was made as a prototype for both variants of the claimed invention.

The present invention is directed to the solution of the technical problem to ensure positional stability of the blades in the open position due to the formation of a multi-point support system and exclude the effect of lateral loads due to the localization device in the frame. Achievable technical result is the most complete extraction of energy environment with minimal design complexity.

This technical result for the first variant execution is achieved in that the device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow and containing the flexible body in the form of an endless chain or rope spanning the pulleys, some of which are located on the shaft of the PTO, and equipped with paddles,m these blades are associated with the axes for folding the rotation around the axis when moving against the flow and unfolding when moving along the stream environment, flexible working the body in the form of an endless chain or rope is made in the form of two parallel flexible closed elements, spanning the pulleys located on the shaft of the PTO, and the pulleys located on the additional shaft parallel to the shaft of the PTO, on each axis mounted on one blade, and these axes are mounted on transversely spaced some rods associated with flexible elements, with the direction of the blades of one axis at one end of the rod in the position of its opening in the side of the blade the other axis on the other end of this rod in the position of its opening and with the location of all the blades in position folding in a plane parallel to the plane of rotation of the flexible elements, each two adjacent spaced on the rod axis or the specified bar with these axes are connected through a thrust along the plane of rotation of the flexible elements located transversely in the direction along the flow of the medium after the blades of the other rod, associated with flexible elements and with which the mentioned thrust associated with the freewheel direction of flow, the device is equipped with coroborate open ends of the hollow frame, the cavity of which is mounted ispolneny pass-through openings for the passage of these rods and blades in the folded position.

In this part of the frame end on the input side of the flow may be in the form of the bell, and in the area of the end face of the frame from the input stream environment can be mounted along the side vertical walls of the rails of the sash.

This technical result for the second type of performance is achieved in that the device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow and containing the flexible body in the form of an endless chain or rope spanning the pulleys, some of which are located on the shaft and provided with blades, a rotary mounted on axes perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment, these blades are associated with the axes for folding the rotation around the axis when moving against the flow and unfolding when moving along the stream environment, flexible working the body in the form of an endless chain or rope is made in the form of two parallel flexible closed elements, spanning the pulleys located on the shaft of the PTO, and the pulleys located on the additional shaft parallel to the shaft of the PTO, as specified axis Lopes is and with the other rod through the rod, located along the plane of rotation of the flexible elements and with the possibility of free travel in regards to this the other rod, the device is equipped with coroborate open ends of the hollow frame, the cavity of which is mounted a flexible elements, pulleys and the axis with blades, and which end with the inlet side flow in the lower wall is a through slot for the passage of these rods and blades in the folded position.

As in the first embodiment, the portion of the frame end on the input side of the flow may be in the form of the bell, and in the area of the end face of the frame from the input stream environment in the Central part of the bottom wall of the frame can be mounted centrally located guiding the sash.

These characteristics for each type of performance are essential and interrelated with the formation of a stable set of essential features, sufficient to obtain the desired technical result.

The present invention is illustrated by a specific example, which, however, is not only possible, but clearly demonstrates the possibility of achieving a given set of essential features required technical resley current environment according to the first embodiment is immersed in the fluid (for example, river) and is held from movement in the last along the flow stream. The device comprises a flexible body in the form of an endless chain or rope spanning the pulleys, some of which are located on the shaft and provided with blades, a rotary mounted on axes perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment. These blades are connected with the axes for folding the rotation around the axis when moving against the flow and unfolding when moving along the stream environment.

Flexible working the body in the form of an endless chain or rope is made in the form of two parallel flexible closed elements, spanning the pulleys located on the shaft of the PTO, and the pulleys located on the additional shaft parallel to the shaft of the PTO.

On each axis mounted on one blade, and these axes are mounted on transversely spaced some rods associated with flexible elements, with the blades of one axis at one end of the rod in the position of its opening in the side of the blade the other axis on the other end of this rod in the position of its opening and with the location of all the blades in position folding in a plane parallel to the IUP axes are connected through a thrust, located along the plane of rotation of the flexible elements located transversely in the direction along the flow of the medium after the blades of the other rod associated with flexible elements and with which the mentioned thrust associated with the free motion in the direction of the flow.

The device is equipped with coroborate open ends of the hollow frame, the cavity of which is mounted a flexible elements, pulleys and the axis with blades, and which end with the inlet side flow in the lower wall is a through slot for the passage of these rods and blades in the folded position.

In this part of the frame end on the input side of the flow may be in the form of the bell, and in the area of the end face of the frame from the input stream environment can be mounted along the side vertical walls of the rails of the sash.

Below is an example of a specific implementation of the device in relation to placing it in the aquatic environment.

The device is installed along the flow stream by immersion under water. The device (Fig. 1) contains parallel to each other mounted for rotation shafts 1 and 2, which are rigidly connected with the pulleys 3 and 4, respectively, with one of the shafts is VA the elements 5, which can be used a rope made of synthetic materials, and when the toothed pulleys or sprockets used the endless chain. Two flexible element 5 are connected transversely disposable rods 6. At the boundary area of each rod 6 is mounted a shaft 7 which is firmly United to one end of this rod and bearing of the blade 8, each one. The blades 8 are mounted with limited rotation around the axis 7.

Each cross rod 6 is connected with the other transverse bar 9 located behind the blades 8 and connected with the flexible elements 5. When this rod 6 or the axis of this rod is connected with the rod 9 direct thrust 10 installed in an arcuate clamp on the rod 9 with the possibility of a free motion in a plane parallel to the plane of rotation of the flexible element 5.

The shaft 7 is fixed on the rod 6 perpendicular to the direction of rotation of the flexible element 5.

Each blade 8 is made in the form of a sail of reinforced synthetic fabric on a rigid metal frame having the opportunity to emerge when moving in the opposite direction.

With this design of the device, the energy of the current environment, through the opened blades across the flow of the blades in idle mode with minimal resistance returns to its original position.

This device has a frame 11, the fixing of the spatial relative position of the shafts with pulleys and flexible elements. The frame is made corroborates with the hollow open end of the input holes. The walls of the frame may be made of synthetic material. It is important that these walls can absorb the water pressure at the side of the perturbing effects of the current environment and to limit the transfer of these perturbations in the transition zone revealed blades inside the frame.

The elements of the device (pulleys, flexible elements) are mounted on the frame elements so that the cavity of the frame is a working channel through which the blades are held in the unfolded position. In the lower part of the frame from the input of stacked blades in the working channel of the frame is made throughput hole 12 under the blades and rods. On the input side of the fluid flow, the frame can be made with a bell having a sash guides 13, which block the passage area of the stacked blades through the bottom wall of the frame from the impact of flow.

The device operates as follows.

Being in the unfolded state along the course of the stream, such as a river, at some depth, sufficient for besprepjatstvenno through the flexible elements 5 for covering their pulleys 3 and 4, which spin a shaft connected kinematically, for example, a generator or other device such as a pump (not shown).

When this thrust 10 associated with the transverse bar 6, set upright position of the blade 8 perpendicular to the flow. Advancing front rod 6 on a curved stretch of the flexible element 5 open the blade 8 on the shaft 7 by means of rods 10 gradually changes the angle from the 90owith respect to the direction of flow at 0oand becomes the bottom edge of the stream, is smoothly and with minimal resistance when folded, returns to idling ago. Then folded the blade, following the circle, gets into the flow, which it reveals, and she, putting pressure on the transverse rod 6, makes the next working stroke.

As the device is mounted in the frame, the blades are not exposed to lateral force, which could change the spatial position of the blade relative to the stream. These features allow you to realize the maximum return water energy on the blade.

The second variant of the device shown in Fig.2, differs from the first by the fact that the axis of the blades are mounted on piperack 7 is also associated with another transverse bar 9 through the rod 10, located along the plane of rotation of the flexible elements and with the possibility of free travel in regards to this the other arm 9. In addition, in the area of the end face of the frame from the input stream environment in the Central part of the bottom wall of the frame mounted guide the sash 13.

The present invention is industrially applicable, because its production does not require the use of special technologies, in addition to those used in mechanical engineering in the manufacture of gears with flexible elements and shipbuilding in the production of sailing equipment.

Claims

1. The device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow and containing the flexible body in the form of an endless chain or rope spanning the pulleys, some of which are located on the shaft and provided with blades, a rotary mounted on axes perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment, these blades are associated with the axes for folding the rotation around the axis when moving against the flow and unfolding when moving along the stream environment, characterized the x flexible closed elements, covering the pulleys located on the shaft of the PTO, and the pulleys located on the additional shaft parallel to the shaft of the PTO, on each axis mounted on one blade, and these axes are mounted on transversely spaced some rods associated with flexible elements, with the blades of one axis at one end of the rod in the position of its opening in the side of the blade the other axis on the other end of this rod in the position of its opening and with the location of all the blades in position folding in a plane parallel to the plane of rotation of the flexible elements, every two adjacent spaced on the rod axis or the specified bar with these axes are connected through a thrust along the plane of rotation of the flexible elements located transversely in the direction along the flow of the medium after the blades of the other rod associated with flexible elements and with which the mentioned thrust associated with the freewheel direction of flow, the device is equipped with coroborate open ends of the hollow frame, the cavity of which is mounted a flexible elements, pulleys and the axis with blades, and with the end from the entrance of flow in the lower wall are through about that part of the frame with the end from the inlet side flow is executed in the form of a bell.

3. The device according to p. 2, characterized in that in the area of the end face of the frame from the input stream environment are mounted along the side vertical walls of the rails of the sash.

4. The device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow and containing the flexible body in the form of an endless chain or rope spanning the pulleys, some of which are located on the shaft and provided with blades, a rotary mounted on axes perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment, these blades are associated with the axes for folding the rotation around the axis when moving against the flow and unfolding when moving along the flow of the medium, characterized in that what flexible working body in the form of an endless chain or rope is made in the form of two parallel flexible closed elements, spanning the pulleys located on the shaft of the PTO, and the pulleys located on the additional shaft parallel to the shaft of the PTO and the specified axis of the blades are mounted on a transversely located some rods associated with flexible elements, each axis is also associated with another rod tion of this the other arm, the device is equipped with coroborate open ends of the hollow frame, the cavity of which is mounted a flexible elements, pulleys and the axis with blades, and which end with the inlet side flow in the lower wall is a through slot for the passage of these rods and blades in the folded position.

5. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the part of the frame with the end from the inlet side flow is executed in the form of a bell.

6. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that in the area of the end face of the frame from the input stream environment in the Central part of the bottom wall of the frame mounted guide the sash.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to hydropower, in particular, to devices for energy conversion of the current environment, such as rivers, tidal, etc

The invention relates to hydropower, in particular to a device for utilization of the energy of the current environment, and can be used to convert the energy flow of the current environment, for example, the flow of rivers electric

Wind conveyor motor // 2063544
The invention relates to the field of wind energy and allows you to increase the power and reliability of a wind turbine

The wind turbine // 2053409
The invention relates to energy and can be used to create new types of wind turbines

Wind device // 2022162
The invention relates to wind energy and can be used in devices that are designed to provide power to various customers

The invention relates to wind and can be used to provide energy to various Autonomous consumers

The wind turbine // 2008518
The invention relates to devices for converting wind energy and can be used as an energy source

The invention relates to hydropower, in particular, to devices for energy conversion of the current environment, such as rivers, tidal, etc

The invention relates to the field of hydro and can be used in a pneumatic converters mechanical energy into electrical energy with the working body in the form of an endless belt, mainly produces electrical energy in the range from a few kW to several hundred kW

The invention relates to hydromelioration, in particular to a pneumatic machines or engines with working body, made in the form of an endless belt, and can be used in a pneumatic converters mechanical energy into electrical energy, mainly produces electrical energy in the range from a few kW to hundreds of kW

The invention relates to hydropower, in particular to a device for utilization of the energy of the current environment, and can be used to convert the energy flow of the current environment, for example, the flow of rivers electric

The invention relates to energy and can be used to provide consumers with the energy stored in water and air

The invention relates to energy and is designed to convert translational energy of the moving ice into electrical energy

Hydroelectric // 2108482
The invention relates to devices designed to convert the energy of the water flow of the river in electric

The invention relates to hydropower, in particular, to devices for energy conversion of the current environment, such as rivers, tidal, etc
Up!