The device for selecting the energy of the current environment (options)

 

The device is designed to convert the energy of the current environment. The device comprises a flexible body in the form of endless chains, made in the form of two parallel flexible closed elements, spanning the pulleys located on the shaft of the PTO, and the pulleys located on the additional shaft parallel to the shaft and provided with at least one brake arm across stream for tensioning flexible closed elements from the pressure medium flow. The device also contains a number of blades, each of which is located between two flexible closed elements and represents linked via the axis for folding the two openings, the axis is set perpendicular to the direction of flow and its middle part is fixed on a transversely located rigid element, the ends of which a straight or curved thrust associated with flexible closed elements. The sash is made for folding the rotation around the axis when moving against the flow and unfolding with the formation based on the located transversely rigid blade element when moving along the stream environment. In the yoke and connected with the latter with the opportunity to freely move relatively flexible closed-loop member in the plane of its rotation. If the draw is made arcuate, each such rod is made in the form of a built-in flexible closed item-level is located in the plane of the flexible closed-loop member and is convex in the direction coinciding with the direction of arrangement of loose end of the axis. 2 C. p. F.-ly, 4 Il.

The invention relates to hydropower, in particular, to devices for energy conversion of the current environment, such as rivers, tidal and other currents, as well as the energy of moving air masses in electrical or mechanical to ensure that drive consumers.

Known methods of energy conversion of the current environment have a number of disadvantages. In solution, for example, SU 1810598, F 03 B 1/00, the device is located above the water surface, which, occupying a sufficiently large area to prevent possible movement of vessels, is a complex mechanism with many parts, which reduces the reliability of operation, and open the motion of the upper blade may be hampered cross wind, reducing the efficiency of

A device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow and containing the flexible body in the form of endless chains, Kurna the direction of flow of the current environment (EN 2037640, F 03 B 9/00).

The disadvantage of this device is its complexity due to the need of construction of a waterworks.

The present invention is directed to the solution of the technical problem by exception mechanisms to steer the position of the blades, ensuring their spontaneous folding and unfolding depending on the direction of incident flow. Achievable technical result is the most complete energy recovery environment with minimal design complexity and the absence of management.

This technical result is achieved in that the device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow and according to the first variant containing flexible working body in the form of endless chains, covering the pulleys connected by a chain or gear transmission with PTO shaft and provided with blades arranged perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment, flexible working body in the form of an endless chain made in the form of two parallel flexible closed elements, spanning the pulleys, swashes and provided with at least one tension blade, located across the flow for tensioning flexible closed elements from the pressure medium flow, each blade is located between two flexible closed elements and represents linked via the axis for folding the two openings, the axis is set perpendicular to the direction of flow and its one end fixed on a transversely located rigid element, the ends of which through arcuate thrust associated with flexible closed elements, these shutters are designed to be folded by rotating around the axis when moving against the flow and unfolding with the formation based on the located transversely rigid blade element when moving along the stream environment, and located adjacent parts of the valves of each blade positioned below the axis, made with facing each other, side cut outs, each arcuate rod is made in the form of a built-in flexible closed item-level is located in the plane of the flexible closed-loop member and is convex in the direction coinciding with the direction of arrangement of loose end of the axis.

This technical result is achieved in that the device for ambrogiana second variant containing flexible working body in the form of endless chains, covering the pulleys located on the shaft and provided with blades arranged perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment, flexible working body in the form of an endless chain made in the form of two parallel flexible closed elements, spanning the pulleys located on the shaft of the PTO, and the pulleys located on the additional shaft parallel to the shaft and provided with at least one tension blade, located across the flow for tensioning flexible closed elements from the pressure medium flow, each blade is located between two flexible closed elements and represents linked via the axis for folding the two openings, the axis is set perpendicular to the direction of flow and its middle part is fixed on a transversely located rigid element, the ends of which through direct thrust associated with flexible closed elements, these shutters are designed to be folded by rotating around the axis when moving against the flow and unfolding with the formation based on the located transversely rigid blade element when moving along the flow, with what zmoznostjo free running relatively flexible closed-loop member in the plane of its rotation.

These characteristics for each type of performance are essential and interrelated with the formation of a stable set of essential features, sufficient to obtain the desired technical result.

The present invention is illustrated with specific examples, which, however, are not only possible, but clearly demonstrate the possibility of achieving a given set of essential features required technical result.

In Fig.1 shows a General diagram of the device in the first embodiment, and Fig.2 is a view of the blade in Fig.1; Fig.3 shows a General diagram of the device according to the second variant of Fig.4 is an example of execution of the tension of the blade.

According to the invention embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow device for selecting the energy of the current environment according to the first embodiment includes a flexible working body in the form of endless chains, covering the pulleys located on the shaft and provided with blades arranged perpendicular to the direction of flow.

Flexible working the body in the form of an endless chain made in the form of two parallel flexible closed element is parallel to the shaft of the PTO and is provided with at least one tension blade, located across the flow for tensioning flexible closed elements from the pressure medium flow.

Each blade is located between two flexible closed elements and represents linked via the axis for folding the two openings, the axis is set perpendicular to the direction of flow and its one end fixed on a transversely located rigid element, the ends of which through arcuate thrust associated with flexible closed elements, these shutters are designed to be folded by rotating around the axis when moving against the flow and unfolding with the formation based on the located transversely rigid blade element when moving along the stream environment, and located adjacent parts of the valves of each blade positioned below the axis, made with facing each other, side cut outs.

Each arcuate rod is made in the form of a built-in flexible closed item-level is located in the plane of the flexible closed-loop member and is convex in the direction coinciding with the direction of arrangement of loose end of the axis.

Below is an example of a specific implementation of the device, use the .1, 2) contains a rotatably shaft 1, which through a transmission 2 is connected with the pulleys 3 and 4, respectively, with the shaft 1 is PTO-related energy consumer.

Pulleys are covered by the endless flexible elements 5, which can be used a rope made of synthetic materials, and when the toothed pulleys or sprockets used the endless chain. Two flexible element 5 are connected transversely disposable rods 6, the ends of which are connected with curved rods 7 that are inserted as separate links in the rope or chain.

With the Central part of each transverse rod 6 is firmly connected to one end of the axis 8 of the blades 9, which is the axis of rotation (turn) the type of book two of the valves 10 of the blade 9.

Arcuate thrust are located in the plane of rotation of the flexible element 5 and perpendicular to the transverse rod 6.

Each of the valves 10 is made in the form of a sail of reinforced synthetic fabric on a rigid metal frame and forms a pair in a single blade that can arise when moving in the opposite direction. The total number of blades used in the device may not be limited, but at least three. The decree is s and unfolding with the formation based on the transversely disposed rod 6 of the blade when moving along the stream environment, and located adjacent parts of the valves of each blade positioned below the axis, made with facing each other, side cut outs 11, forming a Central passage for moving folded blades of the other branches of the flexible element. The performance of the valves allows for maximum windage blades through the development of its supporting surface.

With this design of the device, the energy of the current environment through the opened blades across the stream will be converted, for example, in electric when working stroke of the flexible elements, with folded blades in idle mode with minimal resistance returns to its original position.

Since this device has no frame, fixing the spatial relative position of the shafts with pulleys and flexible elements, for the organization of the working status of the device as a whole needs to maintain optimum tension of the flexible element. In the framework of the present invention this is achieved by holding, for example, the shaft relative to the bottom of the river for the formation of a support that prevents the device as a whole to be displaced by the flow, and supply device Central tensioning the blade 12 or the two the and the surface of the brake blades, will pull the flexible elements, enabling the functioning of the frameless system for selecting the energy of water flow. In the transverse direction relative to the flow of the medium spatial fixation of the elements of the device as a whole is provided with a transverse rod 6 having a fixed length and connecting the flexible closed elements.

The device operates as follows.

Being in the unfolded state along the course of the stream, such as a river, at some depth, sufficient for unobstructed passage of vessels, the blade 9, the open under the pressure of flow, the pressure on the cross bar 6, transmitting force through the flexible elements 5 for covering their pulleys 3 and 4, which rotates the shaft 1 PTO, kinematically associated with, for example, a generator or other device such as a pump (not shown).

This arcuate thrust 7 connected with the transverse bar 6, set upright position of the blade 9 perpendicular to the flow. Advancing front rod 6 on a curved stretch of the flexible element 5 open the blade 9 on the axis 8 by means of arcuate rods smoothly changes the angle from the 90owith respect to the direction of flow at 0oand R is asaeda idling ago. Then folded the blade, following the circle, gets into the flow, which it reveals, and she, putting pressure on the transverse rod 6, makes the next working stroke.

According to the invention embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow device for selecting the energy of the current environment according to the second embodiment differs from the first by the fact that each blade is located between two flexible closed elements and represents linked via the axis for folding the two openings, the axis is set perpendicular to the direction of flow and its middle part is fixed on a transversely located rigid element, the ends of which through direct thrust associated with flexible closed elements, each straight rod is located in the plane of the flexible closed-loop member and connected with the latter with the opportunity to freely move relatively flexible closed-loop member in the plane of its rotation.

The following is a specific implementation of this example of execution.

The device is installed along the flow stream. The device (Fig.3) contains parallel to each other mounted for rotation shafts 1 Lom PTO, related to the energy consumer.

Pulleys are covered by the endless flexible elements 5 in the form of ropes or chains. Two flexible element 5 are connected transversely disposable rods 6, the ends of which are connected with straight rods 13. Each straight rod is located in the plane of the flexible closed-loop member and along it and connected with the latter with the opportunity to freely move relatively flexible closed-loop member in the plane of its rotation.

With the Central part of each transverse rod 6 is firmly connected to the middle part of the axis 8 of the blades 9, which is the axis of rotation (turn) the type of book two of the valves 10 of the blade 9. With such design, the part of the blade is above the upper branch of the flexible element 5, and the part of the blade is located under that branch.

Direct thrust are located in the plane of rotation of the flexible element 5 and perpendicular to the transverse rod 6.

Each of the valves 10 is made in the form of a sail of reinforced synthetic fabric on a rigid metal frame and forms a pair in a single blade that can arise when moving in the opposite direction. The total number of blades used in the device may not be limited, but at least three. These shutters done what formirovanie supported on transversely disposed rod 6 of the blade when moving along the stream environment.

Since this device also has no frame, fixing the spatial relative position of the shafts with pulleys and flexible elements, for the organization of the working status of the device as a whole needs to maintain optimum tension of the flexible element. In the framework of the present invention this is achieved by holding, for example, the shaft 1 relative to the bottom of the river for the formation of a support that prevents the device as a whole to be displaced by the flow, and the supply device in the zone of the shaft 2 Central tensioning the blade 12 (Fig.4) or two sides spaced tension blades (Fig.3). In this case, the pressure medium flow pressure acting on the surface of the brake blade will pull the flexible elements, enabling the functioning of the frameless system for selecting the energy of water flow. In the transverse direction relative to the flow of the medium spatial fixation of the elements of the device as a whole is provided with a transverse rod 6 having a fixed length and connecting the flexible closed elements.

The device operates as follows.

Being in the unfolded state along current flow, the blade 9, the open under the pressure of flow, pressure on the cross is a power 1, linked kinematically with the consumer.

However, direct rod 13 connected with the transverse bar 6, set upright position of the blade 9 perpendicular to the flow.

Advancing the folded blades 9 and the transverse rod 6 along the curve around the pulleys 3 or 4 straight rod 13 are free to move in conjunction with the flexible element 5. Advancing front rod 6 on a curved stretch of the flexible element 5 open the blade 9 on the axis 8 by means of direct linkage smoothly changes the angle from the 90owith respect to the direction of flow at 0oand becomes the bottom edge of the stream, is smoothly and with minimal resistance when folded, returns to idling ago. Then folded the blade, following the circle, gets into the flow, which it reveals, and she, putting pressure on the transverse rod 6, makes the next working stroke.

In Fig.4 shows an example of execution of the device with one centrally located tension the blade 12, which is mounted on a frame that carries on its end a set of rollers covered by flexible elements 5, which are each flexible element performs the function of a pulley. With such design, the frame of the tension of the blade forms protease the invention is industrially applicable, because its production does not require the use of special technologies, in addition to those used in mechanical engineering in the manufacture of gears with flexible elements and shipbuilding in the production of sailing equipment.

Claims

1. The device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow and containing the flexible body in the form of endless chains, covering the pulleys and provided with blades arranged perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment, characterized in that the flexible body in the form of an endless chain made in the form of two parallel flexible closed elements, spanning the pulleys are parallel to the shaft of the PTO, the device is equipped with at least one brake arm across stream for tensioning flexible closed elements from the pressure medium flow, each blade is located between two flexible closed elements and represents linked via the axis for folding the two openings, the axis is set perpendicular to the direction of flow and one to the flexible closed elements, these shutters are designed to be folded by rotating around the axis when moving against the flow and unfolding with the formation based on the located transversely rigid blade element when moving along the stream environment, and located adjacent parts of the valves of each blade positioned below the axis, made with facing each other, side cut outs, each arcuate rod is made in the form of a built-in flexible closed item-level is located in the plane of the flexible closed-loop member and is convex in the direction coinciding with the direction of arrangement of loose end of the axis.

2. The device for selecting the energy of the current environment, embedded in a medium with retention from movements in the past along current flow and containing the flexible body in the form of endless chains, covering the pulleys located on the shaft and provided with blades arranged perpendicular to the direction of flow of the current environment, characterized in that the flexible body in the form of an endless chain made in the form of two parallel flexible closed elements, spanning the pulleys located on the shaft of the PTO, and pulleys located the second blade, located across the flow for tensioning flexible closed elements from the pressure medium flow, each blade is located between two flexible closed elements and represents linked via the axis for folding the two openings, the axis is set perpendicular to the direction of flow and its middle part is fixed on a transversely located rigid element, the ends of which through direct thrust associated with flexible closed elements, these shutters are designed to be folded by rotating around the axis when moving against the flow and unfolding with the formation based on the located transversely rigid blade element when moving along the stream environment, each straight rod is located in the plane of the flexible closed-loop member along it and connected with the latter with the opportunity to freely move relatively flexible closed-loop member in the plane of its rotation.

 

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