The method of processing plants and used in the composition of plant protection

 

The group of inventions is intended for use in crop production and agricultural chemistry. The proposed composition for the protection of plants and the method of processing plants in the production of crop products, consisting in processing plants specified composition. Used in the way that the composition contains at least one toxic substance and at least one alkyl substituted ammonium salt of arachidonic and/or of jasmonic and/or eicosapentaenoic acid. The invention allows to simplify the preparation of working solutions and to increase their resistance to delamination without reducing the biological efficacy of the treatment. 2 C. p. F.-ly, 3 tables.

Group of inventions relates to the technology of crop production.

A method of processing plants in crop production, providing the plant treatment composition containing at least one toxic substance and targeted supplements, including arachidonic, and/or zhasmonovoi, and/or eykozapentaenovuyu acid or their lower alkalemia esters (EN 2092049 C1, 10.10.1997).

The disadvantage of this method is the complexity of making the compositions used in connection with the necessity AMH solutions to delamination.

Known composition for protecting plants containing at least one toxic substance and the target additive comprising at least arachidonic and/or zhasmonovoi, and/or eykozapentaenovuyu acid, or their lower alkalemia esters (ibid.).

This song has the same drawbacks as the above-described method.

The technical result of the group of inventions is to facilitate the preparation of working solutions used composition and increase their durability.

This result is achieved in that in the method of processing plants in crop production, providing the plant treatment composition containing at least one toxic substance and targeted supplements, including derivatives of arachidonic and/or of jasmonic and/or eicosapentaenoic acid, according to the invention as derived arachidonic, and/or of jasmonic and/or eicosapentaenoic acid using alkyl substituted ammonium salts.

The same result is achieved in that the composition for protecting plants containing at least one toxic substance and targeted supplements, including derivatives of arachidonic and/or of jasmonic and/or eicosapentaenoic kislota contains alkyl substituted ammonium salts.

The method is implemented as follows.

Used in the way the composition is prepared by introducing one or more alkyl substituted ammonium salts, arachidonic, and/or of jasmonic and/or eicosapentaenoic existing drugs for chemical protection of plants or other compositions containing one or more toxic substances, biocides, together with other targeted supplements, such as absorbents, adhesives, binders, wetting, fillers, so that their content in the composition corresponded to the consumption of derivatives of the same acids closest analog: 0.1 to 20 mg/ha planting of vegetative plants or 0.5-10000 mg/t of seed, or by making a binary mixture at the same ratio of components, which are mixed directly in the process of applying.

The prepared composition is applicable for treatment of seed and/or vegetative plants in liquid or solid phase state, depending on the form it uses toxic substances and the commodity form of the composition. It uses salts are water-soluble so it does not require emulsification and do not initiate the delamination working solutions. Experienced the Oia with the closest analogue.

Example 1.

Crickets are prepared by mixing toxic substances tetramethylthiuramdisuphide in the amount of 0.8 kg/t, a mixture of primary methylseleninic ammonium salts, arachidonic, of jasmonic and eicosapentaenoic acids in the ratio 1:1:1 in the amount of 0.5 mg/t, ascorbic acid, foaming agent, surfactant, dye and water in amount of 10 l/t [1]. The prepared composition is treated corn seeds. For comparison, corn seeds treated with the same composition on the closest analogue [2] , a similar composition without derivatives of arachidonic, of jasmonic and eicosapentaenoic acid [3] , a similar composition without toxic substances [4] . The obtained results are compared with untreated seeds of corn are shown in relative values in table 1, where columns in the order the data by groups of seeds after different processing [2-4].

Example 2.

Fungicidal composition is prepared by mixing toxic substances propiconazole in the number 0,125 kg/ha, a mixture of secondary tilsammen ammonium salts, arachidonic and eicosapentaenoic acids in a ratio by weight of 3: 2 in the amount of 10 mg/ha, and water in quantities is possible wheat treated with compositions similar to example 1 [1-4]. The data obtained compared to the untreated control are shown in table 2, where the columns in the order the data by groups of treated plants [1-4].

Example 3.

Herbicide composition is prepared by mixing toxic substances phenmedipham, desmedipham and ethofumesate in the ratio of 1:1:1 in the amount of 0.9 kg/ha, tertiary propylamino eicosapentaenoate ammonium in the amount of 1 mg/ha, butylacetyl and water in the amount of 300 l/ha Obtained by composing process the beets in phase 2 pairs of true leaves. Compared to standard treated the same composition without derivatives of eicosapentaenoic acid, for advanced composition and closest equivalent yield increased by 28% and 27%, the rate of decomposition of toxic substances in plants in both cases, increased in 2 times, ground - in 1.4 and 1.5 times, respectively.

Example 4.

Beets treated according to example 3, but using in the experimental compositions tertiary propylamino arachidonate ammonium in an amount of 0.1 mg/ha. compared to the benchmark for advanced composition and closest analogue of the yield increase was 27% and 25%, the rate of decomposition of toxic substances in plants has increased in 2 times the use in experimental composition tertiary propylamino jasmonate ammonium in the amount of 20 mg/ha Compared with the same benchmark for advanced composition and closest analogue of the yield increase was 31% and 29%, the rate of decomposition of toxic substances in plants increased by 2.5 and 2.2 times, on the ground of 1.7 and 1.9 times, respectively.

Example 6.

Beets treated according to example 3, but using in the experimental composition of the mixture of Quaternary methylsiloxanes jasmonate ammonium and eicosapentaenoate pyridine in a ratio of 1: 3 in an amount of 8 mg/ha compared to the benchmark for advanced composition and closest analogue of the yield increase was in both cases, 31%, the rate of decomposition of toxic substances in plants increased by 2.5 and 2.2 times, on the ground of 1.8 and 2 times, respectively.

Example 7.

Insecticidal composition is prepared by mixing toxic substances chlorophos in the amount of 0.5 kg/ha, a mixture of Quaternary tilsammen ammonium salts, arachidonic and of jasmonic acid in a ratio by weight of 2:3 in an amount of 0.1 mg/ha, butylacetyl and water in the amount of 300 l/ha Obtained by composing process peas in the beginning stage of vegetation. For comparison peas treated with chlorophos in the amount of 0.5 kg/ha Rate of decay of chlorophos for the proposed composition and Nai is wycena 32% and 31%, respectively.

Examples 8-10.

The pea process in example 7, but using in the experimental compositions of individual primary methylseleninic ammonium salts, arachidonic, of jasmonic and eicosapentaenoic acids. Results similar to example 7.

Example 11.

Composition having fungicidal and nematicidal activity, are prepared by mixing toxic substances thiabendazole in the amount of 22.5 g/t, a mixture of primary methylseleninic ammonium salts, arachidonic and eicosapentaenoic acids in the ratio 5:3 in an amount of 10 g/t and water in an amount of 7 l/t [1]. The obtained composition is treated with seed potatoes. Its the same for comparison treated with compositions similar to example 1 [2-4]. The data obtained compared to the untreated control are shown in relative values in table 3, where the columns in the order listed information about potatoes, past various processing [1-4].

Thus, the proposed group of inventions can simplify the preparation of working solutions and to increase their resistance to delamination without reducing the biological efficacy of the treatment.

Claims

1. The method of processing plants at proizvodstve one toxic substance and additives target, including derivatives of arachidonic and/or of jasmonic and/or eicosapentaenoic acid, characterized in that as derivatives of arachidonic and/or of jasmonic and/or eicosapentaenoic acid using alkyl substituted ammonium salts.

2. Composition for protecting plants containing at least one toxic substance and targeted supplements, including derivatives of arachidonic and/or of jasmonic and/or eicosapentaenoic acid, characterized in that as derivatives of arachidonic and/or of jasmonic and/or eicosapentaenoic acid it contains alkyl substituted ammonium salts.

 

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