Mat with the heating cable and method of manufacturing
The invention relates to heating. Combined with the heating Mat cable contains supporting element of a perforated flexible material and the heating cable, which is located on the supporting element. The surface of the supporting element is adhesive, and heating cable is supported on the supporting element. A method of manufacturing a prefabricated Mat with heating cable, which contains supporting element, perforated, flexible, sticky material and the heating cable consists of the following stages: the location of the supporting element next to the guide elements, which define the desired pattern for the passage of a heating cable, the location of the heating cable by means of guide elements so that the heating cable is applied by adhesion to the supporting element, and removing the supporting element and glued it to the heating cable with the guide elements. The technical result is to simplify the build process and its speed. 2 C. and 8 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill. The technical field to which the invention relates the Invention relates to the Mat with a heating cable that contains a supporting element of a perforated, flexible material is otopleniya such a Mat with the heating cable.Technical background of the invention During installation of electric floor heating heating cable is placed on the base, usually directly on the existing underlying material in the premises, for example on the concrete. The cable is attached to the base with a predetermined pattern, to ensure the proper distance between the line segments of the cable, thereby obtaining the intended effect on a square meter of the floor. The cable is then closed with filler material which permanently secures the cable in the form of a predetermined pattern and which distributes irregular load on the cable. After that, the sealing composition is placed flooring required in areas such as tile or clinkers.If the underlying material is plastic, wood or some other flammable material, it is necessary to apply non-flammable layer under a heating cable. This layer usually has the form of a grid, for example, made of fiberglass or non-flammable plastic. In addition, the grid can be used for attaching heating cable to the expected pattern, for example by attachment of the cable to the grid by means of clamps or bands.To the Aulnay heating. Thus, for some time was known for the Assembly of the Mat with the heating cable of the type defined in the introductory part, which consists of a grid with the cable. When mounting Mat with cable, you can easily roll out in the intended room. The cable is already near the net in the form of a predetermined pattern, for example, in the form of a serpentine pattern.In accordance with known techniques, the cable attached to the net tape or strips placed on one side or both sides of the mesh in the longitudinal direction of the Mat with the cable. In one embodiment, three parallel strips of tape along the Mat with the cable and, as a result, hold the cable in place (DE 4136019 A1, 07.05.1992).This implies a relatively complicated Assembly process, where the cable must be held in place near the net, to be able to apply the tape and affix the cable.Moreover, when mounting the Mat with ribbon cable is the problem. Filler material, which is used for attaching the Mat to the base, can't penetrate the tape and, therefore, there is a danger of formation of air bags under the grid. This leads to insufficient contact between the base and on which rite.Summary of the invention Thus, the present invention is the creation of the Mat with the heating cable for easy installation of floor heating, which at the same time easy to produce.The second objective of the invention is to provide a Mat with a heating cable that allows you to satisfactorily get through filler material during installation.In accordance with the invention these problems are solved through the Mat with the heating cable of the type defined in the introductory part, in which the surface of the supporting member is an adhesive.This allows for easy securing heating cable next to the supporting element so that the Assembly can be done quickly and efficiently.Supporting element preferably contains a grid, made, for example, from a soft plastic material. This means that the Mat with the heating cable is flexible and resilient and capable enough to pass through the filler material, which is applied to it.Next to the heating cable can be placed additional perforated, self-supporting element so that the heating cable was located between two podet danger of inadvertently moved from its location.This second support element may, where appropriate, to have essentially a smaller length than the first supporting element, and may contain, for example, one or more stripes that run the length of the Mat with the heating cable.A brief description of the drawings Below will be described in more detail the preferred embodiment of the invention with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which: Fig. 1 is a top view of a variant of implementation of the Mat with the heating cable corresponding to the present invention, Fig. 2 is a top view shown in Fig.1 Mat with the heating cable is divided into two parts, which are following each other, and Fig. 3 - three-dimensional image shown in Fig.1 with the heating Mat cable.Description of the preferred alternative implementation of Fig. 1 represents a section of the Mat with the heating cable, generally designated position 1. Mat with the heating cable contains supporting element in the form of grid 2, which is preferably made of non-flammable material, such as fiberglass with a plastic coating. Of course, there are also other types of material that may be appropriate or necessary in certain applications. On the upper structure, for example T2BLcompany Thorin, and Thorin, is applied to the sticky side 3 grid 2, in the example shown in the form of a serpentine pattern, where the cable passes back and forth across the longitudinal direction 5 of the Mat with the heating cable. The two roof parts 6, 7 of the cable are connected by a curved part 8 of the cable.The proportions shown in the example between the size of the cable, the width of the Mat with the heating cable, the grid cell size, etc. are not considered as limiting the invention. On the contrary, the possibly large number of different variants of implementation due to various factors, for example, the desired effect per square meter, the required strength of the grid, the size of the surface of the host.On heating the cable 4 can be positioned second supporting element 9, which further secures the heating cable 4. Conveniently, the supporting element 9 contains fragments of the grid 10, which are made from the same type of masking grid, as the grid 2. In the shown example, the segments of the grid 10 are in the form of two bands that are superimposed on the grid 2 and along the entire length of the grid 2. Fragments of the grid 10 can, of course, exactly the same can have different shapes and different sizes, while they contribute Krasnogo direction 5 shows the serpentine heating cable figure 4 has the advantage, that allows you to place those parts 12 to each other (see Fig.2). Part 8 of the cable, which previously contained the arcuate portion 8, is stretched and now contains the connection 13 between the two parts 12. This means that the Mat with the heating cable can easily adapt to the room of this size.In Fig.3 it is shown how to perform the Assembly (manufacturing) Mat 1 with the heating cable in accordance with the invention. Adhesive mesh 2 is placed on a support pillow (pattern) 14, on which the desired image shows the guide elements 15, for example, in the form of protruding pins or rods. At the location of the grid 2 on a booster cushion 14 guiding elements 15 to protrude through the mesh 2. Then on grid 2 stack heater cable 4 and entwine around the guide element 15 so that it took the form of a desired pattern, in the example shown serpentine pattern. Then, if required, can be applied to the heater cable 4 fragments grid 10 in the form of stripes in the longitudinal direction of the grid 2, with the aim of attaching heating cable 4. In conclusion, the Mat 1 with the heating cable is removed from the mounting pad 14, preferably by means of coagulation.Booster cushion 14 may be the same ararauna to arrange the heating cable on a booster cushion 14 and remove it.Shorter booster cushion 14, for example, can be used repeatedly, with the aim of obtaining Mat 1 with the heating cable of the desired length. According to another variant, the support cushion 14 can be designed in the form of a rotating cylinder having guide elements located on its peripheral surface, and the grid 2 can be carried out by way of the touch surface. During the rotation of the cylinder, the cable can continuously be located adjacent to the guide elements, after which the cable is brought into contact with the mesh and is attached to it, and finally follow the path of the grid and then removed from the cylinder.It was shown above that the Mat with a heating cable according to the invention is designed for floor mounting. However, nothing prevents the use of the Mat with the heating cable, for example, on the walls and ceilings.
Claims1. Prefabricated Mat (1) with the heating cable containing the supporting element (2) of the perforated flexible material and the heating cable (4), which is located on the supporting element (2), characterized in that the surface (3) of the supporting element (2) is adhesive and heating cable (4) is supported on the supporting element (2).
<3. Prefabricated Mat with the heating cable under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the supporting element (2) made of soft plastic.4. Prefabricated Mat with a heating cable according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the second supporting element (9) of the perforated flexible, self-adhesive material attached to the Mat (1) with the heating cable and heating cable (4) is located between the two supporting elements (2, 9).5. Prefabricated Mat with a heating cable according to p. 4, characterized in that the second supporting element (9) is essentially smaller than the first supporting element (2).6. Prefabricated Mat with the heating cable under item 4 or 5, characterized in that the second supporting element (9) includes one or more strips that run the length of the Mat (1) with the heating cable.7. A method of manufacturing a prefabricated Mat (1) with the heating cable, which contains the supporting element (2) perforated, flexible, sticky material and the heating cable (4), characterized in that it includes the steps of positioning the supporting element (2) next to the guide elements (15) that define the desired pattern for the passage of a heating cable (4), the location of the heating cable (4) with guide elements (15) thus, h is element (2) and glued it to the heating cable (4) with guide elements (15).8. The method according to p. 7, characterized in that the guide elements (15) contain extra long pins, which penetrate through the supporting element (2) when it is placed next to the guide elements (15).9. The method according to p. 7 or 8, characterized in that it includes a step of positioning the second support element (9) perforated, flexible, selfadhesive material near the Mat (1) with the heating cable to heating cable (4) is located between the two supporting elements (2, 9).10. The method according to p. 9, characterized in that the second supporting element (9) includes one or more strips that run the length of the Mat (1) with the heating cable.
FIELD: electric heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: electric heater comprises casing made of a plate, plastic heating member glued to the plate, commutation leads, thermostatic switch, and fastening members. The back side of the heating member is provided with a protecting panel. The plate is made of marble. The protecting panel is made of gypsum-fiber. The commutation leads and thermostatic switch are arranged in the space between the two parts of the heating member at the center of the electric heater. The fastening members are arranged in the space between the gypsum-fiber panel and heating member.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: electric engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device relates to non-wired type heaters and intends for saunas and baths as well as for heating rooms of any purpose including living and agricultural spaces and summer houses. Electric heater has heat-dissipating panel made of marble, resistive heating element, metal base disposed between the heat-dissipating panel and the heating element. The base is connected with earth. Heater also has gypsum-fiber protective panel fastened to back side of heating element, thermal switches and commutation outputs. Heating element with lateral gaps in resistive layer id used for the heater. Commutation outputs each of which is connected with thermal switch are disposed in lateral space in the center of electric heater and are installed in distribution box. Metal base, resistive heating element and heat-dissipating panel are connected to each other by thermo-resistive silicon glue. Fixing units are fitted inside metal base, in spaces of gypsum-fiber panel and resistive heating element. Heat-dissipating panel is made of profiled sections having different geometric shapes.
EFFECT: improved reliability of operation and heat convective heat transfer; reduced cost; reduced fire risk.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: heat transfer.
SUBSTANCE: Assembly for warming surfaces, in particular, landing strips of space ships has electric heating elements disposed between two surfaces. One surface has to be a metal sheet with cells inside which cells the heating elements are installed. The heating elements are made of high electric resistance wire. The wire is inserted into mica plastic. Second surface is made of heat-insulating material. The plates are inserted in cells and are retained onto pins welded to metal sheet.
EFFECT: reduced labor input of mounting process; simplified design.
FIELD: civil engineering, in particular, outer engineering equipment of buildings and structures heated with the aim of thawing of snow and ice, applicable in deckings, water drains, cornices and similar building constructions, whose shape is exhausted by the shape of the panel or cover.
SUBSTANCE: the heated load-bearing member in the form of a panel has a frame, current-conducting shield and a hermetically sealed electric heater with contact wires for the power supply network. The frame is laminated of a composite material and has layers used as the reinforcing material, the layers are made of crossing and/or interwoven rayons, at least one layer of low-density material, at least one current-conducting shield and at least one hermetically sealed insulated electric heater, with their contact and earth wires brought outside, are placed between the frame layers made of crossing and/or interwoven rayons. A polymeric binder is used as the matrix combining all the frame layers and the mentioned current-conducting shield and the hermetically sealed electric heater, if necessary, the frame is provided with a protective and/or decorative coating fastened on the outside.
EFFECT: enhanced operating reliability and expanded field of use.
24 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for use in designs of floor electro-warmed panels for young plants of animals. System of multi-zone three-planimetric differentiated thermoregulation of floor electro-warmed panels for young plants of animals consists of three heating contours of rectangular form. All contours cover each other in concentric manner, and one is located in panel centre, another - along its perimeter, and the third occupies intermediate position between them. In zone of arrangement of each contour on two temperature sensors are placed, connected to thermoregulator, capable to control of heating on average indicator between two sensors in such a manner that at simultaneous thermoregulation in several zones temperature drop from panel centre to its periphery is compensated.
EFFECT: increase of thermoregulation efficiency; prevention of heat losses from panel centre to its periphery; possibility of panel adaptation to animals being on it; maintenance of panel adaptation to take-up by animals of various area of working surface; possibility of heating temperature changing depending on animals age and biological species.
1 cl, 1 dwg