Improvement of primary motor operating from wave energy
The engine is designed to convert wave energy. The engine that runs on the energy of the waves, comprises a pair of pontoons connected to the Central inertial barge, each pontoon has a possibility of pivoting movement relative to the barge under the influence of ocean swell or waves. A pump connected between each pontoon and barge turning movement of the pontoon into pressure energy of the water. Provided the improved mechanism of energy extraction and damping for converting incoming energy vibrating at low frequency, in the form of oscillations with a higher frequency for the generator, turbine, reverse osmosis and the like. The hydraulic network is used for straightening the incoming energy in unidirectional form for filing in the form of a continuous stream of water under pressure to perform. The device allows to provide energy production, and can also be used for direct production of drinking water. 10 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il. The invention relates to the primary engines from wave energy, which are designed to extract energy mainly from the ocean swell.European is based on the energy of the ocean swell. The primary engine contains two movable pontoon separated floating inertial body. Each pontoon has the ability to independently move relative to the inertial body to actuate the pump. The inertial body is provided with an inertial plate to save the inertial body is essentially stationary in the water regardless of the predominant wave frequency and/or amplitude. Inertial plate is connected with the inertial body, at least one axis and has the ability to move relative to the inertial body. When the primary engine is towed through the water, the inertial plate rises to reduce the resistance. Then, when the primary engine is in its operating position, the plate is lowered into the water to keep the inertial body is essentially in a stationary position.Basically, the energy derived from such primary engine from wave energy, is provided as the low-frequency form of waves. Energy must be converted into a useful frequency and/or frequency type before using it.However, the standard technology of conversion of energy from low-frequency mode shapes in vysokochist wave energy, having several floats connected to the floating platform piston pump double action for selecting the energy derived from the relative movement between the float and the platform. The device pumps the sea water.In the patent application US-A-4105368) described a floating pump from wave energy, with the main float, surrounded by auxiliary floats, movable one relative to another. The movement of the floats into the hydraulic medium in the pressure accumulators, and the accumulated pressure may be selectively discharged as a source of energy.In the patent application US-A-781023) described the production of energy from waves, in which multiple nodes energy absorption floating raft connected with a stable mooring device. Energy, going from relative movement between the rafts and the mooring device, is converted into mechanical, hydraulic and/or electrical energy. Batteries are used for regulation and energy storage.Patent application in Germany (DE-A-2921381) also describes a device in which the movable pontoons connected to the platform, and a hydraulic pump is used for pumping oil. Provided cameral.The present invention is to eliminate the disadvantages of the primary engines of the energy waves of the prior art and provision of an improved mechanism of energy extraction and damping for such a device.Accordingly, the present invention provides a mechanism of energy extraction and damping for the primary engine, working from wave energy having at least two pontoons, which are moved one relative to another to perform work as described in the accompanying paragraphs patenting.The primary engine can be attached to the anchor to below the bottom of the sea or fastened in any other manner, for mooring. In the work, for energy production, primary motor fully moored, but the mooring must be performed so that the inertial body had some freedom of vertical vibrations, rotations in the horizontal direction and/or fluctuations in the limits provided by the inertial plate.In a preferred example of the device of the present invention provides the primary engine that runs on the energy of the waves, containing two movable pontoon separated floating inertial Cola actuation of the pump, thus, the inertial body has inertia plate designed to hold the inertial body essentially motionless in the water, and the mechanism of energy extraction and damping, comprising: means for converting movement of the pontoons in the energy of the hydraulic pressure, the tool contains at least one linear oil pump, which transfers the energy through the barrier transfer to sea water, means for straightening energy pressure in unidirectional form management tool for regulating the power pressure and feedback tool for varying the parameters of the damping means damping.Means for turning movement of the pontoons into pressure energy contains at least one linear hydraulic pump connected between each movable pontoon and the inertial body.Tools straightening energy pressure contain many non-return valves, conjugate, at least one accumulator pressure.Inertial plate is preferably located at one end of the axis, the other end of which is connected with the inertial body. Preferably, the axis is movable to change the distance between the plate and the inertial where, and the freedom of movement of the pontoons relative to the inertial body. Linear hydraulic pumps directly affect the freedom of movement of oscillating pontoons.The feedback tool contains several adjustable valve for regulating the back pressure in one or each linear hydraulic pump, thereby varying the parameters of the damping relative movement between the inertial body and each pontoon having an independent movement.Preferably, the damping parameters are varied by changing the back pressure acting on one or each linear pump.The hydraulic network is provided for extracting power hydraulic pressure of the oscillating relative movement of the pontoons. The network contains at least one linear hydraulic pump that can be connected between the inertial body and a pontoon, and a discharge pipe, in which the energy of the hydraulic pressure transmitted from the pump through the hydraulic lines, accumulated during movement of the pump between the extended position and the retracted position.Preferably, for each pump, the network includes first AK is the provisions in the retracted position, second battery for receiving power hydraulic pressure when the pump is forced to move from the retracted position into the extended position, and plenty of shut-off valves, ensuring the removal of energy extracted from the pump discharge pipe.The hydraulic network is preferably divided into two parts, one of which uses the stored hydraulic medium, for example oil, and the other uses water, which floats the primary engine, and both parts are isolated by the barrier of the transfer, located in each battery.Several pumps are connected to the pressure pipe.Network hydraulic system doubled to extract energy from the relative motion of the inertial body and the other pontoon.One or each discharge pipe provides an environment under pressure (preferably water) to drive a turbine to extract electrical energy or to supply water under high pressure in a reverse osmosis system with the aim of making potable water from sea water.The invention will then be explained more specifically with reference to the accompanying drawings, which show exclusively through with what is side view of the primary engine, working on wave energy, Fig. 2 is a view in plan of the primary engine, Fig. 3A-3C are a side view, a view from the end and view in plan, respectively, the inertial body of the primary engine, which show in detail the hydraulic network that contains the mechanism of energy extraction and damping, Fig. 4 is a schematic representation of a network hydraulic system for one line of the pump and Fig. 5 is a schematic view in perspective of the mechanism of energy transfer.With reference to the drawings, and first to Fig. 1 and 2, the primary engine includes a floating inertial body or barge 1 with floating pontoons 2, 3, which are connected with the possibility of independent rotary movement. Each pontoon 2, 3 has the hinges 5 for connection with the respective joints 7 of the inertial body. The movement of the pontoon 2, 3 relative to the inertial body 1 under the influence of ocean swell or waves actuates the pump 10 provided between the inertia body 1 and the respective pontoons 2, 3.The width of the pontoons 2, 3 can be selected to meet the necessary requirements for power, typical frequency waves and/or amplitude at any selected location, preferably with C is rinnovo of the housing 1. In the primary motor is fixed anchor or attached in some other way, to avoid drift, and due to the location of the pontoons relative to the inertial body, that is, when they are mutually parallel longitudinal axes, the primary engine itself is located at a right angle to the direction of the waves or swell, which leads to maximum energy recovery from the independent functioning of the pontoons 2 and 3, which move relative to the inertial body. The mount does not affect the relative position of the inertial body in the water and does not interfere with the ability of the damping device (described below) to hold it essentially stationary in a vertical position in the water.The inertial body 1 provided with a device to hold the housing 1 essentially stationary in the water. The device comprises two pairs located at the distance of the supports 15A, 15b, 16A, 16b, which are mutually parallel. Each pair of supports connected with the inertial body at one end and connected with the inertial plate 20 on their lower ends. The device may ascend or descend relative to the inertial body using winches and/or hydraulic means (not shown). Uprazheniyami inertia of the housing 1. The inertial body 1 is essentially a hollow vessel having at least two swivel 24 on each side for connection with the pontoons 2, 3. Also provided by the elements of the gearing 26 for linear pump 10, which are mounted between the said elements of the gearing 26 and the corresponding elements of the gear 26a on the pontoons 2, 3. Pumps 10 are appearing and being compressed by relative movement between the inertia body 1 and the respective pontoons 2, 3, producing hydraulic pressure in the hydraulic network, which is shown in detail in Fig. 4 and 5.The hydraulic network is provided for extracting energy from ocean waves or swell the manipulation of energy hydraulic pressure from the relative motion of moving pontoons 2, 3. For each of the pontoon 2, 3 includes a hydraulic network. Each hydraulic network contains at least two pump 10, the first battery 32 for receiving the power hydraulic pressure when the pump 10 is shown with the power of the nominated position (position a, Fig. 4) in a laid back position (position B, Fig. 4), the second battery 34 for receiving the power hydraulic pressure when the pump 10 with the power derived from the output valves 39, allow accumulation of such energy in the pipe 35. In one part of the network is stored hydraulic medium, for example oil, is used for energy transfer, and in another part of the network as a hydraulic fluid sea water is used. Two environments are separated by a barrier transfer 40 located in each battery 32, 34. Each battery includes a container with a capacity of 28 litres, designed for the pressure of 345 bar. In a particularly suitable device, each primary engine has three pumps in front and two pumps in the back, and they can be distributed between two networks of the hydraulic system.As described in detail in Fig. 4 and 5, when the linear pump 10 is actuated by movement of the pontoon, this action displaces up to 5 gallons (22,74 liters). Sea water is drawn into the first battery 32 through the lower valve 37, acting in the same direction, a negative pressure (vacuum) created by the displacement of the pump from a to C. Hydraulic oil is displaced from the pump to the second battery pack 34, displacing sea water on the other side of the barrier transfer 40 through a check valve in the discharge pipe 35, which is designed for 300 bar. On the contrary, when the pump 10 is moved from In to a sea water inlet is tecnam sea water in the first battery 32 through their respective shut-off valve 39 into the pipe 35. Due to the reciprocating movement of the pump 10, the pressure energy is accumulated in the pipe 35 for regulated use. Sea water under pressure may be made adjustable to drive turbines for the energy conversion of pressure energy into electric energy, or can be used directly in reverse osmosis desalination.The extracted pressure energy can also be used to change the damping characteristics of the primary engine by varying the relative freedom of movement of the pontoons 2, 3 relative to the inertial body 1. The application of back pressure to the pump 10 increases the overall stiffness of the primary engine. This rigidity in turn affects the change of the damping parameters for the design and the overall efficiency of the energy of the primary engine. Actively adjusting the back pressure acting on the pump 10, the conventional technologies of regulation, it is possible to obtain the required effective energy and damping parameters for the primary engine, respectively, prevailing weather, wave height and the amplitude of the waves and ocean swell.The present invention is particularly applicable to the production of energy or can be used for direct production of drinking water. The invention uses a minimum number of moving parts, it has the strength and reduces the overall cost and operation cost of the primary engines. A means of varying the back pressure in the hydraulic system provides for changing the damping. Back pressure can be regulated using a feedback circuit that is controlled by a valve that can be done by means of remote control. The primary engine can be used independently or can be linked with several other primary engines that are controlled remotely and standard management technologies and telemetry.Of course, it is understood that the present invention is not limited to the specific described here details of which are given here only as examples, and possible modifications and changes within the scope of the invention defined in the accompanying paragraphs patenting.
1. The mechanism of energy extraction and damping for the primary engine, working from wave energy having at least two pontoons (2, 3), which are moved one relative to another to perform work given the strategies of hydraulic pressure, moreover, the tool contains at least one linear oil pump (10), which transfers the energy through the barrier transfer (40) in sea water, means (32, 34, 37, 39) for straightening energy pressure in unidirectional form and management tool for regulating the power pressure.2. The mechanism under item 1, characterized in that it has at least two movable pontoon connected to the floating rotating body (1), and each pontoon is made with the possibility of independent movement relative to the inertial body, in which at least one linear oil pump connected between each movable pontoon and the inertial body.3. The mechanism under item 2, characterized in that it has a damping means including a feedback tool for the variation of the damping parameters for pontoons, and the damping means includes means to change the freedom of movement of one or each of the pontoon relative to the inertial body, by changing the back pressure acting on one or on each line pump.4. The mechanism under item 3, characterized in that the feedback tool contains many adjustable valve for regulating pratipada is of relative movement between the inertial body and each pontoon, with the possibility of independent movement.5. The mechanism according to any preceding paragraph, wherein the means straightening contain many non-return valves (37, 39), active conjugate, at least one accumulator pressure (32, 34).6. The mechanism according to any one of paragraphs. 2-5, characterized in that it includes at least one hydraulic network for energy recovery hydraulic pressure from the relative motion of the pontoons, containing at least one linear oil pump connected between the inertial body and a pontoon, and a discharge pipe (35), in which the energy of the hydraulic pressure transmitted from the pump through the hydraulic lines, accumulated during movement of the pump between the extended position and the retracted position.7. The mechanism by p. 6, characterized in that for each pump, the network includes a first accumulator for receiving the power hydraulic pressure when the pump is forced to move from the extended position into the retracted position, a second battery to receive power hydraulic pressure when the pump is moved from the retracted position into the extended position, and many shut-off valve is decomposing the, what hydraulic network is divided into two parts, one of which uses the stored hydraulic oil, and the other uses sea water, which floats the primary engine, and both parts are isolated from one another by the barrier of the transfer, located in each battery.9. The mechanism according to any one of paragraphs. 6-8, characterized in that a lot of pumps are connected to the pressure pipe.10. The mechanism according to any one of paragraphs. 6-9, characterized in that the discharge pipe is arranged to supply water under pressure to drive a turbine to extract electrical energy, or water under high pressure reverse osmosis to produce potable water from seawater.11. The mechanism according to any one of paragraphs. 2-10, characterized in that the inertial case the primary engine includes an inertial plate (20) designed to limit vertical movement of the inertial body in the water.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for conversion of wave energy into electric energy. Proposed converter contains mechanically coupled fixed post, float chambers, frame, shaft, step-up gear and electric generator. Moreover, converter additionally contains relatively interacting second shaft, first and second gears and at least two motion converters. First and second gears are fixed on corresponding shafts and engage with each other. Each motion converter has vertical rod installed for vertical vibration on upper end of which first block is installed, and on lower end, third sprocket engaging with first and second float chambers. First and second overrunning clutches with sprockets are installed on shafts and they engage through first and second chains with third sprocket.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
8 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant is designed for converting energy of waves into electric energy. Proposed plant contains vertical support secured on bottom, rocking rod installed on support for rotation around axis of support, float secured on one of rod ends. Float is provided with intake bottom hole and outlet top hole, both provided with remote controlled valves, and electric generator. Upper end of support remains under water at any possible magnitudes of waves. Wave magnitude sensor is connected with remote controlled valves, float is connected to pneumatic line connected with pressure source, rocking rod is connected with pump which is connected by pipeline with accumulator of hydropotential energy on shore, electric generator is located on shore and is coupled with hydraulic turbine connected with accumulator of hydropotential energy. Plant changes to safe mode of operation owing to filling of float with water at excess of magnitudes waves determined by corresponding wave magnitude sensor.
EFFECT: provision of reliable and long operation.
9 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: device exploiting the wave energy incorporates a support with openings for water overflowing and a frame furnished with storm pumps, the extreme of which, incorporating discharge valves, communicate via a pipe with a receiver and curvilinear deflector connected to the pumps rods, the deflector being made in the form of a float with its concave surface facing the incoming wave, a balancer arranged opposite to deflector on the frame mounted to rotate about a horizontal axis laying between the balancer and deflector and a working pump fitted on the support with its rod coupled via transfer mechanism with the frame. The support front incorporates a wave killer made in the form of a prism, its apex directed towards the wave, and arranged to vertically move on along the support. The wave killer height makes half the height of the support. The medium storm pump has a branch pipe communicating via the pipe with the receiver and used a the deflector pusher. Storm pumps incorporate openings allowing the piston back free stroke.
EFFECT: simpler design and higher reliability.
FIELD: engineering industry.
SUBSTANCE: device can be used in water power engineering. Closed floating casing is installed on supports so that it can rotate. To inner surface of the casing attached are solenoids wherein located are ferromagnetic pins. Rod is located inside the casing and is connected with ferromagnetic pins. Casing's rotation axis is located at an angle to rod axis. Rod is installed on rollers and spring-loaded on both ends. Casing is equipped with current-collecting elements and vane propeller.
EFFECT: providing the specified value of travel and uniform speed of movement of ferromagnetic pins in solenoids at various wave amplitudes using wave advance energy.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to hydraulic engineering. Wave power plant comprises body placed on supports, solenoids fixed inside body and ferromagnetic rods installed in solenoids. Body is installed on shaft with the possibility of rotation. External surface of body is arranged as circular-cylindrical with blades in the form of double-threaded Archimedean screw and is equipped with current-collecting elements. Solenoids are arranged as annular, are oriented and fixed in planes that are perpendicular to shaft longitudinal axis. Ferromagnetic rods are arranged in the form of tore and are equipped with rollers. Length of body is accepted as equal to at least half of wave length.
EFFECT: provision of electric power generation stability.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to float pump units in power systems based on float pumps, in which water motion is used for transportation of gas, liquid and their combinations from one place to another. Float pump comprises float having controlled volume, which is arranged with the possibility of return displacement under effect of waves, piston installed with the possibility of sliding inside piston cylinder and connected to float. Piston is arranged with the possibility of return displacement in the first direction and second direction under effect of float motion. Piston moves in the second direction for suction of working fluid medium into piston cylinder and moves in the first direction for removal of working medium from piston cylinder.
EFFECT: creation of environmentally safe, highly efficient, low cost devices for power generation.
27 cl, 30 dwg, 4 tbl
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: wave electric power station intended for being installed on or in the sea or lake, for power generation includes floating construction and at least one floating body 1 which is moved vertically in relation to floating construction and is connected to the aforesaid construction through power transmission device. Floating construction includes a deck which is supported in fact with vertical supports. Supports have a pontoon functioning as damper and adapted for being arranged below water level. Deck, supports and pontoon comprise the space within which floating body 1 or bodies are located. In fact, pontoons have square section with oblique angles and with width which is more than height so that the floating construction is essentially fixed relative to still water level.
EFFECT: increasing output energy of wave electric power station.
17 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: wave power plant comprises vessel with electric generator installed in it, rotor connected to the latter with vertical axis of rotation, with horizontal blades. Between the latter vertical blades are installed with serial alternation of vertical and horizontal ones. Blades are installed in plane of undisturbed surface of water so that the latter is plane of symmetry for them.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of wave power plant operation by increase of share of wave kinetic energy transformed by plant into mechanical energy of rotary shaft.
SUBSTANCE: system includes a number of generator units (4a-6c) located in sea and a number of switchgear (1a-1c) located in sea. Each switchgear (1a-1c) is connected with a number of generator units (4a-6c). According to the invention, the system comprises a number of primary intermediate stations (17a-17c). It also includes at least one secondary intermediate station (19). Each primary intermediate station (17a-17c) is linked with a number of switchgears, and each secondary intermediate station (19) is connected with a number of primary intermediate stations (17a-17c). In addition, the secondary intermediate station is connected with on-land electrical network. The switching device (192) is available to ensure connection with different locations (193, 194, 195) of electrical network.
EFFECT: creation of system which is technically and economically compatible for supplying power to common electrical network.
28 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wave electric station contains operating sections each represented as hollow straight four-sided V blocks, in cross section and in the form of rectangular. It is open from the bottom and linked with water medium. The above sections are installed lengthwise closely to each other. There are two open-end longitudinal windows in the top part of V-block, which form intake and pressure main lines and rectangular windows. The sections are located between vertical boards hung butt-to-butt inside two parallel lines punched into pile bottom.
EFFECT: increased power output from plant and simplified design.
3 cl, 9 dwg