Minihydroelectric

 

Minihydroelectric is designed to convert potential energy of water to generate electricity. Minihydroelectric contains installed on the dam, at least one siphon tubing with suction and discharging branches. In the inner cavity of the siphon pipe is a power plant with a drive mechanism. Starting system siphon pipeline includes located at the output of the adjustable valve. The drive mechanism of the power plant is located in the siphon pipe between protivookislitelnym device made in the form of the input socket in the form of a narrowing funnel, and an adjustable valve. This starting system is made in the form of a pump, a suction pipe connected with the siphon pipe in the upper part, and protivokataralnoe device further includes a solid or slatted apron located on the suction branch of the siphon pipeline with the ability to be moved and fixed in a predetermined position. The device has a simple design to ensure reliable operation. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The invention is that it may be appropriate for small businesses or farms.

Known axial front turbine containing a wheel with a hub and blades, placed in the pipeline, in this case the generator is located outside of the pipeline [1].

Positive property known technical solution is to install a generator outside the duct, but it does not solve the problem of effective building system as a whole.

Known technical solution, which is a hydro-power plant, including the dam, the energy Converter of the water flow, and the energy Converter comprises at least one siphon pipeline energy Converter [2]. The upper part of each siphon pipe connected by a duct manifold air flow, air turbo-generator, where the air turbine and the shaft of the latter is rigidly connected with the shaft of the generator.

A disadvantage of the known technical solution is the low efficiency of the system due to the fact that during the generating of electrical energy provides its dual conversion: energy water movement into the energy of the air flow and energy of the air flow into an electrical energy, in Swayze, contains mounted on the dam, at least one siphon tubing with suction and discharging branches in the inner cavity of the siphon pipe is at least one power plant with a drive mechanism, and the system starts the siphon pipeline, including at the output of the controllable valve, the drive mechanism of the power plant is located in the siphon pipe between protivookislitelnym device and adjustable valve [3 - prototype].

On the inlet and outlet of the suction and discharging branches are also lattice. Grilles are designed to prevent debris from entering the pipeline of foreign objects. However, despite the presence of the bell at the entrance of the suction branch, which performs the function protivoinfektsionnogo devices, grids are sources of cavitation, i.e. sources of air bubbles accumulating in the upper part of the siphon with the formation of an air cushion, which must be periodically removed to maintain the efficiency of the device.

Adaca of the present invention is to increase the specific efficiency of small hydro power plants with ease-con who TRISTANIA contains installed at the dam at least one siphon tubing with suction and discharging branches in the inner cavity of the siphon pipe is at least one power plant with a drive mechanism, and the system starts the siphon pipeline, including at the output of the controllable valve, the drive mechanism of the power plant is located in the siphon pipe between protivookislitelnym device and adjustable valve, and starting system made in the form of the pump, a suction pipe connected with the siphon pipe in the upper part, and protivokataralnoe device further includes a solid or slatted apron, located on the suction branch of the siphon pipeline with the ability to be moved and fixed in the specified position.

Protivokataralnoe device can also be made in the form of a raft, located on the surface of the water above the suction inlet of the siphon pipe and rigidly connected to the bottom or from the dam using the anchor system or corresponding metal buckles.

The distance between the supports of the siphon plumbing, installed on the dam, and the distance from the horizontal powersports funds.

In Fig. 1 shows a General view of minihydroelectric with protivookislitelnym device made in the form of the apron on the suction branch of the siphon pipe. In Fig.2 is an embodiment of minihydroelectric with protivookislitelnym device made in the form of a raft, located on the surface of the water above the entrance mouth of the suction branch of the siphon pipe.

Minihydroelectric contains installed on the dam 1 with the supports 2, at least one siphon pipe 3 with 4 suction and discharging 5 branches. In the inner cavity of the siphon pipe 3 has a drive mechanism 6 power unit 7. Starting system siphon pipe 3 includes a pump unit 8, the suction pipe 9 connected with the siphon pipe 3 in the upper part. Siphon pipe 3 provided at the inlet of the intake branch 4 protivookislitelnym device.

Protivokataralnoe device made in the form of the input socket 10 in the form of a tapering funnel rigidly connected with the suction branch 4 of the siphon pipe 3.

Protivokataralnoe device may further include a solid or slatted apron 11, located on VG.1).

In one embodiment, protivokataralnoe the device may be made in the form of a raft 13, located on the surface of the water above the inlet funnel 10 of the siphon pipe 3 and rigidly connected with the bottom or with dam 1 using the anchor system or corresponding metal buckles.

The distance between the supports 2 of the siphon pipe 3 that is installed on the dam 1, and the distance from the horizontal surface of the dam 1 to the upper part of the siphon pipe 3 is selected from the conditions to their respective vehicles.

Minihydroelectric works as follows.

When running minihydroelectric include in the vacuum pump unit 8 when closed, the valve 12 to reduce the energy consumption for filling the cavity leaving the branches 5 of the siphon pipe 3. After filling with water the entire cavity of the siphon pipe 3 pump unit 8 is turned off with the maintenance of proper sealing. Opens valve 12 at the desired flow of water, which when passing through the siphon line 3 actuates the drive mechanism 6 power plant 7 (generator).

Input socket 10 prevents repetitous the formation of air-to-water funnel on the surface of the water and the capture of air moving through the siphon pipe 3 water flow. Optimum performance protivoavarijnyh devices when possible change in the flow of water through the adjustable valve 12 is achieved by changing the position of the apron 11 and the corresponding dimensions of the float 13.

Sources of information 1. RF patent 2002101, CL F 03 In 13/00, 1993.

2. RF patent 2167334, CL F 03 In 13/00, 2000.

3. Application France 2497296 A1, class F 03 13/12, 1980.

Claims

1. Minihydroelectric containing installed on the dam, at least one siphon pipe with a suction and discharging branches in the inner cavity of which is a power plant with a drive mechanism, the system starts the siphon pipeline, including at the output of the adjustable valve, and the actuator power plant is located in the siphon pipe between protivookislitelnym device made in the form of the input socket in the form of a narrowing funnel, and an adjustable valve, characterized in that the starting system is made in the form of a pump, a suction pipe connected with the siphon pipe in the upper part, and protivokataralnoe device further includes a solid or lattice PV specified position.

2. Minihydroelectric under item 1, characterized in that the distance between the supports of the siphon pipe, installed at the dam, and the distance from the horizontal surface of the dam to the upper part of the siphon pipe is selected from the conditions to their respective vehicles.

 

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