The way the daily kardiomonitorami to determine the presence and activity of human diseases infectious nature
The invention relates to medicine, cardiology. Continuously record the ECG during the day more than one standard abstraction. Analyze 300-600 ECG complexes. At each lead emit a series of QRS and time intervals between them. Calculate the average values of measured parameters. Build structured codogram separately for each ECG lead. Compare structured codogram examined with standard reference patterns of healthy and sick. The conclusion about the presence of the disease and its severity are based on % of incidence of the reference patterns. The method allows to judge the presence or absence of various diseases, their severity, and to exercise effective control over the individual. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 2 ill., table 1. The invention relates to medicine, namely to functional diagnostics, and can be used for diagnosis and monitoring of activity of non-communicable diseases persons at any stage of their development through daily kardiomonitorami in any environment and professional activities, including the impact of extreme factors. The method may Vesti treatment, as well as identifying causes, provoking and development of the disease, when conducting a medical examination of the population and monitoring the health of workers.The proposed method daily kardiomonitorami non-communicable diseases in man, using known principles Holter cardiac monitoring is a new stage in the development of technologies for information analysis electrocardiogram implemented in the RF patents for inventions 215793 "Method for the diagnosis of diseases of infectious etiology", 2000, 215974 "Device rapid diagnosis of diseases of internal organs and pathologies", 2000 and 2163088 "Method for diagnosis zabolevanii internal organs at any stage of their development", 2001,The difference of the above diagnostic methods patent 215793, 215974 and 2163088 from similar, for example, patent of the Russian Federation 2092103, class. And 61 In 5/04, publ. 10.10.97, 2103911, class. And 61 In 5/04, publ. 10.02.98, is that the basis of their taken the analysis of amplitude, frequency and phase modulation cardiomegaly (teeth R), encoding the dynamics of their spatial-temporal changes compared with the reference patterns (standards) rules and diseases and making judgments about the state of the subject by comparing the results.
Claims1. The way the daily kardiomonitorami to determine the presence and activity of human diseases non-infectious nature, including continuous registration electrocardiogram during the day, and their subsequent analysis by mathematical processing of indicators, comparing the received data with the data standards-standards and making judgments regarding the presence of pathology and its activity according to the comparison results, wherein the register electrocardiogram simultaneously by more than one standard abstraction for analysis use not less than 300-600 electrocardiological, each lead emit series izmerenii parameters QRSn(f) and between them TP(Wed) by mathematical processing of those parameters QRSn(f)complexes and the time intervals TA(f), which have identical sequence numbers, compare options QRSn(f)-complexes and each of the analyzed time interval TA(f) with corresponding average values obtained for similar parameters to those QRSn(f)-complexes and the time intervals TA(f), which correspond to identical to the series and have the same sequence number, encode the results of the comparison using one-, two-, three - and higher-dimensional characters, structure codogram using one-, two-, three or more polynomial code combinations by the method of successive displacement of each one symbol along the entire codogram from beginning to end, with subsequent distribution code combinations with respect to their occurrence, for each abstraction removal electrocardiogram, compare structured codogram surveyed with standards-benchmarks structured patterns of norms and various diseases for each lead separately, taking into account the identity of the type of configuration of the QRS-complexes and allocation of symbols used coding taking into account their frequency of occurrence, determine the percentage of the reference combinations, which are among naibolee determination of the presence or absence of pathology carry out the analysis summarized results, obtained for each lead, while in the case of 0% occurrence reference code combinations diagnose the risk of disease or persistent remission formed of the disease, with prevalence up to 30% of premorbid stage of an emerging disease or unstable remission already established chronic disease, when the value of 30-50% of the initial stage of the formation of the disease or starting exacerbation of chronic disease, with the value of more than 50% of the acute phase of illness or exacerbation of chronic disease.2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the check electrocardiogram spend in 3 standard bipolar leads on Einthoven or 4 unipolar leads from the limbs Goldberg or simultaneously in all 7 leads.
FIELD: medicine, cardiology.
SUBSTANCE: one should register rhythmocardiogram, measure current total power in low-frequency and high-frequency areas of dynamic row of cardiointervals. Evaluation of psychophysiological state should be performed by the value of stress index S calculated due to original mathematical formula by taking into account the power of low-frequency and high-frequency constituents of the range of dynamic row of cardiointervals. In case of standard conditions of measurement - the rest lying at one's back position the value of S stress index should be considered to be equal to 1. The method enables to rapidly and noninvasively detect and range human psychophysiological state.
EFFECT: higher accuracy of evaluation.
2 dwg, 1 ex, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves estimating vegetative tonus using cardiointervalography approach and its medication adjustment under cardiointervalography control. The cardiointervalography examination is carried out before applying treatment, in the course of and after the treatment. Each time vegetative tonus increment is estimated on the basis of voltage index. When applying medication adjustment, nootrop group preparations are used that are selected before applying treatment with initial vegetative tonus disorder distinguished by vagotonia or sympathicotonia being taken into account. Preparation or combination of preparations or their doses and application duration is adjusted on basis of vegetative status direction changes obtained from cardiointervalography examination data. The treatment is continued until vegetative status direction change stops towards normotonia.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness in selecting individual treatment course.
3 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method involves recording rhythmocardiogram. Then, spectral analysis of RR intervalogram components in frequency bandwidth from 0.04 to 0.4 Hz is carried out and information value Z is determined from formula Z=Ahf/Alf, where Ahf is the maximum of high frequency component in bandwidth from 0.14 to 0.4 Hz, Alf is the minimum of high frequency component in bandwidth from 0.04 to 0.14 Hz. Z value being greater than 45 and lower than 14, persons consuming narcotic drugs are detected. Z value being lower than 14, persons consuming sedative drugs like opium, morphine, heroine are detected. Z value being greater than 45, persons consuming psychostimulating drugs like cocaine, amphetamine, efedrone, sydnocarb are detected.
EFFECT: high reliability of screening study data.
4 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: medicine, diagnostics.
SUBSTANCE: the method deals with monitoring the difference in signals obtained from N pickup units, where N ≥ 2, ECG, pulse, temperature and analysis of the range and variability of their rhythms, nonlinear chaotic fluctuations during the period of registration. During analysis one should detect the values for fractal dimensions of Hirst's index and informational Fischer's index standardized, correspondingly, by the average value during either nocturnal or diurnal period. One should conclude upon improved body state by the normalization of signals' difference of peridiurnal rhythm, increased fractal dimensions, Hirst's index, decreased standardized informational Fischer's index, and one should conclude upon worse physiological or pathophysiological processes according to the opposite alterations. The method enables to widen functional possibilities during diagnostics.
EFFECT: higher accuracy of diagnostics.
3 dwg, 6 ex
FIELD: medicine; cardiology.
SUBSTANCE: electrocardiogram of patients with arterial hypertension is subject to twenty-four-hours monitoring. Spectral analysis of variability of heart beating is conducted and low-frequency, very low frequency and high frequency wave components of heart beating are selected. Strength of wave components of heart beating is determined as general, day and night ones. Generalized factor W is calculated by original relation. Value of W is used for diagnosing absence or presence of hormone-active hyper-plastic process of adrenal glands.
EFFECT: screening testing at out-patient conditions.
2 ex, 2 tbl
FIELD: medicine; cardiology.
SUBSTANCE: electrocardiogram of patients suffering from arterial hypertension is subject to twenty-four-hours monitoring. Spectral analysis of variability of heart beating is carried out. Very low frequency, low frequency and high frequency wave components are selected. General, day and night strength of wave components of heart beating is determined. Any factor is estimated according to the data taken from the spreadsheet. Generalized factor Z is calculated by original mathematical relation. Value of Z is used for judging on level of influence of hormones of adrenal gland onto pace-maker activity of sinus node.
EFFECT: comfort at usage; higher efficiency at non-invasive application.
2 ex, 2 tbl
FIELD: medicine; functional medicine.
SUBSTANCE: method in based upon remote irradiation of human body with set of super wide-band electromagnet pulses with duration of 0,2-1,0 ns, repetition rate of 0,05-30,0 MHZ and average density of flow of energy at irradiated part of human body being equal or less than 0,2 mcW/cm2. Modulation component of pulse repetition rate is selected from received reflected signal which pulse repetition rate is determined by heart activity, which is used for forming heart beat rate signal. The latter is used additionally for estimating index of stress which value of index of stress is included into transmitted communication message of mobile phone.
EFFECT: prolonged monitoring of functional condition of human.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: medicine, cardiology.
SUBSTANCE: one should register a rhythmocardiogram, detect spectral values for variability of cardiac rhythm, calculate the value of autonomic index, calculate the value of autonomic tonicity by the following formula: AI/lnTp m sq. sec., where AI - autonomic index, lnTp - total power for the spectrum of variability of cardiac rhythm. At values above 3.1 one should diagnose severe flow of autonomic dystonia syndrome, at values being 3.1-2.2 - moderate flow of the mentioned disease, at values ranged 2.1-1.5 - light flow. The method enables to predict the development of hemodynamic disorders.
EFFECT: higher efficiency and accuracy of diagnostics.
FIELD: medicine; cardiology.
SUBSTANCE: device for processing intervals of electrocardiogram has plate with Q-T (J-T) and R-R scales applied onto the plate. Plate is additionally provided with legs, rod and scale pointer at the end, arrows, and catches disposed at ends of Q-T (J-T) scale, Q-Tc (J-Tc) correlated values curves and Q-Tc (J-Tc) scale related to them. Rod is divided by axis to parts to relate as 1:5 in such a way that shorter part of rod has to be movable leg and longer part has to be the pointer of Q-T (J-T) scale. Pointer takes "0" position of Q-T (J-) scale to rest against left catch when legs close up. Motionless arrow is disposed onto longer part of rod under pointer of Q-T and/or J-T scale at level of "0" position of R-R scale. Slider with lock is mounted onto pointer to move along pointer. Slider is provided with two arrows. Formulas for building curves of Q-Tc (J-Tc) corrected values are given.
EFFECT: higher speed and comfort at processing of electrocardiograms.
3 cl, 8 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: medicine, electrocardiography.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with measuring parameters of electrocardiosignal (ECS) ST-segment and their analysis to detect deviations against the norm. At every step of quantization one should form the readings of first-order differences and modules of first-order differences. One should memorize N of readings for the modules of first-order differences coming after ECS readings that correspond to the onset of cardiocycle. Then it is necessary to sum up memorized values of modules and at every step of quantization one should compare the obtained current sum value with previous one. It is necessary to memorize the greater of them and according to maximal value one should form threshold level to compare current value of modules sum. Time moments when sum value is at first greater and then lower against threshold level one should consider to be, correspondingly the onset and the end of ST-segment. Time segment between the onset and the end of ST-segment should be considered as duration of ECS ST-signal. Device to isolate ECS ST-signal on-line contains a block for forming ECS, a block for primary ECS processing, a quantization block, a block for isolating the point of cardiocycle onset and measurement of its duration, a block to form first-order differences, a block to form modules of first-order differences, a block to memorize readings for the modules of first-order differences, a block to detect the number of summarized readings for the modules of first-order differences, a summarizing block, a block to form a threshold level, a block for comparison and a key device. The innovation enables to isolate ST-segment more reliably for wider class of electrocardiograms at different modifications of QRS-complex form.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
2 cl, 12 dwg