Device for obtaining diamonds

 

The invention relates to the field of explosive technologies for the synthesis of materials, in particular diamonds. The inventive device for obtaining diamonds includes a container with an airtight lid, a mixture of explosive substances with high specific energy with graphite or carbon-containing explosive with a negative oxygen balance, placed inside the vessel, the device initiating, and to the upper part of the vessel attached to the pipeline via the internal cavity of the vessel with the atmosphere inside a pipeline is executed grille blocking its cross-section, and in the pipe after the lattice is made shutoff valve. The invention allows to increase the production of diamonds from one installation per working shift without significant loss of the obtained intermediates for the synthesis of diamonds, and to provide the possibility for a shift greater number of operating cycles. 3 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il.

The invention relates to the field of explosive technologies for the synthesis of materials, in particular diamonds.

A device for obtaining diamonds (P. Plummer Processing of powder materials explosion", Moscow, publishing house "Mir", 1990, page 100, Fig. 9.4. ), m with high specific energy (RDX) and device initiation.

The disadvantage of the prototype is a low production of diamonds from one installation per working shift.

The task to be solved by the invention is the increased production of diamonds from one installation per working shift without significant loss of the obtained intermediates for the synthesis of diamonds. The technical result is the ability to hold shift a greater number of cycles: the tab portion of the mixture of graphite with the explosive inside the vessel, undermining the mixture, pressure relief vessel, laying a new portion of the mixture to undermine, pressure relief, and so forth by providing an automatic pressure relief from the internal cavity of the vessel for a short period of time and at the same time, preventing the release of significant quantities of the resulting intermediates of the synthesis of diamond from the inner cavity of the vessel.

The problem is solved in that the device for obtaining diamonds includes a container with an airtight lid, a mixture of explosive substances with high specific energy with graphite or carbon-containing explosive with a negative oxygen balance, placed inside the vessel, the device initiating, and to the upper part prysoedynena grille, overlying its cross-section, and in the pipe after the lattice is made shutoff valve. Also on the second end of the pipeline can be executed bubble chamber or the hydraulic or air filter.

Joining the upper part of the vessel with the ability to message the internal cavity of the vessel with the atmosphere and the overlap of the cross-section of the pipeline grid allows after blowing up portions of a mixture of graphite with explosive automatically relieve the pressure in the vessel to atmospheric over a short period of time without significant loss of the obtained intermediates for the synthesis of diamonds. Execution on the pipeline after the grating shut-off valve allows you to change the start time of the discharge pressure of the internal cavity of the vessel. Execution on the second end of the pipeline bubble camera allows you to delay the greater part of intermediates for the synthesis of diamonds from passing through the grate blocking the cross-section of the pipeline. Execution on the second end of the pipeline of the hydraulic valve allows you to delay the greater part of intermediates for the synthesis of diamonds from passing through the grate blocking the cross-section of the pipeline. Execution on the second end of Trubar the C lattice, overlying the cross-section of the pipeline. The implementation allows to discharge the residual pressure inside the vessel using a bubble chamber, the hydraulic valve or the air filter.

The proposed solution is illustrated by drawings, where Fig.1 shows a longitudinal section of the installation to obtain a diamond with bubbling camera on the end of the pipe; Fig.2 shows a longitudinal section of the grating, through which the pressure relief; Fig.3 shows a General view of the installation to obtain a diamond with a shut-off valve and air filter, and Fig.4 shows a General view of the installation with shut-off valve and the hydraulic gate.

Apparatus for producing diamond includes a sealed steel vessel 1 is placed on the supports 2, in the upper part of the vessel 1 has a sealed top cover 3, which leaves the pipe 4, the cross section of the pipeline 4 overlaps the grid 5 with holes 6 in diameter from 1 to 5 mm, and the ratio of the area of the holes to the total cross-sectional area of the pipeline 4 is from 0.2 to 0.5, the inside of the vessel 1 in the suspension system 7 is placed a portion of the mixture of 8 explosives and graphite, with a mixture of 8 contact device iniciarse accumulated over several cycles of explosions intermediates for the synthesis of 13, on the second end of the pipe 4 is made bubbler chamber 14, or the air filter 15, or hydraulic gate 16, the bars 5 on the pipe 4 is made of a shut-off valve 17, bubbler chamber 14 comprises a vessel filled with water 18, which lowered the end of the pipe 19 with the holes 20 in the upper part of the vessel 1 on the cover 3 made pipe 21 with a shut-off valve 22.

In the hermetic vessel 1 in the suspension system 7 place a portion of the mixture of 8 explosives and graphite, which contacts the device initiating a 9, then tightly close the lid 3, using block initiation 11 with the wires 10 conduct undermining portions of a mixture of 8 explosives and graphite, after 5-10 minutes on the line 22 open shut-off valve 22 and release the remaining vessel overpressure, then open the cover 3, the suspension system 7 place a new portion of the mixture of 8 explosives and graphite and the device initiating a 9, then tightly close the lid 3, and with the help of block initiation 11 with the wires 10 conduct undermining of a new portion of the mixture 9 explosives and graphite. So spend 10-100 cycles undermine a mixture of explosives and graphite. In the last cycle under zbytocne pressure, open the cover 3, and then open the shutter 12 and unload the accumulated intermediates for the synthesis of 24, which is separated fractions of diamonds.

Claims

1. Device for obtaining diamonds, including a container with an airtight lid, a mixture of explosive substances with high specific energy with graphite or carbon-containing explosive with a negative oxygen balance, placed inside the vessel, the device initiating, characterized in that the upper part of the vessel attached to the pipeline via the internal cavity of the vessel with the atmosphere inside a pipeline is executed grille blocking its cross-section, and in the pipe after the lattice is made shutoff valve.

2. Device for obtaining diamonds on p. 1, characterized in that the second end of the pipe is made bubble Luggage.

3. Device for obtaining diamonds on p. 1, characterized in that the second end of the pipe is made hydraulic shutter.

4. Device for obtaining diamonds on p. 1, characterized in that the second end of the pipe is made air filter.

 

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EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and reduced power consumption.

1 cl, 2 dwg

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