Accelerator to produce a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction

 

The invention relates to accelerator technology, and more particularly to the accelerators used to produce a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction. The accelerator contains the system power supply, a vacuum chamber, at least one high-voltage generator, a focusing system, accelerating electrodes, at least one supply system of the accelerated working fluid and system start-up. The accelerator further comprises at least one electron accelerator system start-up, including a source of electrons and is made with the ability to send accelerated electrons to at least one electrode delivery system of the accelerated working fluid in at least two of the capacitor, and the source of electrons of the electron accelerator system start is electrically connected with a plate of one capacitor and is electrically isolated from the other capacitor plates, and the other capacitor plate is made the output window with the possibility of passage of electrons, with a plate of another capacitor electrically connected supply system of the accelerated working fluid, and the power supply system is configured to create at the capacitor plate with a source of negative electrons sweaty the tyle=" page-break-before:always;">

Table T TC

Claims

1. Accelerator containing a power system, a vacuum chamber, at least one high-voltage generator, a focusing system, accelerating electrodes, at least one supply system of the accelerated working fluid, start system, characterized in that it contains at least one electron accelerator system start-up, including a source of electrons, and the electron accelerator system start up executed with the ability to send accelerated electrons to at least one electrode delivery system of the accelerated working fluid, at least two of the capacitor, when this electron source of the electron accelerator system start is electrically connected with a plate of one capacitor and is electrically isolated from the other capacitor plates, and the other capacitor plate is made the output window with the possibility of passage of electrons, with a plate of another capacitor electrically connected supply system of the accelerated working fluid, and the power supply system is configured to create at the capacitor plate with the electron source of negative potential relative to the earth.

2. The accelerator on p. the HV generator consists of series connected high voltage generators, moreover, the generators are connected in series so that all generators except the two extreme generator system, the generator output with the positive potential is connected to the output of neighboring generator with a negative potential, while at the generators are connected to one output with neighboring generator, and the other output with a total system output of generators.

3. The accelerator under item 2, characterized in that the total system output generators with negative relative to the ground potential is connected to the plate of one capacitor, and the total system output generators with positive relative to the ground potential is connected to the plate of the other capacitor.

4. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the high-voltage generator is designed as a cascade generator.

5. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the accelerator contains at least one pipe with liquid or gas and at least one turbine is configured to rotate inside the tube with a liquid or gas under the pressure of the fluid or gas pressure, and a turbine connected to the turbine generator made with the ability to generate electricity when the rotation of the turbine, and the turbine-generator electric is scoremore working body contains the ion source.

7. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the supply system of the accelerated working fluid contains a source of microscopic particles and is configured to be charged particles electric charge and to direct the particles into the interelectrode gap of the accelerating system of electrodes.

8. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains at least one focusing system for transporting particles containing at least one magnetic system, the magnetic system includes at least one pair of coaxial magnetic coils, and the coils are designed so that the outer coil surrounds the inner coil, and the coils are designed with the ability to create magnetic fields that satisfy at least one point on the axis of the coils to the following value:wherethe magnetic field of the external and internal coils of the magnetic field at the point on the axis of the coils.

9. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains at least one focusing system for transporting particles containing at least one magnetic system, magnetic system is it a pair of coils, the coils are designed so that the outer pair of coils surrounds the inner pair of coils, with the coils of the outer pair of coils forming the outer mirror traps, and the coils of the inner pair of coils form an internal mirror traps and coils are designed with the ability to create magnetic fields that satisfy at least one point on the axis of the coils to the following value:wherethe magnetic field of the external and internal coils of the magnetic field at the point on the axis of the coils.

10. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains a system bancheromania accelerated working fluid which has a capability to bancrofti accelerated working fluid.

11. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains a cavity filled with a liquid insulator, while the inside of the cavity on the suspension performed capacitor plate so that the plate does not touch the walls of the cavity, and the inside lining is made of at least one electron source, at least one electron accelerator and the exit window of the accelerator of electrons surrounded by a solid insulator so that the solid insulator soedinenii the generator is connected with the plate of one capacitor and with a facing of another capacitor.

13. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains a cooling system configured to cool the working elements of the accelerator containing at least two cooling circuit, with at least one cooling circuit contains a pipe filled with liquid metal and at least one cooling circuit containing insulating pipes with liquid or gas, is made of an insulator and filled with the insulator.

14. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains at least more than two accelerating electrodes made around the axis.

15. The accelerator under item 1 or 14, characterized in that it contains at least one additional electrode is made on the axis, while the electrode is made through the axial hole and on the inner surface of the openings from the side facing the axis, made at least one projection made of conductive refractory material or mesh.

16. The accelerator under item 1, or 14, or 15, characterized in that the protrusion is made in the form of a pin, the pin and the grid is performed with replacement, and the pin and the grid is arranged to move relative to the axis.

17. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains, at the very

18. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the starting system system contains an additional increase in the pulse repetition rate, with an additional increase in the pulse repetition rate has a system of electron accelerators training start, and the electron accelerator of pre-launch connected with a charging device for the control grid of triode electron accelerator system start-up and executed with the ability to direct the electrons to the area of the charging device to the control grid of triode electron accelerator system start, the plot is connected with the control grid of the triode of the charging device and the cathode of the triode of the charging device is connected with the control grid of triode electron accelerator system start-up and performed in front of the grid, but is electrically isolated from the grid, and the grid is made of the system of emission electrodes on the anode side of the triode and the cathode of triode emission electrodes no, this triode is surrounded by a conducting pipe, electrically isolated from the electrodes and the grid of the triode, and the triode of the charging device for the control grid is located near the triode electron accelerator system start-up.

19. The accelerator under item 1, is Ino Earth output high voltage generator and contains another battery of capacitors, connected in parallel with negative relative to Ground output voltage of the generator, while the battery contains more than one capacitor.

20. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains a cavity filled with a liquid insulator, while the inside of the cavity on the suspension containing insulating ropes suspended from at least one plate, at least one capacitor, and the cavity is connected to the cooling system of the accelerator, with the possibility of cooling liquid insulator cavity.

21. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the high-voltage generator is designed as a cascade generator.

22. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains at least one pinch-reflex diode, the electron accelerator system start up executed with the ability to send accelerated electrons on the cathode of the diode.

23. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains at least one system disk with holes or slots containing disks with holes or slits, at least one system of rotation of the discs made with the possibility to rotate the wheels with holes or slits, and at least one synchronization system speed drives the February start of the accelerator and with the frequency signal of the start of the accelerator system start-up, the drive is made with the ability to cross during the rotation of the hole or slot or the axis of the supply system of the accelerated working fluid, or the axis of the electron accelerator, or both axes.

24. The accelerator under item 1 or 23, characterized in that it contains at least one system disk with holes containing at least two disks with holes, the disk with a hole made of insulator and contains at least one pair of conductive contacts made with the possibility to form and disconnect electrical contact with contacts of the other disk.

25. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the power supply system is configured to create at the capacitor plate with feed speed of the working fluid or zero potential relative to the ground or a positive potential relative to the earth.

26. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains at least one diode comprising an anode and a cathode, with the cathode made of the system of emission cathodes and the anode is made in the form of a grid with the possibility of passage through the grid of electrons emitted by the emission cathodes, the anode and cathode are made through the axial bore surrounding the axis acceleration is atarov, the system high voltage generator electrically connected to the capacitor inside which made starting system and electrically connected to the capacitor made of the feeding system of the accelerated working fluid.

28. The accelerator under item 1 or 13, characterized in that the inner capacitor plate and the outer surface of the high-voltage generator is surrounded by a solid insulator, the insulator is made of the cavity, and the cavity filled with the liquid insulator, with at least one cavity is connected to the cooling system of the accelerator.

29. The accelerator under item 1, or 13, or 28, characterized in that the solid insulator is made of a multilayer material in a single layer with a resistivity above 10 Mωm and of the material in the other layer with the electric field breakdown above 10 MV/m

30. The accelerator under item 1 or 4, characterized in that it contains a system of high-voltage generators, the system consists of connected in series cascade generators connected in series in a chain so that all cascade generators, in addition to the two extreme generators of the chain, the output of each stage generator with positive sweaty the cascade generators are connected to one output with neighboring generator, and another way - with a total system output of generators, with a total system output of generators with negative relative to the ground potential is connected to the capacitor plate, inside which made starting system, and the total system output generators with positive relative to the ground potential is connected to the plate of the other capacitor within the capacitor is made of the feeding system of the accelerated working fluid.

31. The accelerator under item 1 or 4, characterized in that it contains at least one turbine generator containing at least one turbine, and the turbine generator made in insulating pipes with insulating liquid, and the liquid is an insulator, while the turbine is made with the ability to generate electricity when the rotation of the turbine under the pressure of the fluid pressure.

32. The accelerator under item 1 or 4 or 30, characterized in that it contains internal capacitors, while the cascade generators are made inside the internal capacitors connected in series in the battery, and the cascade generator is made inside the interior of the condenser, and the outer extreme of the plates of the capacitor battery coincide with the output voltage in the system is high is, one source of alternating voltage, electrically connected with the cascade generator.

34. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the starting system is inside lining of the main capacitor, and the starting system includes the system capacitor system start-up and system commissioning connected system slow switches, while the slow switch is made in the form of a liquid metal switch, and the slow switch is connected with one of the capacitors of the system capacitor system start-up and with a quick switch, with the fast switch is made in the form of a gas gap, and a quick switch connected to form a line, thus forming a line connected to the electron accelerator system start-up.

35. The accelerator under item 1 or 23, characterized in that one of the system disks with holes or slits made in the condenser system start between the capacitor plates, and the inside of the condenser with feed speed of the working fluid between the capacitor plates are made different system disks with holes or slits.

36. The accelerator under item 1 or 23, characterized in that the inside of the two systems of disks with holes or slits in the awn to combine elements forming lines together, and then to separate them, while at the disks of the first system are about the various plates of the capacitors start, and end disks of the second system are about the various capacitor plates with feed speed of the working fluid, and an anode forming line consists of two running next to each other conductive compounds, with each conductive connection is formed from the time of contact of the disks with holes or slits made with the ability to re-establish electrical contact for some time and to break contact for a while, moreover, between the two extreme temporary contacts system disks with holes or slits made of wires, electrically connecting the temporary contacts in one system, while the anode forming line is configured to repeatedly for a while electrically connecting the anode of the electron accelerator system start capacitor plate with feed speed of the working fluid and for a while electrically disconnecting.

37. The accelerator under item 1 or 23, characterized in that the system disks with holes or slits includes a rotor and a stator, while di is the Torah, moreover, the rotor disks with holes or slits are installed between the discs with holes or slots of the stator, the rotor configured to rotate inside the stator, and the rotor disks with holes or slots connected to the shaft of the rotor, and the rotor disks and stator disks in the form of flat plates, and plate disk of the rotor parallel to the drive plates of the stator and between the holes or slots of the disks of the stator passes the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up, the rotor disks are made with the ability to cross the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up holes or slots so that at that point in time, when the holes or slots of the disks of the rotor during rotation are opposite the holes or slots of the disks of the stator, between the holes or slots of the disks of the rotor is also the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up.

38. The accelerator under item 1, or 23, or 37, characterized in that the temporary contacts made in the form of projections of conductive material on the plates of the rotor and stator plates made projections of conductive material, and on the flat surfaces of the disks of the rotor about the side cylindrical surface of the disc is within the turning magnets, while the drive magnets of the rotor is enabled to meet the drive magnets of the stator so that the drive magnets of the rotor are repelled by magnets stator disks, and around the holes of the stator is made conductive rings, while the axis of the conductive rings coincides with the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up and the conductive ring is electrically connected with the temporary contact.

39. The accelerator under item 1 or 23, characterized in that it contains a system of rotation of the discs made with the possibility to rotate the rotor system disks with holes or slots, the system of rotation of the discs is connected with the rotor and rotor shaft, and a rotor shaft connected to the rotor disks with holes or slits.

40. The accelerator under item 1, or 23, or 37, characterized in that the rotor shaft and the rotor disks and the stator and stator plate made of insulators.

41. The accelerator under item 1 or 23, characterized in that the cooling system of the accelerator is configured to direct the refrigerant into the gaps between the plates of the stator and pump between the gaps in the gap between the plates of the stator is made of the storage tank and pumping the refrigerant from the storage and pumping of the refrigerant, the rotor is made with the possibility of the enemy tank, touches the refrigerant in the tank.

42. The accelerator under item 1, or 23, or 36, characterized in that the time contact is made or as conductive roller or the conductive ball.

43. The accelerator under item 1 or 23, characterized in that the system disks with holes or slits made in at least one magnetic coil.

44. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains at least one device for the formation of rings of electrons made with the possibility of formation of a ring of electrons, and the axis of the supply system accelerates the working of the body coincides with the axis of the ring.

45. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 44, characterized in that the ion source feed system accelerated working fluid and device for the formation of rings of electrons is made with the ability to emit ions and electrons so that the ring is formed with the particle number and energy of electrons, satisfies the relation Bukerovskoe rings

whereis the relativistic factor equal to the ratio of the energy of the particles to their rest energy,
N-- the number of electrons in the ring electrons,
N+- the number of ions in the beam.

47. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 44, or 46, characterized in that edgestar - adiabatic generator charged toroids contains triode focus edgestore - adiabatic generator charged toroids, with the axis of the electron accelerator system start up executed loader device of the cathode of triode focus, coupled with the ion source.

48. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 44, or 46, or 47, characterized in that the ion source is made about edgestore, and the axis of the ion source coincides with the axis through the axial bore of edgestore - adiabatic generator charged toroids, with a through axial hole edgestore - adiabatic generator charged toroids made the plot for the control grid of triode focus, and the ion source is configured to direct ions to the control grid and the control grid is made with the ability to skip part of the ions through the grid cells thus the axis of the electron accelerator system start crosses another part of the control grid, and an electron accelerator configured to direct the electrons to the control grid and the control grid vypolnyeniya from the cathode of triode focus the surface of the charging device of the cathode of triode focus crosses the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up.

49. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 44, or 46, or 47, characterized in that the ion source contains accelerating diode ion source, the surface part of the accelerating cathode of diode ion source intersects the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up, and part of the cathode of the ion source or combined, or electrically connected with a charging device of the cathode of triode focus.

50. The accelerator under item 1 or 6, characterized in that the ion source is made inside the capacitor plates, in addition, the inside lining is made the power supply system of the ion source, configured to provide power for the operation of the elements of the ion source.

51. The accelerator under item 1 or 6, characterized in that the diode ion source is made as a pinch-reflex diode, with the anode connected to the anode foil, stretched between the anode and cathode, and the anode film is made transparent to opaque to electrons and ions, with the axis of the accelerator between the anode and the anode foil made of the stem with a pipe filled with liquid metal, and along the perimeter of the cathode is made systems and the possibility of its replacement after a large number of shots.

52. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 51, characterized in that the wall of the pipe stem is made with the possibility of cooling by the cooling system of the accelerator, while the inside of the pipe walls are curved pipe with liquid metal cooling system, and with a pipe connected to the slow switch is made with the possibility before shooting the enhance inside the pipe stem, the level of liquid metal and lowered after the shot, while the liquid metal has a capability out of the pipe so that the meniscus of the liquid metal forms an electrical contact with the anode film and between the anode and the anode film.

53. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 51, characterized in that the anode connected to the supply system and replacement of the anode film, made with the possibility of filing and replacement of the anode film and with the possibility of providing electrical contact of the anode film with the rod anode, while the supply system and replacement of the anode film is arranged to supply to the anode of the anode film, fixed on the anode grid and the anode foil and the anode mesh is made inside the round hole of the isolation belt, with an insulating tape made of an insulator, moreover, the anode grid is connected with the isolation insulating tape and configured to move with insulating tape, and together with the conveyor, when this insulating tape electrically isolates the anode film on the capacitor plates.

54. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 51, characterized in that the diode cathode ion source is made in the form of a ring and between the outer edges of the cathode stretched mesh cathode.

55. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 51, characterized in that the replacement system and submission of the anodized layer contains cassette pinch-reflex diode, while the cartridge is made with the possibility of installation of the cassette so that the cassette after you insert it turns out the rod anode, in addition, inside the cassette placed anodic film, the anode mesh, conveyor and two bobbins.

56. The accelerator under item 1 or 4, characterized in that the cascade generator is connected to the plate of one capacitor within the capacitor made system start-up and with a facing another capacitor, and within another capacitor is made of the feeding system of the accelerated working fluid, while the generator is connected to the capacitor conductive connection from the capacitor to start these conductive connection go to system output high voltage generators with negative potential.

57. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 50, or 51, characterized in that the inside of the Condes opportunity to give energy to move the conveyor tapes pinch-reflex diode, as for replacement cartridges pinch-reflex diode, the power supply system of the ion source contains at least one cascade generator system start-up, banded, at least one turbine generator made in insulating pipes with insulating liquid.

58. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the inside of the condenser with the system start up executed the power supply system the trigger system which has a capability to provide energy for operation of the electron accelerator system start-up, with the power supply system the trigger system contains at least one cascade generator system start-up, banded, at least one turbine generator made in insulating pipes with insulating liquid.

59. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 44, or 46, or 47, characterized in that the anode of triode focus edgestore - adiabatic generator charged toroids made in the form of a grid, the cathode of triode focus from the interelectrode gap made system emission cathodes of triode focus, and emission cathodes system made in the form of needles or blades opposite the holes of the mesh anode.

60. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 44, or 46, or 47, characterized in, h is irowiki electrically connected to the capacitor plates focusing edgestore - adiabatic generator charged toroids, and the anode and the cathode electrically connected to the capacitor plates, while charging the device triode focus edgestore - adiabatic generator charged toroids electrically connected to the capacitor plate focus.

61. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 44, or 46, or 47, characterized in that the anode of triode focus is electrically connected with the inner conductive tube surrounding the axis of the ion accelerator, the pipe is electrically connected to the cathode of the triode focus, and the pipe is surrounded by the outer conductive pipe, the outer pipe is electrically connected to the anode of triode focus, with at least one conductive pipe is made of a magnetic screen, and the tube is made of equal length one inside the other and at least on one side of the pipe ends of the pipes are made close to each other.

62. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 44, or 46, or 47, characterized in that it contains a system of capillaries and tubes, the system is filled with liquid coolant, and the material of the pipes and capillaries within the system are selected so that the liquid coolant material does not moisten, and outside of the system material powertron connected to the cooling system of the accelerator.

63. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 44, or 46, or 47, or 61, wherein the triode focus is included in the composite design edgestore - adiabatic generator charged toroids surrounding conductive tubes of the triode focus made the magnetic coil of the triode focus and the magnetic coil of the reverse edgestore, and the magnetic coil of the reverse edgestore configured to create a magnetic field oppositely directed magnetic field of the magnetic coil triode focus, with the magnetic coil of the triode focus is made with the ability to create a magnetic field in the triode focus parallel to the axis of the ion source, and the magnetic coil of the reverse edgestore made with the ability to create a magnetic field around the triode focus, tilted to the axis, i.e. the angle of inclination of the power lines in the area before the triode focus is different from zero degrees.

64. The accelerator under item 1, or 6, or 44, or 46, or 47, or 61, or 63, wherein about reverse coil made magnetic coil output edgestore, the magnetic coil output edgestore designed in such a way that its field increases towards the exit edgestore and simultaneously srectrade electron accelerator system start-up, made with the possibility to move the electrode surface of the electron accelerator system start-up relative to the axis of the accelerator, including a cathode with a system of emission cathodes, the system emission cathodes consists of sections of emission cathodes and sections of emission cathodes are electrically isolated from each other and performed either on the disc made with the possibility to rotate, or on the ribbon, made with the possibility to move relative to the axis, and the emission cathodes made with the possibility to cool down the cooling system of the accelerator, where the device is connected to the engine, is configured to cause the electrode surface in motion.

66. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains at least one device for moving the tape with holes containing insulating tape with holes made with the possibility to move the tape relative to at least one axis of the device so that the holes synchronous time-crossed at least one axis of the device, and the axis of the device coincides either with the axis of the accelerator, or with the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up, and between the at least two ribbons are made.

67. The accelerator under item 1 or 66, wherein the surface of the insulating plate is made conductive and electrically connected to the magnetic coil, and electrical capacity plate, fixed in the moving tape with holes and was determined on the basis of nearby elements of the device, thus consistent with the inductance of the magnetic coil that the resonant frequency of the oscillating circuit formed by the plate with the electrical capacity and a magnetic coil with an inductance, equal to the frequency of intersection of the holes of the tape axis of the device.

68. The accelerator under item 1 or 23, characterized in that the disc surface of the stator is made conductive and electrically connected to the magnetic coil, and electrical capacity of the drive stator fixed in the system disk with holes or slots and defined taking into account the adjacent elements of the system, thus consistent with the inductance of the magnetic coil that the resonant frequency of the oscillating circuit formed by the plate with the electrical capacity and a magnetic coil with an inductance, equal to the frequency of intersection of the holes or slots axis.

 

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