Underwater ship

 

The invention relates to an underwater shipbuilding, in particular, to the design of underwater vessels. Underwater vessel includes at least one durable case with compartments and a corridor made with the possibility of joining the pop-up rescue chamber. The corridor is placed longitudinally in the direction of the axis of the hull at the level of the upper deck and made with the possibility of connection with each of the adjacent compartments through the hatches. The corridor is partitioned and has the room to accommodate emergency command post. A set of partitions combined with durable casing and includes a sunroof, configured to mate with the input pop-up rescue chamber. The corridor is made of thermally insulated over the entire length and provided with sealing means. Allows the evacuation of the crew fully or partially from any emergency cover in the shortest possible time, and also increases the effectiveness of ship survival. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention relates to the field of submarine shipbuilding and can be effectively used to create underwater vehicles with high survivability and high probability smime rescue chambers or individual means of salvation for the safety of the crew or evacuation in an emergency.

Famous submarine, comprising housed in a rugged enclosure bays, the control system, silos placed in her pop-up camera, equipped with life support systems and management, additional buoyancy means, hatches for pass crew and elastic guides associated with the means of ejection camera /RF patent 2149123, prior. 11.12.97, IPC 7 63 G 8/40, 8/41/. The evacuation of the crew in the event of an accident goes through hatches in a sealed chamber by firing chamber from the launching submarine mine with a pre-open cover of mine.

However, despite the fact that the salvation of the crew possibly with depth, the maximum allowable for a solid boat hull, a disadvantage of the known device can be considered as the inability of the crew in those cases, when starting mine, pop-up Luggage or the control system is damaged, because the rescue chamber in this case may not come to the surface in addition, there is no assurance of salvation of the entire crew, as people will not be able to go to rescue the camera, if there are emergency compartments, which may be sea water, high temperature or poverina least one transverse bulkhead with tightly adrevenue hatches, which separates the two isolated compartments, and at least one pop-up camera, through which the hatch is in communication with the said compartments at a corresponding position relative to the transverse tight bulkheads, rescue camera attached to the boat hull from the outside, with the possibility of separation in the accident /application Germany 2434766, prior. 19.07.74, THE IPC 63 G 8/40/. The disadvantage of underwater vehicles is the possibility of salvation only to the limited number of crew members.

Known underwater vehicle, in particular a submarine tanker project, Sweden), including isolated hull, United durable tunnels, sealed bulkhead with adrevenue hatches and at least one pop-up camera /I. A. Bykhovsky. Nuclear submarines. Ed. 2-E. Sudpromgiz. L., 1963, S. 207-211, Fig.109/. Provided by the design of the tanker corridors and mine-tunnels are used to connect together four separate pressure hull tanker for the passage of personnel from one building to another.

Structurally, the corridors and tunnels are continuations of durable buildings, representing wodoslawsky amounts, calculated on a full sabeeha in the rescue chamber, do not allow to pass through the emergency compartment in the adjacent compartment for the organization in its survival and, thus, do not provide salvation to all personnel located in different compartments. Command post in an emergency situation can not fully perform their functions, which reduces the efficiency of ship survival, in addition, it is impossible to ensure the decontamination and other measures to reduce the threat to the lives of the crew.

Famous underwater vessel, comprising at least one solid building with corridors and shafts-tunnels made with the possibility of accession to the rescue of the camera selected as the closest analogue of the invention.

The objective of the invention is to improve the effectiveness of emergency measures of the crew by creating on the ship crash-protected premises.

The problem is solved by the fact that in a submerged vessel, comprising at least one solid case with compartments and a corridor made with the possibility of joining the pop-up rescue chamber in accordance with the invention, the corridor is placed longitudinally in the direction of the axis of the hull at the level of the upper deck, made possible with the spare command points the code which is combined with a rugged and includes sunroof, configured to mate with the input pop-up rescue chamber, while the corridor is made of thermally insulated over the entire length and provided with sealing means.

In addition, the partitioning of the corridor made by MEGATECH bulkheads of the ship, which made the transfer hatches.

In addition, the enclosure to accommodate reserve command post made pronophoto.

The technical result consists in a constructive selection within the hull of the underwater vessel (submarine) emergency-protected premises with an independent alarm system control and life support - "security corridor" that allows the entire crew of the underwater vessel to significantly extend the survival of the ship and its effectiveness or to leave it in case of a severe accident.

The invention is demonstrated in Fig.1, which is conventionally represented scheme underwater vehicle (in section) illustrating the location and equipment of the corridor (the"corridor safety") on Board, and Fig. 2 and 3, representing a cross-section of the corridor in place mates, its light body (2), running fence cuttings (3). Robust housing (1) is divided meatsicle bulkheads (4) into functional compartments, one of which is the main command post, located in the bow of the hull (1). With rugged paired pop-up camera (5) placed in the field of fence cutting (3).

Corridor (6) extends in the longitudinal direction along the axis of the vessel, leaving it into the end compartments of the submarine through the end panels (7), the output from the connecting corridor (6) compartments is effected through the hatches (8) made in the walls of the corridor (6) and the corridor (6) through meatsicle bulkhead (4) and made them shut the hatches (9).

In the area of contiguity to a sturdy body (1) pop-up camera (5) in the passage (6) by means of vertical partitions (walls) formed the enclosure (10), the upper arch which combined with rugged (1), so that the enclosure (10) has an exit pop-up camera (5) through the hole (11) (Fig.1), and in the corridor (6), on both sides - through hatches (8) (Fig.1, 3). The enclosure (10) is designed to accommodate a reserve command post, which can be employed in emergency situation. The enclosure (10) is made pronophoto, its walls RASSC the team from hazards (fire, the inflow of sea water, radiation) corridor made of thermally insulated, and it is equipped with means sealing volume, providing a reliable cut-off of the damaged compartments from the corridor (6), in particular seals. Through the corridor (6) pass the cables emergency power supply, control, communications, lighting and pipelines emergency purposes. The height of the corridor is determined by the requirement of passage of the crew in full growth.

Alternate command post in enclosure (10) equipped with a backup energy management, means providing for the ascent of the vessel, traffic and radio communications.

In normal operating conditions the corridor (6) provides the crew with a through passage in all compartments of the submarine vessel.

In the event of an accident, in the exercise of ship survival corridor (6) provides the passage of the crew of the emergency compartment in any other, preventing the spread of hazards (fire, flood, radiation) in the adjacent compartments through the emergency isolation compartment, and by ventilation or air cleaning (in case of fire) sections of the corridor through the emergency compartment, which can be smoke at the exit of people from the fire is of a ship in the enclosure (10), hosts reserve command post, to continue the struggle for the survival and management of emergency vessel.

For rescue personnel at the accident progression and the threat of loss of ship crew members from any compartment may pass into the enclosure (10) under the protection pronophoto construction corridor (6) and landing through the hatch (12) pop-up camera (5) for the subsequent ascent to the surface.

If the damage or failure pop-up rescue chamber (5) and the inability to leave it underwater vessel the crew goes through the corridor (6) in the aft part of it, to feed and rescue hatch (13), equipped with a device for receiving an underwater rescue apparatus, or the crew gets out to the surface by a free ascent with the use of individual means of salvation.

To increase security on the ship it is possible to create in the most of the fire compartment gas environment with low oxygen content, with the passage of the crew along the corridor (6) through its compartment occurs without disturbing the sealing of the compartment.

During operation of the underwater vessel with such a security corridor increases the likelihood of saving the entire crew at the margin-top:2mm;">Claims

1. Underwater vessel, comprising at least one solid case with compartments and a corridor made with the possibility of joining the pop-up rescue chamber, characterized in that the corridor is placed longitudinally in the direction of the axis of the hull at the level of the upper deck, made with the possibility of connection with each of the adjacent compartments through hatches, partitioned and has the room to accommodate reserve command post, the code which is combined with a rugged and includes sunroof, configured to mate with the input pop-up rescue chamber, while the corridor is made of thermally insulated over the entire length and provided with sealing means.

2. Underwater vessel under item 1, characterized in that the partitioning of the corridor made by MEGATECH bulkheads of the ship, which made the transfer hatches.

3. Underwater vessel under item 1, wherein the enclosure to accommodate reserve command post made pronophoto.

 

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1 dwg

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