Rotary printing machine for printing securities
Printing machine can be used for printing securities, in particular Bank notes, sheet or roll paper and improves the secrecy factor of securities, as well as to diversify the possibilities of using various types of multicolor printing. The printing machine includes a main printing apparatus and more independent printing apparatus, mounted in front of the main printing apparatus according to the direction of movement of the paper and is made with the possibility of application across the entire width of the paper pattern, at least one of a certain color to the paper passes through the main printing apparatus. 11 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il. The invention relates to a printing machine for printing securities, in particular Bank notes, sheet and roll paper, comprising the main printing apparatus.In modern technology, these machines are known. For example, in European patent application 0132858 described machine, you can print on front and back side of the paper multicolor image by various printing methods, in particular way, usually called "orlof-offset, and offset. When printing method "offset-offset" on both Stour is be full figure consists of partial images of different colors, done with the help of printing clichés that are installed on the outer cylinders, which allows in turn to put the pictures and color register at offset cylinder, which then presses the print paper. The number of printing plates and, accordingly, the plate cylinder is equal to the number of different colors and images that constitute the multi-color image printed products. When using the machine for odnoprovodnoi duplex multicolor image is applied to the two offset cylinders, between which then passed the printing paper for applying images.This machine has some disadvantages, such as limited number of color combinations because of the size of the offset cylinder and the volume occupied colorful devices.Another printing machine of this type is described in patent application 0343105. This printing machine is used for multicolor odnoprovodnoi double-sided printing method, called popularly "orlof-offset". In this way the paint is applied on cottonbelly cylinder with a few tsvetodelenie cylinders, the number of which is equal to the number of different colors that make up this image. N is the population painted in this color. Printed on cottonbelly the cylinder through tsvetodelenie cylinder to transfer the image then through the plate cylinder of an offset cylinder, which eventually causes it to paper. To implement odnoprovodnoi print on the front and back sides of the paper, respectively, are two of tsvetonosnyh cylinder, one for each side of the paper with their tsvetodelenie cylinders and two offset cylinders, between which is skipped printed paper. In known methods each front or back imprint may contain up to four different colors. This known machine comprises, in addition, additional inking unit for one or the other offset cylinder or two at the same time for applying additional paint on one or the other side of the paper, increases the degree of protection of printed securities. This additional inking unit includes, in particular, of the plate cylinder, similar to the plate cylinder used in the Orel-offset printing technique that transfers ink of a given color from zotenberg cylinder of the offset cylinder. This additional colorful hardware cylinders.The disadvantage of such machines is that the number of printing capabilities, in particular the number of desired colors, is also limited by the dimensions of the blanket cylinders and the volume occupied colorful devices. In addition, the use of standard offset cylinder limits of various types of printing that can be used for additional or complementary colors.The aim of the present invention is to improve machines are already known in printing technology.More private object of the present invention is to provide a printing machine, which can increase the possibility of printing of securities on the sheet or roll paper to ensure the best security and diversify the possibilities of using various types of multicolor printing. When this fake securities becomes more difficult and will require rigged attachments much more funds.In accordance with the present invention, the printing machine differs in that it includes additional printing apparatus, installed in front of the main printing apparatus according to the direction of movement of the paper and allows to apply across the entire width of the paper ornament, IU the s paragraphs 2-11 claims defined private ways of implementing the present invention.With additional printing can be applied to various known types of printing, in particular offset printing, screen printing or heliography.In the most preferred embodiment of the invention additional printing apparatus used for printing protective elements.In addition, additional printing apparatus, it is preferable to set the drying unit, for example, from UV radiation.This new machine has many advantages: in particular, additional printing apparatus made according to the type of the removable module and can be installed easily into existing printing machine. In addition, the method of printing used to print the apparatus is not limited to the method used in the existing printing machine as it is considered to be in a known technology, and allows you to create new combinations of printing methods. The diversity of types and methods of printing will complicate the task of potential falsifiers.Another advantage of the present invention is that, in addition to the possibility of combining different types of printing and increase the number of colors, it has allowed the major machines. Thus, in one continuous passing of the paper printing of securities with a high degree of protection becomes easy and efficient. In addition, it is possible to vary the types of inks for printing securities, since it is possible to use several different methods of printing.In this technical field, there was a prejudice against the setting above for more of the printing apparatus in the known machines. It was considered impossible to carry out a preliminary application of the imprint on the paper prior to its passage through the main printing apparatus, since the paint with pre-applied additional imprint could go to the main cylinders of the printing apparatus. On the other hand, the implementation of such a system seemed difficult and, as a result, unprofitable. In fact, as it turned out, this problem is solved relatively easily, and due to the drying of the paint does not come with a paper on the main cylinders of the printing apparatus.The essence of the present invention becomes apparent from the description of one of the variants of its implementation with reference to the accompanying drawing, which shows a side view in partial section of the printing machine, mainly p is integral print.In the classical form of machine 1 for odnoprovodnoi double-sided offset printing has a main printing apparatus comprising two offset cylinders 2, 3, rotating in the direction of the arrows, between which passes the paper on which applied multicolor prints. Different patterns of the respective colors are applied to offset cylinders 2, 3 by means of the plate cylinders 4-11, distributed around the surface of the aforementioned blanket cylinders 2, 3. On the plate cylinder 4-11 with relief blocks the usual well-known in the technology in the way the paint is applied by means of the inking units 12 and 13, respectively.Additional printing apparatus has a common designation 20 and installed before the offset cylinders 2, 3 in the direction of movement of the paper in the machine. As indicated above, additional printing apparatus is set to apply a variety of classic types of printing, in particular offset printing, screen printing and heliography. In the above example, we are talking about the device two-color offset printing, comprising printing cylinder 21, the offset cylinder 22, two of the plate cylinder 23 and 24 and the two classic colourful apparatus 25 and 26. With the help of rollers of the inking units 25 is the position then transferred in exact correspondence to the offset cylinder 22, and the full image is printed on paper that passes between the blanket cylinder 22 and the printing cylinder 21 due to the pressure of the printing cylinder to the offset cylinder.The ratio between the diameter of the printing cylinder 21 and the diameter of one of the blanket cylinders 2 or 3 of the main printing apparatus is set to about 2/3. This attitude corresponds to two conflicting conditions, i.e. the diameter of the printing cylinder 21 is large enough to handle the complete drying of additional imprint using the required number of lamps, and at the same time small enough to be installed in the printing machine.Describes the advanced printing apparatus thus allows to add two ornaments of different colors on the paper by means of the plate cylinders 23 and 24.Before passing between the blanket cylinders 2, 3 for the continuation of the printing process, paper is still passed through the drying unit formed by, for example, lamps 27, 28 ultraviolet radiation located around the printing cylinder 21. This unit dries the newly applied paint, which is not mixed with paint damage to the main printing apparatus.Printing machine according isoboard the printing apparatus 20 and the offset cylinder 2 main printing apparatus 1.Given that the use of additional printing equipment allows you to apply various methods of printing, it can print at the same time a part of the protective background or part of the principal ornament of the securities.The present invention is not limited to the described manner, and within the requested legal protection possible other options for its implementation. For example, on one side of the paper can be applied only one additional color or apply one color on each side of the paper. In addition, such additional printing apparatus can be installed in a printing machine, mainly printing apparatus which uses, in addition to the above offset printing, other printing methods such as gravure printing, orlof-offset printing, orlof-gravure printing or printing using different optically variable elements.
Claims1. Printing machine for the printing of securities on the sheet or roll paper, which includes the main printing apparatus, characterized in that it includes an additional independent printing apparatus (20), mounted in front of the main printing apparatus according to the direction of movement of the boom the CSOs color before passing the paper through the main printing apparatus.2. Printing machine under item 1, characterized in that it is designed for printing Bank notes.3. Printing machine under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the additional printing apparatus (20) is configured to print two ornaments of a certain color each.4. Printing machine according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that it comprises at least one drying unit (27, 28) for drying paint that is installed around the circumference of the printing cylinder(21) additional printing equipment.5. Printing machine according to p. 4, wherein the drying unit is formed by a lamp(27, 28) ultraviolet radiation.6. Printing machine according to any one of paragraphs.1-5, characterized in that the additional printing apparatus (20) is a device for offset printing and includes at least one printing cylinder (21), one offset cylinder (22), one of the plate cylinder (23, 24) and one inking unit (25, 26).7. Printing machine according to any one of paragraphs.1-5, characterized in that the additional printing apparatus (20) is an apparatus for screen printing.8. Printing machine according to any one of paragraphs.1-5, characterized in that the additional printing apparatus (20) is a device for heliographic printing.10. Printing machine under item 9, characterized in that it includes only one transfer cylinder (29) between the printing cylinder (21) additional printing unit (20) and blanket cylinder (2) of the main printing apparatus.11. Printing machine under item 9 or 10, characterized in that the diameter of the printing cylinder (21) additional printing apparatus (20) is equal to 2/3 of the diameter of the printing cylinder (2) of the main printing apparatus.12. Printing machine according to any one of paragraphs.1-8, characterized in that the main printing apparatus is an apparatus for gravure printing, or apparatus for the combined "orlof-offset" or "orlof-gravure" printing, or the same machine using different optically variable elements.
SUBSTANCE: machine comprises device for feeding sheets, former cylinder provided with at least one printing form, printing cylinder, erasing device, and coloring apparatus.
EFFECT: improved quality of sheets.
10 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: polygraphy, in particular, printing machines.
SUBSTANCE: sheet printing machine contains at least three form cylinders with dry offset printing forms mounted on them, printing cylinder and sheet-conveying system. During tat, at least two printing forms for dry offset printing are mounted on form cylinders, provided with paint system, and interact with third printing form, mounted on third form cylinder and contacting with sheets being imprinted by means of printing cylinder.
EFFECT: expanded range of technological capabilities of machine, increased printing process reliability and resolution of produced image, and also decreased complication level of printing preparation technological process.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: printing presses, applicable for application of a protective pattern at printing of valuable documents.
SUBSTANCE: the sheet-fed printing press has at least two form cylinders provided with an ink system with printing plates installed on them, as well as an impression cylinder, sheet feeding system and at least two offset cylinders. Each printing plate is engage able with the elastic shell of the respective offset cylinder, contacting with the printed sheets by means of the impression cylinder. At least one section of the surface of the elastic shell of each offset cylinder is made in section with a variable curvature so that in the given section the surface of the elastic shell is not engage able with the mentioned printing plates and with the impression cylinder.
EFFECT: provided even transition from one pattern (color) to the other, which in turn makes it possible to enhance the accuracy of the obtained image, as well as to provide a high resolution of it.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: printing form for printing of, in particular, securities and documents, and a printing method.
SUBSTANCE: printing form contains, at least, two functional layers 1 and 2, first one of which is made with through printing elements 3 and 4 for transferring painted image directly onto carrier material 5. Printing form has means 8 for tearing paint layer and redistributing paint in printing elements between layers, which means may be made in form of a mesh or honeycombed structure between layers 1 and 2. In accordance to invention, printing method includes transferring form pattern onto carrier material by means of described printing form, while during printing pressure is created in printing zone, value of which exceeds the yield point value of the carrier material.
EFFECT: possible creation of imprints, analogical to metallographic printing imprints, with more complicated structure and increased degree of protection from forgery; improved quality of imprints due to decreased probability of spraying of paint across space sections of form during printing, and also due to fine-grain structure of imprint surface with high productivity and possible use of broad assortment of painting materials.
4 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: polygraphy, in particular, printing machines, possible use for applying protective pattern during printing of important documents, in particular, securities of various purposes.
SUBSTANCE: printing machine contains painting system, including paint box with paint separators, painting cylinders comprising rubber cylinders made with circular grooves of alternating width, and plastic cylinders, connected to mechanism for their reciprocating axial movement, and master cylinder, interacting with aforementioned painting cylinders and offset cylinder, which contacts sheets being printed via the printing cylinder. Five rubber cylinders are made with circular grooves, width of circular grooves in which is made in accordance with relationship where N - cylinder number, in order of appearance starting from paint box; Y(N) - width of circular groove on cylinder number N; Ao - width of paint separator; B - amplitude of axial movement of plastic cylinders. Usage of printing machine ensures minimized flow of paint set, and also even and precise distribution of paints during transportation from paint box onto the surface of master cylinder. Also, due to reduction of amount of used paint, cost of produced printing product is reduced. Multicolor image, produced as a result of printing, uses iris effect, making it possible to create securities with high degree of protection due to identity of characteristics of programmed image and resulting image.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
FIELD: printing industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of printing. Proposed roll or sheet printing machine for valuable papers, in particular, bank notes, comprises frame of machine, where the main printing group, besides, printing machine additionally comprises additional printing group, independent on the main printing group arranged in front of the main printing group relative to direction of cloth or sheets displacement, to do additional printing on valuable papers prior to printing made by specified main printing group. Additional printing group comprises dye module, comprising at least one dyeing device, and printing module comprising layout of cylinders, including multiple cylinders, besides, printing module is arranged between dye module and frame of printing machine. Additional printing group is arranged so that printing module may be disconnected from dye module and frame of machine for replacement with other printing module so that it is not required to remove specified dye module from printing machine.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve flexibility of printing device application.
15 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: printing industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of printing industry. The method to make counterfeit-proof papers includes a stage of compaction of counterfeit-proof papers surface by application of a protective pattern onto the surface of the counterfeit-proof paper, besides, compaction includes printing counterfeit-proof papers by method of metallography printing. A mould of metallography printing is used with engraved areas, such that at least 80% of the whole surface area of each counterfeit-proof paper are coated with a combination of convex patterns of metallography printing and flat patterns of metallography printing. Also machines of metallography printing are described to realise the specified method.
EFFECT: group of inventions makes it possible to improve quality of secured papers.
18 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: printing industry.
SUBSTANCE: method and device (50) to apply printing ink are designed to create an image with printing ink on a surface of a type cylinder (15b) of a printing machine, which has at least partially a 2D printing ink gradient passing in axial direction and in circumferential direction on the surface of the type cylinder (15b). At least the first and second stencil cylinders (20, 25) are installed one behind the other along the way of printing ink application by a dyeing machine (20, 25, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37) for application of printing ink onto the type cylinder (15b) to ensure distribution of printing ink in axial and circumferential directions, besides, there are facilities to ensure periodic oscillating displacement of the first and second stencil cylinders (20, 25) in axial and circumferential directions.
EFFECT: increasing distance, within the limits of which printing ink may be distributed without increasing amplitude of stencil cylinder oscillation and increasing evenness of printing ink distribution in axial and circumferential directions.
16 cl, 17 dwg, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to printing industry. Cylindrical case comprises magnetic field generators arranged on its outer edges. Said case comprises separate support rings distributed along shaft common element to bear said generators distributed along the outer circle of said rings.
EFFECT: axial and peripheral adjustment of magnetic field generators.
20 cl, 14 dwg