Device for emergency communications diver with underwater boat

 

The invention relates to a device low-frequency communication and can be used for emergency communication diver with an underwater boat. The device comprises a diver's telephone station, which additionally introduced the transforming and transmitting amplifier blocks. Converting units connected to respective transmit-receive amplification units via fiber optic cable. The first transforming unit detachable is installed in the upper part of the periscope of a submarine, and the second at the bottom of the periscope in the hull of a submarine. Each transforming unit comprises a light-tight enclosure within which are positioned successively collecting lens and a concave mirror, the focus of which is equipped with light-emitting and light-receiving element. This device allows the diver to send and receive necessary information from the submarine and to report on the rescue ship. 1 Il.

The present invention relates to the field of emergency communications, in particular to means of wire communication used in emergency situations for communication with submarines (SUBMARINE).

It is now known device for vieit on the ground, the personnel issues of the Central compartment cable with emergency buoy in order to have emergency communication by phone with the rescue vessel. The device consists of a cable and telephones, with one of the devices is in the SUBMARINE's pressure hull, and the other outside the hull SQUARE, in the heart of the buoy.

The disadvantage of this device is that it does not provide reliable communication in an emergency situation due to frequent failure of the mechanical elements of the device on the cable issue. In practice, as a rule, emergency communication buoys off of a SUBMARINE hull. Communication from the sunken SUBMARINE is carried out with the help of divers, which can penetrate into the rugged SQUARE through the torpedo tubes.

Closest in purpose, the technical nature and a positive effect to the proposed device is scuba telephone station TSL described in book I. C. Marinov and other Sportsman legkovodolazov. M: Voenizdat, Ministry of defense, USSR, 1961, S. 91. This station is designed to provide telephone communication of legkovodolazov with the surface of the reservoir, i.e., providing the vessel. The station consists of two parts: underwater (headset working legkovodolazov) and surface (headset insuring easy is Epona, microphone box and plug boxes, interconnected segments of a two-wire cable. Headset insuring easy diver consists of a headset, lapel microphone, and a connecting device.

The disadvantage of the prototype is the inability to send and receive him messages on the SQUARE in an emergency situation.

The purpose of the invention is the provision of emergency communication diver with a submarine.

This goal is achieved by the fact that diving in the telephone exchange containing headset insurance diver, consisting of a telephone and a microphone, and headset working diver, consisting of a telephone and a microphone, connected by plug box, inputs of the first and second converting units and two transmit-receive amplification blocks, and converting units connected to respective transmit-receive amplification units via fiber-optic cable, the first transforming unit detachable is installed in the upper part of the periscope DPS, and the second transforming unit installed at the bottom of the periscope in a SUBMARINE hull together with the second transceiver amplifier block, and the first transceiver, pricelining housing, within which are positioned successively collecting lens and a concave mirror, the focus of which is equipped with light-emitting and light-receiving element.

The set of essential features of the proposed device provides improved reliability of communication due to the fact that the information on the submarine and the submarine goes directly to the diver on optoelectronic communication system, using the standard periscope of the submarine as an optical connector. The emergency communication device shown in the drawing and contains: 1 - headset working diver, which serves for entering negotiations with insurance diver; 2 headset insurance diver employee to negotiate with legkovodolazov; 3 - plug the box to connect two headsets; 4 - regular periscope of a submarine, comprising a vertical telescopes and optical system that is placed inside the tube and serving to provide input and output optical radiation in the solid hull of a submarine to the eyepiece of the periscope, fixed on its base; 5 - transforming device, which provides the coordination of linear and angular apertures of the optical cable and proto the window-optic cable (FOC) serves to transmit it to the optical signal from the conversion device; 7 - transceiver gain blocks, consisting of a transmitting amplifier, phone and throat microphone, used to transmit, receive and amplify radio signals. They are in a submarine and directly under the wetsuit diver. The power transmitting-receiving units is supplied from the constant current source with a voltage of 9 V (battery type "Crown").

Transforming device 5 consists of a lightproof enclosure with locking elements 8, the light-emitting element 9 and the light-receiving element 10, a collecting lens 11 and the concave mirror 12. Legkovodolazov under the wetsuit has a transceiver amplifier block 7, which includes the optical throat microphone and phone numbers (fixed under a helmet legkovodolazov); transmitting amplifier unit is connected to the wok 6 conversion device 5. Transforming device 5 is fixed with clamps at the top of the periscope of a submarine 4. In the lower part of the submarine is also enshrined transforming device 5 and through the wok 6 is connected with the transceiver unit 7 (not shown).

The device operates as follows.

In case of emergency, when the submarine crashed and lies on the ground in this area is dolas falls on emergency submarine, takes transforming device 5 and fixes on the periscope of a submarine 4. Thus formed transceiver telephone tract diver with underwater boat: optical loringhoven (under the helmet of a diver), the transmitting amplifier unit 7, SAI 6, transforming device 5, the upper end of the periscope of a submarine 4, transforming device 5 (submarine), wok 6, receiver / amplifier unit 7 and the phone. The same path, only in the reverse direction, is formed from the submarine to the diver. After this is accomplished through two-way telephone communication of legkovodolazov with submarine during rescue operations. In this case, when the conversation diver acoustic wave excites the mechanical vibrations of the membrane laryngophone transmitting amplification unit 7, which is converted into an electric signal by an opto-electronic device as follows. The light beam from the transmitting amplifier unit 7 through the wok 6 falls on the light-emitting element 9, a concave mirror 12, a collecting lens 11, the optical system of the periscope of a submarine 4, to the converting device 5 (which is on a submarine) wok 6, primarilly block 7, which is converted p>

The use of this device will allow vodolaz to send and receive necessary information from the Central post of the submarine and to report on the rescue ship.

The reliability of communication with a submarine lying on the ground in an emergency situation, is increased by several times compared with the prototype. Improving the quality of the telephone channel, since the use of optoelectronics eliminates the echo signals, crosstalk, interference, etc.

Claims

Device for emergency communications diver with underwater boat containing headset insurance diver, consisting of a telephone and a microphone, and headset working diver, consisting of a telephone and a microphone, connected by plug box, characterized in that the device additionally introduced the first and second converting units and two transceiver amplifier block, and converts the units are connected with the corresponding transceiver amplifier units via fiber-optic cable, the first transforming unit detachable is installed in the upper part of the periscope of a submarine, and the second transforming unit ustanovlena, and the first transceiver amplifier block introduced in the headset working diver, each transforming unit comprises a light-tight enclosure within which are positioned successively collecting lens and a concave mirror, the focus of which is equipped with light-emitting and light-receiving elements.

 

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