The method of evacuation of the machine-tractor and device for its implementation

 

The invention is intended for the evacuation of vehicles from dangerous zones without departing crews. The method consists of placing explosives on a tow rope and connecting it to the conductor with the inner part of the tractor, the connection cable with the machine by moving the tractor and lever controlled from the inside of the trailer, the release of the cable from the lever when the cable tension, the towing machine and stop towing the detonation of explosives on the inside of the truck. The device has connected to a Prime mover towing cable and mounted on the body of the tractor opener with lever operated from the inside of the truck. In turn, at the free end of the lever and on the vomer posted by tow rope with release lever and Coulter in tension. There on the rope attached to the container with a cavity for placement of the cable and explosives and hole conductor connected to the inner part of the tractor. The technical result is to increase the safety of evacuation vehicles from dangerous areas with no crew access. 2 C. p. F.-ly, 3 ill.

The invention relates to tractors on tracked and wheeled base and can be used for the evacuation of vehicles from areas of fire, Sarai connect one end of the tow rope, the other end of the cable connected to the tow hook of the towed machine, pull the rope and tow or pull a car (Object M. Technical description and operating instructions. KN. second. M: Voenizdat, 1975, S. 455. Manual evacuation of armoured vehicles. M: Voenizdat, 1981, S. 68).

A device for the evacuation containing connected at one end to the housing of the tractor tow rope and installed on the body of the tractor opener and a traction winch (see Article 608. Technical description. 608. 2. M: Voenizdat, 3/4306-R). These method and apparatus do not allow to evacuate the machine from the dangerous zones without departing crews.

Also known the way of the hitch of the tractor with the machine, in which to implement the evacuation of the first end of the tow rope connected with the drawbar of a tractor, the other end of the cable is fixed in the gripper arm, controlled from the inside of the truck, then move the towing vehicle to the towed machine, the movement of the Prime mover and the movement of the lever from the inside of the truck to connect the second end of the rope to the tow hook of the machine, movement of the tractor pull and release the cable from the grip, then towed the car (see patent RU 2152319 on CL 60 D 1/26 2000) prototype.

It is also known a device for coupling a tractor in the body of the tractor or winch tow ropes. On the opener attached to the lever, the ends of which are located grippers to the second end of the tow rope. On each rope attached explosive, United conductor with the inner cavity of the tractor. Release the cables from seizure occurs after coupling and tensioning cables (see patent RU 2112664 on CL 60 D 1/26 for 1998) prototype.

These method and apparatus allow the hitch and the evacuation of machines without departing crews. Their disadvantage is the limited safety performance during the evacuation of cars, as in the way not provided for emergency release of the Prime mover from the machine, and the device has not solved the problem of attaching explosives to a tow rope.

The purpose of the invention, improving the safety of evacuation vehicles from dangerous zones without departing crews.

The technical result of the invention consists in that in the known method of evacuation of the machine-tractor in which to implement the evacuation of the first end of the tow rope connected to a tow hook or winch truck, the second end of the cable is secured in the gripper arm, controlled from the inside of the truck, the middle part of the rope is secured on the bracket Coulter or truck, then move the towing vehicle to the towed machine, digital tractor pull and release the cable from the grip and bracket, then tow or pull the machine before moving the tractor to tow cars on a cable placed explosive and connect it to an electrical conductor with the interior of the truck, and emergency stop towing undermine the explosive inside of the truck and cut the tow rope, and emergency stop pulling completely unwind the winch cable.

In the known device for the evacuation of the machine tractor, containing connected with the tractor tow rope installed on the body of the tractor traction winch and share with lever operated from the inside of the truck, at the free end of the lever and on the vomer posted by tow rope with release lever and Coulter in tension, the loop of the rope is formed of one-piece or split clamp, the latter is connected by tie-rods and the axis on the rope attached explosive, United conductor with the inner part of the tractor, the explosive is placed in a container equipped with a ring cavity for placement of the tow rope, explosives, hole conductor and clamps.

In Fig.1 shows the device in top view; Fig.2 - the same, lateral view; Fig.3 - General view of the container in the g 6, the first gripper 7, the stopper grip 8, clip 9, the first cable 10, the second grip 11, the second cable 12, the outer socket 13, the winch cable 14, the container 15 with the annular cavity 16, the hole 17, the lid 18 and a bolt 19, the tabs 20, the brackets 21 and 22, Polosatiy 23 and 24, the coupler 25, the axis 26, the explosive with a detonator 27, conductor 28.

The arm 6 consists of two rods, provided with spaced along the length of the grippers 7 and 11 for placement of cables connecting to the towed machine. The width of the inner part of each capture is larger than the diameter of the rope, but less than the diameter of the clamp. The stopper grip 8 is designed to hold and lock cable in certain positions. The clamp 9 is used to loop or connection of the eye with the end of the rope, and also for placing the cable in the gripping and releasing him after hitch.

The container 15 is fixed on a tow rope 10 by clamps 20 and is provided with an annular cavity 16 for placement of the cable 10 and explosives 27, closed by a cover 18 by bolts 19, and the hole 17 to the conductor 28.

Hollow brackets 21 are placed on the Shoe or casing of the tractor and is designed to accommodate medium parts cables. Each clip 9 consists of two polubarinov 23 and 24, which are connected by tie-rods 25 and the axle 26, the PE the way.

In the initial position, the lever 6 is mounted on the vomer 4 tractor 1 with control from the inside, Polosatiy 23 and 24 by means of tie-rods 25 form loops at the ends of the cables and the cable 10 by means of clamps 20 is fixed to the container 15.

The first end of the tow cable 10 connected to the tow hook 3 of the tractor 1 to the evacuation of the machine by towing, and the first end of the tow rope 12 with the cable 14 winch truck for evacuation of the machine by pulling, the second ends of the tow cables are secured in the clamps 7 and 11 of the lever and fix the stopper 8, the middle part of the rope is placed in the brackets 21 and 22. In the annular cavity of the container of the cable 10 is placed explosive substance, such as a detonating cord detonator, close the cavity by a cover 18, and the through hole 17 connect the detonator conductor with the inner part of the tractor, for example, through the outlet 13. During movement of the tractor to the machine cables are held in the grips brakes 8, the middle part of the rope held in the internal cavities of the brackets 21 due to the force of elasticity of steel wire ropes, holding them to the edges of the bracket and the container 15 is held on the cables by means of clamps 20.

Then move the towing vehicle to the towed machine, the movement of the tractor and move the IRNA hook machine, movement of the tractor pull back and release the cable from the grip and bracket. When this capture 7 overcomes the force of the stopper 8 and moves the clamp 9. After the release of the clamp from the capture cable under the action of gravity falls into the groove of the grip, the width of which is larger than the diameter of the cable, and is disconnected from the rod lever. Upon further movement of the tractor back the power cable tension exceeds the total force of elasticity and friction of the rope on the edge of the bracket, the middle part of the rope is pulled out and released.

After hitch and release the tow rope tow or pull the machine. When evacuation by pulling simultaneously produce movement of the Prime mover back and unwinding of the winch cable to the required length. After this opener is lowered into the ground and begin winding the wire pulling machine. If necessary surgery for movement of the tractor with the unwinding and winding of the cable repeat. During the evacuation for emergency stop towing served inside the truck via conductor signal to the detonator and destroy the rope explosive, and emergency stop pulling completely unwind the cable pulling winch and you unhook the tractor with the machine.

When assembling the cable floor is imov around the axis they fasten with buckles.

Claims

1. The method of evacuation of the machine-tractor in which to implement the evacuation of the first end of the tow rope connected to a tow hook or winch truck, the second end of the cable is secured in the gripper arm, controlled from the inside of the truck, the middle part of the rope is secured on the bracket Coulter or truck, then move the towing vehicle to the towed machine, the movement of the Prime mover and the movement of the lever from the inside of the truck to connect the second end of the rope to the tow hook of the machine, movement of the tractor pull and release the cable from the grip and bracket, then towed or pull the machine, characterized in that before moving the tractor to tow cars on a cable placed explosive and connect its conduit with the interior of the truck, emergency stop towing undermine the explosive inside of the truck and cut the tow rope, and emergency stop pulling completely unwind the winch cable and you unhook the tractor with the machine.

2. The device for implementing the method of evacuation of the machine-tractor under item 1, containing connected with the tractor tow rope installed on the body of the tractor traction winch and share with growling is Yu release lever and Coulter in tension, the loop of the rope is formed of one-piece or split clamp, the latter is connected by tie-rods and the axis on the rope attached explosive, United conductor with the inner part of the tractor, characterized in that it is provided with a container with a cavity for placement of the cable and explosives, with a hole for the conduit and clamps.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to tracked and wheeled equipment, and more particularly to tractors and can be used to connect the towing vehicle and the towed object without departing crews of the vehicles in the areas of fire, infections and fires

The invention relates to the field of technology and can be used to connect the towing vehicle and the towed object without departing crews of the vehicles in the areas of fire, infections and fires

The invention relates to vehicles, and more specifically to the mechanical coupling devices for connecting tractors and towed objects without departing crew of the tractor in the conditions of warfare

The invention relates to military equipment, mostly armored, and can be used to connect armored repair and recovery vehicle (BRAM) and towed banabhatta without departing crew of BRAM in the conditions of warfare

FIELD: trainer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: the device contains the object of evacuation with a tow gear and a traction engine with a manipulator controlled from the traction engine, the object being fixed on the ground. The tow gears are fixed on the object with the possibility of changing their position relative to the ground. The manipulator has a lever with a detent device for placing the towline with a yoke. The detent device, in its lower part, has a through longitudinal slot, the width of which is larger than the diameter of the towline but smaller than that of the yoke. The towline is fixed on the traction engine so that it can be removed from the traction engine after connecting to the tow gear of the object.

EFFECT: time and cost saving, increased driver training safety.

3 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: towing devices are fastened on object with possibility to change their position relative to ground, towing cable is fastened on tow-car with possibility of its disconnection by tow-car moving, towing devices of tow-car and evacuation object are connected inside the tow-car and cable is disconnected from the tow-car by the tow-car moving.

EFFECT: time and cost reduction and improvement of tow-car drivers training safety.

3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of retrieving vehicle with the help of retriever comprises connecting first end of tow rope with retriever towing hook or the first end of second tow rope with retriever winch rope. Manipulator controlled from inside the retriever accommodates parts of tor ropes. Then retriever is moved towards vehicle to be retrieved, second end of the first or second tor rope is jointed to vehicle towing hook by manipulator lever. Retriever tensions appropriate tow rope and the latter is uncoupled from manipulator and its lever. Now vehicle is towed or retrieved. Central part of every tow rope is arranged to allow adjustment of friction and elastic forces. Electrode is arranged in retriever body on the first tow rope or on winch rope and electrically connected with retriever inside frame. Emergent release from retrieved vehicle is made by cutting appropriate rope with the help of electrode. Proposed device comprises two tow ropes connected with retriever, one connected with towing winch, and manipulator with lever control from inside the vehicle. A part of every tow rope is secured in bracket by friction and elastic forces.

EFFECT: higher reliability and safety.

2 cl, 3 dwg

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