Method of making electric heating wall panel
(57) Abstract:A method of manufacturing an electric wall panel designed for heating of residential, public and industrial premises infrared beneficial to the human body on biophysical indicators. For the manufacture of electric heating wall panels use a base made of, for example, plasterboard, gipsovolokna, etc. etc. and ensuring the mechanical strength of the panel. On the back surface of the base, put a layer of insulation, and on the working surface, place a flat resistive heating element, which is used shielded electric wire with heat-resistant electrical insulation, which is evenly placed in the form of a spiral, meander or zigzag flat winding and fixed on the working surface of the base. The space between the coils shielded wire fill weight, has good heat-conductive and adhesive properties. On top of mass impose a fine mesh, made of a ferromagnetic material, and on top of the grid put a layer of plaster over the entire front surface is network, and his braid and a fine mesh supply leads for connection to the electrical circuit ground. The front surface of the panel or cover mineral paint or veneer natural or artificial stone, tile or ceramic tile. Perimeter panels install decorative border, which are made of wood, metal, natural or artificial stone, and tile or ceramic tile. Connecting the conclusions braid shielded wire and wire mesh to the contour of the electrical grounding of the building ensures the absence of electric and magnetic fields outside surface of the electric heating panel in accordance with the requirements of ecology. The technical result is the creation of a method of manufacturing the infrared electric wall panel providing process simplification of the manufacturing process and eliminating technological limitations of the geometric dimensions in the manufacture of low-temperature infrared heating panels. The invention relates to the electric power industry, in particular, to the creation of funds for heating of residential, public and industrial premises is the design, construction and reconstruction of heating systems of residential, public and industrial buildings.Currently, increasingly finds electric heating of residential, public and industrial premises. As shown by experimental studies, the use of electric heating opens up new opportunities for qualitative improvement of sanitary conditions and enhance the comfort level of the human environment. The transfer of residential, public and industrial premises on electric heating is closely linked with the development of new high-efficiency heating means, meet modern technical, aesthetic, ecological and economic requirements. Special attention is paid to environmental requirements, according to which as in the manufacture and practical use of new heating means should not create electromagnetic fields and radiation of that wavelength and intensity differ from those to the effects which man has adapted throughout the historical process of biological evolution.Currently used convection and radiation (radiation) polnye advantages over convection. (Reference "Builder", ed. HA"NORMA", 2000, 4, pp. 192, 193).Typical infrared heaters for space heating are electric ceiling infrared heaters "Ecoline". When this ceiling infrared heaters "Ecoline", intended for heating of residential and office space with a ceiling height of up to 3.5 m, are the temperature of the radiating surface from 100 to 200oC. For heating rooms with a ceiling height of more than 3.5 m are ceiling infrared heaters "Ecoline", having a temperature of radiating surface from 300 to 750oC. IR heaters "Ecoline" are characterized by high specific energy density, which is caused by the desire to provide the required power is limited to the relatively small sizes of the dimensions.A significant drawback of infrared heaters with temperature of the radiating surface from 100 to 200oAnd from 300 to 750oWith is the fact that infrared radiation lying in the wavelength range shorter than 6 microns, characterized by a very low efficiency of interaction with the human body, since the depth of penetration into the human body infrared radiation at these wavelengths is very small. Consequently, all the energy of infrared radiation is spent on agreesto skin, for example person. In addition, the high temperature emitters lead to the fact that in the best case dies microflora of air, and at worst - in the air produced many harmful and even toxic organic compounds, including carbon monoxide.The effectiveness of the interaction of infrared radiation with the human body is higher, the greater the penetration depth of the IR radiation under the skin surface. The penetration depth decreases with increasing temperature of the radiating surface of the infrared heater and a corresponding decrease in wavelength infrared radiation. According to biophysical studies, the most favorable for the organism is the infrared radiation at the wave length ranging from 8.5 μm to 10.5 μm, and the maximum intensity in the continuous absorption spectrum of the human body has a wavelength in the range of 9.3 to 9.5 μm. At this wavelength has the largest penetration depth of the IR radiation in the human body (Bogolyubov C. M., Ponomarenko, N., General fisioterapia. M, Medicine, 1999, pp. 148-151; Physical encyclopedia. M., 1998, volume 2, page 182). Therefore, because the clothes for these wavelengths translucent, thermal comfort, associated with thermal balance of the human body, comes with ponizhennye feature does not create carbon monoxide environment, but doesn't destroy the microflora of the air.In order to receive infrared radiation in the wavelength range of about 8.5-10.5 μm, it is necessary to use the IR heaters with a surface temperature of the emitter in the range of 45-50oS. Inevitable in this case a reduction of the specific energy density can be compensated for by increasing the surface area of the radiation of the infrared heater.The use of high temperature infrared heaters, which are characterized by high specific energy density, dictated largely by the technological limitations of the geometrical sizes of the emitters and opportunities of technological equipment in manufacturing. To solve the introduction of low - temperature infrared heaters, characterized by a large area of the emitter and associated with the binding of their geometrical dimensions to specific areas, the importance of the choice of design and the best technology for their fabrication to maximum readiness in the factory, to effectively monitor the process stability, the characteristics and quality of the finished product. This will completely eliminate the need for making nizkotemperaturno is extremely difficult.Proceeding from the above, was selected IR heating panel, the configuration and size of which can vary depending on the specific conditions of the optimal solution space heating, and developed its manufacturing technology, which is the subject of this invention.Structurally, electric heating panel is multi-layered. It contains the basis of ensuring the mechanical strength of the panel and having a layer of insulation from the rear side of the flat heating element, an electromagnetic shield and the outer (front) surface. Built-in control sensor automatically limits the temperature of the outer cover panel at the specified level. Food electric heating panel is plugged in. Temperature control of the heating panel with thermostat.The closest analogue (prototype) of the inventive method of manufacturing an electric wall panel is a method of manufacturing a radiant heating panels under the patent 2141177 C1 from 10.11.1999, providing for the placement of electrically conductive material on the substrate, which is used deletionstatecode and protective coatings.The disadvantage of this technical solution is the complexity of the technological process of its implementation, requiring the use of special technological equipment, which imposes constraints on the geometrical dimensions of the IR heaters. Therefore, it can be used for the manufacture of mainly high-temperature infrared emitters is small, operating in the shortwave infrared range at wavelengths that are not optimal from the standpoint of physiological effects on humans.The objective of the invention is to provide a method of manufacturing the infrared electric wall panel providing process simplification of the manufacturing process and eliminating technological limitations of the geometric dimensions in the manufacture of low-temperature infrared heating panels.The technical result is the ability to provide thermal balance of the human body at low temperature air in the room and therefore energy savings.This technical result is achieved in that for the manufacture of electromagnetically Ave, on the back surface of the base, put a layer of insulation, and on the working surface, place a flat resistive heating element, which is used shielded electric wire with heat-resistant electrical insulation, which is evenly placed in the form of a spiral, meander or zigzag flat winding and fixed on the working surface of the base, fill the space between the turns of the shielded electric wire weight, having good heat-conductive and adhesive properties, and then on top of mass impose a fine mesh, made of a ferromagnetic material, and on top of the grid put a layer of plaster over the entire front surface of the panel, moreover, the beginning and the end of the shielded electric wire supply leads for connection to the mains, and his braid and a fine mesh supply leads for connection to the electrical circuit ground. The front surface of the panel or cover mineral paint or veneer natural or artificial stone, tile or ceramic tile. Perimeter panels install decorative border, which vypolnyaem each of these materials is used as separately and in various combinations with other materials. Connect electrical leads braid shielded electric wire and wire mesh to the contour of the electrical grounding of the building ensures the absence of electric and magnetic fields outside surface of the electric heating pad.The manufacturing process of heating the wall panel on the proposed method does not require the use of special complex of technological equipment. Therefore, electric wall panel can be made in any enterprise of building a profile based on the use of known techniques and methods developed in these enterprises. In this regard, the feasibility of the proposed method of manufacturing an electric wall panel is not in doubt.Facing the front surface of the panel, natural stone (marble) or manufacture from natural materials ceramics has hygienic, aesthetic, and most importantly curative properties. During heating of the cladding to a temperature of 40-50oWith it radiates infrared emitted is of onki range, determined the mineralogical composition of the cladding, the resonance is absorbed by the human body, and most deeply penetrates into the human body, even through clothing. Property of infrared radiation of a specified wavelength range directly absorbed by the human body helps to ensure thermal balance of the human body at low temperature air in the room and therefore save on power consumption. Method of making electric heating wall panels, namely, that as a resistive electric heating element, use a shielded electric wire with heat-resistant electrical insulation, which is evenly placed in the form of a spiral, meander or zigzag flat winding and fixed on the working surface made, for example, plasterboard, gipsovolokna, asbestos cement, fill the space between the turns of the shielded electric wire weight, having good heat-conductive and adhesive properties over the masses impose a fine mesh, made of a ferromagnetic material, and on top of the grid put a layer of plaster over the entire front surface of the panel, and nasceu network, and his braid, intended for use as an electromagnetic screen, and a fine mesh supply leads for connection to the electrical circuit ground, while the front surface of the panel cover mineral paint, stones natural or artificial stone, tile or ceramic tile, perimeter panels install decorative border made of wood, metal, natural or artificial stone, and tile or ceramic tile, and each of these materials are used both separately and in various combinations with other materials, and on the back side of the base has a layer of insulation.
FIELD: electric heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: electric heater comprises casing made of a plate, plastic heating member glued to the plate, commutation leads, thermostatic switch, and fastening members. The back side of the heating member is provided with a protecting panel. The plate is made of marble. The protecting panel is made of gypsum-fiber. The commutation leads and thermostatic switch are arranged in the space between the two parts of the heating member at the center of the electric heater. The fastening members are arranged in the space between the gypsum-fiber panel and heating member.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: electric engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device relates to non-wired type heaters and intends for saunas and baths as well as for heating rooms of any purpose including living and agricultural spaces and summer houses. Electric heater has heat-dissipating panel made of marble, resistive heating element, metal base disposed between the heat-dissipating panel and the heating element. The base is connected with earth. Heater also has gypsum-fiber protective panel fastened to back side of heating element, thermal switches and commutation outputs. Heating element with lateral gaps in resistive layer id used for the heater. Commutation outputs each of which is connected with thermal switch are disposed in lateral space in the center of electric heater and are installed in distribution box. Metal base, resistive heating element and heat-dissipating panel are connected to each other by thermo-resistive silicon glue. Fixing units are fitted inside metal base, in spaces of gypsum-fiber panel and resistive heating element. Heat-dissipating panel is made of profiled sections having different geometric shapes.
EFFECT: improved reliability of operation and heat convective heat transfer; reduced cost; reduced fire risk.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: heat transfer.
SUBSTANCE: Assembly for warming surfaces, in particular, landing strips of space ships has electric heating elements disposed between two surfaces. One surface has to be a metal sheet with cells inside which cells the heating elements are installed. The heating elements are made of high electric resistance wire. The wire is inserted into mica plastic. Second surface is made of heat-insulating material. The plates are inserted in cells and are retained onto pins welded to metal sheet.
EFFECT: reduced labor input of mounting process; simplified design.
FIELD: civil engineering, in particular, outer engineering equipment of buildings and structures heated with the aim of thawing of snow and ice, applicable in deckings, water drains, cornices and similar building constructions, whose shape is exhausted by the shape of the panel or cover.
SUBSTANCE: the heated load-bearing member in the form of a panel has a frame, current-conducting shield and a hermetically sealed electric heater with contact wires for the power supply network. The frame is laminated of a composite material and has layers used as the reinforcing material, the layers are made of crossing and/or interwoven rayons, at least one layer of low-density material, at least one current-conducting shield and at least one hermetically sealed insulated electric heater, with their contact and earth wires brought outside, are placed between the frame layers made of crossing and/or interwoven rayons. A polymeric binder is used as the matrix combining all the frame layers and the mentioned current-conducting shield and the hermetically sealed electric heater, if necessary, the frame is provided with a protective and/or decorative coating fastened on the outside.
EFFECT: enhanced operating reliability and expanded field of use.
24 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for use in designs of floor electro-warmed panels for young plants of animals. System of multi-zone three-planimetric differentiated thermoregulation of floor electro-warmed panels for young plants of animals consists of three heating contours of rectangular form. All contours cover each other in concentric manner, and one is located in panel centre, another - along its perimeter, and the third occupies intermediate position between them. In zone of arrangement of each contour on two temperature sensors are placed, connected to thermoregulator, capable to control of heating on average indicator between two sensors in such a manner that at simultaneous thermoregulation in several zones temperature drop from panel centre to its periphery is compensated.
EFFECT: increase of thermoregulation efficiency; prevention of heat losses from panel centre to its periphery; possibility of panel adaptation to animals being on it; maintenance of panel adaptation to take-up by animals of various area of working surface; possibility of heating temperature changing depending on animals age and biological species.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: photonic heating network includes power supply and control units, laser sources, fibre optic cable, optical connectors and terminal devices. To heating network there introduced are heating radiators with absolutely black body chambers, temperature sensors, optical transmitter, optical fibre of feedback line, optical receiver. At that, temperature sensors outlets are connected to inlet of optical transmitter the outlet of which is connected to inlet of optical fibre the outlet of which is connected to control inlet of power supply and control device the outlet of which is connected to inlet of laser sources the outlets of which are connected to inlets of photon crystalline fibres of optical cable the outlets of which are connected by means of optical connectors to sections of photon crystalline fibres the outlets of which are connected to absolutely black body chambers located inside heating radiators.
EFFECT: improving power effectiveness, eliminating the problem of defrosting, time and costs on routing, preventive maintenance and service, heating network weight is considerably decreased and its flexibility is increased.
FIELD: heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to temperature-controlled mat. Temperature-controlled mat with base has upper side, lower side and at least one temperature-controlled device arranged on base; at that, on lower side of base there is adhesive. At that, adhesive is applied to two-sided adhesive tape bonded to lower side of base; at that, when temperature-controlled mat is in rolled condition, adhesive on lower side of adhesive tape is covered with upper side of base, and adhesive tape is bonded to upper side of base.
EFFECT: improving operating and transportation properties of temperature-controlled mat.
10 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heating device comprises multiple heating rods, every of which has an electroconductive carbon heating element and an insulating external coating around the carbon heating element; electric cables connected to appropriate ends of each heating rod to supply power to carbon heating elements; and connecting elements, every of which comprises insert areas, equipped with appropriate tips arranged with the possibility of passage via any electric cable and installation into any carbon heating element of heating rods; and also at least one location section arranged in the upper part of insert areas and installed at the electric cable.
EFFECT: provides a reliable connection and electroconductivity, increased reliability of the heating device.
6 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: electric circulation system of water heating represents a circulation system of water heating with electric heating, comprises one block from a radiator. Besides, the specified radiator is a radiator with hot water circulation, having an inlet for hot water supply and an outlet for hot water discharge; one block of a multi-block heating device, shaped as a square cylinder arranged as capable to ensure operation of one unit from a radiator; in which an air compartment tank operating under pressure, a circulation pump and tubular heaters are connected to each other by means of a system of pipelines, a T-shaped joint, having a check valve, and a T-shaped joint comprising check valves, are arranged in series inside the track of the pipeline system, a bypass pipe diverges from the T-shaped joint, and an auxiliary tank is located at the end part of the bypass pipe, which diverges from the pipeline system, thus ensuring a function of hot water circulation in a multi-block heating device, besides, the multi-block heating device is connected to a radiator by means of a discharge side pipe and a return side pipe.
EFFECT: provision of simple maintenance, higher efficiency of system operation.
8 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system for regulating ambient environment indoors has a structural element of the inner surface of the facility made from material which contains a substance which emits in the far infrared region, which emits and absorbs beams in the far infrared region and has emissivity in the far infrared region equal to or higher than 0.6, and a cooling and/or heat source, having a cooling and/or heating surface made from material which contains the same substance which emits in the far infrared region as that of the structural element of the inner surface of the facility, in which when the cooling surface of the cooling source, the substance of the cooling surface which emits in the far infrared region absorbs beams in the far infrared region emitted by the substance which emits in the far infrared region, the structural element of the inner surface of the facility and/or when the heating surface of the heat source is heated, beams in the far infrared region emitted by the substance of the heating surface which emits in the far infrared region are absorbed by the substance which emits in the far infrared region of the structural element of the inner surface of the facility.
EFFECT: regulation of the ambient environment indoors with high energy-efficiency, avoiding contact of air with human skin.
28 cl, 3 tbl, 22 dwg