The wave pump
The pump is designed to lift deep water to the surface of the reservoir and the saturation of oxygen using the energy of the waves. The pump contains a float with a Central opening in which is fixed a vertical pipe with a check valve, tank, located in the upper part of the tube, open at the bottom end, covering the float and installed with the possibility of vertical movement by means of a hinged connection with the terminals associated with casing pipe, and plate. In addition, the pump is provided with a hinge mounted with rods and with the outer surface of the tube housing under the float radial spokes with supports. Moreover, the plates are made in the form of two wings at right angles to each other and mounted on the spokes by means of hinges located in the place of the gusset folds with the opportunity to contact their inner surfaces with lugs spokes, while the lower parts of the rods installed helical blade. The blades can be mounted for rotation and are located on adjacent rods wrapped in the opposite direction, and shutters are made with zero buoyancy. The design allows you to provide a cost-effective lifting depth is used in pumps, using energy waves to raise the deep waters to the surface to saturate them with oxygen.Known wave pump containing a float with a Central opening in which is fixed a vertical pipe with a check valve, tank, located in the upper part of the tube, open at the bottom end, covering the float and installed with the possibility of vertical movement by means of a hinged connection with the terminals associated with casing pipe, and plate (see USSR author's certificate 1511455 A1, IPC 7 F 03 13/12, 30.09.1989).However, the design of this wave pump does not allow for intensive mixing of the raised deep water with surface water layers, warmer and more saturated with oxygen, while the colder and denser deep water after lifting will try again to fall to the bottom.The objective of the invention is the provision of intensive mixing of deep water with surface layers, which ensures their oxygen saturation, evens out the temperature and eliminates repetitive dive to the bottom of deep water.This technical result is achieved due to the fact that the wave pump contains a float with Central Hildren pipe, open at the bottom end, covering the float and installed with the possibility of vertical movement by means of a hinged connection with the terminals associated with casing pipe, and plate. The pump is also provided with a hinge mounted with rods and with the outer surface of the tube housing under the float radial spokes with supports, and the plates are made in the form of two wings at right angles to each other and mounted on the spokes by means of hinges located in the place of the gusset folds with the opportunity to contact their inner surfaces with lugs spokes, while the lower parts of the rods installed helical blade.The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig. 1 illustrates schematically the wave pump of Fig. 2 - section a-a in Fig. 1 during movement of the pump down; Fig. 3 - section a-a in Fig. 1 when moving the pump up.The wave pump comprises a float 1 with a Central opening in which is fixed a vertical pipe 2 with a check valve 3, the container 4 located in the upper part of the tube 2, an open bottom end, covering the float 1 is installed with the possibility of vertical movement by means of a hinged connection with the rods is uenoi surface of the housing tube 2 under the float 1 radial spokes 7 with stops 8, moreover, the plate 6 is made in the form of two wings at right angles to each other and mounted on the spokes 7 by hinges located in the place of the gusset folds with the opportunity to contact their inner surfaces with stops 8 spokes 7, while the lower parts of the rods 5 are helical blade 9.Helical blade 9 may be mounted for rotation, and on adjacent rods 5 helical blade 9 can be located with the provision of the winding in the opposite direction. Leaf plates 6 can be performed with zero buoyancy. The float 1 may be provided with lugs 10 and 11 to limit vertical movement of the vessel 4.The wave pump operates as follows.Under the influence of waves float 1 with a vertical pipe 2 does vertical vibrations. When moving down pipe 2 opens the check valve 3 and the water begins to flow into the upper part of the pipe 2, while the outer layers of the water acting on the bottom of the leaf of plates 6, causing their rotation and contact with the stops 8 radial spokes 7 that leads to the displacement of the rods 5 and lift the tank 4, thereby increasing the joint volume of tank 4 and the tube 2 filled with water that rivets, and the leaf plate 6 is moved down, and lowering the container 4. Located in the tank 4, the water is poured out. During the course of the pump up and down the leaf blades 6, oscillating around the radial spokes 7, and the helical blade 9 during its movement promote intensive mixing of deep water with surface layers, which contributes to the enrichment of oxygen in deep waters, aligns their temperature and eliminates them dive to the bottom. Thus the performance of the valves of the blades 6 with zero buoyancy enhances their sensitivity when interacting with water, and the location of the screw blades 9 on adjacent rods 5 wrapped in opposite directions (clockwise and counterclockwise) promotes the formation of opposing streams of water, which further ensures the mixing process. When working wave pump should avoid contact of the screw blades 9 and folds between blades 6 a, which is provided by the clearance and the presence of the stops 10 and 11.
Claims1. The wave pump containing a float with a Central opening in which is fixed a vertical pipe with a check valve, the tank material moving through swivel with rods, associated with the casing pipe, and plate, wherein the pump is provided with a hinge mounted with rods and with the outer surface of the tube housing under the float radial spokes with supports, and the plates are made in the form of two wings at right angles to each other and mounted on the spokes by means of hinges located in the place of the gusset folds with the opportunity to contact their inner surfaces with lugs spokes, while the lower parts of the rods installed helical blade.2. The pump p. 1, characterized in that the helical blade mounted for rotation.3. Pump according to any one of paragraphs.1 and 2, characterized in that the helical blades on adjacent rods are providing wound in the opposite direction.4. Pump according to any one of paragraphs.1 and 3, characterized in that the leaf plates are made with zero buoyancy.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: power station comprises underwater wave-receiving blade mounted for permitting rocking around the axle, hydraulic pump, and fluid-operated motor provided with electric generator. The wave-receiving blade is provided with the hydraulic accumulator built in its intermediate section and drain tank. The hydraulic pump is provided with the diaphragm and has two ways. The flexible diaphragms are arranged from the outsides of the wave-receiving blade.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability.
FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method and device "wave turbine USTJUG" are designed for converting energy of sea waves into mechanical energy rotating the turbine. Turbine is arranged in deep still layers of water, and float holding turbinerotating shaft but not taking part in its rotation is located on water surface tasking part in wave motion. Displacements of float are transmitted through rotating shaft by means of rigid longitudinal tie with turbine, thus setting turbine into rotation. Owing to flexibility of blades, turbine moves always in one direction. Chords of blades at rest are located in plane of turbine rotation, and in active state, blades flex like wing of bird or tail of fish at stroke cross to direction of motion. Gripping of blade and power action from float to blade is provided according to rule U=0.29 in direction cross to plane of blade motion. Blades are arranged in pairs symmetrically relative to rotating shaft on crossmember to form separate element of turbine with torques of same signs for both blades number. Of such elements arranged along turbine rotating shaft determines power of turbine rising in proportion of number of turbine elements whose relative arrangement in angle of plane of rotation and element-to-element distance of rotating shaft is determined to provide maximum efficiency of elements in operation.
EFFECT: effective conversion of wave energy and reliability in operation.
FIELD: marine engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device is designed to transform energy of wave, particularly, energy of shop oscillations into hydroreactive energy. Proposed auxiliary hydroreactive device contains water guide in form of chambers arranged symmetrically relative to its longitudinal axis with water intake holes and curvilinear walls horizontal in cross section of chambers, forming nozzles narrowing in direction of flow with output holes perpendicular to longitudinal axis of water guide. Device contains one central chamber, two outer chambers and at least two inner chambers. Inlet water intake holes of outer chambers are arranged horizontally and are pointed opposite to each other. Inlet water intake holes of inner chambers are arranged at angle to longitudinal axis and they form obtuse angle with inlet water intake holes of outer chambers in vertical longitudinal section. Inlet water intake hole of central chamber is arranged vertically perpendicularly to longitudinal axis of water guide. Vertical walls of chamber are formed by flat plates to from rectangular cross section of chamber of water guide. Outer horizontal wall of outer chamber is made of flat plate, and horizontal curvilinear walls of inner chamber are common, one with outer chamber, and the other, with central chamber, being made of smoothly curved plates with section convex relative to longitudinal axis of water guide, and concave relative to longitudinal section of water guide from side of outlet hole of nozzle.
EFFECT: increased efficiency when converting wave energy into hydroreactive energy.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: wave engine relates to renewable power sources, in particular, wave power and to conversion of the latter into electrical power. The aforesaid engine incorporates kinematically linked pantones, an output shaft, a step-up gear, an electric generator, the first power converter, the second and third power converters interacting with the said first converter, the output shaft and with each other. The first power converter contains kinematically linked the first and second shafts, the first, second and third gears, the first and second sprockets fitted on free-wheel clutches, a chain, the first, second and third cables, anchors and a weight. The first, second and third gears, as well as the first and second sprockets are fitted on appropriate shafts. The first end of the chain interacting with the said sprockets on the said free-wheel clutch is connected, via the third cable, with the weight, while its second end being connected with the third anchor. The first pantone is anchored to the sea floor by means of the first cable and three anchors.
EFFECT: higher power and efficiency.
7 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: device incorporates water duct arranged in the ship bow bulb housing appliance of converting mechanical energy in hydraulic-jet power representing a set of chambers arranged one above the other in the said water duct lengthwise section and in symmetry with the said duct lengthwise axis. Every chamber incorporates an inlet water-intake hole, the chamber walls forming the nozzles narrowing streamwise and furnished with outlet holes. The proposed device incorporates one central chamber, two external upper and lower chambers and, at least, two internal upper and lower chambers the water duct chamber side walls are formed by the bulb lateral walls. The water duct chamber upper and lower walls represent lengthwise-curvilinear and horizontal-section plates. The central chamber inlet accommodates two concave curvilinear plates arranged in symmetry with the water duct lengthwise axis. The inlet of every internal chamber houses a curvilinear plate concave relative to the water duct lengthwise axis.
EFFECT: conversion of ship heaving and pitching energy into hydraulic-jet power, ship stabilisation in storm.
FIELD: motors and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for wave energy conversion including vessels swinging energy to hydrojet energy. Device includes water conduit in the shape of chambers (C), which are symmetrical with regard to longitudinal axis of device. Chambers are provided with water intake inlets (I) and curvilinear walls, which are horizontal in cross-section. Walls constrict to nozzles with outlets I. Device includes one central C, two external C and no less than two internal chambers C. All chambers C are rectangular in cross-section. Vertical walls of chambers C are formed by flat horizontal plates (P). Horizontal in cross section C walls C are formed by curvilinear in longitudinal section plates P. Inlets I of external chambers C are located along horizontal walls of rectangular plates P forming vertical walls C. They are directed opposite to each other. Inlets I of internal chambers C are situated at an angle to water conduit longitudinal axis and form obtuse angle together with inlets I of external chambers C in vertical longitudinal cross section. The inlet I of the central C is situated vertically and perpendicular to longitudinal axis and along vertical walls of plant rectangular plates P forming vertical walls of water conduit. The external wall of the external chamber C is made concave with regard to longitudinal axis of water conduit. Curvilinear walls of internal chambers C, which are common with external chamber C consist of smoothly bent plates P with convex section regarding longitudinal section from the side of inlet I and with convex section regarding outlet nozzle I. Two concave curvilinear plates are installed at the inlet part of the central chamber and are symmetrical with regard to longitudinal axis. Curvilinear plate P, which is convex regarding longitudinal axis, is installed at the inlet part of each internal chamber.
EFFECT: improvement of wave energy conversion into hydrojet thrust energy.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: engineering industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to wave energy conversion devices and is meant for converting ship's vibration energy into hydrojet energy. Device includes a water conduit provided in bow bulb of the ship. Therein arranged is device meant for conversion of mechanical energy into hydrojet one. That device is made in the form of chambers. Chambers are located one above the other in a vertical longitudinal plane of water conduit section and symmetrically relative to its longitudinal axis. Each chamber is provided with an inlet water-intake opening. Walls of chambers form nozzles with outlet openings, which narrow in the flow direction. Hydrojet energy of water jet at the ship's going ahead can compensate some part of lost speed. In order to stabilise ship's position at strong side wind, on each side wall of bulb on its external side there provided is a vertical chamber with an inlet opening from the side of bulb front. Nozzles provided in the flow direction forward the outgoing flow to the sides from external side wall of the bulb, thus creating jet reaction in the direction opposite to direction of ship's transfer. After each vertical chamber in side wall of the bulb there provided are outlet openings of water conduit.
EFFECT: converting ship's vibration energy into hydrojet energy.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to devices for transformation of waves energy, in particular, for transformation of vessel vibration energy into hydrojet energy. Hydrojet device comprises channel-tube system, lateral right 1 and left 2 walls of device. System consists of fixed straight and profiled plates. It contains the first and second stages of energy transformation. The first stage of energy transformation includes wall 3 of central pipeline 4, wall 5 of internal channel-pipeline, internal channel - pipeline 6, external wall 7 of external channel-pipeline 8. The second stage of transformation includes wall 9 of central pipeline 10, wall 11 of internal channel-pipeline 12, internal channel- pipeline 12 and external wall 13 of external channel-pipeline 14. Central channels 4 and 10 are arranged with inlets 15. Also cutoff plates 16 are installed in channels.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to use all energy of waves, independently on angle of flow striking at device along its longitudinal axis, which results in higher efficiency of device application during transformation of waves energy into hydrojet energy and stabilisation of vessel position.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention makes it possible to use water energy for creation of motive force for longitudinal motion of vehicle, where device is installed, during vertical motion of vehicle in water. Auxiliary hydrojet device for underwater vehicles comprises at least two water conduits installed with the possibility of rotation symmetrically in vertical plane relative to longitudinal axis of underwater vehicle. Every water conduit is arranged in the form of nozzles that narrow along with flow direction with outlet openings and inlet water intake openings installed at the angle to longitudinal axis. Vertical walls of water conduit are formed with flat plates. Nozzles are arranged as located between vertical walls of water conduit with curvilinear walls that are horizontal in cross section of nozzles to form rectangular cross section of nozzles. Horizontal curvilinear walls of nozzles are made of plated with smoothly bent section, which is convex relative to longitudinal axis of underwater vehicle and is located near inlet water intake opening. Between smoothly bent sections of adjacent horizontal curvilinear walls at inlet to nozzles, there are plates installed as bent in longitudinal direction, concave relative to longitudinal axis of underwater vehicle and horizontal in cross section that guide the flow.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of water flow energy use, while underwater vehicle with hydrojet devices moves in it.
SUBSTANCE: proposed invention can be used to maintain and repair submerged communication cable main lines and carry out research in sea and ocean areas. Proposed device comprises drowning self-contained apparatus with electric power supplies and motors. Aforesaid apparatus is connected by cable-rope with floating wave source of electric power via damping unit including spiral spring and a section of said cable-rope that forms a loop. Said wave electric power source is connected in parallel to storage batteries and motor and represents an anchored sea wave power converter furnished with anchor made up of plat circle with braces.
EFFECT: increased independency of submarine navigation.