The wave pump

 

The pump is designed to lift deep water to the surface of the reservoir and the saturation of oxygen using the energy of the waves. The pump contains a float with a Central opening in which is fixed a vertical pipe with a check valve, tank, located in the upper part of the tube, open at the bottom end, covering the float and installed with the possibility of vertical movement by means of a hinged connection with the terminals associated with casing pipe, and plate. In addition, the pump is provided with a hinge mounted with rods and with the outer surface of the tube housing under the float radial spokes with supports. Moreover, the plates are made in the form of two wings at right angles to each other and mounted on the spokes by means of hinges located in the place of the gusset folds with the opportunity to contact their inner surfaces with lugs spokes, while the lower parts of the rods installed helical blade. The blades can be mounted for rotation and are located on adjacent rods wrapped in the opposite direction, and shutters are made with zero buoyancy. The design allows you to provide a cost-effective lifting depth is used in pumps, using energy waves to raise the deep waters to the surface to saturate them with oxygen.

Known wave pump containing a float with a Central opening in which is fixed a vertical pipe with a check valve, tank, located in the upper part of the tube, open at the bottom end, covering the float and installed with the possibility of vertical movement by means of a hinged connection with the terminals associated with casing pipe, and plate (see USSR author's certificate 1511455 A1, IPC 7 F 03 13/12, 30.09.1989).

However, the design of this wave pump does not allow for intensive mixing of the raised deep water with surface water layers, warmer and more saturated with oxygen, while the colder and denser deep water after lifting will try again to fall to the bottom.

The objective of the invention is the provision of intensive mixing of deep water with surface layers, which ensures their oxygen saturation, evens out the temperature and eliminates repetitive dive to the bottom of deep water.

This technical result is achieved due to the fact that the wave pump contains a float with Central Hildren pipe, open at the bottom end, covering the float and installed with the possibility of vertical movement by means of a hinged connection with the terminals associated with casing pipe, and plate. The pump is also provided with a hinge mounted with rods and with the outer surface of the tube housing under the float radial spokes with supports, and the plates are made in the form of two wings at right angles to each other and mounted on the spokes by means of hinges located in the place of the gusset folds with the opportunity to contact their inner surfaces with lugs spokes, while the lower parts of the rods installed helical blade.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig. 1 illustrates schematically the wave pump of Fig. 2 - section a-a in Fig. 1 during movement of the pump down; Fig. 3 - section a-a in Fig. 1 when moving the pump up.

The wave pump comprises a float 1 with a Central opening in which is fixed a vertical pipe 2 with a check valve 3, the container 4 located in the upper part of the tube 2, an open bottom end, covering the float 1 is installed with the possibility of vertical movement by means of a hinged connection with the rods is uenoi surface of the housing tube 2 under the float 1 radial spokes 7 with stops 8, moreover, the plate 6 is made in the form of two wings at right angles to each other and mounted on the spokes 7 by hinges located in the place of the gusset folds with the opportunity to contact their inner surfaces with stops 8 spokes 7, while the lower parts of the rods 5 are helical blade 9.

Helical blade 9 may be mounted for rotation, and on adjacent rods 5 helical blade 9 can be located with the provision of the winding in the opposite direction. Leaf plates 6 can be performed with zero buoyancy. The float 1 may be provided with lugs 10 and 11 to limit vertical movement of the vessel 4.

The wave pump operates as follows.

Under the influence of waves float 1 with a vertical pipe 2 does vertical vibrations. When moving down pipe 2 opens the check valve 3 and the water begins to flow into the upper part of the pipe 2, while the outer layers of the water acting on the bottom of the leaf of plates 6, causing their rotation and contact with the stops 8 radial spokes 7 that leads to the displacement of the rods 5 and lift the tank 4, thereby increasing the joint volume of tank 4 and the tube 2 filled with water that rivets, and the leaf plate 6 is moved down, and lowering the container 4. Located in the tank 4, the water is poured out. During the course of the pump up and down the leaf blades 6, oscillating around the radial spokes 7, and the helical blade 9 during its movement promote intensive mixing of deep water with surface layers, which contributes to the enrichment of oxygen in deep waters, aligns their temperature and eliminates them dive to the bottom. Thus the performance of the valves of the blades 6 with zero buoyancy enhances their sensitivity when interacting with water, and the location of the screw blades 9 on adjacent rods 5 wrapped in opposite directions (clockwise and counterclockwise) promotes the formation of opposing streams of water, which further ensures the mixing process. When working wave pump should avoid contact of the screw blades 9 and folds between blades 6 a, which is provided by the clearance and the presence of the stops 10 and 11.

Claims

1. The wave pump containing a float with a Central opening in which is fixed a vertical pipe with a check valve, the tank material moving through swivel with rods, associated with the casing pipe, and plate, wherein the pump is provided with a hinge mounted with rods and with the outer surface of the tube housing under the float radial spokes with supports, and the plates are made in the form of two wings at right angles to each other and mounted on the spokes by means of hinges located in the place of the gusset folds with the opportunity to contact their inner surfaces with lugs spokes, while the lower parts of the rods installed helical blade.

2. The pump p. 1, characterized in that the helical blade mounted for rotation.

3. Pump according to any one of paragraphs.1 and 2, characterized in that the helical blades on adjacent rods are providing wound in the opposite direction.

4. Pump according to any one of paragraphs.1 and 3, characterized in that the leaf plates are made with zero buoyancy.

 

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