Lining for waterproof structures and element to form

 

The invention relates to the field of hydraulic structures and concerns facing water-retaining structures. Cladding for slope water structures or the like contains the elements 1 made of concrete or similar material, while the elements in the direction along the height of the prism and each of them has two lateral surfaces 7, 8 and two longitudinal surfaces 5, 6 which are parallel to the direction of height. One lateral surface 7 of each element is made concave, and the other lateral surface 8 is made of a corresponding convex shape, and so that the members can rely on each other with their lateral surfaces in different rotary positions. At least one of the transverse and/or longitudinal surfaces has a recess that forms an open gap on the opposite wall or bore hole with a connecting element. The lining can be made of elements 1 as in a straight line, and with rotation, which is provided by the shape of their surfaces, which reduces the effect of water on the lining. 2 S. and 4 C.p. f-crystals, 6 ill.

The invention relates to oblica the first material and stacked end-to-end with each other, moreover, the elements in the direction of the height is made approximately parallel and each of them has an upper and lower surface and located between two transverse surface and two longitudinal surfaces. At the same time facing between the upper surfaces and lower surfaces has open cavities designed for end-to-end passage of water.

This lining is known from Netherlands patent NL-C-122279. The lining is made of identical elements having a convex polygonal shape. This form allows you to collect items with the provision of open intervals. The advantage is that with the bottom side facing no water pressure, which would tend to lifting elements. Such a design is especially preferred in the case of facing inclined type, which take place at the marine dams or river banks. Although the water constantly roll waves on a slope, can leak through the mentioned open spaces and easily revert back, leaving the lining intact.

However, the disadvantage facing is that the desired ratio between its open and closed iviza, open spaces will be more due to the fact that the elements will not adhere to each other sufficiently. Of course, the open spaces can be reduced by changing the layout picture or fill them with smaller items, but this requires skilled workers, which are not always available.

The objective of the invention is to create a lining, which, on the one hand, simple enough to stow when using mechanisms and unskilled personnel and which, on the other hand, provides the possibility of obtaining the proper balance between open and closed parts, even on curved sections of the slope. This problem is solved due to the fact that one lateral surface of each element is made in a concave shape, and the other lateral surface of each element is given a corresponding convex shape.

Due to the concave-convex shape of the surface elements these elements can be stacked in such a way that a well adjacent to each other even in the case of curved sections of the slope. In addition, such a preferred result can be obtained in the case of different inclinations, and elements of Soget to have any impact on the lining.

The elements form a series, with the transverse side in each row relate to each other, and the elements of adjacent rows touch each other with their longitudinal sides.

The cladding is known from Netherlands patent NL-C-122279, made from elements whose lateral surface of the longitudinal surface is formed in such a way that the elements relate to each other, leaving open spaces to allow the through passage of water. In the case of a lining according to the invention in addition to the concave-convex shape is also possible to use elements with the form according to the Netherlands patent NL-C-122279, which provide the open spaces.

However, in the case of a lining according to the invention, at least one of the lateral surfaces and/or longitudinal surfaces preferably contains the penetration hole, and a transverse surface and/or longitudinal surface formed in such a way that the elements based on each other, leave open spaces for end-to-end passage of water, and the elements can touch each other with their lateral surfaces in different rotated positions, and each of the through-holes obespechivaiut, elements can contain the penetration hole, which has no outlet on the transverse surface or on the longitudinal surface.

In particular, the transverse surface elements can have a corresponding rounded shape that is parallel to the direction of height, preferably corresponding cylindrical shape. The longitudinal surface elements on the merits can be flat, so that they can be stacked on the type of sling in half brick, or brick. In this case, the elements form the rows, and lateral sides of each row relate to each other.

To create the necessary holes, at least one of the longitudinal surfaces or lateral surfaces may be deepening.

The invention also relates to an element for use in the lining according to the invention.

Below the invention will be explained in more detail with reference to shown in the figures an implementation option, given as an example.

In Fig. 1 in perspective presents a concrete element according to the invention.

In Fig. 2 shows the first configuration of the packing elements according to Fig. 1, running in a straight line.

In Fig. 3 shows the second configuration the way what about the element according to the invention with a hole in the middle part.

In Fig. 6 presents the lining of elements with a hole in the middle part, running in a straight line (type in the plan).

It is shown in Fig. 1 item of concrete, designed for facing slope, construction, delaying surface runoff, and the like, generally indicated by number 1 contains the bottom surface 2 (not shown), the upper surface 3 and the periphery of the prismatic generally indicated by position 4. Mentioned the periphery consists of two longitudinal surfaces 5 (not visible) and 6 and two lateral surfaces 7 (not visible) and 8.

Periphery 4 has a slight taper and slightly tapering towards the top surface 3.

Each of the longitudinal surfaces 5, 6 is actually prismatic recess 9. The rear transverse surface 7 of each element is made concave, while the front surface 8 is made convex. As a concave surface 7 and the convex surface 8 corresponds approximately to the portion of the cylinder. Convex surface 8 also has approximately prismatic recess 10.

As shown in Fig. 2 and 3, the concrete elements according to the invention can be used for facings with a different build. In Fig. 2 butenylamine 9 transverse surfaces in this case, the shape of the hole, the deepening 10 front convex lateral surface 8 also form the holes. In addition, between every four concrete elements have apertures 11.

These holes can also be formed in the case of laying on the type of sling in half brick according to Fig. 3. Their purpose is to ensure the possibility of passing through the lining of water with it a wave effect. In this case, with the bottom side facing not an excessive pressure, which could cause the breaking of the elements or their erosion on the lower side.

According to the invention the concave lateral surface 7 and the convex surface 8 are adjusted to each other in different angular positions, as can be seen from the structure shown in Fig. 4. The elements are placed one behind the other rows 12, so that their lateral surfaces 7, 8 are in direct contact with each other regardless of their mutual angular position.

Claims

1. Lining for waterproof structures containing elements of concrete or similar material, touching each other, while the prismatic elements are made in the direction of the young Vina surface and a bottom surface, moreover, the fašade is open intervals, passing between the upper surfaces and lower surfaces to allow the through passage of water, characterized in that one lateral surface of each element is made concave, and the other lateral surface is made of a corresponding convex shape with capability splicing lateral surfaces of the elements in different rotated their positions with at least one of the lateral surfaces and/or longitudinal surfaces has a recess that forms an open gap on the opposite wall and/or the penetration hole with a connecting element.

2. Lining under item 1, characterized in that the elements form a series, with the transverse surface in each row relate to each other, and the elements of adjacent rows relate to each other in their longitudinal surfaces.

3. Element for forming a cladding made of prismatic, having two lateral surfaces and two longitudinal surface between the top surface and the bottom surface, characterized in that one lateral surface is made concave, and the other lateral surface is made convex shape, the 4. Item under item 3, characterized in that the lateral surfaces have corresponding circular shape parallel to the vertical direction.

5. Item under item 4, characterized in that the lateral surfaces correspond approximately to the portion of the cylinder.

6. Item under item 4 or 5, characterized in that the longitudinal surface is essentially flat.

 

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