Panel for heating
The invention is used in Central heating systems, in particular the heating systems in the exterior wall panels for residential, public and industrial buildings. Panel for heating with heating elements made of a main part of a high-temperature heating elements adjacent to the premises, and an additional part with low-temperature heating elements located in the interior of the fence. The technical result is the reduction of heat loss, regulate the heat in the room to create a comfortable environment for the person. 5 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The invention relates to Central heating systems, in particular to the heating systems in the exterior wall panels for residential, public and industrial buildings.Known panel to heat the room containing the heating elements are placed in an outer wall panel, slotted vertical channels in the upper and lower parts, communicating with the air space through the holes (see and.with. 590544, CL F 24 D 12/00. Panel for space heating. Declared 01.12.75, published 30.01.78,, bull. 4).A disadvantage of the known panels for heating the exterior wall panels, give some heat directly to the outside air. The presence of narrow channels, communicating with the air space through holes, entails the accumulation of dust and dirt that is almost impossible to remove.Closest to the technical essence and the achieved effect and is selected as the closest analogue is the panel for heating with heating elements, zamonolichennymi in the concrete of the outer wall (see B. N. Turkin. Heating of residential, public and agricultural buildings. Chelyabinsk: South Ural publishing house, 1970, S. 199).However, the known panel for space heating provides increased unnecessary heat loss, as the heating elements, zamonolichennyj in the exterior wall panels, giving a significant part of the heat to the outside air. In addition, the panel has a high thermal inertia, complicating the regulation of heat in the room to provide comfortable conditions for people.Object of the present invention is to reduce unnecessary heat loss, regulate the heat in the room to create a comfortable environment for the person.The technical result, postimperialism heating elements, adjacent to the premises, and an additional part with low-temperature heating elements located in the interior of the fence.This task is achieved by the fact that the known panel for heating with heating elements according to the invention is made of a main part with a high-temperature heating elements adjacent to the premises, and an additional part with low-temperature heating elements located in the interior of the fence. With this design panels for heating the heat flux from the main part of the panel with high temperature heating elements, leaving the outer side of the fence, is used to heat additional parts with low-temperature heating elements. The heat accumulated in the additional section of the panel can be used for the regeneration of all known methods.Primary and secondary parts can be separated by a sealed air gap, can be separated by a sealed air gap and the screen. In addition, the main and additional parts may be separated by a layer of insulating material, may be separated by vozdushnom condensate.Studies on patent and scientific and technical information sources show that the proposed panel for heating of the premises is unknown and should not be explicitly studied the prior art, i.e., meets the criterion of "novelty" and "inventive step".The proposed panel for heating can be made in any enterprise, specializing in the industry, since it requires the known materials and standard equipment, widely produced by domestic and foreign industry.Thus, the claimed panel for heating meets the criterion of "industrial applicability".We offer a set of essential features reports claimed panels for space heating new properties that allow you to solve the problem, namely to reduce unnecessary heat loss, to provide for the regulation of heat in the room to create a comfortable environment for the person.The implementation of the panel to heat the room from the main part of the high-temperature heating elements adjacent to the premises, and an additional part with low-temperature heating e is wysokotemperaturowe heating elements, aimed towards the outer fence, to accumulate additional parts with low-temperature heating elements for further useful lives and thus provides a reduction in unnecessary heat loss, which in turn provides control of heat transfer into the room to create a comfortable environment for the person.The presence of a sealed air gap between the primary and secondary parts of the panel reduces the heat loss towards the outer fence, increases the efficiency of heat coming from the main part of the high-temperature heating elements.The presence of pressurized air gap and the screen between the primary and secondary parts of the panel to an even greater extent reduces the heat loss towards the outer fence, increases the efficiency of heat transfer, provides regulation of heat into the room.The presence of a layer of insulating material between the primary and secondary parts of the panel also reduces the heat losses towards the outside of the fence.The presence of an air layer, vented internal air between the primary and dopolnitelna for collection and removal of condensate reduces the amount of water vapour, reduces the humidity of the material of the outer sheath, which in turn increases the heat resistance of this material and reduces heat loss.Thus, the proposed combination of the above signs reduces unnecessary heat loss, provides regulation of heat in the room to create a comfortable environment for the person.The proposed panel for heating is illustrated by drawings, where Fig. 1 shows a cross-section of the panel with a sealed air gap and the screen of Fig.2 is a cross section of a panel with a layer of insulating material.Panel for heating includes the main part 1 with high temperature heating elements 2, extra part 3 with low-temperature elements 4, while the main part 1 is adjacent to area 5, and the additional part 3 is located in the thickness of the outer fence 6. The main part 1 and a supplementary part 2 can be separated by a sealed air layer 7, a display 8, a layer of insulating material 9, the air gap 10, ventilated internal air. Panel for heating may be provided with a device for draining cone heating elements 2 of the main part 1 serves the coolant with a temperature of 85-90oWith depending on weather conditions, and in low-temperature heating elements 4 additional part 3 serves coolant temperature 8-10oC. In the heat from the main part 1 spreads in the space 5 and the outer side of the fence 6, where in his way meets additional part 3 with low-temperature heating elements 4, where the accumulation of heat, which is used for the regeneration of all known methods.In the following examples is defined by the front (towards the building) and the back (pointing to the outside air) heat output per meter of secondary glass tubes with a diameter of 162 mm, sealed with a pitch of 80 mm in the concrete wall panel thickness 60 mm with two-way heat transfer, the flow of water equal to 30 kg/h coolant Temperature of the main panel 90oWith, coolant temperature additional part of the 10oC. Coefficient of thermal conductivity of concretebet=1,37 W/MK, thermal conductivity of glassarticle=0,815 W/MK, then the heat resistance of the outer layer fencing Rna=0,95 km/watt.In the case of otsutstvuet/m, and the back of the heat flow is directed to the outside air, grear=92 watts/mIn the case when the primary and secondary side of the panel separated by a sealed air gap, have heat resistance of sealed air gapRR=0,14 MS/W, facial heat one meter pipe gpersons=52 W/m the Amount of heat accumulated additional part of the panel, gAK=95 W/m In the temperature of the coolant additional part increases from 10 to 12.7oWith back and heat dissipation, additional panels 1 m pipe grear=35 W/m heat loss was reduced by 2.6 times in comparison with the conventional panel.Example panels for space heating, when the main and supplementary parts separated by a sealed air gap and shield of aluminum foil. Let the temperature +20oWith the temperature of the outside air -34oWith a front heat one meter pipe gpersons=52 W/m, the accumulated heat gAK= 75 W/m, the temperature of the coolant in the advanced pane +12,2oC, rear heat grear=34 W/m Useless heat loss was reduced by 2.7 times.Example panels for space heating, when �948.gif">= 50 mm, thermal conductivity=0,038 W/MK, the front heat dissipation gpersons= 52 W/m, the accumulated heat gAK=40 W/m, the temperature of the coolant in the additional section of the panel t2=11,1oC, rear heat grear=33,5 W/m Useless heat loss decreased by 2.75 times.Example panels for space heating, when the main and supplementary parts separated by a layer of air, ventilated internal air. The front heat dissipation gpersons=52 W/m Accumulated heat gAK=48 W/m, coolant temperature additional part of t2=11,4oC, rear heat grear=33 W/m Useless heat loss decreased 2.8 times.A device for collecting and removing condensate is allowed under certain heat and humidity operating conditions. With the temperature on the surface of the additional portion of the panel below the dew point, it is possible to arrange the collection and removal of condensate from the vapors passing through the outer fence, under the action of gravitational forces, using the device of collection and removal of condensate. This reduces the amount of water vapor, the material in the outer fence loses humidity the comparative advantages of the inventive panels for space heating is the possibility of its use for cooling in hot summer, as well as the possibility of its use for drying materials of the outer fence.In the summer, under the influence of solar radiation and outside air temperature is the process of unsteady heat transfer through the outer fence. Day fencing accumulates heat, later donating it to the room. This process of heat transfer from the enclosure at the location happens at night when no solar radiation and the decrease of the outside temperature, so as accumulating capacity of external walls is great. Consequently, to maintain a comfortable environment in hot summer time required to produce cooling at night. The presence of an additional part of the panel lowers the temperature in the interior of the fence, transferring the accumulated heat from the coolant, reducing the capacitive characteristics of building envelopes.An example of using panels for space heating in the summer time. Let the temperature of the air in the room +18oWith the outside temperature of +30oWith between primary and secondary parts, the panels are sealed air gap.The pipe material and the panel is the same as in the previous examples dthe panel +12oWith additional parts +5oC.1. From the premises of heat flow to the main part, gMr.=4.2 W/m, the temperature changes from +12 to +12,2oC.2. Heat flow from the street into the guardrail gdrug=14,1 W/m, the coolant is heated to a temperature of +5oWith temperatures of +5,5oC.3. The heat exchange between the primary coolant side of the panel with additional coolant side of the panel, g'=8 W/mUnder certain humidity conditions of external fencing and the use of the claimed panel for heating gives the opportunity to directly influence the dynamics of change in moisture content material of external walls. Of building physics it is known that the heat transfer coefficient increases with increasing humidity of the material and, conversely, when decreasing the moisture content of the material increases thermal resistance of the same material.In the winter, when the vapor transfer air from the room into the thickness of the fence in the direction of the outside air, the humidity of the material of external walls increases, which entails additional unnecessary heat loss. The summer period is characterized by a decrease in humidity natures is dew on the surface of the additional part of the panel, vapors passing from the room in the direction of outdoor air will condense on that surface, the condensate is removed using a device for collecting and removing condensate, and in the materials of the outer fence comes fewer vapors, thereby decreasing the dynamics of wetting and reduce thermal resistance of the material.In different seasons, under different modes of operation, characterized by an increase in the moisture content of materials of fences, it is possible to arrange for drying materials of fences in the reverse order of movement of vapor in the direction of the external or internal air by increasing the temperature of the internal side of the panel, while maintaining the desired temperature in the main part of the panel to ensure comfortable conditions indoors.Using the stated panels for heating allows you to save all the advantages of a radiant panel heating in terms of sanitary and hygienic requirements and conditions of comfort for the person. Convective heat transfer is not increased, no hard to reach places for dust accumulation. When the space heating temperature can be lowered by 1 to 3oAnd when the cooling temperature is the capacity of the heating system and cooling system.
Claims1. Panel for heating with heating elements, characterized in that it is made from the main part of the high-temperature heating elements adjacent to the premises, and an additional part with low-temperature heating elements located in the interior of the fence.2. The panel p. 1, characterized in that the main and supplementary parts separated by a sealed air gap.3. The panel p. 1, characterized in that the main and supplementary parts separated by a sealed air gap and the screen.4. The panel p. 1, characterized in that the main and supplementary parts separated by a layer of insulating material.5. The panel p. 1, characterized in that the main and supplementary parts separated by a layer of air, ventilated internal air.6. The panel p. 1, characterized in that it is provided with a device for draining condensate.
FIELD: building, particularly floor members for underfloor heating/cooling systems.
SUBSTANCE: floor member comprises sheet with at least one groove, heat-conducting layer extending over one main sheet surface and along each groove side to form depression for heat-conducting wire receiving opened from top side thereof. Depression tightly encloses wire and passes over half of cross-sectional perimeter thereof. Upper wire side is flush with upper sheet surface or located below thereof. Sheet has thin foldable foil with thickness of less than 200 μm.
EFFECT: reduced floor member thickness, increased simplicity of floor member dimension selection by cutting foil inside the groove.
6 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: hot-water central heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: plate heating panel comprises top and bottom plates made in block one opposite to the other to define inner passage for hot water, a number of joining members each of which passes symmetrically from the top and bottom plates to the bottom and top plates and connects the top plate with the bottom plate, inner passage for hot water defined by a number of joining members, and two connecting members for supplying and discharging hot water.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability.
1 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to hydron or panel radiant heating or cooling systems used for heating living quarters and production facilities, and can be used in floor heating or cooling system both in independent systems wherein thermal conditions are provided by various heat sources, and in central heating system. Floor heating system of living quarters and production facilities consists of supply and return pipelines and heat energy transfer means, which are arranged in parallel grooves that are located at an equal distance from each other and routed in upper surface of heating panels above which there installed is heat-conducting surface. In the grooves of heating panels there arranged is a set of jet-type tubes serving as heat energy transfer means and made in the form of separate sealed metal housings with evaporation and condensation zones, into inner cavity of which there pumped in vacuum is liquid heat conductor, at that, each of those tubes is connected to supply pipeline at an angle of 2-3° relative to the base of heating panels.
EFFECT: reducing the volume of heat carrier and decreasing costs required for fuel and energy, reducing heating time and time of response to change of heating loads, and simplifying the system design and operation thereof.
3 tbl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: structure comprises bearing layer, in which at least one slot is provided, passing from layer surface deep down. Slot is intended to locate line to maintain even temperature. Slot has several sections, axes of which are displaced and/or arranged at the angle relative to each other. Sections follow each other directly or via transition parts. For fixation of line at least one lateral side of slot in specified areas in sections of slot and/or on transition sections is partially arranged with undercut. Slot continuously narrows to its mouth in one area between bottom and mouth of slot.
EFFECT: simple and reliable fixation of line for maintenance of even temperature.
18 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to develop heating devices based on resistive film elements is carried out by cutting sections from a heat film roll, which are connected by current-conducting buses with a stapler with the help of brackets, areas of connection of current-conducting buses with heat film sections and with assembly wires are coated with an insulating tape. The current-conducting bus is a solid copper bus. Connection of the current-conducting bus and the wire is carried out by wire bending and fixation with brackets, areas of connection of current-conducting buses with heat film sections are glued with a heat-resistant insulating tape, which is applied at one side of the insulated heat film, and the second side is insulated, bending the insulating tape along the line of heat film cutting.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to accelerate process of assembly, to increase heat emission and to reduce its cost.
1 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to room floor heating and/or cooling systems and can be used for creation of optimum microclimate parameters in domestic and office buildings and structures. A floor heating (cooling) system containing a heat-insulating layer, a concrete layer with a low-inertia heat exchange coil arranged in it for circulation of a heat carrier or a cooling medium, which is located near the floor surface, a heat-conducting metallic material, additionally contains an accumulation heat exchange coil located deep in the concrete layer, with that, low-inertia and accumulation heat exchange coils are combined with bypass lines provided with gate valves and a circulating pump, and a metal mesh contacting the low-inertia heat exchange coil is used as a heat-conducting material.
EFFECT: invention allows increasing efficiency of use of cold (heat) accumulated in solid mass of the flooring and control of cold (heat) release to maintain the most optimum room microclimate parameters.
SUBSTANCE: floor heating system of residential and industrial rooms, filled with heat carrier includes supply and return pipelines and heat energy transfer tubes laid equidistant from each other. Set of tubes is connected with one end to one check valve, and with other end - to the second check valve located in the hydraulic pump. Hydraulic pump housing has corrugated metal pipe with thin wall, one end of which is connected to the supply pipeline, and the other is plugged, wherein the source of thermal energy through supply pipeline is connected with flow converter, connected through the return pipeline with a circulation pump and heat energy source.
EFFECT: it allows to increase heat transfer coefficient of heat exchange surfaces and increase capacity of heating system, as well as provide reliable heat carrier circulation in pipeline circuit.
1 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly, to development of design solutions to create efficient, environmentally friendly buildings and structures, where the specified air temperature is maintained, and can be used in construction of facilities for heating and/or cooling rooms in residential and industrial buildings, warehouses and livestock farms, in greenhouses for heating the soil when growing early vegetables, by means of pipes with passing in them a heat carrier or a coolant. Assigned task is solved by that method of construction of energy-efficient structures, according to which a foundation is erected in a process sequence, on the foundation a base is installed, after that, wall are erected, then mounted are covering, elements of the roof and the roof, ventilation and heating system is mounted by means of which the specified temperature is maintained in premises, in the heating system to transfer the floor heat of the specified temperature heating mats are used, which are made modular in the form of multilayer panels, which are placed on a prepared base with a hydraulic insulating heat-reflecting layer and are connected to the power supply system of the structure. Herewith each heating mat is equipped with a thermal element and is made with a heat-insulating and a heat-accumulating layers, which are made from sieving into fractions of 3-16 mm of encapsulated porous aggregate, mainly, expanded clay, the porous aggregate is bound with a cement-glue composition only at contact points of capsules, herewith the aggregate layers are laid one by one and continuously by fractions, the heat-insulating layer is laid of the aggregate with fractions of 5-16 mm, the heat-retaining layer is laid of the aggregate with fractions of 3-10 mm, herewith the heat-insulating layer is laid with thickness of not less than 20 mm, and the heat-retaining layer - with thickness of not less than 30 mm and not less than 3.5 diameters of the thermal element. Besides, a system for maintaining temperature in the construction containing the heating device accommodating thermal elements for heating and heat transfer to the floor. Herewith the heating device is made in the form of a heating mat with a heat-insulation layer and a heat-retaining layer, and the thermal element is made in the form of a corrugated thin-wall pipe and is arranged in the heat-retaining layer between two metal grids mounted on distancers, inside the thermal element there is a heating element in the form of a wire or a spiral, which is made from a heat-resistant and chemical-resistant alloyed with rare-earth metals alloy, and the free thermal element inner space is filled with a mixture of non-conducting electricity-refractory, fire-refractory materials.
EFFECT: technical task of invention is to develop a project of a building and a structure, in which supported is a preset uniform temperature, for which a system for maintaining a preset temperature in a room shall be developed, including for this purpose a heating device shall be developed supporting the specified temperature.
7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: heating equipment and cooling systems of rooms, applicable for maintenance of the temperature condition in dwelling houses and production areas both in winter and summer periods.
SUBSTANCE: the temperature condition in dwelling houses and production areas is maintained by circulation of air blown through by an air intake through a heat exchanger, a heated or cooled down working medium circulates inside it, and supplied through air conduits to the room to be heated/ cooled. The circulating air is saturated by a fine-dispersed liquid or by its vapors. Air supply is accomplished into the heating/ cooling panels with heat conducting walls forming a closed circulation system jointly with the air ducts, heat exchanger and air intake. The fine-dispersed liquid and condensed vapors are moved through the narrow ducts of the panels with the aid of the velocity head of the circulating air. The device for maintenance of the temperature condition in dwelling hoses and production areas is also described.
EFFECT: prevented or reduced forced air circulation in the room, enhanced share of the radiant component of heating or cooling, and prevented reduction of the relative air humidity in the room at its cooling.
18 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: resource-saving of power supply of the building includes: supporting fencing, roofing. The supporting fencing of the building are covered outside with decorative fencing, reinforced with contour fittings, with the formation between them and the supporting fencing of the building of the air gap, which is connected to the attic area through the gaps, and with the outside air through the holes, roofing and decorative fencing are made up of sections, each of which is a thermoelectric converter consisting of a rectangular body made of a dielectric material, which lid is made of a material with high thermal conductivity, and the cavity is filled with the first layer of dielectric material with high thermal conductivity, adjacent to the lid, and a second layer of dielectric material with low thermal conductivity, which is adjacent to the bottom of the body, where the contour fittings are placed consisting of a thermoelectric converter elements, which are paired bare wire segments made of different metals M1 and M2, welded at the ends together to form zigzag rows, which end wire segments are connected to single-pole collectors of electric charges, which, in turn, are connected to an electric battery.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of resource-saving power supply system of the building.
SUBSTANCE: design of a power efficient heated building comprises heat-resistant barrier structures, a heat-resistant foundation, a water tube boiler with a furnace gas feed heater, a system of heat recuperation between flues and plenum air, and also a system of heat recuperation comprising an attic room, a system of air ducts placed inside heat-resistant barrier structures and a heat-resistant foundation. With the purpose of efficient use of not only heat of ventilation air, but also furnace gases in the heating season for regions with cold climate, a gas mixer is installed in the attic room for mixing of the main gas - ventilation air, convectively arriving from building rooms into the attic room and auxiliary gas - furnaces gases convectively arriving along a ventilation channel equipped with a bypass ventilating exhaust from the water tube boiler feed heater.
EFFECT: reduction of fuel burnt for heating of a building and environmentally hazardous gas and air exhausts, higher level of comfort of building rooms, higher durability of bearing parts of barrier building structures, maintenance of necessary technical and sanitary level of moisture in barrier structures and in a heat inertial space under a building.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering and can be applied to heat and power supply to dwelling houses. Technical result is achieved by fact that heat and power supply system includes housing wherein burner device and pipe are arranged to discharge waste gases into water boiler, wherein water temperature sensor is set, applying signal to control unit in order to start micro gas-turbine cogeneration plant, gas distributor device, which, depending on ambient temperature, directs exhaust gases either to atmosphere, or for heating house via channels of interior walls that is equipped with temperature sensor. Simultaneously, electric generator generates electric energy to charge storage batteries, wherein control unit starts micro gas-turbine plant for their charging. Inverter connected to batteries supplies all electric load in house.
EFFECT: objective of present invention is improvement of heat and power supply efficiency in small objects, and thereby reducing hazardous emissions into environment.
1 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and operation of buildings. Design of an energy-efficient heated building with a greenhouse comprises a water boiler, a system of heat recovery of exhaust vent air and flue gases from the water boiler including a gas-air mixer, channels of heat exchange of the building gas-air emissions located in the insulation layer of the external building cladding, heat-inertial space under the building with a condensate line, gas control valves controlling inflow of the external air, drawing of gas emissions from premises of the buildings, the number of working channels of heat exchange of the building gas-air emissions. It also has a structure for transporting gas-air emissions by mechanical enforcement from the heat-inertial space under the building into the greenhouse including an exhaust channel of gas-air emissions, an underground air duct and a channel for gas-air emissions feeding into the greenhouse, as well as fans for mechanical enforcement of the exhaust air movement depending upon the weather and the outside air flow rate to provide for stationary existence of the turbulent flow core of the building gas-air emissions in the heat exchange channels of the building gas-air emissions. Heat exchange channels of the building gas-air emissions are located in the insulation layer of the external building cladding at a distance, which, on one hand, prevents them from freezing without passing the flow of gas-air emissions through them at allowable room temperature in the building premises under the coldest five working days of the heating period and, on the other hand, provides the maximum possible efficiency of the heat recovery system in the building.
EFFECT: invention increases power and biochemical efficiency of recycling gas-air emissions of a building, reliability and automation of the structure during the heating period.
4 cl, 2 dwg