Information technology geosteering complex
The invention relates to drilling wells and can be used to control the drilling process. The objective of the invention is the provision of automation, security, improving the accuracy and reliability of information recording, and increases the speed of processing and transmission. The complex contains the driller's console, block processing and visualization, made in the form of interconnected converting complex and computer monitor downhole telemetry system, a torque sensor, ground the sensor, flow sensor and pressure sensor and installed in the casing downhole telemetry unit to the directional and the sensor axial load. To achieve the objectives of the complex is provided with surface density sensor and the sensor of the presence of a gas phase, a level sensor mud set in the receiving tank, the Executive bodies of the control system connected to the output of the computer. Overland flow sensor, pressure sensor, density sensor, and the sensor of the presence of the gas phase is installed in the discharge line of the drilling fluid. The torque sensor is installed in the casing downhole telemetry system. 5 Il., table 1. Adnaznachna to control and process automation.Known information technology drilling complex according to the book of Mr. Molchanov A. geophysical Measurement and process parameters in the process of drilling wells, -M.: Nedra, 1983, p 168-169.This complex consists of the telemetry system containing, in turn, power supply, directional sensors, the electronic unit. The complex provides transmission to the surface only survey data. Other downhole and technological parameters are not controlled.Known information technology drilling complex according to the book of A. Bulatov I. and other Reference drilling engineer. -M.: Nedra, 1985, so 2, S. 9, Fig. 36.This set contains a processing unit and information visualization (block sensor and logger), ground-based technological sensors. Downhole parameters not monitored, which is one of the disadvantages of the complex, because the knowledge of many parameters in the immediate vicinity of the downhole motor (speed turbines, axial force, torque) is more important than the same information obtained in the upper part of the drill pipe string. The weight of the drill pipe may not be equal to the axial load on the bit, e.g., due to bending of the drill is e measurements. The second drawback is that data processing is slow, inaccurate and seems much too clearly. The third disadvantage is that the values of all parameters displayed on analog devices and recorders, and analysis of situations encountered during drilling, depends on the experience of the technician operating the equipment. The assessment of the situation requires complex calculations and long-term analysis. This is especially critical in emergency situations requiring rapid decisions. This task can be solved only with the automation of the drilling process.The closest analogue of the claimed invention is an information technology geosteering complex book Molchanov, A. A. geophysical Measurement and process parameters in the process of drilling wells. -M.: Nedra, 1983, S. 178-184.This complex contains the driller's console, block processing and visualization, made in the form of interconnected converting complex and computer monitor downhole telemetry system, a torque sensor, ground the sensor, flow sensor and pressure sensor, and installed in the casing downhole telemetry system block inclinometry >/p>The task of the invention is the increased efficiency in delivering technology solutions and automation of the drilling process, improving the accuracy and reliability of information recording, and increases the speed of processing and transmission.The solution of the stated problem is achieved due to the fact that the information technology geosteering complex containing the driller's console, block processing and visualization, made in the form of interconnected converting complex and computer monitor downhole telemetry system, a torque sensor, ground the sensor, flow sensor and pressure sensor, and installed in the casing downhole telemetry unit to the directional and the sensor axial load is supplied by the ground sensor density sensor having a gas phase, a level sensor mud set in the receiving tank, the Executive bodies of the control system connected to the output of the computer, while ground-based flow sensor, pressure sensor, density sensor, and the sensor of the presence of the gas phase is installed in the discharge line of the drilling fluid and the torque sensor is installed in the casing downhole telemetry system.Nali is on the drilling process and to improve the measurement accuracy. Mainly this is achieved by using a computer and a large number of sensors, giving almost a full view of ground-based and technological parameters of the drilling process. In addition, the use of special software was able to handle an array of information and present it on the screen, and the driller's console in a very visual and easy to analyze, and to enter into the program control actions during emergency situations. The essential features described in the claims, constitute a set of necessary and sufficient for the implementation of the project, because the presence of any one or more, but not complete will not allow you to get the desired result. The use of a computer or only ground sensors will not lead to the claimed technical result.Almost all components of the complex is designed and manufactured in JSC APF "Samara Horizons and creating complex is nearing completion.The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig.1 shows the information technology geosteering complex; Fig. 2 - scheme of interaction between software and hardware of the computer; FS electromagnetic communication channel; in Fig. 5 is a diagram of the configuration of the information-technological complex with hydraulic communication channel.Developed geosteering complex in full komlektatsii with two channels of communication: electromagnetic and hydraulic contains installed in the string of drill pipe 1 above the downhole motor 2 downhole telemetry system 3 power supply 4, the pump 5 pump 6. The pump 5 is connected to the tank 7, in which the sensor is installed level of the drilling fluid 8. In the discharge line 9 pump 5 pressure sensors 10, flow 11, density 12, the gas phase 13. In the discharge line 8 is also installed control valve 14.To the antenna 15 connected to the receiving device 16, the output of which is connected to the input in the computer 17. The second input to the computer 17 is connected Converter system - 18. Winch 19 includes drive winch 20. The winch 19 is installed the gauge length of the drill pipe 21. The weight indicator on the hook 22 is installed on the cable 23. The column of drill pipe 1 passes through the rotor 24 having a drive rotor 25 to the orientation of the deflecting link 26. In the upper part of the drill pipe 1 is installed preventer 27, the drive preventer 28. At the wellhead is installed gatana Odul 33 and block survey 34 is installed in the casing downhole telemetry system 3. To the outputs of the computer 17 is connected to the monitor 35, through the interface unit 37 driller's console 38, modem 39. The modem 39 is connected by telephone lines via modem remote computer 40 with the remote computer 41. To the outputs of the control unit 42 connected to drive the pump 6, the drive of the winch 20 and the drive of the rotor 25. It is possible to install on the power source 4 removable module pulsator 43 for information transmission in hydraulic communication channel.The computer 17 (Fig. 2) contains the electronic components of the computer 44 software and information technology complex 45, which includes the operating system 46, 47, the program of developing technical solutions 48, line database 49, including a database of CAD (computer aided design) drilling 50 and the control program 51. Converter system 18 (Fig. 3) contains an analog-to-digital converters (number of sensors) ADC ADC 52...59, the controller 60, the modem complex 61 and the power supply 62.Version with electromagnetic communication channel shown in Fig. 4. The main elements of the communication channel, the transmitting module 33, the antenna 15 and the receiver 16.Version with hydraulic communication channel prived and the pressure sensor 10. In addition, the flow sensor 11, the density 12 and the gas phase 13 contributes to the improvement of measurement accuracy.Configurations using one or more Executive agencies listed in the table.The operation of the device depends on its configuration.1. In the case of applications for electromagnetic communication channel (EMK).During the drilling of the pump 5, which is on the discharge line 7 delivers the drilling fluid to the mud motor and makes it work. Survey parameters with block inclinometry 34 and downhole parameters from sensors axial load 30 and torque 31 and turns the turbine 32 via the transmitting module 33 in the form of an electromagnetic signal fed to the antenna 15 and then to the receiving device 16 and the computer 17. Signals from ground-based technological sensors 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 21 and 29 are fed to the entrance of the Converter system 18 and further input into the computer 17, which is converted and processed and transmitted simultaneously on the monitor 35 and the driller's console 38, if necessary, and a printer 36. On the monitor 35 information promptly, efficiently and clearly communicated to the contractor Geophysics, and on the driller's console 38 of this information seems to be establecida mainly survey data.Converter system 18 converts the readings from all ground sensors into a signal acceptable to the computer 17. Sensors installed in the casing downhole telemetry systems transmit information to the surface via the transmitting module 33 to the antenna 15, the receiving device 16 and then into the personal computer 17.The program information processing from the process sensor 47 (Fig. 2) processes all the information received from the sensors to represent originally in digital form, then for visualization in the form of tables, graphs and charts on the monitor 35 and, in addition, calculates and outputs data obtained by mathematical transformation to the measured parameters, for example the deviation from the trajectory. The program of developing technical solutions 48 performs more complex logical and mathematical transform information to develop recommendations for the management of the drilling process. Control program 51 directly delivers the control signals to the Executive bodies of the management system, which includes the pump 6, the drive of the winch 18, the drive of the rotor 25 and the drive preventer 28. Possible to issue a warning (sound and light) signals when the accident at the pump 6, the winch drive 18, the drive of the rotor 25 and the drive preventer 28. Each of these control actions can be implemented either separately or together in any combination. Feedback between the computer 17 and a downhole telemetry system 3 is carried out by acting on the control valve 14 and parcel of the control pulse in the hydraulic channel. This relationship can be used, for example, to turn on or off the power source 4.2. The system using hydraulic channel (Fig. 5).If the pulsator 43 creating hydraulic pulses mud, information about the survey parameters and downhole technology sensors can be transmitted via hydraulic communication channel to the pressure sensor 10 and further to converting complex 18 and the computer 17. However, you can use either one hydraulic channel or both channels of communication: hydraulic and electromagnetic for duplication, transmission or parallel send different data. According to information from flow sensors 11, density 12 and the sensor of the presence of the gas phase 13 flowing through the Converter Alu connection to the pressure sensor 10. It is necessary to consider the impact of the characteristics of the drilling fluid on the speed of propagation of the hydraulic waves in the fluid (mud) to avoid distortion of the results.3. The device operation is complete (Fig. 1).With simultaneous operation of both channels of communication signal downhole parameters supplied simultaneously to the antenna 15 and the pressure sensor 10 (Fig. 1).In addition, the proposed system provides the transmission of all information to the remote computer 41 to monitor the drilling not only on one rig, but in the scale of Bush or field.The application of the invention allowed the following.1. To fully automate the process of horizontal directional drilling.2. To improve the accuracy of the measurements.3. To prevent accidents.4. To improve the visualization of information due to its simultaneous display on the monitor screen and the driller's console. The display on the driller's console simultaneously digital and analog information has allowed easier to determine the position of the face in the drilling process.5. To increase the speed of information transmission.6. To increase the reliability of each parameter separately and calculated toinformation technology geosteering complex, containing the driller's console, block processing and visualization, made in the form of interconnected converting complex and computer monitor downhole telemetry system, a torque sensor, ground the sensor, flow sensor and pressure sensor and installed in the casing downhole telemetry unit to the directional and the sensor axial load, characterized in that the complex is equipped with a ground sensor density sensor having a gas phase, a level sensor mud set in the receiving tank, the Executive bodies of the control system connected to the output of the computer, while the ground-based flow sensor, pressure sensor, the density sensor and the sensor of the presence of the gas phase is installed in the discharge line of the drilling fluid and the torque sensor is installed in the casing downhole telemetry system.
FIELD: mining industry.
SUBSTANCE: system includes mathematical model of drilling process in form of combined influence of conditions at pit-face and of drilling column operation. Model of drilling process is constantly renewed by results of well measurements performed during drilling operation. On basis of renewed drilling process model a set of optimal drilling parameters is determined and sent to system for controlling surface equipment. Also, system allows surface equipment control system to automatically adjust current control sets for surface equipment on basis of renewed optimal drilling parameters. Different control scenarios are generated and executed for transferring data to surface equipment control system on basis of current drilling mode.
EFFECT: optimized operation.
2 cl, 7 dwg