The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in the construction of deep drainage on water-saturated soils, mainly on irrigated lands. Ushtrasana granolithic includes the basic machine, active working body, tray drain pipes, hopper, comprising a box formed by two transverse and two longitudinal vertical walls. The hopper has a front cutting edge. Transverse vertical wall of the enclosure is made of sliding, and a longitudinal vertical wall connected with the front of the cutting part with the possibility of bending in the vertical plane with the help of a few eccentric-spring pairs, installed between the vertical longitudinal walls of the box. Ensures the reliability of granolithic. 5 Il. The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in the construction of deep drainage on water-saturated soils, mainly on irrigated lands.Known design granolithic, including basic machine, active working body, the guide drainage pipe, a hopper for feeding the filter package and a system of conveyors for poda what about track laying drains formed strip of ground, extracted from the bottom of the trench and having low fertility. To improve the fertility requires the application of high standards of organic fertilizers for a number of years.Known design granolithic adopted as a prototype that includes the basic machine, active working body, the guide chute drain pipes, hopper, comprising a box formed by two longitudinal and transverse walls (Vasiliev B. A. and others, Reclamation and construction machinery. Moscow, Agropromizdat, 1985, S. 145 - 146, Fig. 101).When working this granolithic material is transported without removal of the surface between the walls of the trenches and bunkers. This reduces the width of the barren strip above the trench. However, on different soils, depending on soil texture and water content, transported soil differently affects the work of granolithic. In some circumstances it squeezes the bunker on the surface, the other is squeezing the liquefied soil. In this case violated the uniformity of laying drains.The present invention eliminates these disadvantages. The essence of the proposal is that in the known construction ushtrasana of granolithic, including basic machine, activlearning vertical walls, the hopper has a front cutting edge, while the transverse vertical wall of the enclosure is made of sliding, and a longitudinal vertical wall connected with the front of the cutting part with the possibility of bending in the vertical plane with the help of a few eccentric-spring pairs, installed between the vertical longitudinal walls of the box.The positive effect of the invention consists in that the transverse wall sliding and supply of the longitudinal walls of the Cam-spring pairs allows you to bend the longitudinal walls, creating the most favorable conditions for the transport of soil between the walls of the trench and bunker, which ensures stable operation of granolithic and because of this improves the quality of laying drainage pipes.The essence of the proposal is illustrated by drawings, where Fig. 1 gives a General view of granolithic, Fig.2 - section of the hopper along a-a in Fig.3 - section of the hopper along B-B of Fig.4 - section B-B, Fig. 5 - set the eccentrics with the formation of the trough walls.Granolithic includes the basic machine with 1 active working body 2, the guide tray drain pipes 3 and bin 4, which consists of the front of the cutting part 5 of the hopper 4 and box 6, bratiami and connected to the longitudinal walls 11 and 12. The rear transverse wall 8 consists of sliding sections 13 and 14, also installed with overlapping and connected to the longitudinal walls 11 and 12, which are connected to the front of the cutting part 5 of the hopper 4 rods 15. Between the longitudinal walls vraspor mounted on axes 16, 17 and 18 of the eccentrics 19, 20 and 21, and on the axes 22, 23 and 24 eccentrics 25, 26 and 27. In the plane of the eccentrics 19, 20 and 21 of the springs 28, 29 and 30, the tightening of the longitudinal walls 11 and 12 in the front and in the plane of the eccentrics 25, 26 and 27 of the springs 31, 32 and 33, tightening the longitudinal walls 11 and 12 at the rear of the box. All eccentrics provided with protrusions 34 under the wrench, in the wall 12 against the protrusions 34 are made slits with flaps 36, mounted flush with the wall.The work of granolithic is performed in the following sequence: before installing it on the track, on the basis of the degree of water content of the soil, regulate the position of the walls 11 and 12 boxes of the hopper 6. When severe flooding heavy soils, removing the dampers 36, the key is in the slot 35 for the tabs 34 rotate the eccentrics 19 and 21 on the axes 16 and 18 and eccentrics 25 and 27 on the axes 22 and 24, setting their greater axis perpendicular to the walls 11 and 12. Thus the springs 28, 30, 31 and 33 are stretched, CTE is ogene eccentrics (any known way) valve 36 is installed in the slot 35 is flush with the plane of the walls 11 and 12 and granolithic out on the track. In the process of laying drainage pipes liquefied plastic material is transported by educated deflection in the walls 11 and 12, providing stable operation of granolithic.The expansion of the lower part of the hopper prevents the flow of liquefied soil to drainage pipe and prevents the risk of colmatage. This increases the size of the package. Expansion boxes upper part prevents the removal of the pulp on the surface of the field.When working in dry soils adjustment of the position of the walls 11 and 12 produce turns eccentrics 26 and 27 on the axis 23 and 24. When this box 6 takes the form of a wedge, widening in the lower part (the Cam 26 rotates in an intermediate position between the position of the eccentrics 25 and 27).Giving the box of this form will prevent the ejection of the hopper from the trench will reduce the load on it by partial displacement of the soil in the upper part of the trench.Thus, changing the position of the eccentrics can make the walls of the box 6 of the form most favorable to work in specific conditions drained array that provides the reliability of granolithic and uniformity of laying drainage.
Formula of the picture is Noah pipe, hopper, comprising a box formed by two transverse and two longitudinal vertical walls, wherein the hopper has a front cutting edge, while the transverse vertical wall of the enclosure is made of sliding, and a longitudinal vertical wall connected with the front of the cutting part with the possibility of bending in the vertical plane with the help of a few eccentric-spring pairs, installed between the vertical longitudinal walls of the box.
FIELD: equipment for pipeline laying and repair.
SUBSTANCE: mechanism comprises several identical carriages with outer and inner frames. Outer frames are provided with longitudinal guiding paths. Inner frames have guiding running wheels. Outer frames are installed on running wheels by longitudinal guiding paths. Each frame is provided with clip-on chucks connected one to another by hydraulic cylinders located in corresponding carriages. Carriages have support means resting upon pipeline. Support means are installed on inner frames. One carriage is fixedly connected with neighboring carriage through mounting panel used for attached implements mounting.
EFFECT: simplified structure and increased productivity.
FIELD: construction engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods and devices used for repair of underground pipelines and it can be used for compacting soil at sides and under pipelines of large diameter at repairing with digging down. Proposed device has single-bucket excavator as base machine whose working equipment is source of compacting motions, mechanism to transmit said motions to soil secured to dipper stick and working members with compacting plates. Mechanism to transmit compacting motions to soil is made in form of cylindrical ram connected to dipper stick of excavator and provided with fork on lower end whose eyes are connected with saddle. Ram is movable enclosed by cup with eyes on its upper end carrying rocker with tie-rods. Working members are made in form of two opposite bell cranks provided with compacting plates on ends. Bell cranks are hinge-connected with eyes of fork by means of common axle. Bell cranks are hinge-connected with tie-rods of rocker, and eyes of cup are hinge-connected with shackle of excavator dipper stick by means of tire-rod.
EFFECT: provision of guaranteed compaction of soil under large-diameter pipeline.
FIELD: earth-moving machinery.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device for digging and removing soil from under the pipeline at major and selective repairs. Proposed device contains working member, working member framework and working member shifting mechanism. The latter contains truck based on pipeline and secured to frame-work of working member, and self-propelled machine based on edge of trench. Truck is provided with beam based on pipeline and connected by flexible members with framework of working member and with self-propelled machine. Flexible members connected with framework of working member are arranged at both sides of pipeline, being connected with ends of beam. Flexible member connected with self-propelled machine is connected with central part of beam by eye. Self-propelled machine is made in form of pipe layer to boom of which bracket with guide sheave is connected. Flexible member connected with eye is passed through guide sheave of boom bracket and is connected with hook of pipe-layer either directly or through power cylinder. Self-propelled machine is made in form of excavator. Free end of flexible member connected with eye is connected also with bucket of excavator.
EFFECT: improved operation reliability.
3 cl, 1 tbl, 5 dwg
FIELD: irrigation building, particularly for laying collector-and-drainage system in the case of high ground water level (which is below plough-layer).
SUBSTANCE: method involves erecting pits along drain lines having inclined walls, wherein pit wall inclination is less than natural filtering material slope; filling the pits with filtering material along drain-installing machine travel so that filtering material volume is equal to that of blinding material; laying drain lines along pit axes with narrow-trench drain-installing machine after drain-installing machine bin is filled with filtering material up to level above ground water one, wherein drain laying rate exceeds rate of water percolation from watered ground of trench backfill; maintaining constant filtering material level in the bin due to supplying thereof from pit; additionally leveling and compacting upper filtering material surface. Device comprises main machine, active working tool with reverse operating chain rotation, guiding draining pipe chute and bin. Bin has front cutting part, expandable transversal walls and longitudinal walls bending in vertical plane. Receiving windows are formed in longitudinal walls. Splitter located in front of working tool is mounted on working tool frame and may perform vertical displacement. Splitter comprises plough and side wings enclosing working tool from two sides and connected to plough in front wing parts and to hinges in rear parts thereof. The hinges are connected to bin in front of receiving windows having additional wings installed behind receiving windows to allow installation angle change. Device has gate extending at 3°-4° angle to drain line and located in lower bin part.
EFFECT: increased capacity and drain laying quality, as well as following drainage operational efficiency.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: land reclamation, particularly to lay drain collection system in zones having ground water level above drainage laying level.
SUBSTANCE: method involves loosening fertile ground layer along drain laying axis; digging out channel; forming kerbs of excavated fertile ground; developing trench with chain working tool performing reverse rotation without ground lifting to surface; laying drainage pipe; backfilling the trench and the channel. Pulp consisted of crashed ground and water is extracted from lower trench part during drainage laying and the extracted pulp is supplied into channel or to surface of material used for trench backfilling. Device comprises basic machine, active working tool rotated in reverse direction, drainage pipe tray, box-like hopper with front cutting part, namely knife including post and plowshare. Suction dredge is installed inside the plowshare. Suction dredge has suction line communicated with zone between active working tool and knife through windows formed in front plowshare section. Pressure supply pipeline is communicated with distribution pipelines through intermediate pipeline and bypass gate operated by lever mechanism.
EFFECT: increased productivity and quality of drainage laying in water-saturated ground.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic and irrigation building, particularly to lay collection drain system in water-saturated ground of degraded irrigated agricultural lands.
SUBSTANCE: method involves laying collection and drainage pipes with the use of drainage laying machine, which performs ground excavation, grinding and stirring in trench to fluidize the ground by means of chain active working tool, which rotates in direction reverse to movement direction; moving grinded and stirred fluidized ground in space between passive working tool and trench walls; covering laid collection or drainage pipe with grinded and stirred fluidized ground, wherein the pipe is inserted in trench through guiding tray of passive working tool; supplying water in trench during pipe laying. Before trench excavation and collection and drainage pipe laying ground water level is aligned with collection and drainage pipe paths by forming pits along the paths, filling the pits with water and holding the pits filled with water for a certain time to moisten underlaying ground with water flowing along the paths and to change ground water level. After that collection pipes of the first path and then drainage pipes attached to the collection pipes are serially laid concurrently with water supply into pits. Water for guiding tray filling is supplied since the beginning of collection or drainage pipe lowering in trench. Passive working tool of drainage laying machine is made as hollow rigid body with cross-section streamlined by grinded stirred ground and having sharpened nose part. Guiding tray is provided with closed cross-section and has inner dimensions mating in shape in dimensions with that of collector and drainage pipes to be moved through the tray. The guiding tray is created of material having low coefficient of friction between tray and collection/ drainage pipe covered with filtering material. The guiding tray is longitudinally installed inside hollow body and may be removed from the body for guiding tray replacement in the case of outer collection/drainage pipe dimension change. Pump is installed in front part of basic machine. Delivery pipeline is connected to guiding tray in upper part thereof and is adapted to supply water in guiding tray during collection or drainage pipe lowering in trench.
EFFECT: increased rate of agricultural or industrial land dewatering, reduced costs and power inputs for collection and drainage system construction.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: mining and construction engineering.
SUBSTANCE: according to first design version, excavator for removing soil from under pipe area of pipe laid under ground near surface contains body towed by cable carrying frame of cutters connected for turning to front part of body and provided with pair of cutters on lower end. Carrying frame can be set in spread position, in which cutters are moved off from each other, and in brought together position, in which cutters are brought to each other. Excavator contains also support frame of sleds connected for turning to rear part of body and carrying pair of sleds on its lower end. Support frame can be set in spread position in which sleds are moved off from each other, and in brought together position, in which sleds are brought to each other. According to second design version, excavator contains front frame and rear frame installed on buried pipe, drive means to provide movement of rear frame relative to front frame, guides to direct rear frame in motion, and frame clamping the pipe connected for turning to rear frame and carrying pair of grip sections on its lower end connected to rear frame. Said carrying frame can be set in spread position in which sections of grips are moved off from each other, and in brought together position, in which sections of grips are in contact with surface of buried pipe.
EFFECT: effective removal of soil from under laid pipe when preparing pipeline for repair without damage of pipe outer layer.
10 cl, 38 dwg
FIELD: mining and construction, particularly earth-moving operations to remove ground from under buried pipeline located near ground surface.
SUBSTANCE: system is adapted to remove ground from under buried pipeline laid near ground surface after ground removal from area located over pipeline and from pipeline sides. Earth-moving system comprises main frame to be installed on buried pipeline and cutting tool frame supported by main one. Cutting tool frame has pair of rotary cutting tools arranged on lower side thereof. Rotary cutting tools may be installed in opened position in which cutting tools are spaced apart and in closed position in which they are located close to each other. Bearing bodies for cutting tool supporting are arranged so that neighboring ends thereof are inclined inwards with respect to vertical axis in closed cutting tool position. Each rotating cutting tool comprises rotor rotating about axis of corresponding bearing body and carrying a curtain number of cutting members connected to annular outer surface thereof. Enveloping line defined by cutting member ends of each rotor is formed so that enveloping line diameter is maximal in central part thereof with respect to rotor axis and gradually decreased from central part of enveloping line towards upper and lower ends thereof. Lower part of enveloping line located under central rotor part is near envelope line of another rotor.
EFFECT: increased ground excavation efficiency along with decreased system size.
12 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: mining and construction, particularly earth-moving operations to remove ground from under buried pipeline laid near ground surface.
SUBSTANCE: earth-moving system comprises main frame to be installed on buried pipeline and cutting tool frame supported by main one. Cutting tool frame has pair of rotary cutting tools arranged on lower side thereof and may slide with respect to main one. Main frame comprises front seat located from front side thereof in system movement direction, rear seat located behind front one and two rails extending in longitudinal direction and connecting right and left upper sides of front seat correspondingly with right and left upper sides of rear seat. Moving means adapted to guide cutting tool frame along said rails to provide mutual movement of cutting tool frame and main frame along buried pipe are also provided. Main frame has the first fixing means to secure thereof to buried pipe during cutting tool frame movement. Cutting tool frame is provided with the second fixing means to secure thereof to buried pipe during main frame movement. To excavate ground main frame and cutting tool frame may serially move along buried pipe.
EFFECT: increased ground excavation efficiency due to improved digging operation and rotary cutting tool movement.
2 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: reclamation building, particularly to create accumulation-and-drainage system in the case of ground-water level exceeding drainage laying level.
SUBSTANCE: method involves digging-out trench with the use of chain reversely rotating working tool of narrow drainage machine along with excavated ground movement between trench walls and drainage machine hopper; forming drain communicated with trench through guiding member. Drain includes two pipes covered with synthetic filter and connected with each other by means of flexible connection members so that drain string is created. Drain is laid in trench by drain insertion in guiding member so that major drain cross-sectional axis extends along trench axis. Drain is laid on trench bottom so that major cross-sectional axis thereof is directed obliquely to trench axis and drain passes in depressions made in trench walls for distance of not more than 0.2 of string width. One pipe is sealed with caps and opened after drain-water level reduction. Device for said method realization comprises narrow draining machine including basis vehicle, chain reversely rotating working tool, guiding member, hopper defined by two longitudinal and two transversal vertical walls and provided with front cutting part, as well as hollow plough share. Plough share has removable shaped side wings installed at cutting part thereof. Guiding member is arranged in hopper and includes vertical post joined to plough share interior through spiral section. Receiving orifice of guiding member at vertical post is directed so that major cross-sectional axis extends along device axis. Outlet plough share orifice is directed so that major cross-sectional axis thereof is transversal to device axis.
EFFECT: increased drain laying quality and decreased costs for further device operation.
3 cl, 6 dwg