Automated voting system
The invention relates to office equipment, in particular equipment for the vote using ballots. The technical result is to reduce the processing time of the ballots and preparation of the final report on the elections. Automated voting system contains the drive ballots, consisting of several sections, the processing unit of video data consisting of input-output video random access memory devices, storage devices, processing unit, a comparator, visual display units, as well as the reader of papers, consisting of locking devices, four photosensors transporting mechanism, lens, camcorder, adjusting device, light source device switching video card control, delay device, the deflecting device, information display, power supply, connected in a certain way. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The invention relates to office equipment, in particular equipment for voting, with the use of selective bulletinall of ballots and counting of votes is done manually therefore, the counting process can last for hours. A particularly acute problem of minimizing the time when the counting of votes is at shareholder meetings, where the results of the vote must be announced before the end of the meeting, the voting procedure provides for the vote and the claims. Voting at the shareholders have a different number of the voting shares and may vote part of the owned shares. All these circumstances make the counting process is very lengthy and time-consuming.The known device the electronic counting of ballots (analogues), consisting of the storage of the ballots, separated by a septum in the lid which has two holes to lower the ballots. Under one of the holes is installed guide rail, on which is placed a light source, a counting unit, the transport mechanism with the actuator, the lens unit photosensor, punch . The specified technical solution provides automatic counting, however, does not provide rejection of invalid ballots, in the case of "weight" vote when the shareholder can groovetube shareholder. While the ballots can be dropped in one of the two holes that require explanations to the voter how to act when voting. Also unresolved is the issue of the use of these devices in the period between elections.A device counting, selected as a prototype consisting of a personal computer used as a device, video processing, and scanner as a reader that can be used in the period between elections according to the destination . The technical solution implemented in the prototype, allows you to count the votes, ballots arbitrary shape and carry out the sorting of ballot papers.The disadvantages of the prototype are a great time processing newsletter, which is determined by the scanning speed of the newsletter, with more than a newsletter, the more time it takes to read. Another significant disadvantage of the prototype is to build one device for receiving and processing the ballots one at a scanner - one personal computers." In the case of an entity at one polling station in a few places voting or to build automated is as personal computers, what causes the high cost of voting.The technical result of the invention is to reduce the processing time of the ballots and preparation of the final report on the elections, as well as the best design of General automated voting system for multiple polling stations.The technical result is achieved by the fact that the automated voting system that contains the drive ballots, consisting of several sections, which made the hole to lower the ballots associated with the outlet of the reader ballots, the processing unit of video information, comprising visual display device, input device and output video processing unit and the storage device, the reading device bulletins, installed on the drive ballots, which includes transporting mechanism with the actuator, including kinematically associated shafts and guide, information boards, placed on the device reading the ballots in the immediate vicinity of the crack to the installation of the Bulletin, the delay device, the source the option of control orientation and fixing the position of the Bulletin and stop the movement of the Bulletin in position, when the optical axis is directed to the center of the Bulletin, as well as the structure of the device entered the locking device placed at the entrance to the transporting mechanism, the deflecting device with the possibility of fixed rotation, placed at the outlet of the transporting mechanism, lens, camcorder, adjusting the device with the ability to adjust and fix the position of the camera and lens in the direction of the center of the Bulletin, the switching device video read information from multiple sources, control Board, four photosensor, which are a pair of led-phototransistor", while the first and second photosensors are installed after the locking device, prior to the first shaft and the third and fourth photosensors installed before the last shaft of the transporting mechanism, the outputs of the photosensors are connected via control Board with input locking device, while the control Board is connected through a delay device with the conveyor mechanism and the deflecting device, the switching device video through the control Board is connected with the processing unit of video information, in which wvline reader bulletins, when this input device of input-output video images associated with the output of the commutation device of the video.Automated voting system can be used for voting at several polling stations. Such automated voting system contains several readers of bulletins number of drives ballots, provided with a device for manual control of the voting process and additional visual display device for collective use.This technical result is known designs was not reached. The described technical solution provides a series of information retrieval from 80 to 120 MS, the throughput of no more than 300 MS, which exceeds existing similar systems in the 3.5 - 5 times, the device allows to provide parallel operation of several devices read bulletins. The latter circumstance suggests a significant reduction of time for processing the ballots of all of the polling station, where there are few readers of the papers.The applicant has reviewed the sources of information not found technical solutions, anae device differs from the known presence of new significant features, it meets the criterion of "inventive step".The invention is illustrated in Fig.1, which shows the elements and connections of a block device block diagram. Kinematic diagram of the reader bulletins shown in Fig.2.Automated voting system contains: 1. Reader 2 ballots. Drive ballots 3. The processing device 4 video. The locking device 5. Photosensors I and II 6. Transporting mechanism 6.1. The first pair of shafts 6.2. The drive 6.3. Guide
6.4. The last pair of shafts
9. The adjusting device
10. Photosensors III and IV
11. The light source
12. The switching device video
13. The device I / o video
14. Random access memory
15. The storage device
16. Processing unit
17. Device comparison
18. Control Board
19. The delay device
20. The deflecting device
21. Partition drive
22. Information boards
23. Video device
24. Power supply
26. Entrance slit (entrance Bulletin)
27. Outlet (publication)
Ustroystvo hole device and the inlet sections of the drive match. Device 3 video information processing (Fig.1) is placed on the table of the members of the electoral Commission, isolated from voting and connected to the electronic unit reading electrical wires.The voter shall place the completed ballot in the entrance slit 26 of the device 1 read bulletins. The locking device 4 is open, the photosensor I (5) signals the presence of the Bulletin on the transport mechanism 6, in combination with the photo-sensor II (5) - on the proper installation of the Bulletin in the gap. Photosensors I and II set before the first pair of shafts 6.1 transporting mechanism 6 and include actuator 6.2 (Fig.2). Transporting mechanism 6 captures correctly installed the ballot and places it in the guide 6.3 in front of the camera 7 camera 8 installed on the adjusting device 9, providing for the adjustment and rigid fixation of the position of the camera and lens in the direction to the center of the Bulletin. The moment you install Microsoft fixes the photo-sensor III (10) and in combination with the signal from the photo-sensor IV (10) is closed locking device 4 to prevent the Bulletin for the next voter. Photosensors III and IV installed before the last pair of shafts 6.4 t is I. The source 11 of the light provides uniform illumination of the Bulletin. Camera 8 reads the information Bulletin, and it arrives on the device 12 to the switching of the video, which ensures the formation of a queue of video images from multiple sources. Read thus, the information is digitized device 13 of the input-video output (Fig. 1) and is then broken into fragments in the memory device 14 in accordance with the layout of the ballot, which is stored in the storage device 15 of the information. The selected information is processed by the processing block 16 and enters the device 17 of the comparison, where the control commands for transporting mechanism 6 and the deflecting device 20. On command from the device 17 comparison that comes through charge 18 and control device 19 delays in transporting mechanism 6, the latter ensures the promotion newsletter to sections 21 of the drive 2 of the ballots, at the output of the Bulletin of the device 1 read bulletins set of deflecting device 20, the position of which is determined by the command from the device 17 comparison that provides sorting of ballots, i.e. pop which allows the signal to advance ballot in transporting mechanism 6 to the release of the Bulletin of the device 1 read bulletins. The time of the publication record photosensors III (10) and IV (10), the signal from which opens the locking device 4 to enter the next newsletter. The stages of the newsletter reflects the information Board 22 is placed on the housing 25 of the device 1 read newsletters in the immediate vicinity of the slit 26 for installation Bulletin. In a further cycle of data acquisition is repeated. All electronic information electronic copies of the ballots, prepared information, files, reports the vote is stored in the storage device 15 of the information. Part 3 processing of video information includes a visual display device 23 to view the progress of the voting members of the election Commission, however, if necessary, to the system can be connected to the public screen for observation of voters for voting. The latter fact in some cases is the most important factor in motivating voters to participate in elections.The switching device video has the ability to work with multiple sources of video information that is expressed in the possibility of connecting several components of an electronic reading information.Created and COI confirming the efficiency and effectiveness of the proposed device.Sources of information
1. Evidence of the Russian Federation 4397 utility model. MKI 5 6 G 07 C 13/02. Andreev, A. F. and other ballot Box. Bull. PMPO, 6, 1997, pp. 52-53.2. The gas "Vybory" keeps the people.// Compatibility and quality, 3/97, pp. 19-21.
1. Automated voting system that contains the drive ballots, consisting of several sections, which made the hole to lower the ballots associated with the outlet of the reader ballots, the processing unit of video information, comprising visual display device, input device and output video processing unit and the storage device, the reading device bulletins, installed on the drive ballots, which includes transporting mechanism with the actuator, including kinematically associated shafts and guide, information boards placed on the device reading the ballots in the immediate vicinity of the crack to installation Bulletin delay device, light source and power supply, characterized in that in the above-mentioned reader by bulletintooele stop motion newsletter in position, when the optical axis is directed to the center of the Bulletin, as well as the structure of the device entered the locking device placed at the entrance to the transporting mechanism, the deflecting device with the possibility of fixed rotation, placed at the outlet of the transporting mechanism, lens, camcorder, adjusting the device with the ability to adjust and fix the position of the camera and lens in the direction of the center of the Bulletin, the switching device video read information from multiple sources, control Board, four photosensor, which are a pair of led-phototransistor", while the first and second photosensors are installed after the locking device, prior to the first shaft and the third and fourth photosensors installed before the last shaft of the transporting mechanism, the outputs of the photosensors are connected via control Board with input locking device, while the control Board is connected through a delay device with the conveyor mechanism and the deflecting device, the switching device video through the control Board is connected with the processing unit of video information, in which wvline reader bulletins, when this input device of input-output video images associated with the output of the commutation device of the video.2. Automated voting system under item 1, characterized in that it contains several readers of bulletins number of drives ballots, provided with a device for manual control of the voting process and additional visual display device for collective use.
SUBSTANCE: system has four registers, device for identifying territory of election area, block for determining of direction of data selection, block for forming reading signals, counter, memory block for selection parameters, comparator, elector sex identification block, block for identification of lower limit of age range, block for identification of upper limit of age range, two AND elements and thee OR elements.
EFFECT: higher speed of operation.
FIELD: social opinion monitoring systems.
SUBSTANCE: as a mark an optical signal source is used, means for detecting optical signals is used, each user targets his mark to appropriate means for receiving optic signals, voting objects are given to users and voting start signal is sent, in accordance to selected voting object user targets his mark to appropriate means for receiving optical signals, optical signals from users are received and received signal are recorded in recording device, recorded optical signals are processed in accordance to given program for receiving voting result and voting results are presented on data carrier.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: equipment for automatic collection of information about vote results.
SUBSTANCE: method includes inserting vote papers into track and moving them along track while synchronously reading their full width images on both sides of sheet with recognition of voter marks and qualification of papers with concurrent marking of invalid papers, read image if transformed to digital code signals, appropriate for semi-tone presentation of image and also lighting level is automatically set, determined by white field of paper and corrections are introduced compensating unevenness of transfer of signals by objective and distortions, caused by blinks from parts of optical track and deviation of sensitivity of elements of reading photo-receiver, on basis of multiplication of signals of image of each element of read string of vote paper on coefficients, determined for each read element during scanning of white field.
EFFECT: higher trustworthiness of results due to improved reliability of recognition of marks put down by voters.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: engineering of information accumulation system, in particular - technology for performing an interactive game.
SUBSTANCE: each user is provided with means for identification as game participant, provided with a mark. As a mark, optical signal source is used. Positioning of device for receiving optical signals is performed relatively to multiple users. Source position of identification means of game participant is held relatively to means for receiving optical signals in accordance to game conditions. Game objects and rules are given to participants and game start signal is given. User targets his mark to appropriate means for receiving optical signals. Optical signals are received from game participants and received optical signals are registered in registration device. Signals are processed in accordance to given program and results are outputted on an information carrier.
EFFECT: possible polling of large group of participants and detection of winners, while maintaining anonymousness of results.
FIELD: engineering of electronic voting systems, which use voting protocol checkable everywhere.
SUBSTANCE: system has server and at least three personal computers for voters, connected to local area computing network. Personal computer of first voter is made with possible reshuffling of received electronic credentials and generation of first correctness proof for first set of reshuffled credentials. Personal computer of second voter is made with possible reshuffling of first set of reshuffled credentials and generation of second correctness proof for second set of reshuffled credentials. Personal computer of third voter is made with possible reshuffling of second set of reshuffled credentials and generating third proof of correctness for third set of reshuffled credentials. Server is made with functionality to receive aforementioned proofs and check and count votes.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of voting.
8 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: computer science, in particular, automated system for informational interaction of objects for performing elections and referendums.
SUBSTANCE: system contains block of address identifiers, block for identification of memory zone, block for selecting addressee of input message, block for selecting base address of database records, adder, block for forming reading signals, six registers, block for identification of records of database, block for identification of number of records, counter, block for generation of control signals.
EFFECT: increased speed of operation of system due to localization of addresses of database records by address identifiers of voters.
FIELD: computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: system consists of documentary data receiving unit, base address identification unit, two registers, electors journal database records receiving unit, three comparators, records quantity counting unit, electors journal area definition unit, electors journal area selection unit, two decrement counters, read and write signals forming unit.
EFFECT: increased accuracy and performance of the system by localization of database records addresses using first letters of first, middle and last names identifiers.
FIELD: technology for preparing and performing electronic voting.
SUBSTANCE: system contains control terminal with workplace of an official, connected through network controller to terminals of voting stations, containing voting devices with displays, devices for processing voting results with means for formatting local databases in dynamic mode with realization of access schedule. Voting terminal is made with possible storage and displaying of specified protocol forms concerning results of voting and also with possible provision of aforementioned protocols on energy-independent data carrier.
EFFECT: prevention of unsanctioned access to data during voting, simplified voting procedure.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: computer engineering, automated system for collecting and processing electronic polls data.
SUBSTANCE: system consists of input messages receiving unit, data from server database receiving unit, election committee identification unit, first and second units for candidates base addresses identification, polls results disclosure time cycles selection unit, polls results recording time cycles selection unit, input messages receiving time cycles selection unit, database read and write signals forming unit, final polls results data forming unit.
EFFECT: increased system performance due to database entries address localization using receiving messages identifiers and forming of progressive total of polls results in real-time.
FIELD: engineering of devices for realizing electronic voting resistant to forcing.
SUBSTANCE: device receives first voter-confirming value from voter, then device receives encrypted bulletin from voter as well as second voter-confirming value, independently from second received voter confirming value, device adds received bulletin to publicly accessible list of given votes, after addition members of society may verify addition of received vote to the list without possible determining whether vote is going to be accepted, while device only accepts vote if second voter confirming value received together with bulletin matches first voter confirming value.
EFFECT: voter may maintain exclusive possession of secret information used by voter during voting.
6 cl, 2 dwg