The anti-skid device of the vehicle wheels
The invention relates to devices of the terrain and can find application in vehicles when driving on a slippery road. The device includes a housing in the form of 2 fastened by bolting triangular stars pinned to their axes rays in the form of a composite tube. One of the tubes is fixed latch with permutation and rotation of its axis, a second fixed and movable part is spring-loaded, and the third bonded together by a lever with an earring and is limited by the stop from moving. At the free ends of the tubes movably attached to the lugs, with the lugs and removable blades that are installed according to the soil condition. The technical result - the ease of use, simplicity of manufacture, ease of installation and dismantling. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il. The invention relates to devices of the terrain, temporarily attached to the wheel, can find application in vehicles when driving on a slippery road in rough terrain and in bad weather conditions.A device consisting of a body and an elastic plate is triangular in shape, is bonded with the boot installed OS is characterized by the duration of the pre-Assembly operations.It is also known device anti-skid wheels of the vehicle, containing mounted coaxially to the wheel body with the ability to move and with radially oriented rays carrying the lugs associated with the mechanism of their pressing, made in the form of segments of an articulated chain.Radial movement is performed by means of the rope, the tension of which is carried by the screw, ed. St. 1643194, CL 60 With 27/04, 1991Disadvantages: uses energy to move the chain links; the complexity of flexible elements in the form of ropes, and additionally require pre-Assembly and disassembly of the device.This unit is adopted for the prototype.The technical problem on which the invention is directed, is the creation of easy to use, simple anti-skid device that does not require pre-Assembly - disassembly on the wheel.The specified technical task allows to solve the anti-skid device of the vehicle wheels, containing mounted coaxially to the wheel body with the ability to move and with radially oriented rays carrying the lugs associated with the mechanism of their application. The body is made in the form of 2 bonded which are fixed by the latch can be rotated and shifted its axis, the second tube is fixed, and the movable part is spring-loaded, and a third of them fastened together by a lever with an earring and restrict emphasis, with a lug mounted on the free ends of the tubes can be rotated and made of tubes, curved at the ends, have the tabs and replaceable blades with the possibility of fixing them accordingly with the tread of the wheel and the ground. Listed the essential features of the proposed solution provide in its implementation achieving positive results in the above-mentioned conditions, are also a positive factor in the possibility of using waste products in the form of, for example, tubing 1/2" and, accordingly, subsequent to their diameters.In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the device installed on the vehicle's wheel.In Fig.2 shows the section a-a in Fig.1.In Fig.3 shows cross-section B-B in Fig.1.In Fig.4 shows a section b-b In Fig.3.In Fig.5 shows the vehicle in a folded form.The housing consists of 2 rings 1 in the form of a triangle of stars, held together by bolting 2, and their axes at one end installed rays in the form of a composite tube 3, one of which - with opportunities is Alena hard axis 7 and the movable part are fastened together by the spring 8 with the bolt 2 and the axis 9, and the composite tube 10 connected to a driving lever 11 with the earring 12, the axis 13 and is limited by the stop 14 to move it along the radius on the 120oin the axis of the bolt 2 (see Fig.5) and at the free end of the composite tube 3, 6, 10 fixed movably in the axis 15 of the lug 16 with the projections 17 and with interchangeable blades, 18 according to the ground condition, secured by the screw 19. Device using the lever 11 is attached to the wheel 20.Operates the device as follows.Folded (see Fig.5) disclosure of the lug 16 in the initial position and rotation of the tubes 3 on the 120oclockwise until it clicks latch 4, respectively, is fixed tube 3 with cheek 1, then the lever 11 is fed into the initial position free tube at increasing distances from the axis of the bolt 2, the tube lugs 16 will be moved to a suitable distance and in this form the device is manually fed centric wheel 20 until its end and then moves it in the upper position until it touches the two lugs 16 with the periphery of the wheel 20, and then using the lever 11 counterclockwise, the rotation of the tube 10 on the 120oto the stop 14, and then the lever 11 is manually rotated to the lower position, overcome the Thus, set the device on the second wheel 20 and the vehicle becomes ready for its operation.Is the device in the opposite direction, see Fig.5, rotates in the axis 15 to the tubes 3, 6, 10, the lugs 16 and the tube 3, 10 in axes 2 to the tube 6, after which the device is prepared for transport when folded.
Claims1. Device anti-skid wheels of the vehicle, containing mounted coaxially with the wheel body with the ability to move and with radially oriented rays carrying the lugs associated with the mechanism of their pressing, characterized in that the casing is made in two sealed by bolting triangular stars pinned to their axes rays in the form of a composite tubes, one of which is fixed by the latch can be rotated and shifted its axis, the second tube is fixed, and the movable part is spring-loaded, and a third of them fastened together by a lever with an earring and restrict emphasis, when this lug mounted on the free ends of the tubes can be rotated.2. The device under item 1, characterized in that grantodateljami with the tread of the wheel and the ground.
FIELD: transport engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed wheeled propulsive device contains pneumatic tire, rim, disk, rod grousers, each hinge-connected to pins arranged concentrically relative to center of disk at distance "a" from outer circumference of propulsive device. Length of rod of grouser exceeds "a". Each grouser being pushing mechanism is furnished with support shoe, is spring-loaded relative to disk and is hinge-connected only by one end on pin at angle to axial lines of wheel for turning in plane of disk.
EFFECT: improved traction and coupling properties of propulsive device.
SUBSTANCE: wheel thruster comprises air tire, wheel tread, disk, rod-type grousers, each pivoted to pins concentrically arranged with respect to disk center at distance "a" from thruster outer circumference. Grouser rod length exceeds "a". Each grouser functions as pusher and is furnished with backup shoe. It is spring loaded with respect to disk and has only one its end pivoted at an angle to wheel axial lines to turn in the wheel plane. Backup shoe represents a flat with grouser rigidly fitted thereon, perpendicular to aforesaid flat, and pivoted on grouser-pusher free end to turn in the disk plane.
EFFECT: reduced harmful effects on soil.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry and may be used on road sections whereat wheel spin occurs. Proposed method comprises placing device increasing friction factor, for example, anti-spin devices including L-like cross-section metal bracket bent along tire circle arc. One end of said bracket is furnished with elements to fasten it to wheel disk, for example, hole to mount bracket on bolt attaching disk to wheel hub and opposite end is provided with grousers. Additional grousers with locking plate are arranged on bracket peripheral section to form triangle. Note here that additional grouser makes triangle base. Diameter of arrangement of said additional grousers is smaller than that of the main grousers.
EFFECT: higher anti-spin efficiency.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry and may be used on road sections whereat wheel spin occurs. Proposed device comprises L-section metal bracket bent in lengthwise direction along tire circle arc. One end of said bracket is furnished with elements to fasten it to wheel disk, for example, hole to mount bracket on bolt attaching disk to wheel hub and opposite end is provided with grousers. Additional grousers with locking plate are arranged on bracket peripheral section to form triangle. Note here that additional grouser makes triangle base. Diameter of arrangement of said additional grousers is smaller than that of the main grousers.
EFFECT: higher anti-spin efficiency.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: revolving drive wheel with rim and grouser are arranged on machine body. Pin is fitted on said rim with geometrical center not aligned with wheel rotational center. Grouser made up of paddle with rod and blade is pivoted to said pin. Second end of hinge rod is jointed with machine body to displace there along in the plane of wheel rotation. Said pin is secured on wheel to vary distance from wheel rotational axis top in geometrical center. Aforesaid grouser is secured on wheel pin by fast-release joint. The scull blade is replaceable.
EFFECT: lower operating costs.
4 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to devices intended for increasing traction and perfecting coupling of wheeled running gear used in agriculture and forestry. Post is arranged in guide bush locked by pin and trapezoidal jaw to support hook by its lower end and, by pin top end, to support rod that enters wave-shaped groove. Said groove is made on segment disk to allow changing the proposed device by retainer from transport position into operating position, and vice versa. Said disk groove length depends upon height grouser penetration into soil hc and maximum turn angle a depends upon the number of grousers.
EFFECT: faster conversion from operating conditions into transportation conditions, and vice versa.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wheels of self-propelled vehicles, particularly, to radially adjusted appliances for increasing of wheel adhesion to road. Proposed device comprises disc fitted on half-axle with radial guides for extending grousers. Said extending grousers are composed of four quadrants with teeth arranged in circle and carriages to engage via said four radial guides with disc fitted on half-axle. To extend grousers said disc comprises four radial air cylinders with their rod-free chambers communicated with vehicle pneumatic system while rod ends are furnished with compression springs. Air cylinder rods are engaged with extending grouser carriages.
EFFECT: higher reliability, lower labor input, ease of use.
3 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method is implemented by means of grouser interaction with soil in adjacent row of row spacing. The device contains axle fixed into wheel rim disc, pillar, grouser. The axle is divided into two parts which are interconnected using bushing and fixed to axles using bolts equally spaced along the length of blind holes. On the working surface of grouser two rows with three through holes in each are evenly drilled.
EFFECT: improvement of functional qualities of propeller, increase in range of agricultural works in row spacing conditions.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wheeled vehicles, in particular, to radially adjusted appliances for increasing adhesion with soil. In grouser comprising disc fixed on half axle with radial guides for extending grousers parallel to the disc on half axle with the drive disc is mounted with displacement on axle having kinematic connection by four-hinge antiparallel link mechanism with rotary disc, one of hinges of which acts as the grouser.
EFFECT: simplified design and higher reliability of grousers.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to high cross-country capacity and, in particular, to design of vehicle with devices providing improved contact of wheel with road in complex road conditions. Device includes grousers mounted on wheels, interacting via gearing tubular shaft, drive mechanism with control mechanism equipped with control panel. Device is equipped with stops restricting working and nonworking position grousers.
EFFECT: high cross-country capacity in conditions of impassability to move without damaging haulage with high-quality coating.
5 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: automotive industry.
SUBSTANCE: proposed wheel with variable geometry of tread has axle, disk and tyre with tread. Telescopic tie-rod with drive mechanism and shield are installed on wheel axle through additional bearing. Inner surface of shield follows shape of tyre tread and grousers are installed on outer surface. Thanks to it mounting of antislip devices is facilitated.
EFFECT: increased cross-country capacity of vehicle.