The way to create exchangeable non-woven pile coatings for soft toys
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the field of light industry, namely, creating toys with alternating tufted nonwoven coating, and can be used to create toys-homemade. The method includes the transmission of the interference fit, at least through one slit hole in the solid basis veroobrazno element with subsequent cutting of threads to create the necessary forms, which ensures repeated use of solid basis for creating exchangeable pile coatings in soft toys. 17 C.p. f-crystals. The invention relates to the field of light industry, namely, creating toys that contain carpet, and can be used to create toys-homemade.In recent years there has been increased interest in the creation of toys-homemade. The interest is provided, on the one hand, an increase in the desire to work as a tool to relieve nervous stress and opportunities for leisure activities without straining your eyes as in computer games and watching TV, and, on the other hand, the necessity of the child's development as a creative person and as a biological is alicebraga screen.In further description of the invention will be used the following terms."Solid Foundation" is a substrate made of a material which is not changing in the process of creating smestorage NAP coverage of its volume and shape, the elastic properties of which provide the transmission with tension and fixation in slits made in the specified material, veroobrazno element."Slot" through the incision in the specified solid substrate, the width of which does not exceed the thickness veroobrazno element."Versionrange element is elongated flexible mechanically strong body, derived from natural and/or synthetic fibers by adding and/or twisting, and/or gluing."Smenyaemoi pile floor" - pile floor, held in the solid basis only by the frictional forces arising between the walls of the specified slot and specified Vorsoisson element, and the value of these friction forces fixation veroobrazno element in a slit hole, but does not prevent mechanical destruction of veroobrazno item from slot."Soft toy" - a product containing a solid basis, cooking it, and play with her."The prototype soft toys" is an artistic conception manufacturer of soft toys. It can match as actually existing object, and to be fully in the imagination of the developer.A method of obtaining the pile of non-woven material (SU authorship 382781 D 04 H 11/04, 1973), including the winding gorsobraniya elements in the form of strips bundle of fibers, the installation of these strips on the base coated with an adhesive sublayer, the hardening of the adhesive sublayer, cutting the loops of pile along these strips with the subsequent removal of the bars.A known method of manufacturing a non-woven pile fabric products (SU authorship 453460 D 04 H 11/04, 1978) by zigzag bending gorsobraniya threads, pinning them in place bending on the basis of the subsequent cutting and bending is performed with the use of the locking element, and the fastening is carried out by thermal welding.The disadvantages of all the above methods should recognize the operation of fastening NAP coverage on the basis that excludes the possibility of multiple use of the same basis for Vorovskogo descriptions are not identified sources of information, revealing how to create exchangeable non-woven pile coating providing a reusable framework to create a different color and/or pattern of fluffy coating of soft toys on a solid basis.The technical problem solved by the present invention is to develop a way to create soft toys containing alternating non-woven carpet.The technical result is obtained as a result of implementation of the invention is to provide a multiple use solid basis for creating exchangeable pile coatings in soft toys.To achieve the technical result of the proposed method is to use the create exchangeable non-woven pile coatings for soft toys, characterized by the transmission of the interference fit, at least through one slit hole in the solid basis veroobrazno element, at least one thread veroobrazno material with subsequent cutting of threads to give Varsovia coverage form, due to the form of soft toys.When implementing the method typically use a base made of pulp and paper material, which, most preferably, from the copolymer polietilenimin, or the base is made of rubber, preferably of foam rubber, or leather-based. Preferably use a firm Foundation, additionally covered with a layer of solid material. On a solid Foundation can be additionally marked with the figure. These slotted openings are preferably located in a row, and row, they usually are mutually parallel. The alignments themselves usually are also mutually parallel. Versionrange element can be made of natural fibers and/or synthetic fibers, preferably of acrylic yarn. When implementing the method may be further used tool (needle, hook, and so on), which facilitates threading the yarn into the holes. Used the base may further comprise elements (grooves and lugs, sleeves and rods, as well as buttons and so on), allowing you to connect it with the same basics.The combination of the slotted holes in the solid basis and veroobrazno material held in a slit hole only by force of friction, the value of which provides fixation veroobrazno element in a slit hole, but does not prevent mechanical destruction of veroobrazno of elemen tweezers or any other suitable device) to remove from slot pile and replace it with any other colors and/or other filling slot. In the case of replacement colors veroobrazno element on one and the same solid basis (for example, depicting a horse), changing color borobridge item to get the image of a white horse or black horse. Alternate transmission veroobrazno element in the slotted holes with the receipt of the pile, held in only by the force of friction, allows to achieve the specified technical result - ensuring repeated use solid Foundation by creating exchangeable pile coverings in children's toys.Hereinafter the invention will be discussed using examples of implementation.1. In solid leather-based, having a shape corresponding to the profile of the hare, performed in parallel slotted holes. Through these holes the child using a plastic needle Prodavat trim acrylic yarn arbitrary length. And through the slotted holes located in the upper part of the profile, the child Prodavat dark gray strands veroobrazno material through slotted openings in the lower part of the profile and head - light-gray strands, and through the slotted holes located on the nose, black thread. After filling in all the slot with IP the new coverage form the corresponding prototype soft toys - the figure of a hare. 2. On a solid base, an organic polymer - PVC and corresponding to the profile shape of a horse, evenly spaced slotted holes. Through these holes the child using hook Prodavat thread veroobrazno material consisting of natural fibers, of arbitrary length. And to create decorative covering of the body used fiber brown, and the mane and tail black. After filling in all the slot using scissors, the child cuts the thread veroobrazno material so that gives Varsovia coverage of the shape due to the shape of the prototype soft toys - horses.3. On a solid base which is foamed copolymer of ethylvinylacetate, pre-drawing representing a country house with surrounding garden. Across the surface of the image evenly spaced slotted holes. Through these holes the child using needle Prodavat thread veroobrazno of material, which is a synthetic fiber of any length, and color of the thread matches the color of the elements, izobrazheniya panels with pile covering the same length.4. The base is made of foam rubber and optionally covered with a layer of tissue, which made the picture of the carpet evenly spaced slotted holes. Through these holes the child using needle Prodavat acrylic yarn, color which matches the color of the image element, and the edges of the basics of child Prodavat black thread. After filling in all the slot using scissors, the child cuts the thread, creating a pile floor carpet, pubescent black tassels at the edges.On request from the received soft toys or at any stage of its manufacture can be pulled from the slot used earlier thread and replaced with a thread of a different color or with a different arrangement of the threads in the slotted holes.The examples do not exhaust the possibilities of implementation of the invention.The invention by providing the possibility of removal from a solid Foundation previously enshrined therein by friction forces NAP coverage provided by the possibility of multiple use of a solid Foundation by creating exchangeable pile coverings in children's toys. 1. The way to create exchangeable nonwoven in which the first hole in a solid basis, at least one thread veroobrazno element with subsequent cutting of threads to give Varsovia coverage of the shape due to the shape of soft toys.2. The method according to p. 1, in which use solid base made of pulp and paper material or leather.3. The method according to p. 1, in which use solid base made of organic polymer.4. The method according to p. 3, which use solid base made of foamed organic polymer.5. The method according to p. 1, in which use solid base made of rubber.6. The method according to p. 1, in which use solid base made of foam rubber.7. The method according to p. 4, characterized in that use solid base made of polyethyleneamine.8. The method according to any of paragraphs. 1-7, which use a firm Foundation, additionally covered with a layer of solid material.9. The method according to any of paragraphs. 1-7, in which use solid Foundation on which advanced drawing.10. The method according to p. 1, in which use these slotted holes in a row.11. The method according to p. 10, in which use these layers are arranged mutually in parallel.13. The method according to p. 1, in which use versionrange element, made of natural fibers.14. The method according to p. 1, in which use versionrange element made of synthetic fibers.15. The method according to p. 14, in which the use versionrange element, made of acrylic yarn.16. The method according to p. 1, in which the project would additionally use the tool, which facilitates threading the yarn into the slit hole.17. The method according to p. 1, which used a solid Foundation contains elements that connect it with the same solid foundations.18. The method according to p. 1, in which circumcision threads occurs on a given form.
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: there are two versions developed to make a textile doll. According to the first version, the doll's body, arms and legs are made of square or rectangular rag of cloth, which is folded cornerwise, and a filler for the head, which is rolled into a ball, is inserted, the cloth rag is gathered around it and is bound with a textile thread or a rope item. Arms and legs are formed from the cloth corners, being wound with a textile thread or a rope, the doll's body is shaped using the filler, is bound with a textile thread or a rope, or is wrapped with the cloth and is tied, a wig is fixed, the face is made by embroidery or painting. According to the second version of the method, the cloth rag is stitched in the form of a rectangular bag, which is turned inside out, filled with the filler and tightened by a thread or stitched. Neck location is identified and tied, cloth rags are attached on the doll's body in areas of arms and legs location and are wound with a textile thread or a rope, shaping them. A wig is made and fixed, the doll's face is made by embroidery or painting, the doll is dressed up.
EFFECT: improved manufacturability, convenience and safety in use, ecological purity, and also reduced prime cost of an item when developing a new line of toys and souvenirs with an original art image.
24 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, finishing of articles and materials for various purposes with pile patterns by electric flocking process.
SUBSTANCE: method involves producing patterns of predetermined shape by forming pile pattern at zone separation boundary provided that separation boundary potential is equal to U1-Uh1/h, where U is potential of upper boundary of flocking zone, h1 is height of lower flocking zone, h is height of entire flocking zone. This is provided by sequentially applying piles of different color in electric field divided into two zones in vertical plane, with electric field intensity during final application process carried out in homogeneous field having one zone being set equal to that of the entire space of both zones by setting potential of boundary separation zone equal to U1=Uh1/h, where U is potential of flocking zone upper boundary, h1 is height of flocking zone lower boundary, h is height of the entire flocking zone.
EFFECT: provision for producing of patterns of predetermined shape.
1 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, manufacture of formed articles of car saloon.
SUBSTANCE: method involves manufacturing face side in the form of needle-stitched structured web; manufacturing reverse side in the form of needle-stitched web and doubling resultant webs. Web is structured on needle stitching machine by means of stitching needles equipped with notches, which entrain fibers upon passage through web and pull to predetermined depth into brush conveyor where pile is formed. Manufacturing of needle-stitched web involves preparing of fibrous mixture; forming cloth; transformation of cloth and securing of cloth. Fibrous mixture is prepared in mellowing and mixing unit, where fiber mellowing and mixing processes are provided, with following forming of fibrous cloth from ready fibrous mixture. Cloth is then delivered to combing converter adapted for producing of multilayer fibrous cloth with randomly arranged fibers. Cloth is then delivered by means of discharge conveyor to needle stitching machine for converting thereof into web. Doubling is provided by stitching together of needle-stitched web and needle-stitched structured web by means of stitching needles or by means of thermal adhesive(s) during forming of parts.
EFFECT: improved ecology control owing to the use of biocomponent low melting point fibers, various production wastes without use of binders, such as polymeric dispersions.
FIELD: production of a product made out of a non-woven material with a three-dimensional stamping.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to a product made out of product made out of a non-woven material with a three-dimensional stamping, in particular, of a flat form consisting of fibers and-or elementary filaments and having on its both sides the areas with uniformly or non-uniformly alternating elevations and the excavations and separated from each other across a direction of the material driving by non-stamping solid sections, which are drawn out in the direction of the drive of the material and occupy from 5 up to 50 % of the surface of the non-stamped non-woven material. At that the elevations arranged on one side form on the opposite side an excavations, and correspondingly the excavations arranged on one side form on the opposite side of elevations. At that the elevations located on both sides are made boldly protruding in respect to the surfaces, which are on both sides formed by imaginary prolongation of the surfaces of non-stamped solid areas. The offered invention also concerns the method of manufacture of the above-stated product and the device for its realization. The offered invention ensures production of a stamped non-woven material, which not require an additional stabilizing layer, after previous compression would return its initial form better, than the so far known versions and which due to that would be better suitable for absorption of liquids of a different composition or for transportation of the liquids into an absorption layer.
EFFECT: the invention ensures production of a stamped non-woven material not requiring an additional stabilizing layer, better than the so far known versions restoring its initial form after compression, better suitable for absorption of different liquids and for their transportation into an absorption layer.
22 cl, 7 dwg, 4 tbl
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, nonwoven multilayer artistic-ornamental textile materials.
SUBSTANCE: nonwoven material has at least two layers formed and thermally treated under pressure, with following compression of formed material by double-sided stitching by needles and overturning of material. One of said layers includes continuous web made from threads and at least other layer includes random number of flat and fiber-like pieces of various sizes, said pieces being placed one onto another or arranged one between others. Loops are formed on outer side of material from threads and fibers of layer components, said loops being produced by penetrating needles through the entire thickness of material.
EFFECT: wider range and increased strength of nonwoven materials.
4 cl, 2 dwg, 5 ex
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, finishing of various articles and materials with pile patterns produced by electric flocculation process.
SUBSTANCE: method involves sequentially applying piles of various colors in electric field divided, according to pile advancement direction, into two zones: initial and final; finally applying piles in homogeneous field having one zone; simultaneously varying electric field intensity during all application stages except for final stage, said variations being provided simultaneously at initial zone within the range of from Ei=(U-U1)/(h-h1) to Ei≈0, and in final zone after passage by piles of interface boundary within the range of from Ef=(U1-U0)/h1 to Ef=(U-U0)/h1, by setting zone interface boundary potential from U1=(U-U0)h1/h to U1=U, where U potential of outer boundary of flocculation initial zone; U0 is potential of outer boundary of flocculation initial zone; h1 is size of final flocculation zone in direction of advancement of pipe; h is total size of both flocculation zones in direction of advancement of piles.
EFFECT: wider range of adjustment of pattern shapes and distinctness of color transition sites owing to formation of pile pattern by varying of electric field intensities.
1 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: manufacturing process.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the textile industry, in particular to a method for manufacturing tufted material, used as flooring, as well as for interior decoration. The method consists in applying a binder - fine hot melt polyethylene powder, on the secondary synthetic non-woven substrate. The binder while heated turns into a plastic condition. Then under pressure it connects the secondary substrate with a primary polypropylene woven substrate, stitched with pile of synthetic yarn. The application of the binder is carried out on the secondary substrate, while its progress and effect of temperature on top. The connection of the primary substrate and the secondary substrate with a binder in a plastic condition is carried out under a pressure of 0.3-0.7 MPa, while the impact of the temperature of the lower calender of 130°-150° C and the temperature of the upper calender of 50°-80° C. The primary substrate is fed directly into the joint area of layers, at a rate of admission of the secondary substrate with the binder. In the result manufacturability of the carpet is improved due to separation of stages of the binder melting and the layers connecting.
EFFECT: increased strength of binding of substrates across the surface while maintaining the appearance of the pile layer.
2 tbl, 6 ex, 2 dwg
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method to manufacture a textile cover (2) from a linen (3) of fibre containing: a rear surface (8B), the first area (5), the second area (7) and a front surface (8A), besides, the first area is the area of adhesion, in which fibres (4) of the linen (3) are integrated into a dense woven structure (5), retaining these fibres (4), and which is arranged only in part of the linen (3) thickness (6), and the second area (7) is arranged in the other part of the linen (3) thickness (6) up to the specified front surface (8A). The method is characterised by the fact that according to the method a) the AC electric field is applied to the linen (3), at least front or rear (8A, 8B) sides of which carries a thermomelting powdery binder (12), besides, this powdery binder (12) is introduced into the linen (3) from the fibre (4) so that the specified binder (12) is concentrated in the first area (5). Then c) the binder (12) is exposed to melting by heat supply; then d) the binder (12) is left until hardening or exposed to hardening.
EFFECT: simplified manufacturing of a textile cover without deterioration of cover mechanical properties.
18 cl, 4 ex, 4 dwg