Mobile repair drilling rig
The invention relates to the drilling technique, namely, mobile drilling units, designed for drilling, completion, repair, recovery wells: exploration, hydrogeological, water, maintenance (oil, gas). The unit includes a self-propelled vehicle base, for example a truck, on a platform which is mounted rig with a drilling system, drawworks, mechanical main drive mechanisms, hydraulic auxiliary drive mechanisms and hydraulic outriggers. The drive of the main mechanisms equipped with a reversible direct current motor mounted on the platform in front of the drill winch, which is kinematically connected with the transfer drive gear drawworks and rotor. The invention provides improved reliability and performance due to the inclusion of the unit reversible direct current motor, which allows under appropriate conditions to move from drive motor vehicle to work with drive motor, inherent in this kind of drive strengths. 2 Il. The invention relates to the drilling technique, namely the mobile drilling agreg the water, maintenance (oil, gas).Mobile units, lifts and installations are driven by internal combustion engine - diesel or gasoline and are divided into two groups on the drive.The first group of units is the drive mechanisms for drilling and perform round-trip works only from a running internal combustion engine of the vehicle chassis on which the unit is mounted. This unit universal-drive can't be, because it has a single motor drive systems, installation and car, and if it stop, stop all the mechanisms.The second group of units is driven more by the internal combustion engine mounted on a common platform mechanisms of the drilling rig. This engine operates independently of the driving of the internal combustion engine of the vehicle chassis and is the only drive of the drilling rig. This unit universal-drive is not considered, because when you stop the main engine engine chassis cannot operate the drilling rig, because the kinematic scheme of the unit is not turned on.The units driven by the internal combustion engine of the vehicle chassis Il is e failure of a single drive-internal combustion engine stops all installation and maintenance of all works. Often stop leads to complex emergencies and large financial costs.Known mobile drilling installation comprising a base chassis with power unit and transmission, the drilling mast with rod carrying a drilling tool mounted on the mast block, hook suspension and winch with rope (see and.with. The USSR 160482, IPC E 21 In 7/02, 1963).A disadvantage of the known device is the complexity of construction hoist, due to the separate part of the rope.The closest in technical essence and the achieved result of the claimed unit is a mobile repair the drilling rig, which includes a self-propelled vehicle base, for example a truck, on a platform which is mounted pole with a pulley system, drawworks, mechanical main drive mechanisms, hydraulic drive auxiliary, front and rear hydraulic outriggers.A characteristic feature of the unit is that it is supplied mounted on a transport base additional adjustment platform mounted on the rear outriggers (see RF patent 2162133, IPC E 21 In 7/02, bull. 2, 2001).Defects in the Assembly of the prototype is the lack of universitara allowed to operate the unit in the presence of a source of electricity (mobile diesel-generator power plant or industrial grid).The problem is solved by the characteristics specified in the claims, in common with the prototype, such as mobile repair the drilling rig, including a self-propelled vehicle base, for example a truck, on a platform which is mounted rig with a drilling system, drawworks, mechanical drive of mechanisms, which include the rotor and drawworks, hydraulic auxiliary drive mechanisms and hydraulic outriggers, and distinctive essential features, such as the basic mechanisms of cell repair of the drilling rig is made with the possibility of a drive from the engine of a self-propelled vehicle base, which is kinematically through the transfer case, the box changes gear and cardan transmission associated with the transfer gear basic mechanisms and equivalent from a reversible direct current motor mounted on the platform in front of the rig winch, which is kinematically connected with the transfer drive gear drawworks and rotor.The combination of characteristics of both known and new allows you to create universal-drive mobile repair the drilling rig. The above distinctive prisni. The use of the proposed combination of essential distinctive features in the prior art was not found, therefore the proposed solution meets the patentability criteria of "novelty". One set of new essential features with common, well-known provides a solution to the problem is obvious to experts in the field of technology and demonstrates compliance of the claimed technical solution to the patentability criterion of "inventive step".The present invention is specifically illustrated by the following examples of the invention, which illustrate but do not limit the scope of use of the invention.The invention is illustrated by the following drawings.In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the unit of Fig.2 is a kinematic diagram of the unit.Mobile repair the drilling rig includes a self-propelled vehicle base 1 (Fig. 1), such as a truck chassis BAZ-69096 or vehicles were modernized. On the platform 2 of the transport base 1 is mounted rig with 3 pulley system 4, drawworks 5, the mechanical actuator 6 of the basic mechanisms of the unit (winch, rotor, and other), the hydraulic actuator 7 auxiliary fur is revnum the direct current motor 9, mounted on the platform 2 in front of the drill winch 5. The engine 9 is kinematically associated with the transfer gear 10 drive drawworks 5 and rotor (Fig.2).Self-propelled vehicle base 1 includes a motor 11 (YAMZ 8424.10 power 450 HP) gearbox 12, through which the shaft 13 is connected with the transmission power take-off 14. PTO 14 through the intermediate shaft 15 is connected to the gearbox with transfer case 16 drive pumps, through the shaft 17 with gear handout 10 drive drawworks 5 and the rotor 18. Gearbox transfer case 10 via the output shaft 19, sprocket, Z=31, Z=18, chain drive 20 is connected with the lifting shaft 21 of the winch 5. Output shaft transfer gear 10 through the clutch 22 and the drive shaft 23 through an angular gear 24 is connected with the rotor 18 universal-drive.The direct current motor 9 type P2-450-48 LULZ (500 kW) through the coupling 24, the sprocket Z=15, Z=30 and chain drive 25 emergency actuator 26 is connected to the gearbox with transfer case 10 of the drive drawworks 5 and the rotor 18. The shaft 21 of the winch 5 is a brake 27 auxiliary hydraulic. The shafts 23 are intermediate support 28. Hoist towers 3 contains tartally drum 29.Mobile repair drilling rig operates as follows: the ü power station, and it is through the pneumatic coupler 24 and chain drive 25 with a sprocket Z=30, Z=15 transmits rotation and the necessary power to the gearbox transfer case 10. Gearbox transfer case 10 through the output shafts 19 and driveline transmits rotation and torque on the sprocket Z=15 and Z=18, from these stars power chain transmission is transmitted to the lifting shaft 21 winch 5 plants for the production of the necessary tripping and maintaining the drill string in weight. From transfer gearbox 10 via the coupling 22 cardan transmission 23 power into gear corner 24 which through the drive transmission 23 actuates the rotor 18 of the drilling rig. All mechanisms, the actuator described above, the direct current motor 9 equivalent can operate from a diesel engine 11 of the drive chassis 1. The engine 11 through the transfer case 12 and the box changes gear 14 through the drive transmission 15 actuates a gear transfer case 10, which may be tantamount to operate from direct current motor 9. Further, the transmission of power from the diesel engine 11 is performed according to the scheme described above in the case of the drive of the drilling rig from electr the Gata. The unit became universal-drive because the kinematic diagram of the diesel engine introduced reversible DC motor with braking and adjustable from zero to nominal speed. The motor included in the scheme, diesel drive unit actuates all the mechanisms of the machine, operates independently of the propelling motor of the vehicle chassis and is powered by the energy produced by the diesel generator mobile power plant or a commercial power supply, located a short distance from the drilling and repair work. The versatility of electro-diesel drive installation is that in the event of a power outage, failure of the drive motor included in the kinematic scheme of a universal-drive actuator, immediately starts up the engine of the vehicle chassis and performs all the functions of the direct current motor. Stop drilling or development does not occur. Accidents and costs because of the drive are excluded.Universal-drive mobile unit has a number of advantages over commercially available units with motor inside the I DC if necessary, you can perform all kinds of work at the minimum speed of the motor, this will substantially secure the execution of complex of works on liquidation of accidents in drilling and complications wells, because the speed of the direct current motor can be adjusted from zero to maximum. The internal combustion engine is permitted to operate at 500-1200 rpm, and from 0 to 500 rpm in General cannot work.The second advantage is that the unit is much easier to maintain and operate under severe low temperature conditions of Siberia and the Arctic, because the motor does not require pre-heating and maintain the required temperature during operation, which is necessary for the internal combustion engine.The third advantage is that the unit when working on the drive from the electric motor does not require fueling diesel fuel or gasoline, and in a polar - only Arctic fuel and costly lubricants, different in winter and summer maintenance.The fourth and one of the major advantages is the ecological purity universal-drive mobile unit during operation of the motor. No zamazuchennoy site and the contamination of the atmosphere with exhaust gases yle="text-align:center; margin-top:2mm;">ClaimsMobile repair the drilling rig, including a self-propelled vehicle base, for example a truck, on a platform which is mounted rig with a drilling system, drawworks, mechanical drive of mechanisms, which include the rotor and drawworks, hydraulic auxiliary drive mechanisms and hydraulic outriggers, characterized in that the basic mechanisms of cell repair of the drilling rig is made with the possibility of drive from the engine of a self-propelled vehicle base, which is kinematically through the transfer box, the box changes gear and cardan transmission associated with the transfer gear basic mechanisms and equivalent from a reversible direct current motor, installed on the platform in front of the drill winch, which is kinematically connected with the transfer drive gear drawworks and rotary table.
FIELD: oil and gas extractive industry.
SUBSTANCE: method includes use of device providing for manufacturability of assemblage of casing and drilling columns and concurrent drilling by two columns, provided with independent drives, and drilling, by casing column, of non-stable rock solids performed with frequency no greater than one calculated from formula
where Vmec - mechanical drilling speed, m/min, Fr - friction forces against rotation, Ften - friction forces against linear displacement, R - casing column radius, m, α - angle between vectors of directions of linear and rotating movements.
EFFECT: higher effectiveness, higher productiveness, higher reliability.
2 cl, 5 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: mining industry.
SUBSTANCE: device has slanting frame with lower rotation drive and localizer, clamps of drilling pipes, stacks for storing drilling pipes. Conveyor is mounted on slanted frame, having adjustable drive, while clamps of drilling pipes having elevator links are fixed to conveyor branches, as well as open localizers and upper drive-swivel, and stacks for storing drilling pipes are placed along movement of conveyor in its upper portion. Upper end of drilling column is placed in well pipeline. At the end of stacks for storing drilling pipes a vehicle is placed with clamps for pipes to provide additional traction force and performing hoisting operations for drilling stalks consisting of several drilling pipes.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: mining industry.
SUBSTANCE: device has transporting base, post with guides and moveable stops, jointly connected via axes to post and placed in upper link of post for rods of force cylinders, which are fixed perpendicularly to support surfaces of moveable stops at moveable rotator, mounted with possible axial displacement along guides of post, and made with possible axial displacement along guides of post, and made wit possibility of their output from area of effect of rods of force feeding cylinders by means of control cylinder, placed on post, drilling stand, hoisting winch, rope and rope blocks. Moveable stops are made with possible rotation around axes in direction of action of rods of force feed cylinders. Their axes are placed in hollow parallel to support surfaces of moving supports and connected to rod of control cylinder, and between each other, via rotation lever, mounted between moveable stops. Cylinder for control is jointly connected to rotation lever and plant post.
EFFECT: higher productiveness.
FIELD: mining industry.
SUBSTANCE: device has transporting base, post with stops in upper connection, moveable rotator with guides, on which corbels are made and control cylinders are fixed, connected by their rods to force support cylinders, which via fixing elements are connected to rotator guides via axes, placed perpendicularly to longitudinal axis of post and surface of guides, directed by their rods for interaction with stops of upper link of post and have opportunity o displacement relatively to rotator guides and output of rods beyond stops of upper link of post, drilling stand, hoisting winch, rope and rope blocks. Axes and elements surfaces mated thereto of force feeding cylinders are made conical. Rods of control cylinders are rotated in direction of stops of upper link for angle equal to half of slanting angle of conical surfaces.
EFFECT: higher productiveness.
FIELD: mining industry.
SUBSTANCE: drilling device includes a rotator and hoisting gear, consisting of two force hydraulic cylinder with separator ring between them, through which rod passes, provided with pistons mounted in cylinders. Hoisting mechanism also includes fixed and moveable rollers and flexible links. Moveable rollers are placed inside the hollow of force cylinders and are fixed on outer surfaces of pistons, and fixed ones - on outer surfaces of end covers of cylinders. Force cylinders are made of different diameters, while cylinder for hoisting drilling columns greatest diameter. Plant is provided with two bars, fixed on upper and lower end covers and made in form of guides for rotator, separator ring and end covers are provided with fixing assemblies on front and back supports of post and hydraulic cylinder for raising the post to working position.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, simplified construction.
FIELD: mining industry.
SUBSTANCE: device has platform and on the platform it has oil station with drive, mast and mechanism for feeding drilling tool drive, made in form of hydraulic cylinder, body of which is fixed at platform, and on free and of rod of which a carriage with two rollers is mounted, which are placed along length of rod, two rollers, mounted in upper and lower portion of mast and flexible link, fixed by its ends in place of extreme position of each of carriage rollers with retracted and extended rod of hydraulic cylinder and skirting rollers of carriage on inner side, and rollers of mast - on outer side. Device is provided with additional two coaxially mounted rollers, mounted in zone of connection of end of flexible link, skirting side roller of carriage, and single roller, mounted in zone of connection of second end of flexible link. One of branches of flexible link after carriage roller skirts single roller and each branch of flexible link skirts coaxially mounted rollers on opposite sides.
EFFECT: higher reliability.
1 dwg, 2 cl
SUBSTANCE: device has base, mast, jointly mounted thereon, telescopic element for changing its angular position, carriage with engine and rotator, moveably placed on mast posts, hydraulic cylinder for moving carriage, directed downwards by its rod, and hydraulic system. Hydraulic cylinder is placed between upper and lower mast bars, its shell is rigidly fixed in carriage, and rod is connected to lower bar. Upper bar and/or carriage body are made in form of tank for working liquid of hydraulic system. Hydraulic system pump is placed on rotator, while cinematic link of engine to pump and/or rotator is made in form of wedge-belt transfer link, and connections of leading and following sheaves with their shafts are made threaded with oppositely directed thread. Between rotator and hydraulic cylinders for protection of rod a skirt is placed in form of ribbon, fixed on ends of mast.
EFFECT: lesser dimensions, higher mobility.
4 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: device has base moving carriage with frame, driving actuators, volumetric hydraulic drive with pumps and driving engines for actuators of left and right boards and stopping brakes with mechanism for controlling these, and also of, mounted on frame of moving carriage via manipulator, feeder frame with rotation gears and traction of drilling base along well axis with hydraulic engines of drives of these mechanisms, while hydraulic rotation engines of drilling base and its feeding gear during drilling are connected to pumps of right and left board instead of actuator drives hydraulic engines, via two-positional holders, which are controlled together with stopping brakes. If brakes are made with braking hydraulic cylinders and control holder for these, two-positional holders are made with hydraulic control, and inputs into chambers for control thereof are connected by mains to input into braking cylinders of stopping brakes. To combine possibilities of drilling vertical and/or horizontal well suspension gear is made in form of four-assembly device, on joints, with hydraulic cylinder for slanting feeder frame, which device is supported by means of transverse beam. To provide for possible drilling at corners of rectangular pit, feeder frame is fixed in intermediate guide of support gear with possible longitudinal displacement, and transverse beam of suspension gear is made symmetrical relatively to longitudinal symmetry plane of carriage.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
4 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: oil production industry, particularly for development, repair and drilling oil and gas wells.
SUBSTANCE: facility has frame, drill derrick and drawworks with drilling and bailing drums assembled on the frame, power-driven reduction gear, drive transmission of drilling and bailing drums connecting them with power-driven reduction gear and provided with leading and driven members. Each transmission is arranged in rigid one-piece oil-filled body. Driven member of the transmission has hollow shaft put on shaft cantilever of corresponding drawworks drum. Shafts of leading and driven member are mounted in above body by bearings. Body is provided with hinged unit arranged from leading member side and adapted to support thereof by the frame. Leading member shaft is connected to power-driven reduction gear through double cardan joint.
EFFECT: multiple decreasing of side loads applied to drawworks drum shaft cantilevers, increased life of transmission members and simplified transmission assembling and disassembling.
4 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: deep-hole drilling and well repair, particularly for rotary drilling and repairing oil and gas wells.
SUBSTANCE: facility includes transportation base with drilling derrick, draw works and draw works and rotor drive transmission. Facility also has rotor with built-in wedge grip arranged on separate mobile base and including rotary table and main gear wheel fixedly secured to rotary table. The main gear is cylindrical and arranged between two radial-thrust bearings inside body of rotary table provided with replaceable and detachable driving attachment arranged in separate body and fixedly connected with rotary table body. The attachment includes cylindrical satellite and drive gear put on drive shaft.
EFFECT: reduced size and extended range of suitable drives.
4 cl, 5 dwg