Team building design

 

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to the long building construction, mainly from wood or other structural material that can be used as beams, posts, railings and similar structures. The technical result of the invention is to improve thermal performance of the design and reducing labor costs during transportation, installation and finishing works. Team construction is made in the form of a hollow block consisting of spaced vertical rows at a certain distance from each other with the formation of the cavity longitudinal elements. At the top and/or bottom faces of the elements are made of longitudinal grooves and ridges. The longitudinal elements in each row is fastened in height and adjacent rows of longitudinal members interconnected by at least one connecting element having on opposite faces oriented along the longitudinal axis of the block, the grooves and projections included in engagement respectively with the projections and grooves of the longitudinal members adjacent rows. In each row, at a distance from each other along the length of the block, equal smesheniem between the connecting elements, having a length that is a multiple of the module. 19 C.p. f-crystals, 18 ill.

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to the long building construction mainly from wood or other structural material that can be used as building blocks, beams, posts, poles, fences and similar structures.

Known construction with imitation of the elements of frame of solid wood, which includes the frame and the outer simulation siding, attached to it, which made the installation slot, and at least one set of end of simulation elements arranged in the corresponding mounting slot and consisting of end of simulation elements, made of solid wood and installed on top of each other (patent RU 2153046 S1 E 04 1/10, 03.11.1999).

A disadvantage of the known technical solution is insufficient manufacturability of the design due to the complex profile of the surface at the ends of the elements cladding.

Known for team building design buildings are of solid wood, containing longitudinal elements collected in BL the th coupling between the structural elements and, as a result, its lack of rigidity. In addition, the cracks at the joints of these elements accumulate dust and dirt, which degrades the aesthetic properties of these structures and the elimination of this defect increases the labor costs.

Another disadvantage of the known solution is that additional measures associated with improved thermal insulating properties of the unit, lead to an increase in the value of buildings.

Another disadvantage of this technical solution is associated with the shape of the product formed by means of standard and custom fasteners in a one piece construction that reduces modularity when used in construction.

The technical task of the present invention is the creation of a team of building construction, which has a high transformability, high thermal characteristics and allows a wide range of materials, which reduces the design, but due to weight loss build structures without the use of heavy lifting equipment that reduces labor for installation design.

This task is achieved due to the fact that the team construction, made in the and with the formation of the cavity longitudinal elements, at the top and/or bottom faces each of which has longitudinal grooves and the protrusions, wherein the longitudinal elements in each row are fastened in height and adjacent rows of longitudinal members interconnected by at least one connecting element having on opposite faces oriented along the longitudinal axis of the block, the grooves and projections included in engagement respectively with the projections and grooves of the longitudinal members adjacent rows, with each row at a distance from each other along the length of the block is equal to the module, made vertical end-to-end and/or blind holes and/or slots to install clamps with placing between them a connecting element having a length that is a multiple of the module.

In each row of the hollow block can be fastened with at least two longitudinal elements.

The number of longitudinal rows of elements in the hollow block at least two.

The connecting elements are located along the entire length of the hollow block or at a distance from each other by a multiple of the module.

The latch made in the form of dowels and/or the element having the cross-sectional shape similar to the shape of the cross section of the connecting element.

The top and bottom sides of each longitudinal element beveled atomainly equal to 0.6owith the formation of V-shaped gap in the horizontal joint of the hollow block and between blocks in their connection.

The connecting elements can be made of wood and/or metal and/or composite and/or polymeric materials.

Longitudinal block elements can be made of a homogeneous material, such as wood, or metal, or composite or polymeric materials.

Longitudinal block elements can be made of dissimilar materials, such as wood and/or composite materials, and/or polymeric materials.

The transverse dimensions of the longitudinal members, at least one row of hollow block may exceed the transverse dimensions of the longitudinal members adjacent rows.

The transverse dimensions of the longitudinal members adjacent rows of hollow block can be equal.

In at least one row of hollow block transverse dimensions of the longitudinal members may exceed the transverse dimensions of the other longitudinal elements.

At least one outer face of the hollow block can be made flat, or convex, or relief.

At least one longitudinal element of a number of hollow block can be shifted relative to drugogo, one longitudinal element of a number of hollow block may exceed the length of the other of the longitudinal element of the same number of hollow block size that is a multiple of the module.

Hollow block can be performed with holes, grooves, protrusions and bevels to associate with intersecting hollow block.

At least one unit can be used as a wall element, and/or beams and/or support.

The cavity of the hollow block can be filled plate, or loose, or the filling insulation.

In the cavity of the hollow block has a communication transaction.

The longitudinal elements of adjacent rows of hollow block can be performed equally high or uneven.

The invention is illustrated below with reference to the drawings, which depict: Fig. 1 is a cross section of team building constructions hollow block, each row of which can be bonded at least two longitudinal members, the number of longitudinal rows of elements in the hollow block at least two, in Fig. 2 is a cross-section of the hollow unit and two flat outer faces, Fig.3A, b - cross section of the longitudinal member with a curved and a flat outer face, in Fig. 4 - slice cross-section of a hollow block with a gap of V is s placed along the entire length of the hollow block or at a distance from each other, fold the module.

in Fig.6 is a hollow block with two shifted longitudinal elements of each row relative to the other two elements in a length that is a multiple of the module.

in Fig.7, 8 - tabs, Fig.9, 10 - hollow block with different lengths of the longitudinal elements that are multiples of the module of Fig. 11, 12 - transverse dimensions of the longitudinal members, at least one row of hollow block may exceed the transverse dimensions of the longitudinal members adjacent rows of Fig.13, 14 - hollow block offset one pair of longitudinal members relative to the other in a length that is a multiple of the module of Fig. 15, 16 - holes, protrusions, grooves of the hollow block at the intersection with another block,
in Fig.17 - cavity block with communication transactions,
in Fig.18 is a longitudinal elements of adjacent rows of hollow block made equally high or uneven.

Team building design includes at least two rows of the longitudinal element 1 and 2 (Fig.1, 2).

Each row consists of bonded into a vertical line of the longitudinal members 3 and 4, 5 and 6 (Fig.1, 2). Longitudinal members interconnected at the height of their upper and lower edges by any known method depending on the material from which they are made, such as glue, welding the Rhone, for example from the side adjacent to the inner side of the hollow block made a longitudinal groove 7, 8 (Fig.1) and the protrusion 9, 10 (Fig.1). Two rows 1 and 2 (Fig.1, 2) longitudinal members connected together in hollow block 11 (Fig.2) via at least one connecting element 12 (Fig.2) having in cross section the shape of a rectangle or close to it.

On the opposite faces 13 and 14 (Fig.2) the connecting element 12 (Fig.2) are oriented along the axis of the block grooves 15 and lugs 16 (Fig.2), which are engaged respectively with the projections 9, 10 and the grooves 7, 8 (Fig.1) opposite longitudinal elements.

Depending on the location of the connecting element in the hollow block, the latter can be performed with one or more cavities 17 (Fig.2), limited side faces of the longitudinal members and one or two horizontal surfaces of the connecting element.

Depending on the location and the number of binding elements in the hollow block of the latter may be in the form of the cross-section is U-shaped, H-shaped or rectangular (Fig.1, 2).

When merging rows in hollow block longitudinal side faces connecting element overlapping the horizontal joint between the longitudinal elements in series and in tion.

In each pair of longitudinal elements are made at a distance, fold module, vertical end-to-end and/or blind holes 18 (Fig.5) and/or grooves 19 (Fig.14) install the retainers.

The clips can be made in the form of pins 20 (Fig.7) installed in vertical holes 18 (Fig.5) hollow block (while making a block of wood) and/or vertical elements 21 (Fig.8), having a cross-section of the connecting element 12 (Fig.2). In the latter case, the projections of the elements 21 (Fig.8) are vertical grooves 19 (Fig.14).

The connecting elements 12 (Fig.5) have a length that is a multiple of the module, and are located between the vertical holes 18 (Fig.5) along the length of the block or discrete part of its length, mostly on the top and/or bottom faces of the block (Fig. 5, 6). In the latter case, when pairing two hollow blocks on the height of the blank connecting elements of the area between the holes downstream of the hollow block is filled in the connecting element upstream of the block.

The top and bottom faces of the longitudinal members beveled from the outer side of each row of the hollow block to the inner side, i.e. to the cavity at an angle to the horizontal plane, not more than 0.8omainly rye base, facing the cavity (Fig.4) increases the density of the adjoining outer parts of the upper and lower faces and thermal performance of the structure.

The transverse dimensions of the longitudinal element 3, 5 (Fig.11, 12) of the series may exceed the transverse size of the other longitudinal element rows 4, 6 (Fig.11, 12). Such blocks can be installed in the bottom row of the design and to carry the additional load.

In order to ensure ligation vertical joints of hollow blocks in the design of the longitudinal elements 4, 6 (Fig.6) are shifted relative to the other of the longitudinal members 3, 5 (Fig.6) hollow block size that is a multiple of the module.

The ligation of the vertical joints is also provided due to the fact that the length of the longitudinal members 4, 6 (Fig.9) is greater than the length of the other of the longitudinal members 3, 5 (Fig.9) by an amount that is a multiple of the module.

Hollow block made with grooves (Fig.16), the protrusions (Fig.16) and bevels to associate with overlapping block.

The unit can be used as a beam or wall, or as a prop.

The cavity can be filled plate, or loose, or the filling insulation.

In the cavity of the block can be placed in communication wiring (Fig.17).

The longitudinal elements to shift the La inventions

1. Team construction is made in the form of a hollow block consisting of spaced vertical rows at a certain distance from each other with the formation of the cavity longitudinal elements at the top and/or bottom faces each of which has longitudinal grooves and the protrusions, wherein the longitudinal elements in each row are fastened in height and adjacent rows of longitudinal members interconnected by at least one connecting element having on opposite faces oriented along the longitudinal axis of the block grooves and projections included in engagement respectively with the projections and grooves of the longitudinal elements of adjacent rows, moreover, in each row, at a distance from each other along the length of the block is equal to the module, executed vertical end-to-end and/or blind holes and/or slots to install clamps with placing between them a connecting element having a length that is a multiple of the module.

2. The assembled structure under item 1, characterized in that in each row of the hollow block is bonded at least two longitudinal elements.

3. The assembled structure under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the number of longitudinal rows of elements in the hollow block at least two.

4. Team consensus distance from each other, fold the module.

5. The assembled structure according to any one of paragraphs. 1-4, characterized in that the retainer is made in the form Nagel and/or the element having the cross-sectional shape similar to the shape of the cross section of the connecting element.

6. The assembled structure according to any one of paragraphs. 1-5, characterized in that the upper and lower faces of each longitudinal element is beveled from its outer side face in the hollow block to the inside at an angle to the horizontal plane, not more than 0.8omainly equal to 0.6owith the formation of V-shaped gap in the horizontal joint of the hollow block and between blocks in their connection.

7. The assembled structure according to any one of paragraphs. 1-6, characterized in that the connecting elements of the hollow block can be made of wood and/or metal and/or composite and/or polymeric materials.

8. The assembled structure according to any one of paragraphs. 1-6, characterized in that the longitudinal elements of the hollow block can be made of a homogeneous material, such as wood or metal, or composite, or polymer materials.

9. The assembled structure according to any one of paragraphs. 1-6, characterized in that the longitudinal elements of the hollow block can be made of dissimilar materials, for example from the depot to any one of paragraphs. 1-9, characterized in that the transverse dimensions of the longitudinal members, at least one row of hollow block exceeds the transverse dimensions of the longitudinal members adjacent rows.

11. The assembled structure according to any one of paragraphs. 1-9, characterized in that the transverse dimensions of the longitudinal members adjacent rows of hollow block are equal.

12. The assembled structure according to any one of paragraphs. 1-11, characterized in that, in at least one row of hollow block transverse dimensions of the longitudinal members exceed the transverse dimensions of the other longitudinal elements.

13. The assembled structure according to any one of paragraphs. 1-9, characterized in that at least one outer face of the hollow block is made flat, or convex, or relief.

14. The assembled structure according to any one of paragraphs. 1-13, characterized in that at least one longitudinal element of a number of hollow block is shifted relative to the other longitudinal element of this number by the length of the hollow block size that is a multiple of the module.

15. The assembled structure according to any one of paragraphs. 1-14, characterized in that the length of the at least one longitudinal element of a number of hollow block is greater than the longitudinal length of the other element of the same number of hollow block size that is a multiple of the module.

16. Team design which I associate with intersecting hollow block.

17. The assembled structure according to any one of paragraphs. 1-16, characterized in that at least one unit can be used as a wall element and/or beams and/or support.

18. The assembled structure according to any one of paragraphs. 1-17, characterized in that the cavity block filled slab or loose, or the filling insulation.

19. The assembled structure according to any one of paragraphs. 1-18, characterized in that the cavity is placed a communication transaction.

20. The assembled structure according to any one of paragraphs. 1-19, characterized in that the longitudinal elements of adjacent rows of hollow block made equally high or uneven.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to the construction, in particular to the racks, decking flooring, wall partitions and beams

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to bearing structures made of wood with connections to the frontal vrobce

The invention relates to the field of building structures, devices amplifying wooden truss with connection zones on its vrobce

The invention relates to the construction industry and wood processing industry, in particular to the construction of wooden profiled bars

The invention relates to the field of building structures, in particular to the field of kledering structures, and may find application in the design and manufacture of load-bearing structures of various types

The invention relates to building structures and can be used in industrial and civil construction, namely a carrier, mostly bent and compressed-bending, building elements (such as beams, joists-struts, etc), made of wood

Insulated log item // 2139397
The invention relates to a log item from wood, intended for installation on a similar log elements for the formation of a wall structure using the method of the so-called angular connections

The invention relates to the construction and can be used in coatings and floors of buildings

Connective design // 2178483
The invention relates to construction and is intended for the construction of houses with timber walls

House wall // 2168592
The invention relates to construction and is intended for the construction of low-rise houses with walls of panels based on wood and drevesnoplitnye or other sheet cladding materials

Universal beams // 2155840
The invention relates to construction and is used for construction of buildings and structures

The invention relates to building structures, particularly to building structures for individual housing construction, in particular for the construction of one - and two-storey houses with elements of simulation frame solid wood

The invention relates to the construction, in particular to the construction of the walls of wooden buildings

Insulated log item // 2139397
The invention relates to a log item from wood, intended for installation on a similar log elements for the formation of a wall structure using the method of the so-called angular connections

The invention relates to the construction of agricultural buildings, utility buildings, storage facilities, and construction of residential wooden houses

The invention relates to the construction and can be used as construction wood-frame load-bearing panels of the building and the erection of prefabricated low-rise buildings of the panels

FIELD: building, particularly to construct structures including wooden elements.

SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling holes in timbers, logs and other lumber; piercing timbers, logs and other lumber with transversal ties and tensioning thereof with nuts secured to ties; offsetting timbers, logs and other lumber in groups including two or more timbers, logs and other lumber relative previous ones during building erection so that extensions and depressions are formed in walls; applying glue between timbers, logs and other lumber; installing longitudinal ties in slots and connecting ends of each longitudinal tie not terminating at wall ends with one transversal tie; mounting walls on foundation; connecting all walls, intermediate walls and partitions; packing all joints along with mating extensions of one wall with depressions of another one; pressing all building components together with the use of ties and nuts; passing transversal ties through extensions of walls to be connected; tightening all joints by nuts through resilient members with force application thereto and securing floor, ceiling and roof panels to corbels having orifices for ties receiving. Above panels have vertical holes for ties insertion. Floor and corbel are supported by timbers or logs or other lumber. Walls are connected to foundation, floor, ceiling or roof through resilient members by transversal ties or nuts adapted to move in slots due to wood shrinking or becoming wet.

EFFECT: increased tightness of building joints, strength, reliability, service life, improved ecological safety, quality of building finishing, enhanced appearance, reduced time and cost of building erection.

5 cl, 7 dwg

Up!