Device for the dosed introduction of medicinal ointments in the anus and rectum
The invention relates to the field of health and is used for the treatment of hemorrhoids and other diseases in the pelvic area in which the treatment process requires the introduction into the anus rectum medicinal ointments. The device comprises a sleeve with a cavity for substances and rod-piston located in the sleeve can move. The rear end of the sleeve is made in the form of a collet. Spring petals collets V-shaped protrusions permanently compress the piston, the piston without interfering with its movement under the action of its efforts. On the surface of the rod-piston are risks and numbers. The length of the working part of the piston, the piston is made longer than the sleeve. At the end of the sleeve has an overflow hole connecting the cavity to the juvenile atmosphere. The working end of the sleeve is made in the form of a cone. To achieve ease of use, compactness and simplicity in manufacturing. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill. The invention relates to the field of health and is used for the treatment of hemorrhoids and other diseases in the pelvic area in which the treatment process requires the introduction into the anus rectum medicinal ointments.1. In the prior art it is known device Ana the inside of the sleeve, when this rod-piston is made stepwise, and at its rear end installed restrictive ring (RU 2024253 C1, 15.12.1994).2. The prior art and other devices of similar purpose, which in addition to limiting rings contain significant amounts of other components, such as various retaining rings, piston with sealing parts, threaded caps, regulating the required volume of the cavity for ointments, recoil rod-piston, in return of which the initial position is not necessary.The device according to paragraph 1 does not change the volume of the cavity filled with ointment, because it is not provided by the fixed position of the piston, the piston towards the open end of the sleeve.In addition, this device contains a restrictive ring that increases without the need of a number of parts.In known devices when filling ointment intended for this cavity is formed an air tube, preventing the use of the entire volume of the cavity.The aim of the invention is to simplify the construction of devices of similar purpose and exclusions the above drawbacks.This goal is achieved by the fact that the proposed device the content is of them clamping nut or cone constantly shrink located in the sleeve and the rod-piston, preventing uncontrolled movement, but do not prevent its movement under the action of applied forces. The device consists of only two parts! In addition, to avoid the formation of air pockets when filling ointment intended for this cavity in the cylinder wall of the handpiece sleeve has an overflow hole connecting the cavity with the atmosphere.The design of the device depicted in Fig. 1 contains a hollow gidisu 1, the rear end of which is made in the form of a collet, spring petals 2, having at its ends V-shaped protrusions, compress inserted in the sleeve and the rod-piston 3.The rear end of the rod-piston is made in the form of a hat, from which on the surface are arranged with a specific pitch risks. Next to risk has the numbers. The length of the working part of the piston, the piston from the cap until its end is made slightly longer sleeves for the most complete expression from her ointment.In Fig. 2 shows the sleeve without inserted in it a rod-piston.Spring petals 2 has a V-shaped protrusions, which are in a compressed position without inserted in the sleeve and the piston, a piston 3 form a hole f2less than Azerbaijan, Bosnia to the core and provides the necessary volume of the cavity for ointments.On the left (working) cylinder liners are of the overflow drain, which prevents the formation of air pockets in the cavity And at the time of filling ointment on it, because it connects the cavity with the atmosphere.The order of application of the Rod-piston is inserted into the sleeve from its collet end to certain risks, thereby providing the necessary volume of the cavity (Fig. 3). The cavity is filled with the ointment.Then the tapered end of the sleeve is inserted into the anus rectum yourself, then click on the hat rod-piston ointment is squeezed out of the cartridge into the rectum.The procedure is completed. The device is retrieved, parsed, and washed with an appropriate disinfectant. For example, soap.The device is comfortable to use, compact and simple in manufacture, because it contains only two items.
Claims1. Device for the dosed introduction of medicinal ointments in the anus and rectum that contains a sleeve with a cavity for substances and rod-piston located in the sleeve can be moved, characterized in that the rear end of the sleeve is made in the form of a collet, spring petals V-shaped protrusions permanently compress the rod-piston, not sporogony risks and figures and the length of the working part of the piston, the piston is made longer than the sleeves, the end of which there is an overflow hole connecting the cavity to the juvenile atmosphere.2. Device for the dosed introduction of medicinal ointments in the anus rectum under item 1, characterized in that the working end is made in the form of a cone.
FIELD: medicine, surgery, coloproctology.
SUBSTANCE: one should introduce gelatin-based colloids: gelatinol or gelofusin and crystalloids at 1:1 ratio at total volume of 40-50 ml/kg patient's body weight daily; additionally, since the 2nd to the 7th d after operation it is necessary to conduct enteral nutrition in the form of hypercaloric mixtures by increasing their volume at higher rate of injection starting from 25 ml/h/kg body weight on the 2nd and 3d d up to 100 ml/h on the 6th-7th d. The present innovation enables to improve nutrition of intestinal endothelium, decrease pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microflora, prevents appearance of postoperational intestinal paresis and restores its function in more shortened terms.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
1 ex, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves introducing cauterizing necrotizing composition like paste containing silver nitrate and dextrane into uterine cavity. Paste contact to target tissue is supported during time enough for reaching chemical necrosis. Then cauterizing composition is brought in contact with deactivating agent like aqueous solution of sodium chloride and removed from the uterine cavity later on. It is proposed to protect non-target tissue by supplying protection agent to it and carrying out previously described steps.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of cauterization controlled in time and action intensity degree; avoided other tissue injuries.
30 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method involves forming urinary bladder from retained walls after having done subtotal resection. 20-40 ml of physiologic saline and 10 ml dioxidine is introduced at the twenty first day after surgical operation for 2-3 h 3-4 times a day to cause marked vesical tenesmus. Spasmex is applied at a dose of 20 mg 3 times a day during 12 weeks.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.
FIELD: medicine, medicinal parasitology.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with affecting the helminthes with curative mixture made out of eucalyptus leaf at addition of eucalyptus essential oil. Curative mixture at the quantity of 1 l at 40-42 C should be daily introduced into patient's rectum with enemas for 5-7 d at intestinal keeping for 15-20 min. Before introducing the curative mixture it is necessary to apply purifying enema. The method suggested provides removal of different types of helminthes at excluding toxic action upon human body.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of helminthic removal.
FIELD: medical procedures.
SUBSTANCE: patients preliminarily undergo endoscopic papillo-sphincterotomy, whereupon stone in common bile duct is dissolved and removed by way of supplying stone-dissolving therapeutic mixture, in particular 1:1 solution of diethyl ether in olive oil, directly to bile stone. Therapeutic mixture creates, in the lumen of bile duct, hydrostatic pressure 200 mm water head. More specifically, 120 ml of therapeutic mixture is supplied during one day at a rate of 10 drops/min, while performing 5 to 16 daily sessions of stone-dissolving therapy.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in removal of sparingly soluble stones in common bile duct.
FIELD: medicine, in particular, rectal dosed transportation of medicinal drugs into straight intestine.
SUBSTANCE: dosing apparatus has casing adapted for introduction into hollow organ and made in the form of continuous rod. Cavities for treating ointments on cylindrical outer part of rod are formed as slots. Rear end of rod has reduced diameter in comparison with maximal diameter of rod. Guiding pipe loosely put onto said end has outer diameter exceeding maximal diameter of casing. Figures are applied in equally spaced relation along length of pipe. Flexible cord with round restricting member is fixed at rear end of rod.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in transporting of high-density medicinal drugs, in particular, treating ointments, immediately to point of application.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: medicine, arthrology.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with treating arthritis of different etiology. For this purpose one should introduce medicinal preparation into articular cavity and immediately after introduction one should periodically change spatial articular position at the interval of 20-30 min. The present innovation provides efficient and safe treatment of arthritis due to steady distribution of medicinal substance along the whole area of articular surface.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.
1 cl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention provides a chemotherapy method that can be used in treatment of patients with widespread abdominal tumors. When performing laparotomy, sub-peritoneal infiltration with autoblood solution containing chemical agent is effected on zones of tumor infiltrates (supraperitoneal paraaortic tissue) and root of mesentery region.
EFFECT: expanded tumor treatment possibilities.
SUBSTANCE: method involves beginning disinvagination with mask narcosis by pumping air into large intestine under X-ray control. The invaginate remaining unstretched, the air is discharged from the intestine by massaging abdomen along the large intestine and pressing abdomen flanks. Next to it, air is pumped into the large intestine and invaginate stretching is carried out with an additional coercion by squeezing invaginated head out towards the neck part. No success being achieved, the procedure is repeated with mask narcosis to eight times. The invaginate remaining unstretched, endotracheal narcosis is given to the patient and myorelaxant drug of transitory action is introduced. Air volume introduced into the intestine is increased. The invaginate-stretching procedure is repeated with endotracheal narcosis to five times.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.
SUBSTANCE: method involves administering triple injections of medicament mixture composed of Lidase 32 units, Anicaine 4ml, Dexamethazon 4 mg, Alflutop 1 ml, into Hoff fat pad.
EFFECT: reduced pain and knee joint edema manifestations; increased joint range of motions.