The level regulator and its executive item
The invention relates to automatic devices for maintenance without auxiliary energy sources a constant liquid level in tanks, consumable liquid and can be used as a stand-alone source of water supply. Technical result: a significant simplification of the structure and operation, the use for the manufacture of a controller of the public elements, ensuring the interchangeability of the parts of the regulator. The level regulator provides the supply tank and installed it a vessel for the stock of consumable liquids with a sealed top and outlet and inlet holes formed respectively on the bottom and side surface of the vessel. Outlet posted below, and inlet, respectively, above defined liquid level. The vessel may be made of a transparent plastic bottle with a stopper on the bottom which made the hole. The inlet opening is made on the lateral surface of the neck of the bottle to be installed in the supply tank in a vertical or close to it position. The controller can be performed provided with a Cup attached to the vessel (bottle). Outlet and inlet hole page-break-before:always;">The invention relates to automatic devices for maintenance without auxiliary energy sources a constant liquid level in tanks, consumable liquid and can be used as a stand-alone source of water supply.Known the level regulator (see USSR author's certificate 1257620, CL G 05 D 9/00, 1985) containing the supply tank and placed in it the tube, within which the float chamber in the form of a glass with a float associated with the feed mechanism of the liquid in the supply tank.For reasons that impede the achievement of specified following technical result of using a known regulator, is its structural complexity.Known the level regulator (see USSR author's certificate 661518, CL G 05 D 9/02, 1973), containing the supply tank and above it is partially filled with a liquid tight vessel for spent fluid from the connected tube. The tube is at an angle to the vertical and provided with a mechanical shutter, which in connection with the wall of the tube made two holes, one of which is in the area of contact of the tube with the liquid. The controller has a system of the crane is iginio below the technical result is its relative complexity of construction and operation.Also known for the level regulator (see author's certificate 1158982, CL G 05 D 9/02, 1983), which is the totality of symptoms is the closest to the claimed invention and is taken as a prototype.Known the level regulator provides the supply tank, which on a tripod with gimbal mounted receptacle for spent fluid from the sealed upper part and the outlet tube with the outlet placed in the supply tank is below the set level of the liquid. The outlet - end of the tube is made with a cross section at an angle of 30-45oin relation to the liquid level in the supply tank.The supply tank is filled with liquid to the desired level. Then the vessel for spent fluid turn on the tripod around hinge 180oand fill the vessel through the outlet pipe fluid. Abruptly return the vessel filled with liquid to its original position and immerse outlet in fluid.During the lowering of the liquid level in the supply tank opens the upper part of the outlet and penetrating through the opening in the vessel to an air intake replaced the hcpa is zdwhu in a vessel.For reasons that impede the achievement of specified following technical result of using a known regulator, is the relative complexity of construction and operation.The task, which directed the claimed invention is to provide a simple in manufacture and operation, automatic means to control the liquid level without auxiliary energy sources.The technical result obtained by execution of the invention is: in a significant simplification of the design of the controller and its operation; - the use for the manufacture of the device and its parts are simple, publicly available elements; - to ensure the interchangeability of the elements of the controller.This technical result is achieved in the proposed group single object of the invention representing the entire device and its part and form a single inventive concept.This technical result in the implementation of the invention, the entire device is achieved by the fact that in the present level regulator containing a supply tank and a receptacle for spent fluid from the sealed upper part and vyhodnotila, vessel for spent fluid is supplied with inlet diameter R, is equal to 1.5 to 5 mm and is made above defined liquid level distance L determined from the relation L=24-4R Specified technical result is also achieved by the fact that in the inventive regulator receptacle for spent fluid is supplied with a plug, outlet and inlet holes are made respectively in the tube and on the side of the vessel, and the shape and size of the cross section and the height of the supply tank configured to accommodate a vessel and capture it in a vertical or close to it position.This technical result is also achieved by the fact that in the inventive regulator receptacle for spent fluid made in the form of bottles made of transparent plastic material.This technical result in the implementation of the invention is achieved by the fact that the proposed Executive item is part of the level regulator containing the output and the inlet to the vessel consumable liquid, made in the form of cups, the open part mating with the receptacle and the outlet and inlet holes are made respectively on the bottom and side surface of the glass.In Fig. 1 solicitati L - distances inlet asked to liquid level from R - diameter of the inlet.The claimed level regulator provides the supply tank 1 liquid 2 and the vessel 3 for spent fluid from the sealed upper part 4 and the outlet 5 on the wall (or bottom) of the vessel 3. The supply tank 1 through the pipe 6 connected to the consumer 7. The outlet 5 of the vessel 3 is placed in the supply tank 1 below the liquid level 2. The inlet opening 8 of the vessel 3 having a diameter R, is made higher than the specified level of the liquid 2 at the distance L.In case the vessel 3 in the form of a bottle (as shown in Fig. 1), an outlet opening 5 of the vessel 3 is made in the tube 9, and the inlet opening 8 is made on the side of the bottle neck. The shape and dimensions of the cross section and the height of the supply tank 1 is made with the possibility of fixing the vessel 3 for consumable liquid within the supply tank 1 in a vertical or close to it position with the receptacle 3 of its tube 9 rests on the bottom of the supply tank 1.The Executive element of the regulator (Fig. 2) represents a glass 10, which has an open portion provided with a connection 11, for example, threaded mating with a receptacle 3 (butisan the distance L, depending on the specified level of liquid 2 in the supply tank 1 and the diameter R of the inlet 8. Mounted inside the supply tank 1 vessel 3 with attached glass 10 with the output 5 and the inlet 8 holes also rests on the bottom of the tank 1.The claimed level regulator operates as follows.The vessel 3 is filled with liquid, making its stock to maintain a given level of liquid 2 in the supply tank 1, overturn it, and immersing the outlet 5 below the liquid level 2, set the vessel 3 in the working position in the supply tank 1.Arising in the intake hole 8 of the vessel 3 or Cup 10 capillary pressure caused by surface tension at the interface solid - liquid, is balanced by the pressure generated by the liquid column height equal to the distance L is the distance between the liquid level in the supply tank 1 inlet 8. By decreasing the level of liquid 2 in the supply tank 1, the height of the column of liquid increases, the equilibrium is disturbed and the intake hole 8 on the side surface of the vessel 3 or Cup 10 penetrates the air, replacing the liquid in the vessel 3, provides fluid h is Stanovlenie equilibrium and termination of admission of air into the receptacle 3, i.e., to establish a given level of liquid 2 in the supply tank 1.The height of the wetting liquid in the capillary - capillary pressure ceteris paribus depends on the diameter of the capillary in inverse proportion: the height of the liquid column is a capillary pressure decreases with increasing diameter of the capillary.To determine the dependence of the distance L to the diameter R were measured, the results of which are shown in the table presented on the chart (Fig. 3).On the graph (Fig. 3) dependence of L on R shows that the values of L for diameters R in the range from 1.5 to 5 mm are near direct And described by the equation L=24-4R In the third row of the table shows the calculated values of L, defined by the above ratio, which differ from the measured values within the error of measurement equal to1 mmExecution inlet 8 diameter R less than 1.5 mm increases the time required to recover a given liquid level, and dramatically increases L, thereby reducing the volume of liquid in the vessel 3, is used to regulate the level in the supply tank 1, since the liquid in the vessel 3, fell to the inlet 8, will learn new consumption, the stock of liquid in the vessel 3 when it is installed in the supply tank 1.Thus, the optimum value of the diameter R of the inlet 8 is in the range of 1.5-5 mm, and the distance L running these holes from the specified liquid level is determined from the relation L=24-4R supply tank 1 shape and dimensions of the cross section and the height is made so that its vessel 3 for consumable liquids were recorded would be working in a vertical or close to it. Devastated vessel 3 can be easily replaced like him filled.The vessel 3 for consumable liquids may be made of a transparent plastic bottle that allows you to control the presence and the level of spent liquid in the vessel 3.The supply tank 1 can also be manufactured from a plastic bottle slightly larger in diameter than the vessel 3, and a height of not less than half the height of the vessel 3.The Executive element of the regulator to the glass 10 can be manufactured, for example, of the two soldered standard screw plastic caps for plastic bottles with a remote bottom of the tube mating with the neck of the bottle.Thus, it is seen that the above data confirm the ability of the proposed invention the controller with many brand is the task.
1. The level regulator containing a supply tank, a container for consumable liquids with a sealed top and outlet is placed in the supply tank is below the set level of the liquid, characterized in that it is a vessel for spent fluid is supplied with inlet diameter R, is equal to 1.5 to 5 mm and is made above defined liquid level distance L determined from the relation L= (24-4R) mm2. The regulator under item 1, characterized in that it is a vessel for spent fluid is supplied with a plug, outlet and inlet holes are made respectively in the tube and on the side of the vessel, and the shape and size of the cross section and the height of the supply tank configured to accommodate a vessel and capture it in a vertical or close to it.3. The regulator under item 1 or 2, characterized in that it is a vessel for spent fluid made in the form of bottles made of transparent plastic material.4. The level regulator containing a supply tank and a receptacle for spent fluid from the sealed upper part of the hole, placed in the supply tank below sadava, the open part mating with a receptacle for spent fluid, and an inlet hole diameter R = 1,55 mm, while the hole made at the bottom, and an inlet hole made on the side of the glass and placed above defined liquid level distance L determined from the relation L= (24-4R) mm
FIELD: hydraulic engineering, particularly means to close water-discharge weir or dam orifices and to regulate water level in water storage pond.
SUBSTANCE: automatic hydraulic gate comprises counterweight and rotary sheet performing rotation about horizontal axis and having working chamber located over the axis of sheet rotation. The working chamber comprises adjustable water intake means. Drainage orifices are created in working chamber from lower pool side. In closed state the sheet may be supported by weir still and by spillway piers so that the sheet is inclined towards lower pool. In opened state the sheet may be supported by spillway piers. Water intake means may be filled with water from upper pool and has inlet orifice located over axis of sheet rotation. Inlet water intake means orifice may be arranged above overflow ridge of the sheet.
EFFECT: increased operational reliability and prevention of water level elevation in upper pool over predetermined mark.
2 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: irrigation systems, particularly ones to be used with opened water streams using energy source, for instance hydraulic level drop at retaining structures.
SUBSTANCE: water lift unit comprises chamber with controllable water inlet, water outlet pipe and water lifting means made as pump. The chamber has orifice receiving water inlet flow regulation valve. The valve has float, rod and guiding means. The chamber is connected with water outlet pipe provided with water turbine having shaft extending into chamber interior and communicated with shaft of water lifting means pump.
EFFECT: possibility to create pressure difference enough for water lifting along with possibility to retain desirable structure throughput.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic engineering and can be used primarily in automatic rice irrigation systems. The siphon type hydraulic automatic device consists of a mounting attachment 1 made from a base 2 and pipes rigidly and strictly vertically mounted on it. In pipes 3 there is a crest on which a rod 5, fitted with floats 6, is rigidly attached. The rod is made composite so that, when the submersion layer in the level basin rises, the float does not lead to forced launch of the automatic hydraulic device. Its parts are joined by a threaded sleeve which allows for fast change (within necessary limits) of the length of the rod 5. Rigidity of the entire connection is retained and coaxiality of the rod 5 is observed. In the top part of the crest there is an air admission valve 7. The automatic hydraulic device is connected to level basin water outlet through a sleeve 8, and the water level in the level basin is set by a guide plate 9.
EFFECT: use of the automatic hydraulic device increases reliability of operation, rapidness and accuracy of regulation, improves regulation of the submersion layer of the level basin.
FIELD: oil and gas industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to automatic control systems and may be used in oil producing industry, in plants for oil and gas preparation and conversion processes. Device includes separation container 1, collector of gas-liquid mixture inlet 2, gas pipe 3, liquid pipe 4 and outlet collector 5. Connections of liquid pipe, gas pipe and outlet collector form a complex consisting of one direct trap 7 and two opposite traps 8 and 9. Liquid pipe 4 is connected to outlet collector 5 by direct trap 7 and opposite trap 9 with common elbow 10. Gas pipe 3 is connected to outlet collector 5 by the other opposite trap 8, formed by elbow of gas pipeline 12 and by elbow of liquid pipeline 11 connected to outlet collector.
EFFECT: improving operational performance, reliability, tightness of device for liquid level control and simplifying of its design.
SUBSTANCE: controller comprises a well 7, a stop element in the form of a valve 4 installed in it on the head of the drain, and the valve is connected with levers of a hinged mechanism, and a float 8. The lever mechanism is made as capable of free contact with the floating float 8. The float is installed in an additional chamber 6. The lever mechanism is installed on the horizontal axis 12. Besides, the axis of the lever mechanism divides it into two unequal parts 14 and 15, the top one of which is more than the bottom one. On the top part of the arm 14 there is a counterbalance reservoir 17 hingedly fixed, the centre of gravity of which is placed above the horizontal axis of rotation. On the bottom part of the arm 15 there is a mechanism hingedly fixed to change position accordingly above the float at elevations of maximum and minimum water level in the float chamber.
EFFECT: increased reliability of a device, higher accuracy of control and possibility to adjust system operation into a drying mode.
5 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: regulator comprises a body 1, made in the form of a nozzle of rectangular cross section, into the ends of which drainage pipes 2 are inserted into the ends of which at both sides. Inside the body 1 on the horizontal axis of rotation 4 there is a valve 3 installed. The valve 3 is made in the form of a cover 7 equipped with a large float 8 with a canopy 9. The body 1 is equipped with a cross rod with a roller 11, via which a flexible thread 10 is thrown, which connects the valve 3 with a bottom lower gate 12. The gate 12 is balanced additionally with a float of smaller size 14, rigidly connected with the lower part of the gate at the side of the supply drain. Side walls of the body 1 have cantilever longitudinal stops-limiters 5 and inclined stops-limiters 6 at the angle 30…45°, between which there is the valve 3, the large float 8 and canopy 9. In the initial position the valve 3 with the large float 8 and the canopy 9 lie on stops-limiters 5 in the horizontal position, and the lower bottom gate 12 is closed due to its retention in the vertical position via a flexible thread 10.
EFFECT: improved operating properties of a regulator by provision of discharge of deposits from the pipe bottom from under moving parts during actuation of stop organs.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: controller comprises a drainage well 1, a locking element 3 mounted on the inlet head of the drain pipe, a float 11 with a rod 14, and a pipe 28 of the discharging collector 29. The locking element 3 is provided with an L-shaped lever 4 which is pivotally attached to the rod 5 connected to the lever of the float actuator 10, pivotally connected with one end to the side of the well. The float 11 and the locking element 12 of the pipe 28 are pivotally connected by the rods 14, 15 to the middle part of the lever 10 with the ability of their vertical movement, respectively, to the opposite when changing the position of the locking element 3 at the inlet head of the drain. The float 11 is located in the chamber 16 which is placed inside the well 1.
EFFECT: improving reliability and accuracy of work by maintaining the water level in the well, flexible and differentiated regulation of preset levels on the command area.
4 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in the drain well 1 a chamber 11 is located, communicated with the outlet orifices 12 and 25, and a container 13. In the chamber 11 a float articulation linkage is placed, the rod 18 of which is passed through the orifice 12 into the container 13, in which the cone valve 14 with the load 15 is placed. The container 13 through the pipeline 16 is connected to the outlet drain 4. The bottom of the chamber 11 is communicated with the drain well 1 by the inlet opening 17 and is made in the form of a valve 23 and a float sensor 22 interconnected with the rod with the ability of axial displacement. The inlet opening 17 of the float sensor 22 is formed with projections-limiters 24 with windows. The housing 10 of the shut-off device has a recess in which a pipe 26 with a spring 27 with a screw 28 is placed. The spring 27 is placed in the cavity of the flexible sleeve 29, which serves as protection from clogging with debris and deposits. The sensing element in the form of a spring 27 supports the valve 3 in opening and closing the opening 9 in the seat of the housing 10, which eliminates the shock loading of the valve on the seat in the housing 10. Closing the opening of the shut-off device is carried out only after emptying of the float chamber. As a result of this the work of the float drive is balanced by moments of forces from the minimum to the maximum water level in the well 1.
EFFECT: improved reliability of the device, improved accuracy of regulation and enhanced range of technical means for regulation of the water level in the closed drainage systems.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system includes supply drain lines 1, manifold 2, and storage well 3, in which siphon block 7 is mounted. The system is provided with self-regulating mechanism 4 of ground water level installed in well 3 and consisting of float chamber 6 rigidly fixed in the upper position above the ridge of siphon block 7 and connected by means of a rigid float drive through valve 8 with a blind section of pipe 13 on a descending branch of siphon block 7. The descending branch of siphon block 7 is connected to discharge pipe 14. Float chamber 6 is connected via hydraulic channel 12 to well 3. The lower part of well 3 is sealed, and above discharge pipe 14 it has outlet opening 15 with branch pipe 17, which is shut off with a level control by means of an additional float drive for control of gate 16. Float gate 16 has L-shaped lever 19 with flange 20, on which float 18 and horizontal plate 23 is fixed. Branch pipe 17 is connected to storage well 3 below the ridge of siphon block 7 by value Δh providing maximum design water filling of well 3 with further discharge to discharge pipe 14. Value Δh is calculated by the following formula: Δh=h1-h2. The self-regulating mechanism is connected to hydraulic channel 12 and well 3 as per a principle of communicating vessels. When the level of the ridge of siphon block 7 is achieved, a charging device is actuated and water discharge through siphon block 7 is performed in a pressure mode to the level of the inlet opening of its ascending branch. The level control in well 3 is actuated when maximum water level achieves the fixed restraining bracket 21, and opening of opening 15 with gate 16 is performed.
EFFECT: use of the invention will allow automating of a ground water level control process and maintaining correct soil humidity balance; automatic flushing of the well with pressure water flow.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: device is located at drainage-watering collector and drainage network. Device contains a drain well 2 with installed drain tip 1, shutdown device, drive and chamber 10 connected by means of the additional chamber 28 with collector 27 cavity. The device is provided with installed self-regulating gear 3 of the regulator in well, and comprises head regulator made in form of the membrane 13 provided at bottom with mesh-type protecting limiter 22 of membrane 13 movement. The membrane 13 is secured at top to the casing 4. The above membrane cavity 12 is connected with atmosphere and with valve 14 and rod 16 by means of two-arm lever 17 with output valve 20 closing the hole 21 in the chamber 10 bottom. The rod 18 of the output valve 20 has piston 19 for water supply in the cavity of the collector 27. The output valve 20 is located in the additional chamber 28, in its side wall the calibrated hole 29 is made, it is connected with well 2. The chamber 10 bottom has inlet hole 23 with valve 24 connected with float 25 installed with possibility of the latter abutment to the limiting shoulders 26.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of the device, operation reliability and quality of the water regulation in the drain system.
3 cl, 1 dwg