Device for training the muscles and correct posture

 

The invention relates to fitness equipment, namely, to a training device for rehabilitation and posture correction, and can be used in medical and health institutions. This invention solves the problem of expanding Arsenal of devices for training the muscles and correct posture. The technical result of the present invention is to increase the efficiency of training by expanding the range and mode loads, as well as ensuring in the process of rehabilitation treatment manual treatment of the spine, including the spine and joints. This is achieved with a device for training the muscles and correct posture, containing mounted on the platform in the vertical posts of the rotary frame and the mechanism of angular position, on which is mounted a table for the location of the body, consisting of a foot section, a flexible pelvic and thoracic Department Department headrest with latches parts of the body in the form of straps and two shoulders arms legs, associated with the means for generating load, which is further provided with installed on the platform armchair trainer with the tools to create a load and is. the tol is further provided with placed in the foot and head ends mechanisms stretching of the spine, with grips for hands in the head end and a roller-type latches body, while the pelvic and thoracic sections of the table is made in the form of one section with a flexible surface mounted with the possibility of changing curvature, the headrest is attached to the chassis hinge at the proximal end and through the lock at the distal end, and a foot section is made of two symmetrical relative to the longitudinal axis of the parts attached to the chassis by a hinge at the proximal end and through the locks at the distal end, and thoracic equipped located in the lower part of the frame mechanism of changes in surface curvature and pelvic joints are equipped with spring-loaded stop. 13 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The invention relates to fitness equipment, namely, to a training device for rehabilitation and posture correction, and can be used in medical and health institutions.

Known multifunctional device for training the muscles allowing you to train different muscle groups by expanding the types of exercises when indie is And 63 In 23/00; A. with. 1583112, M. class. And 63 In 23/00, and.with. 1251930, M. class. And 63 In 23/00). However, the known devices do not provide selectivity and a wide range of loads, which makes them unsuitable for use in the process of rehabilitation of athletes after injuries and ineffective for muscle training, when there are signs Kolisnyk changes of the spine, with malnutrition one of the groups of the paravertebral muscles.

A device for muscle training (certificate for utility model 11472, IPC6And 63 In 23/00 - prototype) containing installed in the vertical supports of the rotary frame, on which is mounted a table for the location of the body with lifting backrest, means for fixing the parts of the body, made in the form of belts, and the movable holders for the feet and hands, made in the form of two shoulders of the levers associated with the means of generating load, made in the form of troubleclef systems with packages of goods, as well as the mechanism of angular position of the frame. While the pelvic part of the table is made flexible, and the back includes a headrest.

The known device allows forced to act selectively on groups of muscles, retarded, and equally to evenly load the homonymous muscle, is reccio posture. However, the known device is ineffective, when in the process of rehabilitation treatment of musculoskeletal system along with therapeutic exercises should be manual treatment of the spine, including the spine and joints. In addition, the performance of tools create a load in the form of packages of goods involves to implement continuous change of the load to have a sufficiently large number of individual goods.

This invention solves the problem of expanding Arsenal of devices for training the muscles and correct posture.

The technical result of the present invention is to increase the efficiency of training by expanding the range and mode loads, as well as ensuring in the process of rehabilitation of conduct manual treatment of the spine, including the spine and joints of the extremities.

This is achieved by a device for training the muscles and correct posture, containing mounted on the platform in the vertical posts of the rotary frame and the mechanism of angular position, on which is mounted a table for the location of the body, consisting of a foot section, a flexible pelvic and thoracic Department of the Department with headrest, sleep the Oia load, additionally provided mounted on the platform armchair trainer with the tools to create load and troublefree systems for generating load, the cables are fixed to each rack by blocks, the table is further provided with placed in the foot and head ends mechanisms stretching of the spine, with grips for hands in the head end and a roller-type latches body, while the pelvic and thoracic sections of the table is made in the form of one section with a flexible surface mounted with the possibility of changing curvature, the headrest is attached to the chassis hinge at the proximal end and through the lock at the distal end, and the foot section is made of two symmetrical relative to the longitudinal axis of the parts attached to the chassis by a hinge at the proximal end and through the locks at the distal end, and thoracic equipped located in the lower part of the frame mechanism of changes in surface curvature and pelvic joints are equipped with spring-loaded stop.

Means for creating load two shoulders arms for legs made as mounted on the frame of the cylinders, the rods are fixed on the respective levers with the possibility of changing the length of the shoulder. Chair simulator is Adina foot hinged to it by members of rigid fixation of the foot.

Means for creating load-chair of the simulator is designed as a plug-springs mounted on the platform with the possibility of a hook to the base of the seat in front, two shoulders and a pair of levers with handles for hand related to installed on the platform by hydraulic cylinders, the rods are fixed on the respective levers with the possibility of changing the length of the shoulder. Troublefree system to create a load is made in the form of ropes with handles on one end and packages of goods on the other end and mounted on a vertical drains through the hinge mounted units.

The mechanism of stretching of the spine, placed at the head end, made in the form of a worm gear, a worm which is connected to the loop Glisson.

The mechanism of stretching of the spine, placed at the foot end, mounted on the foot section and made in the form of a pair of worm gears connected with the latch feet.

The latch feet made in the form of pads consisting of two parts, each of which is fixed on the worm of the worm gear by means of a bracket installed in the slots made in the corresponding part of the foot section.

Grips for hands in the head end mounted on the frame on the brackets The mechanism for changing the curvature of the thoracic region of the table is made in the form of a worm gear, mounted on the frame in the lower part with the possibility of articulating engagement with the pipe by means of a hemispherical stops mounted on the sleeve, coaxially placed on the worm.

Spring-loaded stop is made telescopic knob tension spring and is mounted on the frame under the pelvic area. The headrest can be spring-loaded in the distal end.

Each part of the foot section is spring-loaded in the distal end.

Roll and tip holders trunk made in the form of two pairs of elastic rollers, mounted pivotally on the bracket installed on the lateral sides of the frame can move along the section of thoracic and pelvic sections.

In Fig. 1 shows a device for training the muscles and correct posture, side view; Fig.2 - same view in the plan.

The device comprises a platform 1, in which the vertical posts 2 set the rotary frame 3 c mechanism angular position of the frame, made in the form of two parallel curved rails 4 with holes 5 for the fingers 6, installed on the racks. On the frame is mounted a table for the location of the body, consisting of the foot part 7, the flexible section 8 for pelvic and thoracic torso and head support 9. The working surface through the outer velikovich links 11.

The foot section is made of two symmetrical relative to the longitudinal axis of the table parts - right and left, respectively, mounted on frame in the proximal end of the hinge and the distal end through the locks 12. The headrest in the proximal end attached to the chassis by a hinge and the distal end through the lock 13. The table has two shoulders moving levers 14 foot associated with the cylinders 15, mounted on the frame, locking straps 16 for securing the body in the pelvic region, the thoracic region and for fixation of the patient's head to the headrest, a roller-type latches 17, made of an elastic material and mounted on the frame on the brackets 18 can move along the thoracic and pelvic sections, and also in the transverse direction relative to the longitudinal axis of the table.

The mechanism of stretching of the spine 19 placed on the foot part made in the form of two worm mechanisms mounted on each part of the foot section from the bottom side so that the worm each mechanism is associated with the latch 20 in the foot (pad right or left, respectively) through a bracket fixed to the worm and mounted in the slot 21 made in Kaduna the end, made in the form of a worm gear mounted on the head end of the frame coaxially c the longitudinal axis of the table so that the worm mechanism connected to the loop Glisson 23. At the head end of the installed hooks for hands 24 in the form of two arms on the brackets 25 fixed to the frame symmetrically relative to the longitudinal axis of the frame with the possibility of fixed displacements in the horizontal plane through the mechanism 26 of the angular position of arms, made in the form of arc rails with holes for fingers mounted on brackets on the lower side. Spring stop 27 is made telescopic knob tension spring and is mounted on the frame under the pelvic area. The mechanism of change of the surface curvature of the thoracic 28 made in the form of a worm gear and mounted in the bottom of the frame with the possibility of articulating engagement with the pipe by means of a hemispherical stops mounted on the sleeve, coaxially placed on the worm. The headrest in the distal end mounted Popruzhenko due to the presence of spring load mechanism 29 (in the form of compression springs, tension set on the arc guide), which is mounted in the lower part of the table on the bolts so that odnogroupna with two spring-loading mechanisms 30, montironi through bolts in the lower part of the foot section so that one end fixed on the frame, and the other one on both parts of the foot section at the bottom. On the platform in the guides 31 on the wheel have the chair simulator 32, which provides the tools to create a load in the form of springs 33 and two shoulders of the levers 34, associated with the hydraulic cylinders 35, the support legs 36, which swivel in a vertical plane fixed fixation foot 37 in the form of sports shoes, the chair is equipped with a fixing belt 38. On vertical posts mounted trossoblochnoy system consisting of a cable 39, package, cargo 40, arm blocks 41 and 42.

The device is used as follows.

Position 1: the Frame is installed in a horizontal position. The working surface of the table is in horizontal position. The patient is laid on his back, head on the headrest, legs stretched out, hands fixed behind the head by a grab for his arm. Is soft correction of the position of the body on the table with belts and velikovich clamps strictly along the longitudinal axis of the table, then the distal end of the foot section of the lower frame and slowly rotate to the vertical position. The patient finds and thoracic and lumbar spine, is an additional correction of the position of the body of a roller-type latches and straps along the longitudinal axis of the table. The frame slowly bring to a horizontal position. The distal end of the foot section is raised. The patient is placed in a horizontal position along the longitudinal axis of the table.

Position 2: the Patient is on the table, hands free, head is placed in the loop of Glisson. Lower distal end of the foot section, then turn the frame to the vertical position and with belts and velikovich clamps again carry out the correction of the position of the body strictly along the longitudinal axis of the table, when it is being extracted under its own weight of all of the spine, including the cervical spine. The table result in a horizontal position.

Position 3: as a result of implementing the above provisions of the patient is fixed on the table strictly along the longitudinal axis of the table. Then is forced exhaust mechanism forced stretching from the foot end. This eliminates the asymmetry of functional leg length.

Position 4: After implementing the above provisions, by using a mechanism for changing the curvature of the thoracic table adjust the breast OI the patient is in the initial position to conduct therapeutic exercises.

Next is the complex of therapeutic exercises in the following order.

1. Perform the exercise with the pelvis - "punching" the spring-loaded stop. Control of the tension spring is individually load.

2. The head is released from the loop Glisson, arms loose at your sides. The distal end of the head restraint is released. Head weight is lifting and lowering of the head (flexion and extension in the cervical spine) within functionality.

3. The distal end of the headrest raise and fix to the frame, with the lower side is fixed by a spring-loaded mechanism, the angular position of the headrest. The head is rigidly fixed strap to the headrest. The distal end choose to unpin it, and he lifted due to the spring mechanism. It performs the exercises of "forcing" and "pull" headrest" - (flexion and extension of the cervical spine with the weights).

4. Feet locked in the stocks. On foot sections are fixed spring-loaded mechanisms angular position of the right and left parts. The distal end of the foot section down from the frame and due to the spring-loaded mechanisms lifted. Using regulatoryagency "forcing" and "pull" parts of the foot section with the weights at the same time with both feet or alternately.

5. The foot section is in the horizontal position. The feet are exempt from the pads and fixed elements of the fixing feet on two shoulders arms for legs associated with the cylinders mounted on the frame. The foot section is lowered, the change lever is matched load for the right and left legs to perform active movements - flexion and extension in the knee and hip joints with the weights.

All the exercises are done within functionality.

Position 5: therapeutic gymnastics in position on the abdomen. For this the same as the above place the patient on a horizontal table, fixed in position forced correction of the spine and provide therapeutic gymnastics - "punching" of the headrest and foot sections.

Position 6: the Implementation of the lateral correction of the spine. For this patient is laid on its side, placing in position forced correction of a visual assessment, depending on the deformity of the spine with a flexible surface Tsovagyugh section, and fixed a roller-type latches and straps fixing frame is placed in position, providing a physiologically comfortable time is completely in position 2). The table is in horizontal position, the patient gets up and goes to the chair simulator.

Position 7: the Patient is placed in the chair-the simulator as follows: the feet are fixed in place for the feet (sports shoes), the torso is fixed straps in the thoracic and pelvic regions. Then proceeds to perform gymnastic exercises: hands grasps the handle troubleclef systems and performs the lifting and lowering of the hands up and down through the sides up and down; then the hand grasps the handle two shoulders leverage and produces a reciprocating motion of the hands with the arms bending at the elbow and shoulder joints (simultaneously or alternately), while simultaneously bending and straightening the leg at the knee and hip joints; the exercises at the spring weigh-chair of the simulator with bending and straightening the legs at the knee and hip joints. The load value when the exercises are chosen selectively for each muscle group. All the exercises are done within functionality.

As a result of performing the above action fails to perform therapeutic exercises with the trend in voter is posredovanje affecting posture: muscles of the shoulder girdle, the abdominals, pelvic muscles and muscles of the extremities.

The device is designed to force the spine and manipulee impact in the process of completing a cycle of physiotherapy and exercise of the electoral load on all muscle groups and to pick up an individual training regime to enforce the correction of the spine for treatment of gymnastics.

The device is adaptable to production, and the use is controlled by one person - the doctor performing the treatment.

Claims

1. Device for training the muscles and correct posture, containing mounted on the platform in the vertical posts of the rotary frame and the mechanism of angular position, on which is mounted a table for the location of the body, consisting of a foot section, a flexible pelvic and thoracic Department Department headrest with latches parts of the body in the form of straps and two shoulders arms for legs, associated with the means for creating a load, characterized in that it additionally is supplied mounted on the platform armchair trainer with the tools to create load and traceblockreturn equipped posted in foot and head ends mechanisms stretching of the spine, grips for hands in the head end and a roller-type latches body, while the pelvic and thoracic sections of the table is made in the form of one section with a flexible surface mounted with the possibility of changing curvature, the headrest is attached to the chassis hinge at the proximal end and through the lock at the distal end, and a foot section is made of two symmetrical relative to the longitudinal axis of the parts attached to the chassis by a hinge at the proximal end and through the locks at the distal end, and thoracic equipped located in the lower part of the frame mechanism of changes in surface curvature and pelvic joints are equipped with spring-loaded stop.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the means for generating load two shoulders arms for legs made as mounted on the frame of the cylinders, the rods are fixed on the respective levers with the possibility of changing the length of the shoulder.

3. The device under item 1, characterized in that chair simulator is installed on the platform to the rails on wheels and provided with locking straps for the body and the support beam for the feet with a hinge mounted on the fixation foot.

4. The device according to p. 1, wherein cf is the possibility of a hook at the base of the chair in front, and a pair of two shoulders levers with handles for hand related to installed on the platform by hydraulic cylinders, the rods are fixed on the respective levers with the possibility of changing the length of the shoulder.

5. The device under item 1, characterized in that troublefree system to create a load is made in the form of ropes with handles on one end and packages of goods on the other end and mounted on the vertical posts by means of pivotally mounted units.

6. The device under item 1, characterized in that the mechanism of stretching of the spine, placed at the head end, made in the form of a worm gear, a worm which is connected to the loop Glisson.

7. The device under item 1, characterized in that the mechanism of stretching of the spine, placed at the foot end, mounted on the foot section and made in the form of a pair of worm gears connected with the latch feet.

8. The device under item 1 or 7, characterized in that the latch feet made in the form of pads consisting of two parts, each of which is fixed on the worm of the worm gear by means of a bracket installed in the slots made in the corresponding part of the foot section.

9. The device under item 1, characterized in that the grippers for lineu plane relative to the longitudinal axis of the frame.

10. The device under item 1, characterized in that the mechanism for changing the curvature of the thoracic region of the table is made in the form of a worm gear mounted on the frame in the lower part with the possibility of articulating engagement with the pipe by means of a hemispherical stops mounted on the sleeve, coaxially placed on the worm.

11. The device under item 1, characterized in that the spring-loaded stop is made telescopic knob tension spring and is mounted on the frame under the pelvic area.

12. The device under item 1, characterized in that the headrest is spring-loaded in the distal end.

13. The device under item 1, characterized in that each part of the foot section is spring-loaded in the distal end.

14. The device under item 1, characterized in that the roll and tip holders trunk made in the form of two pairs of elastic rollers, mounted pivotally on the bracket installed on the lateral sides of the frame can move along the section of thoracic and pelvic sections.

 

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