Transport of breakbulk cargo

 

The invention relates to a loading-unloading machines and can be used for packing goods in a pile. The loader contains a self-propelled chassis, a vertically lifting frame mounted in guides self-propelled chassis, mechanism for raising and lowering the frame, made, for example, a screw, slide out the working body, the roller drive conveyor drive. Mentioned frame provided with guides installed in the past with the possibility of lateral movement by, for example, a screw drive carriage on which are mounted the said working body and the roller drive conveyor drive. The working body is made L-shaped in cross section and is mounted can be rotated up to 180oand provided with two pairs established its tail in mutually perpendicular planes of the supporting-rollers interacting with forming a hard swing frame with the flanges of the front and rear supports of the guide channels for the nomination of this working body. Mechanisms of rotation and extension working body of the worm-chain, roller conveyor drive is equipped with precalcination to transfer cargo atgalinis conveyor. The front bearing is a welded to its flange ring channel with a cutout in the form of a rectangular sector for passage of the working body, provided with supporting-guiding rollers for the shelves of the working body and mounted on two support roller. Transport of breakbulk cargo is equipped with a crown sprocket for the chain, worm-chain-rotation mechanism. On the front support bracket has an outlet from the passageway cargo telescopically extendable from the drive with chain transmission, for example, screw the rest. To ensure capture of cargo with the undulating surface of the platform working in conjunction with the loader loader pressure inlet of the working body under the cargo front edges of the shelves of the working body provided with wedge-shaped teeth. The invention provides enhanced technological capabilities while simplifying the technology. 4 C.p. f-ly 7 Il.

The invention relates to a loading-unloading machines and can be used for packing goods in piles, loading and unloading vehicles with side door opening, mostly covered railway wagons using the device to load cargoes in A copyright testimony 1350091, consisting of a self-propelled chassis and mounted it through the cylinders cargo platform with retractable fork clamps on the ends, corresponding to the width, and with extended fork clamps and the height of the car, entered before loading into the car. Laid on the platform package cargo is moved in the depths of the wing, turns cylinders in an upright position and unloaded right next to the wall or to the previously laid the stack of goods, the cycle is repeated to fill the wing. To download the opposite wing of the car platform loader turns in his direction. After filling wings loader is removed from the car. You can use the loader and unloading of the car with the reverse order of operations, with the laying boxes on the platform inside the wing by unauthorized or manually and move the package to the doorway.

However, the application loader for loading - unloading does not provide the mechanization of the following operations: enter the bootloader inside the car and out of the car, receiving cargo from a warehouse conveyor, feed through the doorway and packing of boxes on the platform of the loader; stowage of cargo in the form of stacks in the area of the door opening of the car after the withdrawal of the Chica in the case of unloading of the wagon.

The closest technical solution to the present invention is a device for unloading and loading racks warehouse of piece goods by author. St. 547378 containing movable along a warehouse metal structure with a horizontal frame and vertical guides in which movably mounted cargo capture, made in the form of a beam on which are mounted retractable forks and perekladki goods made in the form of a roller conveyor.

A disadvantage of this device is its ability to use only within a warehouse.

To ensure reliable and high-performance execution of the operation, ensure the precision of the movement and stowage of cargo on the platform loader (capture from a platform in the case of discharge) under various provisions of the working body of the offered stacker is made L-shaped in cross-section, sliding to the opposite wall of the carriage can be rotated about its longitudinal axis 180oand horizontal and vertical translational movement within the width and height of the doorway of the carriage, loading by peretaskivaniya on the shelf of the working body single-package shipments with a number rangana (tilt shelves) or return movement of the working body with the cargo hold with the rest with capture, in the case of unloading the wagon, single package pressure supply shelves of the working body under the cargo by the existing on the edges of shelves wedge-shaped teeth and undulating surface of the platform loader.

The exact extension, and rotation, horizontal and vertical translational movement of the working body shall be secured in the tail, in mutually perpendicular planes, two pairs of supporting-rollers interacting with the guide bars rigidly connected with the front (from the car) and rear supports rotation. The front bearing is welded to the flange of the annular channel with a rectangular cutout sector for passage of the working body of shelves supported on two rollers. On the front foot mounted two supporting-guiding roller for the shelves of the working body, the extension mechanism, such as worm-chain and bracket with mounted on it lateral stops. The back support includes a bracket with bearings, axle flange, provided with a crown of stars, for example, worm-chain mechanism of rotation of the working body 180o. The flanges of the supports are rigidly connected guide channels. Front and rear supports is go to the transversely movable carriage, moving, for example, a screw drive in the guide a vertically movable frame, moving in guides self-propelled chassis of the loader, for example, a screw mechanism for raising / lowering.

The working body of the loader L-shaped in cross-section, sliding to the opposite wall of the carriage can be rotated around the longitudinal axis 180owith two pairs installed in the tail section, in mutually perpendicular planes, the guide rollers, guide bars, forming a hard swing frame with the flanges of the front and rear supports rotation, with, for example, worm-chain mechanisms, extension and rotation with the possibility of horizontal and vertical translational movement within the door opening meets the criterion of "novelty of the design". These technical solutions are not found by the applicant in other technical solutions that meets the criterion of "substantial differences".

In Fig. 1 shows a loader top view of Fig.2 is the same side view, cross section a-a of Fig.3 - view And, in Fig.4 - working body side view, Fig.5 - section b-B of Fig.6 - section b-b of Fig.7 is a view along b

Peregruzhatel the IOM 4 lifting - lower guide roller 5, a transversely-movable carriage 6 with a screw mechanism 7 moves, with the support 8 and the guide rollers 9 mounted on the trolley roller drive conveyor drive 10 drive 11 and coupling with a storage conveyor device 12, with precalcination 13, the working body 14, a back 15 and the front supports 16, rigidly connecting the support guide channel 17, the guide rollers of the working body 18, a ring-shaped front support 16 to the supporting rollers shelves of the working body 19 and the bracket stop 20 rests on the rollers 21, telescopic screw the stop 22 with electroceram mechanism 23 teleskopowe and removal from the zone of passage of goods, worm-chain mechanism of rotation of the working body 24 with the slave crown sprocket 25 on the rear flange bearing, worm-chain extension mechanism of the working body 26 with the lead 27 and the tension of 28 stars, with the strap fastening of 29 chains to the working body, wedge-shaped teeth 30 on the front edges of the shelves of the working body.

Before downloading the loader enters the inside of the car your working body of the loader with a folded platform. Then to the conveyor drive 10 is connected hitch 12 powered section warehouse offer includes what kiwatule 13 on the shelf of the working body 14, which extends the extension mechanism 26 to the platform loader and depending on its position unloads the package tilt to the right or left shelf of the working body mechanism 24 or return movement of the working body 14 to hold the package of goods by stop 22. At the time of nomination and discharge of the working body on the conveyor device 10 is formed another package and the cycle repeats. Single package is unloaded close to the previous one by transverse and vertical movement of the working body mechanisms 7 and 4, respectively, and if necessary, use the move loader, telescopic forks and tilt platform. Formed on the platform of the loader package corresponding to the width and height of the vehicle (car) moves the loader for unloading in the area of the wing in a vertical position next to the previous packages.

After you download the wings of the loader is removed from the car and the area of the doorway is filled with a material handler.

Unloading of the vehicle using a material handler in the reverse order: the area of the doorway is released working body 14, single package comes precalcination 13 with venutolo working body is supplied the unloading of the wings. Packages of goods are stowed on the platform of the loader unauthorized. Wavy profile of the coating platform allows you to freely draw the working body 14 under the service loads.

The application of the proposed material handler will perform the complete mechanization of loading and unloading vehicles with side doorway of breakbulk cargo, and perform the stacking and packaging of these goods on the bases and warehouses.

Claims

1. The material handler for breakbulk cargo, containing a self-propelled chassis, a vertically lifting frame mounted in guides self-propelled chassis, mechanism for raising and lowering the frame, made, for example, a screw, slide out the working body, the roller drive conveyor drive, characterized in that the said frame is provided with guides installed in the past with the possibility of lateral movement by, for example, a screw drive carriage on which are mounted the said working body and the roller drive conveyor drive, the working body is made L-shaped in cross section and is mounted can be rotated up to 180oand provided with two pairs ustroystva forming a hard swing frame with the flanges of the front and rear supports of the guide channels for the nomination of this working body, while the mechanisms of rotation and extension working body of the worm-chain, roller conveyor drive is equipped with precalcination for the transfer of goods from the conveyor on the working body and back, and the loader is equipped with a coupling for connection with a trunk pipeline.

2. Transport of breakbulk cargoes under item 1, characterized in that the front bearing is a welded to its flange ring channel with a cutout in the form of a rectangular sector for passage of the working body, provided with supporting-guiding rollers for the shelves of the working body and mounted on two support roller.

3. Transport of breakbulk cargoes under item 1, characterized in that in order to ensure rotation of the working body 180othe rear flange of a support provided with a crown sprocket for the chain, worm-chain mechanism of the rotation.

4. Transport of breakbulk cargoes under item 1, characterized in that to ensure the capture and unloading of the package of goods on the platform working in conjunction with the loader the loader return movement of the working body on the front support bracket has an outlet from the passageway cargo telescopically extendable from the drive with chain transmission, naphat cargo undulating surface of the platform working in conjunction with the loader loader pressure inlet of the working body under the cargo front edges of the shelves of the working body provided with wedge-shaped teeth.

 

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