Device for restoring the equilibrium of the human body

 

The invention concerns a device designed to restore the equilibrium of the human body and consisting mainly of platform 2 serving as a support for the patient undergoing treatment, and is able to operate with oscillatory motion. The invention is characterized by the fact that this platform has a power drive and perceives its oscillatory motion around a Central reference axis 6 and the movement associated with the rotational reciprocating postupatelno motion, and the amplitude and the rate of oscillation and rotation can be regulated and can vary during use of the device. 8 C.p. f-crystals, 9 Il.

The invention relates to an improved device intended to restore the equilibrium of the human body.

Such rebalancing would be required for many reasons, entails the execution of transactions on rehabilitation and correction, which can be attributed to "General biomechanics". Such operations are required, in particular, in the case of immobility of the pelvic girdle, shoulder girdle and the entire spinal column. They can also be performed when returning to the place of the sacrum relative to the Ilium, the approving and exacerbate the condition in old age.

Along with these operations, "General biomechanics" it is also useful to be able to restore postural disorders following the attacks of vertigo, operations and gravitational imbalance of different origin, and full programmability paintings load proprioreceptors ankle joints and knees.

To restore thus equilibrium appealed also to the methods of Western and Asian traditional medicine, aimed at obtaining sufficient balance of the human skeleton and is based on alternating turns, tension and bending from head to toe; such methods, however, are only available to healthy people, and therefore are exclusively preventive methods that should be applied on a conscious and long-term basis.

In addition to these methods for a long time it was proposed to produce a device for the automatic execution of the recovery movement.

Thus, as is clear from the document FR-2561911, a device for stretching the spine of a person under the influence of the weight of his body, with the solution described in this document, refers to the type of hinge will stalked treatment of patients whose intervertebral discs demonstrate pathology compression, allowing the stretch suffering from arthritis of the hip joints.

It cannot therefore be used in cases where there is an intention to perform a rotational movement, particularly of the pelvis. In addition, the hinged table of this type is difficult to operate and very inconvenient for the user.

To maintain the mobility of the pelvis serves as seen from FR-A-2608057, make a chair consisting of a seat, which rotates in a horizontal plane around the vertical axis, while the back remains stationary relative to the specified seat.

The design of this type allows, thus, rotation of the pelvis in either direction relative to the stationary torso, and there is the possibility, depending on the type of treatment to modify the amplitude of the rotational motion. In addition, this design allows you to lock the seat and get to work the joints (ankles, knees) by movement of the sliding blocks, on which the user puts his feet.

Although this setup allows maintaining the mobility of the pelvis and joints, it is not suitable, however, for true recovery to uravnoveshennaja X, Y and z

In this respect, the patent Switzerland 328969 offers the apparatus, consisting of two devices for fastening the seat of the patient, and these devices are installed on the Board, which can move relative to the average horizontal position. The first transfer device imparts an oscillatory motion about the axis and a second device attached to the Board oscillatory movement on the surface, which at least is located approximately in the vertical plane, all of this is done so that the Board is given a movement which is the resultant of these two oscillatory movements.

Therefore, the device of this type can give a pelvis of the patient combined oscillatory motion in both the horizontal and in the vertical plane, and the amplitude of the oscillations in the vertical plane before use can be adjusted.

And in this case there is no opportunity to really restore the balance of body and, moreover, a particular solution described in this document provides the means incompatible with treatment aimed at restoring the equilibrium of the body. This is because the patient's leg fixed investment. The presence of the strap for attaching the pelvis does not allow the sacroiliac mobility. And finally, corset, holding the chest, can hinder breathing, and prevents operation of the torso twisting. Moreover, in no case, the device does not provide for implementation of treatment in a sitting position.

In addition to the technical sphere of the rehabilitation offers also more specifically for the purposes of athletic training, to release the swinging Board, who may or may not be mechanized, as it is obvious, in particular from U.S. documents US-A-2827894 and US-A-4290601, with the possibility to adjust the amplitude of the oscillations before use, as provided in the first of these documents, and with the ability to pre-set the amplitude of the oscillations provided in the second document.

In the field of athletic training is offered, as can be seen from US-A-4313603, the device consisting of a platform, on which stands the user and which can perform given her alternating rotational movement in a horizontal plane, and the motion is achieved by means which are driven directly by the user.

With respect to the documents discussed above, the solution described is aniah in space, regardless of whether it is in a standing, sitting or different situation, despite the fact that these conditions are crucial for a true restoration of the equilibrium of the human body.

Currently found and is the subject of the present invention a new type of mobile platform on which the patient can be maintained in an upright, seated or another position that has a simple design, easy to use, multifunctional and allows not only to maintain the mobility of the pelvis and joints, but also allows a true rebalancing of the human body by giving mobility in all three directions in space with coordinates X, Y and Z, allowing the execution of alternating and rhythmic sequences compression and removing the load amenable to regulation by all parameters, moreover, such a device allows the Foundation to correct imbalances in the center of gravity of the human body, located in the pelvis.

These disturbances, which with age consistently increase due to the lack of treatment leads to a slow and uncertain gait and then to the falls, which are subject to an aging human organism rebalancing of the human skeleton, namely, the effective implementation of the mobilization of the sacroiliac joints, lumbar spine, thoraco-scapular-cervical complex.

This the invention achieves by giving mobility to the centers of gravity of the body parts of persons in a sitting, standing, bent, bent by three quarters, and so on, in all three directions in space with coordinates X, Y, and z Is giving mobility is achieved through a combination of lateral oscillation, rotation around the diagonal between zones, alternating rotations of the pelvis and torso and tilt back and forth.

All this muscle-composite activity is called automatically by using controlled mechanization within the physiological range of motion of the skeleton and without any interference on the part of the patient.

If necessary, you can perform active work with overcoming resistance to improve muscle dynamics.

This device also allows a complete reprogramming of the picture load proprioreceptors ankle joints and knees.

It also allows rehabilitation of the ankle joints and restore full range of motion. Besides the addition of the patient.

In General, the device which is the subject of the present invention and allows you to restore the balance of the human body, consists, essentially, of a movable circular platform, designed to support the patient and doing given her oscillatory motion, and this platform does given her oscillatory motion around a Central fulcrum, and this movement is combined with a reciprocating rotational movement through by means of one motor connected to the gear means, and without the intervention of the patient in the plane of the platform for supporting the patient, around the geometric axis perpendicular to a given platform and passing through its center, moreover, the amplitude and the rate of oscillation and rotation can be adjusted and changed in use; in addition, the device contains a tool that allows you to keep the patient on the platform in a standing, seated or bent position.

The possibility of regulation allows the user, with one hand placed on the platform at that time, when the platform is in the horizontal position, and on the other hand, allows you to change the amplitude and speed soglasno program in the process of applying the appropriate course of treatment.

In addition, the design of the device which is the subject of the present invention also allows you to use the platform in a horizontal plane, to stop the oscillatory motion, leaving only rotational motion.

According to one implementation variant, allowing for the execution of various courses of treatment, this base platform connected with means to hold in a vertical position on the mobile platform at least the vertebral column.

In addition, mainly used support for the arms, and these supports can be positioned relative to the patient or to the sides and/or front of him, and/or above it, forming in the latter case brackets for traction.

Support for the arms should preferably be adjusted in height. In addition, in the case of side supports they can also perform existing reciprocating sliding movement horizontally.

Finally, the device which is the subject of the present invention, preferably connects with the tools that will allow, if necessary traction along the axis of the body, particularly when the patient is in a standing, upright position.

In this SLA covering sheet belt, keep the patient in an upright position, while being able to perform stretching along the axis of the body; in this case, the chin strap is predominantly attached to the end of the rope exposed adjustable pulling effort, and this effort makes, for example, using a counterweight that can slide along the vertical reference guide, or any other similar tool.

Therefore, with this device it is possible to place the patient on the platform in any position, including standing, bending or sitting.

When the patient is undergoing treatment in a seated position, the seat is attached directly to the mobile platform. In this case, the seat has no back and is shaped seat type of stool, on which the patient may be located, or the usual way, bent his knees in front of him, or legs on the sides, as if sitting in the saddle. This seat can be oriented at an angle of 90oon each side of the horizontal plane and tilted up and down relative to the vertical axis if it is possible to vary the magnitude of the slope, and the slope is mostly within 5-30o.

IO implementation in the form of not establishing limitations descriptions, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Fig.1 and 2 show, respectively, the image in the vertical projection and the top of the device made according to the present invention; Fig.3 shows the image in the vertical projection of the front, showing in more detail the design of such device; Fig. 4 - the above image showing the method of controlling the mobile platform of Fig.5 - the image in the vertical projection of the structure from Fig.4, showing the platform in a horizontal position; Fig. 6 - the image in the direction And with Fig.4, showing how the stoops of the supporting platform in order to be able to impart oscillatory motion; Fig. 7 - the image in the direction In Fig.4, showing how to give a specified reference platform rotation with alternating directions of Fig.8 and 9 shows respectively the image in the vertical projection and the top alternative forms of the invention.

In the rest of the description the invention will be described on the example device in which the patient is placed in a vertical standing position, but which can also be used by the patient in a sitting put the WHC on a movable platform, a key element of the invention, the seat on which the patient sits. In this case, the seat must not be backless, should be of a design in which the patient can sit normally or horseback. In addition, specified seat should preferably be mounted on a support, the height of which is adjustable, and can be oriented or in a horizontal plane relative to each of the parties, or it can be tilted up and down.

As shown in the accompanying drawings, and more specifically, Fig.1-3, the device which is the subject of the present invention and indicated generally by item (1) is, in General, from a mechanized platform (2), which serves as a support for the legs of the patient, and this platform performs an oscillatory motion relative to the Central reference axis along with attached to it a rotary movement with alternately changing the direction of rotation.

With this platform connected to a stationary stand (3), in this case in the form of a bracket, which supports the element (4), in this case covering the chin strap to hold the patient in an upright position on the platform (2), with the simultaneous possibility of execution if desired traction main belt (4) to the end of the rope, exposed to tensile forces (F) develop, for example, by a counterweight (5), which can slide along the vertical rack (3), allowing the stabilization of the vertical oscillatory motion of the patient's head synchronously with the oscillation of the platform (2). All signs of the counterweight (5) weighing five pounds is sufficient for most treated patients. It is clear that this contrast can be replaced by a heavier or lighter. Similarly you can use any other system balancing.

As mentioned previously, the mobile platform with support legs (2) has a mechanized construction and can, on the one hand, to perform given her oscillatory motion relative to the Central reference axis and, on the other hand, to perform given her a rotational movement with alternately changing the direction of rotation, and these movements is shown in Fig.1 and 2.

In Fig.3-6 illustrates one variant of implementation, to achieve this combination of movements, and the way you can adjust their amplitude.

In Fig. 3-6 oscillatory motion, the amplitude of which can be regulated, is achieved by installing platesa at the end of the rod (8) of the cylindrical actuator (9).

On the underside of the platform (2) is a ring (10) which is pressed two rollers (11) driven in rotation around a vertical axis Z by means of a connecting rod (12) connected to the leading disk (13). Disk (13) is driven by a motor (14) by means of a pulley (15) and drive belt (16). A driving disk (13) mounted on wheels (17). In addition, on the periphery of the ring placed roller (18), sliding on the vertical side rail (19) and designed to prevent the rotation of the disk and thus receive the oscillatory motion.

With this design it is possible to impart oscillatory motion of the platform (2) by simple variation of its inclination relative to the horizontal just through the use of a cylindrical actuator.

The amplitude of the oscillations will depend on the inclination of the platform (2), which can reach as much as 10o.

According to the present invention, the platform (2) does also attached to it a rotary motion. As is clear from Fig.4, 6 and 7, such rotational movement is produced by movement of the guide (19), which moves the roller (18) mounted on the periphery of the platform (2). For this guide (19) establish eye (23).

The Cam (22) is driven, for example, by a motor (14) via a drive belt (25) which is pressed tensioner for a belt (24). By regulating the eccentricity, it is possible to vary the amplitude of rotation of the platform (2) with alternating directions. This adjustable amplitude rotation with alternating directions can reach 30o.

As the engine uses a conventional engine with either adjust the speed manually, or programmed, for example, with a change in the process of implementation procedures. While under normal use, the motor always rotates in one direction you can provide the change in frequency direction of rotation to the opposite.

Finally, the device which is the subject of the invention, includes side supports (5), which can be adjusted for height which can be given a reciprocating sliding movement horizontally.

In a variant implementation, illustrated in Fig.1-3, the side supports (5) are semi-circular and the distance between them can be adjusted by means of a connecting rod (26).

The team on the reciprocating slide.

In addition, the movement of the side supports (5) can be delayed in order to provide resistance to movement of the patient.

Preferably the side supports (5) are mounted on the rack (3).

And finally, perhaps the use of additional supports, for example, located in front of the patient or on it.

Alternative, illustrated in Fig.8 and 9, includes a platform (2) which is actuated in a manner similar to the method described above.

The differences are mainly in the construction of additional funds and more specifically the supports, which may be associated with the platform.

In this alternative embodiment, the sides of the platform (2) are two vertical portal frame (30) attached to the four corners of the structure (31), forming a canopy over the platform and its drive means.

These two portal frames (30) on the sides, in front and above the patient placed support for the arms (32, 33).

Similarly portal frame can be used as a supporting means (not shown), allowing the traction along the axis of the body.

In this form the side supports (32) consist of two telescopic rods, the ends of which can slide along a hundred such supports.

The front bearing (33), shown only in Fig.8, supported by their ends on the side of the portal frame (30).

They can consist of a single node (33) mounted so that it can slide along the uprights of the portal frame (30) and contains a rod bearing (34) with variable angular orientation.

However, the preferred and shown in Fig.8 is a series of front supports (34) located at different levels on upright front frame (30), and hooks for hands (34) pre-oriented relative to the patient undergoing treatment.

And, finally, the upper cross member (35) can attach the tool, allowing for the execution of traction along the axis of the body.

In some cases, when there is the need of placing the patient on the platform in a very specific position, there is the possibility, as shown in Fig. 9, to provide a platform strap (36), which, in turn, is connected to each of the lateral columns of the portal frame (30) ties (37), which can be elastic or inelastic.

Two embodiments of the invention allow a valid restore the balance of body, and this is done with the use of all or part of the cell battery (included) the th platform or platforms with hand supports, especially hand side of the supports, or the use of the platform, hand supports and swinging growdelegates to relieve stress, and the patient can stand to be in a bent position or sit in the seat mounted on the platform.

Below are collated various modes of operation and the results obtained.

The USE of ONE PLATFORM IN this case, with the patient standing on the platform vertically, achieved the following results: a) lifting and tilting of platform lifts half of the pelvis with one hand: the vertical axis Z and simultaneously lowering the other hand, as well as convergence and divergence below the vertebral segments in transverse plane;
b) rotation of the platform causes the rotation and displacement of the forward half of the pelvis on one side relative to the transverse axis X and at the same time, the rotation and displacement of the back of the opposite half of the pelvis; and
C) the slope of the platform leads to a change in the angle of the half of the pelvis, causing lateral translational movement relative to the sagittal y-axis.

The result of this complex movement of the skeleton in three directions is performing alternating and rhythmic sequences of contractions and relieve strain is to stabilize, for example, the residual effects of osteoporosis, and to achieve rehabilitation of joints and cartilage and disk recovery.

The combination of movements of this type contributes to a sequence of impulses, suitable for stimulation.

In addition, and vertebral column and change the center of gravity, balancing thus the pressure of the vertebrae in the sacrum and removing the iliac pressure, thereby reducing any pain and improve gait.

APPLICATION PLATFORM AND SIDE SUPPORTS
Compared with the variant of realization described above, it becomes possible by providing supports for hands and run it at different heights to achieve a wide variety of provisions fixing the body part and localization of the shoulder part with the spread of the effect of restoration of mobility of the pelvis and bearing the weight of the parts at various stages along the spine and in all anatomical and mechanical provisions, optimizing thus the mobility of the pelvis and torso.

Side supports also reduce or increase the basic mechanical stress.

APPLICATION PLATFORM WITH SIDE poles AND SWING HOLOFEDERATION TO RELIEVE STRESS
Application becauseit head vertically or with a slight lifting of loads, in order to follow the movement, called by the framework.

This gives the opportunity to ensure the equilibrium of a body of persons, a very poor oriented in space, but also helps to relax neck and shoulder muscles. Before the patient can be placed visual cues that allow the appeal to postural imbalance through visual postural enter. In this case, manual bearings are the means of coordinating the basic motions of the dynamics and progress of man as overlapping sequence of movements of the shoulders and pelvic girdle.

USE IN a SITTING POSITION
Along with the above applications, in which the patient is in a standing position, there is the possibility of using such a device with the patient in a sitting position. In this case, the platform will be installed seat without backrest, which can be oriented at an angle of 90oon each side of the horizontal plane and tilted at an angle of 5-30oup and down relative to the vertical axis.

The improvement of this type allows you to select the process postural rehabilitation in a sitting position, especially in the case of persons with injuries the marks of the coordinate system and gives an opportunity to reveal the space between the vertebral processes, characterizing each connection of the spine, and the spine with their three processes is a fundamental element and the basic unit of the vertebral column.

In this application, there is a possibility of regulation of a variety of parameters, namely the height adjustment, the amplitude of rotation, tilt the seat forward and backward, the position where the front legs and, possibly, the use of reference growdelegates.

A device like this that have a particularly simple design, can be used not only for rehabilitation but also for the preparation and equilibration of the skeleton for the course of therapy of the spine, chiropractic, osteopathy, etc., before and after sessions to consolidate the results.

It is also possible its application in the field of sport as a trainer.


Claims

1. Device for restoring the equilibrium of the human body, comprising, essentially, a movable circular platform (2) designed to support the patient and performed with the possibility to perform given her oscillatory motion around a Central fulcrum (6), and this movement is combined with who is with gear means, and without the intervention of the patient in the plane of the platform for supporting the patient, around the geometric axis perpendicular to a given platform and passing through its center, and the amplitude and the rate of oscillation and rotation can be adjusted and changed in use, in addition, the device contains a tool that allows you to keep the patient on the platform in a standing, bent or sitting position.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that it contains support for the arms.

3. The device according to p. 2, characterized in that these pillars are the side rests, adjustable height.

4. The device according to p. 3, characterized in that the side supports are made with the possibility of reciprocating sliding movement horizontally.

5. The device according to p. 2, characterized in that it contains a support placed in front of a patient or above.

6. Device according to any one of paragraphs. 1-5, characterized in that it contains a tool that allows you to apply a thrust along the axis of the body.

7. The device according to p. 6, characterized in that the means of applying traction along the axis of the body, consists of item (4), are presented covering the chin strap attached to the end of the cable is subjected to pulling the OIT of the seat, mounted directly on the movable platform, and this seat is made without backrest and seat type of stool for placing the patient in the usual way, bent his knees in front of him, or legs on the sides, as if sitting in the saddle.

9. The device under item 8, characterized in that the seat may be oriented at an angle of 90oon each side of the horizontal plane and tilted up and down relative to the vertical axis.

 

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FIELD: medicine, narcology.

SUBSTANCE: one should detect satisfaction insufficiency syndrome due to performing genetic analysis by the presence of, at least, one of the genes coding the exchange of neuromediators being the constituents of human satisfaction system. One should compensate satisfaction insufficiency due to performing, at least, one complex of physical exercises. Moreover, in case of availability of pathological gene allele of dopamine D2 receptor and/or protein gene of reverse dopamine capture in patient one should apply the complex of physical exercises including those to provide sedative effect, and in case of availability of pathological gene allele of dopamine-beta-hydroxylase protein one should apply the complex of physical exercises including those that induce an activating effect. In case of availability of pathological gene allele of dopamine D2 receptor and/or protein gene of reverse dopamine capture one should apply additional food biologically active additives based upon amino acids being the precursors of neuromediators, such as taurine, D-, L-phenylalanine in combination with 5-hydroxytryptophan, hypericin and vitamin B6, and in case of pathological gene allele of dopamine-beta-hydroxylase protein one should additionally apply food biologically active additives based upon amino acids being the precursors of neuromediators, such as: taurine, tyrosine and/or dimethylaminoethanol, lecithin and group B-vitamins. The present innovation enables to take into account pathological disease mechanism.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of prophylaxis.

14 cl, 5 ex

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