Washing the complex glass roofs of greenhouses

 

The invention relates to the field of agricultural production. Washing the complex glass roofs of greenhouses contains moving on the roof of the unit is connected by a coil drum, mounted on self-propelled chassis. Landing gear is made to rotate around a vertical axis through the harness of the coil Assembly has a rod with a holder and transversely mounted in her eyes laterally on both sides of the brushes, one of which has an elastic roller blind. On self-propelled chassis console set up front transversely mounted on the end of the guide. The rod is made of three bonded pipes installed counterbalancing springs and hoses and cables on the top tube. Moreover, a cable with one side connected to the collector coil, with the other actuators move the bracket to the pole and a clip on the rod, and the ends of the hoses harness with one hand pinned with the respective cavities of the vessels of the drum, and with the appropriate brushes. The unit is made in the form of a unit from the truck, the body of which is made V-shaped profile to form the roof of the greenhouse with the apex directed upwards. The carriage is made of the same shape. The carriage is fixed pipeline vratno-and-forth movement. On both sides of the unit are mounted rod, the upper part which is executed in the form of rings, rigidly fastened strap and located on both sides of the transverse relative to the roof plane in a checkerboard pattern. This provides increased security, performance and operational characteristics. 9 C.p. f-crystals, 46 ill.

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used mainly for cleaning glass roofs of greenhouses.

Known washing the complex glass roofs of greenhouses containing moving on the roof of the unit, as described in. C. the USSR 107230, on A 01 G 9/14 /analog/.

Also known washing the complex glass roofs of greenhouses containing moving on the roof of the unit, providing effective cleaning roofs, greenhouses, described in the patent of the Russian Federation 2109114 /application 96111620/03, 1996, prototype/.

However, cleaning glass roofs of greenhouses with a lateral arrangement of the passage and presence with the ends of the greenhouses at the base of the elements of the heating system known complex operator inside the greenhouse impossible.

For cleaning glass roofs of greenhouses with side aisles must wash the complex is placed at the corner of the greenhouse transversely to the roof ridge,bones.

We offer washing the complex glass roofs of greenhouses provides complete without incrustations cleaning, ensuring performance and sufficient quality with reasonable cost of the cleanup.

The aim of the present invention is enhanced functionality, improved security, performance and performance through the use of moving on the adjacent troughs and, for example, the ridge of the glass roof Assembly containing connected through a harness and moving on the roof of the greenhouse cart with a fixed seat and a remote control and the carriage with fixed conduits and cable reel, moving on mechanical guides greenhouses and connected to the drum chassis by means of a rope.

This is achieved by the fact that the unit is made of composite truck, the body of which is made, for example, a V-shaped profile to form the roof of the greenhouse with the top of the top block at the front view with mounted in the housing on both sides of the V-shaped block, rods, and the carriage is made V-shaped profile to form the roof of the greenhouse with the top of the top block at the front view and the l-shaped when view from the side, with a fixed pipeline chassis complex a bundle of pipelines and cables.

Capable of reciprocating to move the carriage and the lower end portion of the rod in contact with the ridge, the gutters of the roof of the greenhouse and the transverse rails of the carriage, the upper end in the form of rings part of the rods are rigidly fastened together by a crosspiece, and bars are located on both sides of the transverse slopes of a roof plane staggered and sealed in the upper end of straight pipe rods at the location of the ridge.

The front ends of the brushes are located in the transverse slopes of a roof plane and relative to the same plane, and spring-loaded clips.

In the body of the truck between the rear wheels in line and rear ends of the brushes are mounted with clearance spring-loaded one above the other interacting pairs in the vertical plane of the rubber in contact with the trough and the ridge of the truck rollers, the upper row of which is connected by a chain system gear driven trolley, and the sprocket chain drives on both sides of the upper rubber rollers coaxially with them mounted, and the lower rubber rollers in contact with the ridge of the roof, made in the form of ridge and grooves and communicating with the bottom of the upper roll is Antonovna in vertical planes.

Guide self-propelled chassis is mounted on the end of the spherical hinge of a rack having spaced apart by the height of mutually perpendicular slots in which the corresponding wheel contacting side spherical surfaces with the response, the sides of the slots of the rack.

A wheel coupled threaded connection with the threaded rod middle parts of the respective located in mutually perpendicular planes arcs fixed end parts of the guide chassis.

The side rail on the opposite seat hand held in a vertical position l-shaped bus bar, on the lower curved part which teeth in the side guide is mounted smoothing comb, interacting with chains chain drives the carriage.

The case of carriage performed, for example, a V-shaped profile to form the roof of the greenhouse with the top of the top block when viewed from the front and formed a transverse horizontal guide rails with cross sections of equal cross-section, respectively, of the ridge and gutters console in the form of a tetrahedron ledge in the upper rail from the rear of the carriage and cantilever fixed up focusing on the other end side toorawa side of the greenhouses horizontal rails, the top of which is mounted between the transverse horizontal guide rails, the middle rail is parallel to and below the location of the lower guide carriage.

The bottom shelf of the G-shaped part of the housing laterally to the length of the carriage formed by the hooks cooperating with the guide of the chassis, and between the hooks in the shelf evenly plane mounted balls.

Equity lower guide carriage is made of two U-shaped toward each other by grooves, one of which is curved bottom edge.

In the upper U-shaped part evenly along the length of the transverse axis mounted gear, bonded pairs and sequentially in a checkerboard pattern with notched on both sides chains chain drives, each of which comprises a pivoting of the United timing chains, one with three teeth in staggered order with two opposite sides and between the hinge holes, the other with one tooth between the hinge holes.

The teeth of the links in the chain through alternate one, forming a single chain with evenly spaced in a line with the two sides of the teeth on the shaft with the gear on the opposite rear side of the carriage side coaxially mounted sprocket chain vertically located and average equity guards are made with l-shaped, on average of which in the location of the bottom, for example the right, a cross-rail mounted Z-shaped in plan duplici spring-loaded lever is kinematically associated with the solenoid locking the carriage when combined transverse guides with ridge and gutters greenhouse.

Z-shaped duplici lever and the solenoid is not protruding beyond the rear wall of the carriage, and the end part Z-shaped duplicera lever is in contact with the sides with the respective lateral sides of the corresponding trough in the front part of the roof of the greenhouse, and the lower side of the lever - horizontal wall of the gutter.

With the upper ends of the equity guide carriage sockets formed in the lower bends in vertical planes at an angle towards each other.

The length of the upper horizontal equity of the guide carriage is equal to more than half of the step width of the block of greenhouses on the magnitude of the lining, which is located between neighboring rays neighboring roofs of greenhouses carriage relied guide rollers adjacent bevels adjacent roofs of greenhouses, and the upper ends of the guide do not extend beyond the plane of the roof slope.

On one end of the greenhouse, for example the left is with the ability to rotate the rollers with a flange on the end, the upper end of which is located between them at a distance of more than half of the step width of the block of greenhouses on the magnitude of the lining, which is located between neighboring rays neighboring roofs of greenhouses carriage was leaning on the rail on the upper rollers adjacent bevels adjacent roofs of greenhouses and defended skates from the roof in a vertical plane at a distance equal to the distance from the upper transverse horizontal guide carriage to its upper horizontal equity guide.

The lower rollers are made in the form of reels, and mounted below the average uniformly in parallel gutters greenhouse horizontal plane with the ability to rotate and its distance from the roof ridge in a vertical plane at a distance equal to the distance from the upper transverse horizontal guide carriage to its lower horizontal equity of the guide in contact with the lower rollers.

At each mounted on bracket supports the shaft with mounted between the supports roller coaxially last fixed smoothing comb teeth in the upstream side guides equity in contact with the chains of the chain traction carriage.

On the far side story gutters installed rails with cross sections, respectively, the ridge and the groove of the greenhouses with the console up fixed stops, and at the end parts of skates from the location of the rollers is formed inclined in the direction of the ends of the bevels.

Case trolley made two V-shaped profile in the shape of the roofs of the greenhouses with the top of the top in each of the blocks in the front view of the hinge connected to the lower end parts secured between the blocks a seat for the operator with remote control.

The case of carriage performed in two V-shaped profile in the shape of the roofs of the greenhouses with the top of the top in each of the blocks when viewed from the front and the l-shaped when view from the side, with a fixed pipeline and cable coils formed transverse to each block and equity in two blocks of horizontal guide rails and the upper ends of the equity of the guides formed sockets, and with the lower ends of the guide is inclined in the direction of the ends of the vertical bevels.

In the pipeline or cable coil formed of equity by forming a groove on the outer parallel to the outer cylindrical surface of the coil on both sides of the hooks, which are in contact callback hooks capable of reciprocating to move the plate with a hole and coaxially with the hole tangentially fixed curved pipes, which are evenly arranged which is able to rotate the rollers, in contact with the pipe or cable at the plate with curved tube mounted transverse tube ring interacts with the rectangular trunnion bracket, which can be moved on the plate shoulder one shoulder hinge set which can back be rotated in the horizontal plane of the lever, coupled through which the reciprocating move the lever rectangular bracket with cantilever mounted roller interacting with able to rotate curvilinear closed groove of the Cam plate, and a Cam pivotally mounted on transverse to the lever shaft, which is coaxially fist is fixed a sprocket chain drive, kinematically linked by mounted corner zivotnogo gearing and chain transmission with drive rotation of the coil.

In a curved tube with plate evenly along the length in the transverse planes are mounted four diametrically opposite cylindrical roller, of which two opposite elongated, with the rollers in contact harness rectangular shape consisting of two pipelines and cables between them, and burn evenly along the length of the bonded brackets, for example, sodah and the cable evenly along the length of the assembled clamp, for example, from metal strip with the castle on the thickness of the ribbon connection ring.

In the corners of the carriage from the front wall mountable contact between itself and the pipe or cable grooved rubber rollers, one of which is kinematically connected through a serially coupled chain of transmission, angular zivotnogo gearing and chain transmission, the latter sprocket which is coaxially mounted with a sprocket wheel shaft pipeline or cable reels.

Harness reel drum is in contact with the rollers in the form of coils mounted on the cantilever l-shaped axles, fixed in a horizontal plane on the end located the other rollers of the parties to the greenhouses, with l-shaped trunnion mounted on the distance of the location of the guide chassis and the carriage from the rear side is formed of horizontal equity groove.

In Fig. 1, 2 and 3 shows the wash complex glass roofs of greenhouses in the process of cleaning glass gable roof greenhouse with one skate in 3 projections; Fig. 4 is a section along a-a in Fig.1; Fig.5 is a section along B-B in Fig.1; Fig.6 - section b-b In Fig.1; Fig.7 is a view I of Fig.5; Fig. 8, 9 and 10 of the wash complex glass roofs of greenhouses in the process of cleaning the cut d-D in Fig.8; in Fig.13 and 14 treasure chain link 3 projections; Fig.15 and 16 odnopoloe chain link 2 projections; Fig.17 and 18 - smoothing comb in 2 projections; Fig. 19 is a view II in Fig.8; Fig.20 - section e-E in Fig.19; Fig.21 is a view III of Fig.8; Fig.22 is a view W of Fig.21; Fig.23 is a view, And Fig.21; Fig. 24 - section K-K in Fig.8; Fig.25, 26 and 27 of the plate spring 3 projections; Fig.28 - a section of pipe with a ring at the side view of Fig.29 - ring in the scan in plan; Fig.30 - section roller curved tube of the chords coil chassis; Fig.31 - section roller curved tube pipe coil; Fig.32, 33 and 34 made with brushes in 3 projections; Fig.35 - section on brushes of the two contact clips in the lower position dvuhtokovoe trucks /see Fig.8/; 36 - type IV in Fig. 8; Fig.37 - V in Fig.9; Fig.38 - section L-L of Fig.36, Fig.39 and 40 - hour guide self-propelled chassis in 2 projections; Fig. 41 - section M-M in Fig.39, Fig.42 is a view VI in Fig.10 of Fig.43 type N in Fig.41, Fig.44 type VII in Fig.41, Fig.45 - type VIII in Fig. 23; Fig.46 - section roller curved tube cable reels.

Washing the complex glass roofs of greenhouses contains moving on the roof of the unit, made of a composite of telecare the roof of the greenhouse with one skate with the top of the top block 4/, see Fig.1, 2 and 3/ in the front view. On both sides of the V-shaped block mounted in staggered transversely from the roof plane of the rod 5 and 6, fastened at the top end parts of the straight pipe rods at the location of the ridge (see Fig. 2 and 3/. The upper end portion of the rod is made in the form of rings 7 and rigidly fastened together by a crosspiece 8. On each rod 5 or 6 is mounted ferrule 9 or 10 with brushes 11 and 12 respectively (see Fig.2, 32, 33, and 35/.

Truck 1 by its wheels 13 /see Fig.1, 2, 3, 21, and 22/ and the lower end part of the rod with its rollers 14 are in contact with the grooves 15 and the ridge 16 of the roofs of the greenhouses.

The front ends of the brushes 11 and 12 (see Fig.2/ are located in the transverse slopes of a roof plane and relative to the same plane and clips 9 are biased by springs 17. The clamps 9 and 10 bars 5 and 6, the actuators move the cage 18 to the rod and rotation 19 of the brushes 11 and 12 are mounted in the vertical plane (see Fig.32, 33 and 34/.

In the crawler body 1 between the rear wheels 13 /see Fig.2/ and the rear ends of the brushes 11 and 12 are mounted with a clearance spring-loaded by a spring 20 (see Fig. 21, 23, 24, 25, 26 45/ one atop the other rollers 21 and 22, the interacting pairs in the vertical plane of the rubber in contact with the grooves 15 of the lower rollers 21 and ver the m sprocket chain drives on both sides /see Fig.22, 23 and 24/ upper rubber rollers coaxially with them mounted.

The lower rubber roller 24 in contact with the ridge (see Fig.24/ roofs and are made in the form of ridge and grooves, and interacting with the bottom 24 of the upper rollers 25 are made reply.

The carriage 2/, see Fig.1, 2 and 3/ are made V-shaped profile to form the roof of the greenhouse with the top of the top block 26 when viewed from the front (see Fig.1, 2 and 3/, and l-shaped (see Fig.3/ when view from the side, with a fixed pipeline and cable reels, respectively 27 water, 28 Herastrau and cable 29, and the coil is connected to the trolley 1 pipelines and cable respectively 30, 31 and 32.

On self-propelled chassis 3 are mounted drum 33 with the chords coil 34 (see Fig.1, 2, 3, 8, 9 and 10/ cable coil 35. Guide 36 self-propelled chassis 3 is mounted on the end of the spherical hinge 37 hours 38 having spaced apart in height (see Fig.39 and 40/ mutually perpendicular grooves 39 respectively the top and bottom 40, which is installed with the wheels 41 and 42, respectively, which contact the side spherical surfaces with the response, the sides of the slots 39 and 40 of the rack 38.

The wheels 41 and 42 coupled threaded connection with the threaded median parts 43 (see Fig.39 and 40/ sootvetst parts of the guide 36 of the chassis 3.

The side guide 36 on the opposite seat 46 (see Fig.2, 3, 9, and 10/ hand held in a vertical position l-shaped bus 47, the lower curved part which teeth in the side guide is mounted smoothing comb 48 (see Fig.17 and 18/.

The carriage 2 is connected to the coil 34 of the self-propelled chassis 3 harness 49 /see Fig.1, 2, 3, 8, 9 and 10/, consisting of pipes 30 and 31 and the cable 32.

In the case of the carriage 2 mounted transverse horizontal rails bottom 50 and 51 of the bottom between them (see Fig.1, 2 and 3/. The cross-section of the guides 50 and 51 similar to the cross sections, respectively, the grooves and ridges in the upper guide 51 on the front end of the cantilever is formed a protrusion 52 in the form of a tetrahedron, and the rear ends of the rails console up fixed lugs 53.

In the case of the carriage 2 is fixed on the rear side equity horizontal rails 54 of the upper, 55 middle and bottom 56 (see Fig.1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6/. Upper guide 54 is mounted between the cross rails 50 and 51. Average guide 55 is parallel to and below the location of the lower transverse rails 50 of the carriage. The lower rail 56 (see Fig.6/ is made of two U-shaped toward each other by the grooves 57 and 58, one of the cat is Erno along the length of the transverse axis mounted gear 59 /see Fig.1 and 6/, coupled in pairs and sequentially in a checkerboard pattern (see Fig.12, 19 and 20/ s serrated on both sides of the chains 60 and 61 of the chain of transmission, each of which comprises a pivoting of the United toothed links 62 and 63, one of which 62 with three teeth in staggered order with two opposite sides and between the hinge holes, the other 63 with one tooth between the hinge holes (see Fig.11, 13, 14, 15 and 16/.

The teeth of the links 62 and 63 of the alternate circuit through one (see Fig.11/, forming a chain with evenly spaced in a line with the two sides of the teeth. On the shaft with the gear 59 on the opposite rear side of the carriage side (see Fig.6/ coaxially mounted sprocket 64 (see Fig.6/ located vertically chain drive 65, concatenated with another asterisk with coaxially mounted actuator 66 of the carriage (see Fig.3, 8, and 10/.

The top 54 and the average 55 equity guides made T-shaped, one of which at the location of the lower right lateral guide 50 is mounted Z-shaped in plan duplici spring arm 67 /see Fig. 7/, kinematically associated with the solenoid 68 locking the carriage when combined transverse guides with ridge and groove of the greenhouse.

Z-shaped duplici the lever 67 and the solenoid stopo is ichha 67 contacts the sides with the respective lateral sides of the respective troughs in the end part of the roof of the greenhouse /see Fig.7/, and the lower side of the lever 67 - with the horizontal wall of the gutter.

With the upper ends of the equity of the guides 54 and 55 of the carriage is formed sockets in the bottom 56 zheloboobraznogo bottom part 57 - bends in vertical planes at an angle towards each other.

On the left side of greenhouses between the ridge and the grooves and the lower grooves parallel to the last console and evenly along the length mounted with the ability to rotate the roller 70 with the flange on side (see Fig.4 and 5/, the upper end of which is located between them at a distance of more than half of the step width H of the block greenhouses on the magnitude of the lining, which is located between neighboring rays neighboring roofs of greenhouses carriage relied guide 54 on the upper rollers adjacent bevels adjacent roofs of greenhouses and separated from the ridge in a vertical plane at a distance equal to the distance from the upper cross-rail 51 of the carriage 2 to its upper horizontal equity guide 54 (see Fig.3/.

The lower rollers 71 /see Fig.6/ made in the form of reels, and mounted below the average uniformly in parallel gutters greenhouse horizontal plane with the ability to rotate and its distance from the roof ridge to the vertical flat is her horizontal rail 56, in contact with the lower rollers 71.

For each installed on the bearings of the roller with bracket mounted between the supports roller 71 coaxially last fixed smoothing comb 48 (see Fig. 6 and 12/ the teeth in the direction upstream of the equity of the guides 54 and 55. Each comb 48 is in contact with the chains 60 and 61 of the chain traction carriage.

The bottom shelf of the G-shaped part of the body of the carriage 2 from the sides to the length of the carriage formed by the hooks 72, interacting with the guide 36 of the chassis 3/, see Fig. 1, 2 and 3/ and between the hooks 72 per shelf evenly plane mounted balls in contact with the plane of the guide 36 of the chassis.

On the left side of greenhouses between the lower rollers 71 and 70 at the upstream l-shaped cantilever axes 73 uniformly in a horizontal plane on the front side of the greenhouse mounted rollers 71, which contacts harness 49 (see Fig.1, 2, 8 and 9/.

On the extreme sides of the greenhouses on the whole length of the fixed roofs gutters, on the other side of greenhouses console in-line skates and gutters are mounted guides 74 and 75 /not shown/ with a cross-section equal to the cross-sections, respectively, the ridge and the groove of the greenhouse console up fixed stops I contact response bevels tetraedge protrusion 52 of the carriage /see Fig.2, 3, 9, and 10/.

The length of the upper horizontal equity guide 54 of the carriage 2 is equal to more than half of the step width H of the block greenhouses on the magnitude of the lining, which is located between neighboring rays neighboring roofs of greenhouses carriage relied guide rollers adjacent bevels adjacent roofs of greenhouses, and the ends of the upper rail 54 do not extend beyond the plane of the roof /for a block of greenhouses with one skate/.

Case carts 77 (see Fig.8, 9 and 10/ performed by two V-shaped profile in the shape of the roofs of the greenhouses with the top of the top in each of the blocks 78 in the front view of the hinge connected adjacent the lower end parts, with fixed between blocks seat 79 for an operator control panel, and the seat is mounted awning 80.

The body of the carriage 81 (see Fig.8, 9 and 10/ performed by two V-shaped profile in the shape of the roofs of the greenhouses with the top of the top in each block 82 of the carriage 81 when viewed from the front and the l-shaped when view from the side, with a fixed pipeline and cable reels, respectively, 83, 84 and 85. In each block 82 of the carriage 81 is formed by cross rails 50 and 51, similar to the transverse guiding of the carriage 2/, see Fig.1, 2 and 3/, and equity horizontal guides 86, 55 and 56, is mounted seat 79 for the operator with remote control, and over the seat mounted awning 80.

Each coil 27, 28 and 29 of the carriage 2 or 83, 84 and 85 of the carriage 81 and the coil 34 of the chassis 3 is formed of equity by forming a groove 87 in parallel with the external outer cylindrical surface of the coil on both sides of the hooks 88 (see Fig.2, 9 and 44/ with whom contact callback hooks capable of reciprocating to move the plate 89 with a hole and coaxially with the hole tangentially fixed curved tube respectively 90, 91 and 92, each of which is uniformly along the length in the transverse planes, evenly spaced around the circumference, swivel through 90omounted able to rotate the rollers 93, respectively in the tube 90 tubing 30, 94 in the tube 91 with cable and 95 in the tube 92 with a bundle (see Fig.30 and 31/.

In the plate with a curved tube 90 /device description is made with cable reel 29, see Fig.1, 2 and 3/ is mounted transversely of the tube ring 96 (see Fig.44/, interacts with the pin 97 of the rectangular bracket 98, the moving plate on the shoulder one shoulder hinge installed and back paramesoamerica in the horizontal plane of the lever 99, linked by a reciprocating moving the lever rectangular bracket 100 with the console us is tinatago Cam 103.

The Cam 103 is pivotally mounted on a transversely from the lever shaft 104 on which coaxially fist 103 is fixed to the sprocket chain 105 transmission, kinematically coupled through a mounted chain drive, corner zivotnogo gear 106 and a chain drive 107 with the rotation drive 108 of the coil 29.

In a curved tube with a plate 92 evenly along the length in the transverse planes are mounted four diametrically opposite roller 93, short and 95 elongated, with the rollers 93 and 95 is in contact with the harness 49 rectangular shape consisting of two pipelines (see Fig.30/ 30, 31 and cable 32 between them, and harness 49 evenly along the length of the bonded brackets 109 of the metal strip.

On pipelines and cable reciprocating moving along the gutters of the roof greenhouses, evenly along the length of the assembled clamp ring 96 of the metal strip with the castle on the thickness of the ribbon connection (see Fig.31/.

In the corners of the carriage 2 (Fig. 3) and 81 (Fig.10) from the front wall mountable contact between itself and the pipe 30 and 31 or the cable 32 of the grooved rubber rollers 110 and 111 (see Fig.36 and 37/ pipeline 30 or 31 and 112 and 113 for cable 32 (see Fig.38/.

The rollers 110 and 112 kinematically connected through the of dnaa asterisk which is coaxially mounted with a sprocket wheel shaft pipe coil 29 or 85 /see Fig.2, 9, 36, and 37/.

Each coil 27, 28 and 29 of the carriage 2 or 83, 84 and 85 of the carriage 81 with the ends of the coil in the continuation of the equity groove 87 /see Fig.36, 37, 43 and 44/ formed cantilever plate 117 by a length equal to half the length of the plate 89 with a curved tube 90.

Reciprocating moving hour 38 chassis 3 kinematically connected with the wheel 118 mounted on the end of the tube 119, having threads on the outer and inner cylindrical surfaces and coupled with the tube 120 of the chassis 3 and the threaded part of the rack 38, the step of threading more step internal thread. Hour 38 and the tube 120 is bonded cross key 121, preventing rotation of the rack 38 (see Fig.39, 40 and 41/.

In the housing 2 and 81 on the rear side is formed of horizontal equity groove 122 (see Fig.3 and 10/.

In Fig.36 and 37 of the dashed and shtrihpunktirnymi lines shows the end position of the pipeline 30.

Near the lugs 52 and 53 of the transverse rails 50 and 51 are mounted spring-loaded stoppers 123 of the rear wheels 13 of the truck 1, and each stopper 123 is in contact with the corresponding groove of the wheel 13 of the truck and kinematically connected with the solenoid /not shown/.

Does washing the complex glass roofs of greenhouses in the following sequence.

Pre the gutters on the whole length of the roof, similar to the rest in the same plane.

2. Space for installation of the complex on the corner of greenhouses is parallel to the plane of the chute so that the side line of the platform and the ends of the greenhouses would be in parallel planes.

3. On the front side of greenhouses, for example on the left side, mounted three horizontal rows on the outer pins of the bolted connections of the rollers, and the fourth row on the arms in parallel planes relative to the planes of arrangement of skates and gutters, with the upper row of rollers mounted below skates, the other three exploded in height, below the location of the grooves, and the upper and lower spaced rows of rollers are each mechanical collar, two rows below the top two are in the form of coils, each platen bottom row mounted on the bracket, mounted smoothing the top teeth on the comb 48.

4. At the end parts of skates and grooves on the opposite face side mounted console in the continuation of the ridge trough guides the shape and cross-section similar to the ridge and groove, end parts of the guide cantilever formed up stops.

5. At the end parts of skates CRIA cut the tetrahedron/.

After installation of greenhouses above set on the corner of the greenhouse to the prepared area transverse to the roof ridge complex /chassis-trolley-cart/ to the right of the guard self-propelled chassis and the ends of the greenhouses were located in parallel vertical planes (see Fig. 1, 2, 3, 8, 9 and 10 is provided skill/.

Turns handwheels 41 and 42 cross and fractional turns of the guide 36 of the chassis 3 and the rotation of the wheel 118 lifting and lowering of this guide, together with a transversely equity movement of the chassis is provided by installing the bottom rail of the carriage coaxially to the respective rollers of the bottom row. Include a solenoid locking of the carriage, thereby turning the Z-shaped duplici the lever 67 to the end position (see Fig.7/.

In this position the system is prepared to start the installation of the truck on the roof/a-Shi/ greenhouses with unconditional presence in the pipes of the respective fluids and tension in the cables.

Move the carriage installed on the trolley along the guide chassis and the guides 54, 55 and 56 of the carriage on the respective rollers (see Fig.4, 5 and 6/ to align the transverse rails of the carriage with the corresponding/-/ ridge/mi/ and troughs, as shown in Fig.1, 2, 3, or 8, 9 what exploits the drive enable moving the carriage 66, chain drive 65 and chain gear 60 and 61 (see Fig.1, 8, 19 and 20/, and a chain drive 60 and 61 of the external teeth of the links 62 and 63 of these circuits are based on the respective teeth of the combs 48, mounted on the l-shaped bus 47 and the end wall of the greenhouse, with the ledge 52 of the guide 51 is located on an inclined bevel ridge, complementing its complete form.

Disconnect the solenoid locking carriage Z-shaped lever 67, while the end part 69 of the lever will come when it is turned from the force of the spring in the end part of the gutter of the greenhouse, Stopera thereby the carriage relative to the greenhouses.

Rastafarian rear wheels 13 of the truck 1 by including a solenoid locking trolley, while the stoppers 123 will be released from the grooves of the wheels 13 of the truck.

Move the carriage 1 to the position when herstory brush was located on the first row of glass roof, by incorporating actuators move 23 truck, then contact between the pairs of rollers 21 and 20 and 24 and 25 will move the cart to the required distance (see Fig.21, 23 and 24/. /In Fig. 24 roller 24 is shown with annular grooves under the end part of the bolt connections of the ridge with the roof of the greenhouse/. Include a solenoid locking of the wheels of the truck.

In this position, the complex is ready to clear the denier 79 truck 1, using the remote control.

At the beginning of cleaning roofs brushes are mounted on the borders of the edges of the roof. Include the submission of herstory in the appropriate brush, raise the blinds outside /elevated/ position.

Move the brush up to skate the roof and back down to rest on the rollers on the rods, including the filing of herstory at the end of the move.

Move the trolley along the grooves until the next row of glass roof when the water brush will be located on the first row of glasses.

Include the submission of appropriate fluid and move the brush up to the ridge, then turn the blinds in the working position /position touch the edges of the blind surface of the glass roof/.

Move the brush down to lock the clips in the clips rods (see Fig.35/, with blinds at his move move water drops down almost to the edge of the roof, and then include the submission of the respective liquids.

Turn the blinds in the off position and move the trolley along the grooves until the next series of slides.

Include the submission of liquids and move the brush up to the ridge/s/, then rotate the shutter in position.

Move the brush down to lock the clips in the clips rods with subsequent transfer roller blind is m on the last row of glass roofs are water brush, and herstory brushes are positioned outside of the roof /"weight"/.

Move the brush down on the last row of glass roof to lock the clamps in the rollers on the rods, then transfer roller blind in the off position. Move the trolley along the gutters in the original position on the guide carriage, previously to include the solenoid locking of the wheels of the truck.

Separat truck wheels on the carriage, disabling the corresponding solenoids.

Rasstropovyvajut relatively greenhouses by actuation of a corresponding solenoid, with the shoulder 69 of the lever 67 when his turn will come out of the gutters of the roof (see Fig.7/.

Move the carriage with the carriage on step N /a width of the greenhouse unit/ greenhouses /6.4 m/ by the drive enable movement of the cross slide carriage with the corresponding grooves and ridge/mi/ roof/-W/ greenhouse.

Rasstropovyvajut truck wheels turning on the respective solenoids locking trolley.

Move the carriage to position the location herstory brushes on the first row of glass roofs.

The return of the carriage with the carriage in its initial position, including the installation guides in the chassis, is made in the same sequence guides 54, 55 and 56 of the carriage roller end wall by a chain transmission which provides complete without incrustations with a reduced cost of cleaning, ensuring performance and sufficient quality when cleaning glass roofs of greenhouses with side entrances.

The application of the proposed washing complex glass roofs of the greenhouses was previously sent to NIEPPE 29.01.98 until the issuance of the patent of the Russian Federation 2109114 for RF application 96111620/03, 1996, which was the prototype of filings, i.e., the applicant for a little "rushed" by applying for 4 months.

Claims

1. Washing the complex glass roofs of greenhouses containing made with the possibility of moving on roof Assembly connected to the reel drum, mounted on self-propelled chassis, the wheels of which are executed with a possibility of rotation around the vertical axis through the harness coil, thus the unit has a rod with a holder and placed transversely of the brush, wherein the unit is made in the form of a unit from the truck, the body of which is made, for example, V-shaped profile to form the roof of the greenhouse with the apex directed upwards, and carriage of the same shape, on which are fixed pipeline and cable reels, the carriage is connected to the trolley pipelines and cables, and with the reel drum self-propelled chassis harness from pipelines and cable, while it is mounted with the possibility of reciprocation, and on both sides of the block mounted stalaktitovaya with horse, gutters, roofs, greenhouses and cross rails of the carriage, and bars are located on both sides of the transverse relative to the roof plane in a checkerboard pattern and bonded together at the location of the ridge.

2. Complex p. 1, characterized in that the front ends of the brushes are located in the transverse relative slopes of the roof plane and is spring-loaded relative to the clips.

3. Complex p. 1, characterized in that the body of the truck between the rear wheels and rear ends of the brushes are mounted with a clearance spring-loaded one atop the other with the possibility of interaction pairs between a spring-loaded rubber rollers in contact with the trough and the ridge of the greenhouse, and the top number is connected with a drive trolley system, chain drives, sprockets which both sides of the upper rubber rollers are mounted with them coaxially, and the lower rubber rollers in contact with the roof ridge, made in the form of ridge and with slots and communicating with the bottom of the upper rollers made reply.

4. Complex p. 1, characterized in that the holder of each rod mounted actuators for movement in vertical planes clip on the rod for rotation of the brushes. the at the joint stand, having posted on the height of the perpendicular grooves into which the corresponding wheel with contact side spherical surfaces with the response, the sides of the slots of the rack, with wheels coupled threaded connection with the threaded rod middle parts of the respective located in mutually perpendicular planes arcs fixed end parts of the guide chassis and the side of the guide opposite to the installed seat hand held in a vertical position l-shaped bus bar, on the lower curved part which is mounted smoothing comb teeth facing the guide for interaction with chains chain traction carriage.

6. Complex p. 1, characterized in that the carriage has a body, which is made with a transverse horizontal guide rails with cross sections similar to the cross section, respectively, of the ridge and gutters console in the form of a tetrahedron ledge in the upper rail from the rear of the carriage and cantilever fixed up focusing on the other end side of the same guide and equity, located, for example, with the rear side of the cradle and contant between transverse horizontal guide rails and the average is parallel to and below the location of the lower transverse rails, while the bottom shelf l-shape made of the hull sides for the length of the carriage formed by the hooks with the opportunity to interact with the guide of the chassis and between the hooks in the shelf evenly plane mounted balls.

7. The complex PP.1 and 6, characterized in that the equity of the lower guide carriage is made of two U-shaped toward each other by grooves, one of which is located below in the form of curved ribs in the upper part of the U-shaped trough evenly along the length of the transverse axis mounted gear coupled in pairs and sequentially in a checkerboard pattern with notched on both sides chains chain drives, each of which comprises a pivoting of the United timing chains, one with three teeth in staggered order with two opposite sides and between the hinge holes, the other with one tooth between the hinge holes, moreover, the teeth of the links in the chain through alternate one, forming a single chain with evenly spaced in a line with the two sides of the teeth on the shaft with the gear on the opposite rear side of the carriage side coaxially mounted sprocket vertically located complex on PP.1 and 6, characterized in that the upper and average equity guides made T-shaped, on average of which in the location of the right cross-rail mounted Z-shaped in plan duplici lever is kinematically associated with the solenoid locking the carriage when combined transverse guides with ridge and gutters greenhouses, with Z-shaped duplici lever and the solenoid is not protruding beyond the rear side of the chassis of the carriage, and the end part Z-shaped duplicera lever is configured to contact the sides with the respective lateral sides of the corresponding trough in the front part of the roof of the greenhouse, the lower side of the horizontal wall of the gutter, and with the butt-ends of the upper side rails of the carriage is formed sockets in the lower bends in vertical planes at an angle towards each other.

9. The complex PP. 1 and 6, characterized in that the length of the upper horizontal equity of the guide carriage is equal to more than half of the step width of the block of greenhouses on the magnitude of the lining, which is located between neighboring rays neighboring roofs of greenhouses carriage mounted for supporting the guide rollers adjacent bevels adjacent to the tives such as those one of the end sides of the greenhouse, between the ridge and the grooves and the lower grooves parallel to the last console and evenly along the length of the mounted rotatably rollers with flange on the end, the upper end of which is located between them at a distance of more than half of the step width of the block of greenhouses on the magnitude of the lining, which is located between neighboring rays neighboring roofs of greenhouses, the carriage mounted with bearing guide on the top rollers adjacent bevels adjacent roofs of greenhouses are separated from the ridge of the roof in a vertical plane at a distance from the upper transverse horizontal guide carriage to its upper horizontal equity guide the bottom rollers are made in the form of a coil and mounted evenly in the parallel grooves of the greenhouse with the possibility of rotation and distance from the ridge in a vertical plane at a distance equal to the distance from the upper transverse horizontal guide carriage to its lower horizontal equity guide with the possibility of contact with the lower rollers, each mounted on the bearings of the roller bracket mounted between the supports through rolecontroller, contact with the chains of the chain traction carriage, and on the extreme sides of the greenhouses on the whole length of the fixed roofs gutters, and on the other side of greenhouses console in-line skates and gutters installed rails with cross sections of equal cross-section, respectively, of the ridge and the groove of the greenhouses with the console up fixed stops and terminal parts of skates from the location of the rollers is formed inclined toward the ends of the bevels.

 

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FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: block is composed of transparent cylindrical cups produced by cutting off of throats from used plastic bottles. Columns of cups are positioned tightly one aside the other into frame equipped with device for attachment to other similar frame. Frame has plates arranged in lower and upper part of frame and provided with beads. Restricting plates are arranged at both sides of frame. One of plates is made movable and connected by side couplers to immovable plate.

EFFECT: simplified building of hothouses and greenhouses of different shape and sizes.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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